|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||to water|
|Administrative headquarters :||Limburg a. d. Lahn|
|Area :||738.48 km 2|
|Residents:||171,912 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||233 inhabitants per km 2|
|License plate :||LM, WEL|
|Circle key :||06 5 33|
|Circle structure:||19 municipalities|
|Address of the
65549 Limburg a. d. Lahn
|District Administrator :||Michael Köberle ( CDU )|
|Location of the Limburg-Weilburg district in Hesse|
The Limburg-Weilburg district is a regional authority in the Gießen administrative district in the state of Hesse and is located in the Frankfurt / Rhine-Main metropolitan region between the cities of Frankfurt am Main and Cologne / Bonn . The county seat is Limburg a. d. Lahn .
The district lies between the low mountain ranges Taunus and Westerwald in Central Hesse . A large part of the district area is taken up by the valley landscapes of the Lahn ( Weilburger Lahntalgebiet and Limburg Basin ), which flows through the district from northeast to southwest. With its favorable soil and climate, the Limburg Basin forms one of the most productive agricultural landscapes in Hesse and, as a Lahn crossing, has been of great geographical importance for transport since the Middle Ages. Following the Limburg Basin, the Goldene Grund continues in the Emsbach Valley . There is also a very productive agricultural area. To the north of the Limburg basin and the Weilburg Lahn valley area, which runs further east, lie parts of the district in the Westerwald. To the south of it, the district extends in the eastern Hintertaunus with the plateaus and the Weiltal with its side valleys.
The district borders clockwise in the north, beginning with the Lahn-Dill-Kreis , Hochtaunuskreis and Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis (all in Hesse) as well as the Rhein-Lahn-Kreis and the Westerwaldkreis (both in Rhineland-Palatinate ).
Early historical finds date far beyond the early Middle Ages, such as the ice age loess profile that was found during archaeological excavations on the site of the ICE city of Limburg . Traces of settlement from the Middle Paleolithic (around 100,000 years ago) testify to the stone box finds from Niedertiefenbach , Ober- and Niederzeuzheim , which have been destroyed today , the destroyed Wildscheuerhöhle near Steeden and the ramparts on the Dornburg near Wilsenroth . In the southern district, the megalithic graves from the Hallstatt period (750–450 BC) represent continuity of settlement, as do the Merovingian graves in Neesbach . The district area has a special density of finds in some districts and every find documents the former importance of the region, the Niederlahngau .
The early medieval noble noble family of the Konradines , who were highly regarded in the Franconian Empire, ruled the Lahn area of today's district. At the foundation of a collegiate church on the Lintpurc, the first written testimony of 910 for today's county town of Limburg an der Lahn, joined the Walpurgis pen in Weilburg. There is also a certificate for the Weilburg monastery, according to which Konrad I gave the monastery a gift for the salvation of his ancestors' souls in 912. The Konradin domestic policy testifies to a great transport policy foresight in the development of their territory. At intervals of daily stages, the Konradines secured their domain by founding monasteries along the Lahn (Limburg, Weilburg, Wetzlar) and on the Westerwald (Montabaur). In terms of imperial politics, the family experiences its zenith with King Konrad I , the only Conradin ruler on the German (East Franconian) throne. On his deathbed, according to the chronicler Widukind, Konrad showed statesmanlike greatness when he asked his brother to deliver the imperial insignia to his bitter opponent, the Saxon Duke Heinrich , the so-called Weilburg Testament.
Limburg at the intersection of important old roads (including castle and monastery bailiwick) came to the Lords of Ysenburg at the beginning of the 13th century , half of them in 1344, and all of them in 1420 to the Electorate of Trier and remained Trierian and thus Catholic until the secularization in 1803.
Weilburg, located above a large bend in the Lahn, originally also owned by the Counts of Conradin, had the Worms bishops as an imperial fief since the 10th century . Since 1195, the Counts of Nassau have acted as their bailiffs, who in 1294, when Adolf was one of their German king, acquired the town and castle as property. The city (since 1295) became the residence of the counts (from 1737 princes) of Nassau-Weilburg in 1355 and remained so until 1816.
While the part ruled by Trier was Catholic, the House of Nassau converted to the Protestant faith. The only 19 year old Count Philip III. von Nassau-Weilburg called the Protestant pastor Erhard Schnepf to Weilburg in autumn 1526. His public disputation in the house of the dean of the monastery on October 31 of the same year marks the beginning of the Reformation in Weilburg.
The religious turmoil of the 17th century can be illustrated particularly well in the Nassau-Hadamar house . Johann VI. von Nassau-Dillenburg was first a Lutheran , then a staunch Calvinist and had his fifth son, Johann Ludwig, born in this sense on August 12, 1590 in his third marriage with Johannetta von Sayn-Wittgenstein . Johann Ludwig von Nassau-Hadamar , raised to the rank of imperial prince in 1650 , converted to Catholicism in 1629 and carried out the re-Catholicization of the county with great zeal and with the help of the Jesuits he brought into the country . The grammar school, which he initiated in 1652, was run by Jesuits until 1773. He continued to tolerate the reformed faith of his wife, Countess Ursula von Lippe-Detmold . As the imperial envoy in 1638 in Cologne, Münster and Osnabrück in the negotiations on the Peace of Westphalia , he demonstrated his diplomatic skills. However, the candidacy of the now widowed prince for the bishopric of Münster (1650) failed.
The Duchy of Nassau (1806) emerged from the territorial changes in the German states at the beginning of the 19th century , whose government was initially jointly owned by Duke Friedrich August von Nassau-Usingen and Prince Friedrich Wilhelm von Nassau-Weilburg . After their two deaths in 1816, the sole reign passed to the Nassau-Weilburg house. The castle in Weilburg , which today provides the setting for the Weilburg castle concerts, has now stepped back behind the Biebrich castle in Wiesbaden . Nassau, which fought on Austria's side in 1866, became the spoils of war and was officially annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia on September 20, 1866 . Duke Adolph went to Luxembourg and became Grand Duke of Luxembourg . Nassau continued as the administrative district of Wiesbaden in the province of Hesse-Nassau (with Kassel).
The area around Weilburg was part of the Duchy of Nassau early on. After the occupation by Prussia in June 1866, the Oberlahnkreis with Weilburg as its seat was formed in 1867 by the Prussian ordinance of February 22nd . Nearly 20 years later, emerged in 1886 from the offices Limburg (previously under Lahn Kreis ) Hadamar (previously Oberlahnkreis) and Camberg (previously Untertaunus circle ) of the district Limburg based in Limburg an der Lahn.
As part of the Hessian district reform , the Oberlahnkreis and the Limburg district merged into the Limburg-Weilburg district by means of a voluntary area change agreement dated July 1, 1974. Three municipalities moved to neighboring districts. Hasselbach (Taunus) became part of the large community of Weilrod and thus joined the Hochtaunuskreis. Altenkirchen and Philippstein , formerly part of the Oberlahnkreis, were assigned to districts of the city of Braunfels and thus initially to the Wetzlar district and from the beginning of 1977 to the Lahn-Dill district.
As the first circular wide association in the newly formed district was on 20 September 1975 in Obertiefenbach the county firefighters association Limburg because castle founded. The delegates of the then regional fire brigade associations Limburg and Oberlahn decided to unite with immediate effect.
The oldest cities (with first mentioning dates) are Hadamar (832), Weilburg (906), Limburg (910) and Camberg (1000).
On December 31, 2019, the Limburg-Weilburg district had 171,912 inhabitants. According to the 2011 census, women made up 50.8 percent and men 49.2 percent. The proportion of foreigners (registered residents without German nationality ) was 7.2 percent, while the proportion of the population with a migration background (registered residents with German nationality and at the same time of foreign origin) was 18.1 percent. According to the census, 44.7 percent of the population were Roman Catholic , while 31.8 percent belonged to the Protestant Church . 23.5 percent belonged to other religious communities , did not belong to any religious community or provided no information.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||38.6||28||43.5||31||48.0||34||47.0||33|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||27.9||20th||30.1||21st||31.9||23||34.6||25th|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||9.4||7th||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|FW||Free voters in the Limburg-Weilburg district||7.6||5||8.0||6th||7.5||5||8.4||6th|
|Green||Alliance 90 / The Greens||7.1||5||12.6||9||5.2||4th||5.0||3|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||6.0||4th||3.2||2||3.3||2||2.7||2|
|Turnout in percent||50.1||47.2||46.1||53.5|
The seat of the district administration is the district building in Limburg an der Lahn at the address Schiede 43 . The three-storey building with a high hipped roof is a listed building and was built in 1925/26 according to plans by the architects F. Gais and Gottlob Schaupp from Frankfurt. The eleven-axis western front follows the slightly curved course of the divide, while the southern construction sections jump back from the course of the street in order to visually expand the confluence of Diezer Straße.
On November 11, 2018, Michael Köberle (CDU) was elected as the new district administrator of the Limburg-Weilburg district. He has been in office since January 1, 2019.
Before that, Manfred Michel (CDU) was, after a successful direct election on November 26, 2006, from December 22, 2006, District Administrator of the Limburg-Weilburg district. He succeeded Manfred Fluck (SPD), who left for reasons of age. In the direct election on September 9, 2012, Manfred Michel defended his office with 62.6 percent of the vote.
There have been five district administrators since the Limburg-Weilburg district was established. On July 1, 1974, the district administrator of the former Limburg district, Heinrich Anton Wolf (CDU), temporarily took over this task in the newly created district, before Georg Wuermeling (CDU) was elected to this office in February 1975. He was succeeded in July 1989 by Manfred Fluck (SPD), who gave up his directly elected office in 2006.
Jörg Sauer has been the new First District Member of the Limburg-Weilburg district since March 16, 2019. He is the successor to Helmut Jung. Helmut Jung (SPD) was the first district member of the Limburg-Weilburg district from 2007 to 2019 . He was elected by the district council in February 2007 and took office on March 16, 2007. He succeeded Manfred Michel.
Coat of arms, flag and banner
|Blazon : "In blue a continuous, red-silver boxed cross, covered with a blue shield, inside between golden shingles a red armored golden lion."|
Justification of the coat of arms: The cross corresponds to the coat of arms of the old district of Limburg from 1957. It was a combination of the coat of arms of Kurtrier: in silver a red, continuous cross, and the coat of arms of the Isenburg-Limburg rule: two red and silver bars in blue accompanied of golden clapboards. The Nassau lion , which was already visible in the earlier coat of arms of the Oberlahnkreis from 1936, was added.
The coat of arms was awarded on April 18, 1975.
Description of the flag: “The flag shows on a yellow strip bordered by two blue stripes in a ratio of 1: 3: 1, with the coat of arms in the half of the leech. The banner shows on a yellow strip bordered by two blue side stripes in a ratio of 1: 3: 1, the center of the coat of arms clearly offset upwards.
The honorary cup of the Limburg-Weilburg district is awarded by the district committee as an expression of thanks and recognition for the special honorary services to the benefit of the citizens of the Limburg-Weilburg district. This tin cup is embossed with the coat of arms of the district. Personalities who have achieved outstanding achievements in relation to the district are recommended to be entered in the Golden Book of the Limburg-Weilburg district by the district administrator.
On July 1, 1974, the district was assigned the LM distinguishing mark , which had been valid for the Limburg district since July 1, 1956 . It is still issued today. Until the 1990s, vehicles from the old district of Weilburg (or Oberlahn) received license plates with the letter pairs NA to ZZ and the numbers from 1 to 999 .
Economy and Infrastructure
In the 2016 Future Atlas , the Limburg-Weilburg district was ranked 204th out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix”. In 2019 it improved to 167th place out of 401.
The most important long-distance road in the Limburg-Weilburg district is the federal motorway 3 (Cologne-Frankfurt) with junctions 42 (Limburg North), 43 (Limburg South) and 44 (Bad Camberg). Important federal highways are the B 8 , B 49 ( Lange Meil ) , B 54 , B 417 and B 456 .
The route of the high-speed line Cologne – Rhine / Main runs through the district . In Limburg, in the immediate vicinity of the Limburg Süd junction on the A 3 , there is the Limburg Süd train station with connections in a north-westerly direction (Montabaur-Siegburg / Bonn-Cologne-Aachen-Brussels) and in a south-easterly direction (Frankfurt am Main) through Intercity Express trains . ICE connections are free of charge to Frankfurt Airport and Frankfurt Central Station , Cologne , Düsseldorf , Stuttgart and Munich .
The Limburg-Weilburg district is responsible for 37 primary schools, three combined primary and secondary schools, six primary, secondary and secondary schools, three secondary and secondary schools, two grammar schools, two integrative comprehensive schools, three cooperative comprehensive schools, four special schools and four vocational schools . In 2006 these schools were attended by around 29,000 students.
In cooperation with the Limburg-Weilburg- Diez business development agency , Deutsche Telekom AG began expanding a building in the city of Limburg (with the exception of the Ahlbach district ), in the Elz district (with the exception of Malmeneich ) and in Runkel-Dehrn in spring 2013 Internet broadband supply with a performance of 50 Mbit / s . The Limburg-Weilburg district was thus one of the first Hessian districts to begin providing citizens and companies with high-performance Internet connections across the board. As part of a public tender , Deutsche Telekom was later awarded the contract for the full implementation of the broadband expansion in the district. On July 18, 2014, work on expanding broadband Internet access began in Hünfelden-Dauborn . The expansion in the Limburg district of Ahlbach, in the municipality of Beselich and in the city of Weilburg followed. The completion of the work was dated June 30, 2016. It is planned that 95 percent of the population can use the Internet with at least 30 Mbit / s. The district and the municipalities will incur expenses for the expansion amounting to 5.5 million euros.
The district is responsible for the district hospital Weilburg. In Limburg, there is the St-Vincenz-Hospital as a hospital for specialized care, in Hadamar the clinic for psychiatry and psychotherapy operated by Vitos Hadamar gGmbH.
- The Lahn flows through the middle of the district.
- The Westerwald in the northern part of the district
- The Taunus in the southern part of the district
- Limburg Cathedral of St. Georg (inaugurated in 1235) on Lahnfelsen
- Limburg old town with half-timbered houses (built from 1289)
- Residence town of Weilburg with Weilburg Castle (built in 1590) and palace complex (built in 1823)
- Weilburg shipping tunnel (built 1847), Kubach crystal cave (discovered 1974)
- Bad Camberg Kneipp bath (since 1927) with natural and medicinal springs
- Monastery ruins (founded in 1163), pilgrimage chapel (built 1767) in Beselich
- Blasius Chapel (first mentioned around 803) in Dornburg
- Waldmannshausen Castle (built 1486) in the Elbe Valley
- Castle in Hadamar (built in 1629) with renaissance architecture
- Early medieval Runkel Castle (built in 778 according to legend) in Runkel
- Laneburg castle ruins (built 1324) in Löhnberg
- Mengerskirchen Castle (built 1320)
- Merenberg castle ruins (first mentioned in 1129)
- Well temple (first mentioned source 772) in Selters (Taunus)
- Marble bridge in Villmar over the Lahn (built 1895)
- Kirbergturm (built around 1600) in Weilmünster
- Freienfels castle ruins (built around 1300) in Weinbach
There are 19 communities in the Limburg-Weilburg district. Five of these have city rights . The municipalities of the district are as follows (residents on December 31, 2019):
Municipalities in the district
The district town of Limburg a. d. Lahn has an exclave (see map on the right): Part of the Limburg district of Staffel is not connected to Limburg, but only to the municipality of Elz in Hesse and the local municipality of Gückingen in Rhineland-Palatinate .
In terms of area, the municipality of Weilmünster is the largest with 77.42 km² and the Elbe Valley municipality with 11.11 km² is the smallest.
Partnership with the Berlin district of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg
For over 50 years there has been a close friendship, characterized by lively open-mindedness, with the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg district of Berlin . In May 1962 - a few months after the Wall was built - representatives of the former Oberlahnkreis drove to the Spree to show their solidarity with the people of the two-part city. In the middle of Kreuzberg , on Hagelberger Strasse, they sponsored a children's home, which is now called Weilburger Land . In doing so, they laid the foundation for the official partnership that was solemnly established on March 22, 1980 in Berlin and June 28, 1980 in Limburg. What distinguishes this partnership in particular are the diverse personal ties and contacts between clubs and schools, meetings between athletes, police officers or in the staff councils from Limburg-Weilburg and Berlin.
- Ulrich Eisenbach: 150 years IHK Limburg. Economy, society and IHK in Mittelassau . Fulda: Parzellers 2015, ISBN 978-3-7900-0497-7 .
- Klaus Gelbhaar: Declaration of love to a landscape. Pictures from the Limburg-Weilburg district . Wetzlar: Wetzlar print 1980.
- Klaus Gelbhaar / Erwin Kaiser (Red.): Land on the Lahn. History and future in the Limburg-Weilburg district . Mühlheim / Main: Landgrebe 1976.
- Christian Heger (Ed.): From Muhkalb and Unkenkönig. 250 legends and historical stories from the Limburg-Weilburg region of Nassau . Petersberg: Michael Imhof 2018, ISBN 3-731907-97-6 .
- Erwin Kaiser (Red.): Limburg-Weilburg 1867-1990. A chronicle of the circle in pictures . Limburg: District Committee 1990, ISBN 3-927006-04-1 .
- District committee of the district Limburg-Weilburg (ed.): Limburg-Weilburg. Contributions to the history of the district . Limburg / Lahn: District Committee 1986.
- District committee of the district Limburg-Weilburg (Hrsg.): See and discover. Sights in the Limburg-Weilburg district . Limburg / Lahn: District Committee 1993, ISBN 3-927006-12-2 .
- Ingrid Krupp: Churches, chapels, castles, palaces in the Limburg-Weilburg district. With 237 original graphics by Hermann Krupp . Limburg: District Committee 1987, ISBN 3-927-006-00-9 .
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments / Falko Lehmann (Ed.): Cultural monuments in Hessen. Limburg-Weilburg district . 2 vols. Braunschweig / Wiesbaden: Vieweg 1994, ISBN 3-528-06243-6 .
- Eugen Stille: cultural and economic history for the Limburg district . Munich: J. Bühn 1967.
- Website of the district of Limburg-Weilburg
- Limburg-Weilburg district in Google Maps
- Limburg-Weilburg district. Historical local dictionary. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Link catalog on the Limburg-Weilburg district at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 383 f .
- Franz-Josef Sehr : District Fire Brigade Association Limburg-Weilburg . In: Freiwillige Feuerwehr Obertiefenbach e. V. (Ed.): 125 years of the Obertiefenbach volunteer fire brigade . Reference 2005, ISBN 978-3-926262-03-5 , pp. 107-113 .
- Limburg-Weilburg district: results of the census . Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- Populationin regional comparison. In: 2011 census . Hessian State Statistical Office , accessed in April 2019 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2016 and 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2011 and 2006
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2006 and 2001
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the district elections of 2001 and 1997
- District election 2006: WASG
- State Office for the Preservation of Monuments Hesse (Ed.): Schiede 43 In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hesse
- Michael Köberle becomes the new district administrator in the Limburg-Weilburg district - Limburg-Weilburg region - Mittelhessen.de . ( Mittelhessen.de [accessed on November 21, 2018]).
- Limburg-Weilburg district: History of the Limburg-Weilburg district
- Zukunftsatlas 2016. Archived from the original ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
- Future Atlas 2019. Retrieved on July 12, 2019 .
- Fast internet at a snail's pace. (No longer available online.) Nassauische Neue Presse , June 26, 2013, archived from the original on December 21, 2014 ; accessed on December 21, 2014 .
- In mid-2016, all households will have high-speed internet. Limburg-Weilburg district, accessed on August 9, 2014 .
- 2,500 households in the district can already switch to the digital fast lane. Limburg-Weilburg district, accessed on May 17, 2015 .
- Fast internet for everyone. Limburg-Weilburg district, accessed on August 9, 2014 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Limburg-Weilburg district: Partnership of the Limburg-Weilburg district with the Berlin district of Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg . Retrieved October 23, 2018.