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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Beselich
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Beselich highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 27 '  N , 8 ° 9'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : to water
County : Limburg-Weilburg
Height : 288 m above sea level NHN
Area : 31.53 km 2
Residents: 5711 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 181 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 65614
Area code : 06484
License plate : LM, WEL
Community key : 06 5 33 001
Address of the
municipal administration:
Steinbacher Strasse 10
65614 Beselich
Website :
Mayor : Michael Franz ( independent )
Location of the municipality of Beselich in the Limburg-Weilburg district
Rheinland-Pfalz Hochtaunuskreis Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Lahn-Dill-Kreis Bad Camberg Beselich Brechen (Hessen) Dornburg (Hessen) Elbtal (Hessen) Elz (Westerwald) Hadamar Hünfelden Limburg an der Lahn Limburg an der Lahn Löhnberg Mengerskirchen Merenberg Runkel Selters (Taunus) Villmar Waldbrunn (Westerwald) Weilburg Weilmünster Weinbachmap
About this picture

Beselich is a municipality in the Limburg-Weilburg district in Hesse, Germany.


Geographical location

Beselich is located east edge of Limburger pelvis , at the edge of Lahn Valley, at the southeast slope of Westerwaldes m above sea level 220 in Mittelhessen . The Beselicher Kopf (296 m) is visible from afar. The Tiefenbach , Kerkerbach , Brandbach and Schupbach streams flow through the municipality.

The total area of ​​the municipality of 31.53 km² is divided as follows:


The landscape is partially forested and characterized by marble , clay , basalt and iron ore deposits . To this day, clay is mined in the Obertiefenbach area. The black marble from the Schupbach district is used all over the world, including the Empire State Building in New York City .


The seat of the municipal administration is in the district Obertiefenbach. The four districts of the municipality of Beselich by population:

No. District Residents Landmark
area [km²]
1 Obertiefenbach 2,572 12.29
2 Schupbach 1,094 8.10
3 Niedertiefenbach 1,046 5.45
4th Heckholzhausen 996 5.70

Until the late Middle Ages, there was also a small town called " Schuy " between Obertiefenbach and Schupbach , the area of ​​which is now part of the district of Obertiefenbach.

Neighboring municipalities and towns

The municipality of Beselich borders in the northwest on the municipality Waldbrunn , in the north on the municipality Merenberg , in the northeast on the city of Weilburg , in the southeast on the city of Runkel , in the southwest on the district town of Limburg and in the west on the city of Hadamar .

Waldbrunn Merenberg Weilburg
Hadamar Neighboring communities
Limburg Runkel


Church building

The municipality of Beselich was created in the course of the regional reform in Hesse on December 30, 1970 through the voluntary amalgamation of the previously independent municipalities of Heckholzhausen, Niedertiefenbach, Obertiefenbach and Schupbach. Local districts according to the Hessian municipal code were not established.

The name comes from the field name " Beselicher Kopf " (296 m) in the center of the new overall municipality, which was first mentioned in 1156. The Beselich Premonstratensian Monastery was located on the Beselicher Kopf , the establishment of which was confirmed by Archbishop Hillin von Trier in 1163. The three-aisled basilica of the monastery was built between 1170 and 1230, and has been restored today as a listed ruin. In 1588 the monastery was reformed . The former cloister courtyard, which is still used for agriculture today, passed into private ownership in 1656. The Catholic pilgrimage chapel "Maria Hilf" was built in its vicinity from 1764 to 1767 . On July 1, 1974, Beselich was assigned to the new Limburg-Weilburg district by merging the Oberlahnkreis with the Limburg district .

Events in the community

Between Obertiefenbach and Heckholzhausen was 1975 county landfill established on the 3rd July 1989, the Main-Kraftwerke AG, a landfill gas - power plant took into operation. The first connection to the natural gas network was on October 8, 1977. The new Beselich primary school in Obertiefenbach was inaugurated on September 15, 1983. Hans-Peter Wahl was elected mayor of the municipality of Beselich for the first time in 1986 and replaced Alfred Roth, who had been in office since the municipality was founded. On December 19, 1990, the newly built sports hall was inaugurated, and on December 12, 2015 it was named "Georg-Leber-Halle".

Martin Rudersdorf became mayor of the municipality of Beselich in 1998. In May 2000 the senior center “Maria Hilf” was built in Obertiefenbach. On October 8, 2003 the suburban bypass in the direction of Schupbach and a bridge over the federal highway 49 were inaugurated. In 2004 the new investment center was built on Bundesstrasse 49 near Obertiefenbach. From May 17, 2010 to December 31, 2013 Kai Müller held the office of mayor of the municipality of Beselich. Michael Franz took over this task on April 7, 2014.

Population development

(only main apartments)

date Residents
December 31, 2000 5727
December 31, 2001 5721
December 31, 2002 5756
December 31, 2003 5712
December 31, 2004 5698
December 31, 2005 5695
December 31, 2006 5693
December 31, 2007 5761
December 31, 2008 5700
December 31, 2009 5605
date Residents
December 31, 2010 5592
December 31, 2011 5549
December 31, 2012 5507
December 31 2013 5559
December 31, 2014 5593
December 31, 2015 5658
December 31, 2016 5730
December 31, 2017 5729
December 31, 2018 5739
December 31, 2019 5655


In the municipality of Beselich there are two Catholic churches, St. Agidius Obertiefenbach and St. Marien Niedertiefenbach, as well as two Protestant churches in Schupbach and Heckholzhausen. The Beselich Catholic pilgrimage chapel is located on the “Beselicher Kopf” hill in the middle of the municipality.


Community representation

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the municipal council 2016
8th 10 7th 
A total of 25 seats
  • SPD : 8
  • CDU : 10
  • SU : 7
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 41.8 10 35.0 9 44.0 11 47.3 12
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 32.1 8th 25.6 6th 43.7 11 40.6 10
SU Citizen List Beselich 26.1 7th - - - - - -
The middle Neue Mitte Beselich - - 20.9 5 - - - -
FDP / FWG Free Democratic Party / FWG - - - - 12.2 3 12.1 3
total 100.0 25th 100.0 25th 100.0 25th 100.0 25th
Voter turnout in% 50.6 50.6 48.0 57.1
Town hall of the municipality of Beselich in Obertiefenbach

Parish council

The community board currently has eight members from three parties or groups of voters. The mayor is also the chairman.


  • Roth, Alfred (1971–1986)
  • Wahl, Hans-Peter (1986–1998)
  • Rudersdorf, Martin (1998-2010)
  • Müller, Kai (2010–2013)
  • Franz, Michael (since April 7, 2014)

coat of arms

The coat of arms shows the colors of the two former territorial lords. The four silver crosses appear on a blue background for Nassau-Hadamar and the three red stakes on a silver background for the County of Wied-Runkel . The four silver crosses also symbolize the four number of the districts. In a heart shield in the middle of the coat of arms, the neighboring pilgrimage chapel “Maria Hilf” is depicted, representing the former basilica of the monastery. The representation of this church building also underlines the derivation of the place name “Beselich” from “basilica”. The heart shield has the shape of a boundary stone and represents the "boundary or kitchen stone" in the former monastery district, which separated the areas of the two former sovereigns from each other. Its green base color symbolizes the forests that surround the former monastery. The approval of the Beselicher coat of arms was published on January 18, 1979 in the State Gazette for the State of Hesse under No. 6/1979.

The plate of honor with the coat of arms of the municipality of Beselich is given as a special award to deserving persons for many years of work for the benefit and promotion of the reputation of the municipality of Beselich. The award winners are specially invited to important community events.

Community partnerships

The Thuringian municipality of Kaulsdorf (Saale) has been Beselich's partner municipality since the beginning of May 1991. The partnership documents between the two communities were signed by the mayors Hans-Peter Wahl (Beselich) and Hans-Jürgen Oßwald (Kaulsdorf).

Culture and sights


Beselich monastery ruins

Beselich monastery ruins

Is on the Beselicher head the restored ruins of the Basilica of a former Premonstratensian - monastery , which was founded in 1163 by the Archbishop of Trier Hillin of the case mania was confirmed after previously the priest Gottfried von Beselich there had built a small church, together with a tenth-free yard. The church was built shortly after the monastery was founded, the remains of which can still be seen today. It was a three-aisled Romanesque basilica without a transept. All three naves were closed off by apses facing east and separated from each other by five columns. The entire basilica was 37 meters long and 18 meters wide.

The monastery quickly became wealthy through the entry of numerous noble daughters and the associated donations. With a fair on July 15, guaranteed no later than 1545, the monastery also played an important economic role. However, several raids followed in the late Middle Ages, after the last of which in the 15th century the monastery collapsed economically. During the Reformation at the end of the 16th century, the nuns left the monastery. The complex served as a hospital for a short time before it fell into disrepair at the beginning of the 17th century. During this time, the current buildings of the neighboring estate were built, some of which were built from stones from the monastery. In 1637 the remnants of the monastery became the property of the Hadamar branch of the Jesuit order, who only used the building as a quarry. Around 1660 the complex was largely in its current state, in which only the outer wall of the narthex is preserved. In 1985 the “Association for the Preservation of the Beselich Monastery Ruins” took over the listed building remains and began restoration work the following year. This association dissolved again in May 2019. The ruins of the basilica are an often used starting point for scenic hiking trails.

Catholic pilgrimage chapel "Maria Hilf"

Catholic pilgrimage chapel “Maria Hilf” in Beselich

The “Maria Hilf” chapel is located on the Beselicher head. This pilgrimage chapel dedicated to the 14 helpers owes its origin to the initiative of a Franciscan - hermits , the Friar Leonhard (real name: Georg Niedermeier roads). He was born in 1709 and, after an extensive wandering life from 1763 to 1767, built the Marienkapelle and a hermitage here on the site of the former Beselich monastery with the help of the population , which were inaugurated on September 8, 1767. The interior of the chapel was renovated in 2002 through donations from the population and with the support of the Limburg diocese and most of it was restored to its original state. The church roof will be re-roofed in spring 2013. Today, the Marienkapelle is the destination of many pilgrims and prayers every day . In the months of May to October, a place every Friday at 18:00 Eucharist and on Sundays at 17:00 a Marian devotion with preaching and sacramental blessing instead. The chapel is open all year round for prayer . On the way from Obertiefenbach to the pilgrimage chapel there are seven chapels dedicated to the memory of the Seven Sorrows of Mary.

With effect from October 23, 2012, the regional council of Gießen recognized the legally responsible ecclesiastical foundation for the Maria Hilf pilgrimage chapel in Beselich , after the Limburg Episcopal Ordinariate had given its approval. This is to ensure the maintenance of the chapel permanently.

The big anniversary celebration for the 250th anniversary of the chapel took place with the participation of Limburg Bishop Georg Bätzing and more than a thousand visitors.

Buildings in the districts

The buildings of the districts are described in the respective articles.


In the listed old school in Obertiefenbach, the Catholic men's work has been running the Obertiefenbacher Heimatstube since March 14, 1998 . The museum deals primarily with the history, tradition and culture of the municipality of Beselich, especially the district of Obertiefenbach.

Economy and Infrastructure

Economic structure

Heckholzhausen viaduct on the former federal highway 49

In the area of ​​the Schupbach district, black Lahn marble was mined in earlier times , but the deposit is exhausted or no longer economical. The district Obertiefenbach has an industrial area in which hypermarkets and other shops have settled, as well as the "Investzentrum" in which industrial companies, car dealers, workshops, haulage companies and petrol stations are located. Today, Beselich is essentially a residential community whose citizens earn their living in the surrounding cities such as Limburg, Weilburg and Wetzlar as well as in the Rhine-Main area .


The municipality is well connected to the national road network via the federal motorway 3 (Limburg-Nord junction) in connection with the federal road 49 , which leads directly through Beselich in four lanes. In addition, the is Limburg Süd station of ICE - high-speed line Cologne-Rhine / Main at a distance of eleven kilometers. State and district roads establish the connection to the neighboring towns.


In Obertiefenbach there is a central primary school for the Beselich children. It is attended by around 250 schoolchildren.

Kindergartens exist in all districts. There is a Catholic public library in Obertiefenbach .


X. Fire Brigade Olympics of the World Fire Brigade Association CTIF 1993 in Berlin, winner in the fire fighting discipline - FF Beselich-Obertiefenbach
  • Beselich primary school in Obertiefenbach
  • Beselich primary school in Obertiefenbach
  • Evangelical kindergarten "Sternenland" Heckholzhausen
  • Municipal day care center "Kastanienburg" Niedertiefenbach
  • Catholic day care center “St. Egidius “Obertiefenbach
  • Community day care center "Eulennest" Schupbach
  • "Bärenhöhle" day nursery in Obertiefenbach
  • Beselich-Heckholzhausen volunteer fire brigade , founded in 1925 (including youth fire brigade , founded August 2, 1981 and children's fire brigade since August 21, 2010)
  • Beselich-Niedertiefenbach volunteer fire department, founded in 1934 (including youth fire department, founded April 1, 1973)
  • Beselich-Obertiefenbach volunteer fire brigade , founded in 1880 (including youth fire brigade, founded February 26, 1972 and children's fire brigade since November 9, 2008)
  • Beselich-Schupbach volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1925 (including youth fire brigade, founded January 1, 1985)
  • Catholic public library Obertiefenbach, since 1951
  • "Maria Hilf" senior center, since May 2000


Georg Leber (1973)


  • Georg Wagner : monastery and pilgrimage site . JD Reuter's Mainz, Wiesbaden-Dotzheim 1935.
  • Georg Wagner: Obertiefenbach in its past . Obertiefenbach community, Wiesbaden-Dotzheim 1954.
  • Voluntary fire brigade Obertiefenbach e. V. (Hrsg.): 100 years of the Obertiefenbach volunteer fire brigade . Reference 1986, ISBN 3-926262-02-8 .
  • Voluntary fire brigade Obertiefenbach e. V. (Ed.): 125 years of the Obertiefenbach volunteer fire brigade . Visited 2005, ISBN 978-3-926262-03-5 .
  • Franz-Josef Sehr : 125 years of the parish church “St. Egidius “Obertiefenbach . In: Yearbook for the Limburg-Weilburg district 2013 . The district committee of the district of Limburg-Weilburg, Limburg 2012, ISBN 3-927006-49-1 , p. 121-123 .
  • Parish of St. Egidius Obertiefenbach (Ed.): 125 years of the parish church of St. Egidius Obertiefenbach . Visit 2013.
  • Franz-Josef Sehr: 140 years of the school building in Obertiefenbach . In: Yearbook for the Limburg-Weilburg district 2014 . The district committee of the district of Limburg-Weilburg, Limburg 2013, ISBN 3-927006-50-5 , p. 95-98 .
  • Franz-Josef Sehr: 250 years of the Maria Hilf Beselich pilgrimage chapel . In: Yearbook for the Limburg-Weilburg district 2017 . The district committee of the district of Limburg-Weilburg, Limburg 2016, ISBN 3-927006-54-8 , p. 137-141 .
  • Parish of St. Agidius Obertiefenbach (Ed.): 250 years of the pilgrimage chapel Maria Hilf Beselich . Visit 2017.

Web links

Commons : Beselich  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ State of Hesse: Geography of the municipality of Beselich ( memento from October 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) , January 1, 2009
  3. a b Facts and figures from the municipality of Beselich (as of December 31, 2019). In: Internet presence. Municipality of Beselich, accessed on July 29, 2020 .
  4. ↑ Amalgamation of municipalities to form the municipality "Beselich", Oberlahnkreis on January 6, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 4 , p. 141 , point 169 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.3 MB ]).
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 373 .
  6. ^ Franz-Josef Sehr : Fire in the landfill gas power plant . In: VB - Preventive Fire Protection - Edition 4/91 . Lothar Haus, Druck + Verlag, Erlensee 1991, p. 44-45 . ISSN 0936-1677 .  
  7. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  8. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  9. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  10. Circle of Friends wants to keep the ruins of the Beselich monastery . In: Weilburger Tageblatt (WT) . May 8, 2019