|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 50 ° 25 ' N , 8 ° 2' E
|Administrative region :||to water|
|Height :||119 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.86 km 2|
|Residents:||8004 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||475 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||65604|
06433 ( Malmeneich )
|License plate :||LM, WEL|
|Community key :||06 5 33 006|
|Community structure:||2 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Horst Kaiser ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Elz in the Limburg-Weilburg district|
Elz is a municipality in the Limburg-Weilburg district in central Hesse on the border with the state of Rhineland-Palatinate .
The community is known nationwide through the Elzer Berg , over which the federal motorway 3 leads down the striking terrain from the Unterwesterwald into the Limburg basin . This long downhill stretch in the direction of Frankfurt is a notorious accident black spot, so that the speed limit of 100 kilometers per hour and the general speed limit of 80 km / h for trucks are monitored by two successive stationary speed measurement systems.
Elz is located in the Limburg Basin , with the municipal area extending into its western edge heights and thus into the area of the Niederwesterwald (Elzer Forest) . From north to south it is crossed by the flat-pendent valley of the Elbbach , which rises in the Hohen Westerwald, is fed by the Erbach in Elz and into the south of the 110 to 291 m above sea level. NHN located village flows into the river Lahn .
The rather broad lower reaches of the Elbe stream follows a tectonically created rift valley ( Elzer Graben ), which extends northwards into the area of the municipality of Dornburg . The Devonian rock subsoil is above all to the west of the Elbe brook covered with massive fillings of trenches from the Tertiary period (clays, sands, gravels), of which the quartz sand deposits in particular gained economic importance in the region. Ice-age loess coverings lay above this and form the basis for high-yield agriculture.
Elz borders in the north on the municipality of Hundsangen (in the Westerwaldkreis in Rhineland-Palatinate ) and the city of Hadamar , in the east and south on the city of Limburg (both in the district of Limburg-Weilburg), and in the west on the municipalities of Hambach (in the Rhine-Lahn District in Rhineland-Palatinate), Görgeshausen , Niedererbach and Obererbach (all three in the Westerwaldkreis).
The community is divided into two districts (here with number of inhabitants, as of December 31, 2019 ):
- Elz 7792
- January 332
The district of Elz is the second largest settlement in the Limburg-Weilburg district after the core town of Limburg an der Lahn and for a long time was the largest municipality in Hesse that was not a city in the sense of municipal law. With 990 people, the proportion of foreign citizens is 13.94% of the total population.
The annual average temperature is 8.5 ° C in Elz and 7.9 ° C in Malmeneich. The average annual precipitation is 600 to 650 mm in Elz and 720 mm in Malmeneich. Climatic conditions: beginning of spring in Elz on average: April 29th to May 5th.
The place name is probably derived from the alder . Elz appears for the first time in the Wiltrud certificate from 933, which is no longer preserved today. The oldest surviving document dates from 1145.
The oldest human traces can be found in almost all prehistoric epochs in the Elz district: the Neolithic, the Bronze Age, the Iron Age (extensive burial mound near today's motorway), the Roman Empire and the Frankish times. The hill of a low castle in the valley of the Mordschau in the Elzer community forest indicates an early settlement in the Middle Ages.
The village was located on the important strata publica , the high street between Frankfurt am Main and Cologne and still shows the characteristic shape of a street village to this day . In the Middle Ages it was initially under royal rule and was loaned to the Lords of Limburg for a short time at the beginning of the 14th century . In 1322 it was first transferred to the Electorate of Trier as a pledge, at the latest in 1406 when the House of Limburg died out . However, the surrounding area belonged to the Counts of Nassau , which led to centuries-long border disputes.
A church is first mentioned in 1218.
In 1436, Elector Raban von Helmstatt pledged Elz together with other surrounding properties for 22,000 Rhenish guilders to the Landgraviate of Hesse . On September 1, 1442, King Friedrich IV granted Elz city rights . The city charter was obtained by the Archbishop of Trier, Jakob I. von Sierck . The original document is lost today, but three certified copies from 1442 and 1443 are kept in the Koblenz State Main Archives (holdings 1 A, No. 8101–8103). The soon built city fortifications were torn down again by the Counts of Nassau. The street name Gräbengasse still reminds of the approximate position of part of the fortifications.
The complicated ownership and pledge relationships led to further disputes between the Landgraves of Hesse, Kurtrier and Nassau. Nassau saw itself threatened by the city rights and the associated construction of fortifications in the immediate vicinity, attacked Elz in the winter of 1456 and destroyed the newly built city walls. Kurtrier and the Landgraviate set up a common mayor . Members of the Staudt family often held this position. They also built the representative half-timbered courtyard that still serves as the town hall today. A member of the family, called Justus Studaeus Elsanus in Latin, became a legal scholar at the University of Marburg , was temporarily its rector, from 1546 chancellor of the Fulda prince-abbot Philipp Schenck zu Schweinsberg, from 1563 a Frankfurt citizen and member of the patrician society Alten Limpurg .
Eight women from Elz in Limburg were burned to death during the witch hunt in 1590. The place was hit hard in the Thirty Years War . At the end of the fighting, only seven families are said to have lived in Elz. Heinrich Arnoldi, born in Elz in 1759, became the court chaplain of the last Trier Elector Clemens Wenzeslaus of Saxony .
With the secularization of 1802 the rule of Kurtrier ended and Elz was defeated to Nassau ( Principality of Nassau-Weilburg ). From 1806 it belonged to the Duchy of Nassau , which was annexed by Prussia in 1866 .
In the 19th century, Elz, like numerous villages in the Westerwald , was affected by pauperism , the early industrial mass poverty. Similar to the residents of the surrounding towns, many people from Elzer were forced to earn their living in the travel trade . The inhabitants of Elz (for example Cyrillus Bioneck * March 28, 1797 and the sons Josef, Cyrillus, Philipp, Johann and Georg Bioneck) were mainly musicians all over Europe. This tradition of the "Elzer Musikanten" is still maintained today. On September 17, 1850, a large part of the village fell victim to a fire. In 1896 the “St. Josefshaus ”built as a hospital. Today it serves as a retirement home.
In the First World War fell 117 Elzer, the second around 200, during which two air strikes were flown to the site. A number of Jews and other persecuted people were also deported during the Second World War. The first stumbling blocks were laid for this on May 17, 2017 .
On December 31, 1971, the central town of Elz was enlarged to include the neighboring town of Malmeneich as part of the regional reform in Hesse . In the same year, the first company settled in the new industrial park on the north-western outskirts of the town on Bundesstraße 8 .
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Elz was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1803: Holy Roman Empire , Electorate Trier , Lower Archbishopric, Limburg Office , Elz Court
- from 1803: Holy Roman Empire, Principality of Nassau-Usingen (through Reichsdeputationshauptschluss ), Limburg Office
- from 1816: German Confederation , Duchy of Nassau , Hadamar Office
- from 1849: German Confederation, Duchy of Nassau, Hadamar District Office
- from 1854: German Confederation, Duchy of Nassau, Hadamar Office
- from 1867: North German Confederation , Kingdom of Prussia , Province of Hessen-Nassau , Administrative Region of Wiesbaden , Oberlahnkreis
- from 1871: German Empire , Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hessen-Nassau, administrative district of Wiesbaden, Oberlahnkreis
- from 1886: German Empire, Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hesse-Nassau, District of Wiesbaden, District of Limburg
- from 1918: German Empire, Free State of Prussia , Province of Hesse-Nassau, District of Wiesbaden, District of Limburg
- from 1944: German Empire, Free State of Prussia, Nassau Province , Limburg District
- from 1945: American zone of occupation , Greater Hesse , Wiesbaden district, Limburg district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Wiesbaden district, Limburg district
- from 1968: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, administrative district Darmstadt , district Limburg
- from New Year's Eve 1971: regional reform in Hesse ; The municipalities of Elz and Malmeneich become the new municipality of Elz with administrative headquarters in the Elz district.
- from 1974: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, administrative district Darmstadt, district Limburg-Weilburg
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district, Limburg-Weilburg district
|Elz: Population from 1834 to 2017|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Further sources:; 1972 :; 1976 :; 1984 :; 1988 :; 1992 :; 2000, 2015 :; 2010:
From 1972 including the incorporated municipality of Malmeneich.
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1885:||47 Protestant (= 2.05%), 2248 Catholic (= 97.95%) residents|
|• 1961:||428 Protestant (= 7.34%), 5367 Catholic (= 92.04%) residents|
Catholic Parish of Saint John the Baptist
Until the 13th century Elz belonged with up to 20 other places to the important parish Dietkirchen . According to tradition, Elz has been an independent parish since 1234. In front of today's parish church "Saint John the Baptist", which has a major impact on the village image, there was a smaller church on the same spot, the exact dimensions and appearance of which are only vaguely known. There are details of a Romanesque building with a length of around 13.50 m and a width of 9.30 m. The cemetery , which has now been moved to the west, was around the old parish church at that time. In 1846 the roof of the old church collapsed. The freedom movement of 1848 meant that the Elz Catholics again made a pilgrimage to the pilgrimage chapel Maria Hilf Beselich for many decades and there impressively proclaimed their faith.
Today's parish church
The first preparatory work for the building based on a design by the master builder Rock from Nassau began in 1851. The foundation stone was laid on June 27, 1852 with a mass celebrated by Bishop Peter Josef Blum . After about two years, the church (still without a tower) was consecrated on November 19, 1854 by Bishop Blum. Since then, the altar has contained relics of the martyrs Boniface , Clemens and Blandinia . The feast of the consecration was then set for the first Sunday after the autumn quarter . After the German Bishops' Conference moved the holiday in 1872, the third Sunday in September was set as the date for the fair Sunday. On April 22, 1908, the church council and the parish council approved the construction of a new tower. This has a height of 48 meters and has been equipped with a four-bell ring since December 8, 1952 .
It is a neo-Romanesque building made of exposed natural stones. Round arches determine the interior and exterior design. The portals on the long sides have Byzantine style elements. The altar structure, which shows the coronation of Mary, comes from the Ilbenstadt monastery . Two side altars from Limburg Cathedral and the crucifixion group are assigned to the Hadamar Baroque .
The neighboring rectory stands out from the surrounding half-timbered architecture with clinker stones as a building material and its country house style.
Pastor of the community since the 20th century
- Clemens Verdelmann 1892–1914
- Ferdinand Müller 1914-1922
- Caspar Fein 1922-1956
- Alfons Kirchgässner (writer) 1933–1935 as chaplain
- Alois Weier 1956-1967
- Reinhard Klein 1967–1986
- Rainer Sarholz 1986–1995
- Franz-Josef Kremer 1997–2016
- Gereon Rehberg 2017–2019 cathedral priest in Limburg and parish administrator of Elz
- Steffen Henrich has been the parish administrator of Elz since 2019
In the period from 1995 to 1997, the parish was temporarily looked after by several priests.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||59.0||18th||55.0||17th||60.7||19th||60.3||19th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||41.0||13||28.7||9||21.9||7th||21.0||7th|
|FWG||Free electoral community Elz||-||-||16.3||5||13.8||4th||13.7||4th|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||-||-||-||-||3.6||1||4.2||1|
|GBE||Green citizens Elz||-||-||-||-||-||-||0.8||0|
|Voter turnout in%||51.4||45.7||44.6||55.4|
The community board consists of nine members.
Mayor since the 19th century
- Johann Schmidt 1871-1911
- Edmund Pnicck 1911-1918
- Jakob Sommer 1919–1923
- Josef Drexler 1923–1935
- Otto Kempa 1937-1945
- Joseph Friedrich 1945–1967
- Theo Michaely 1967-1974
- Günter Schmitt 1974–1981
- Winfried Schumacher 1982-2005
- Horst Kaiser since 2006
The incumbent mayor Horst Kaiser (CDU) was elected on September 25, 2005 with 84.8% of the votes and confirmed for a second term on November 6, 2011 with 57.6%. On September 24, 2017, Horst Kaiser was elected for a third term with 71.3%.
coat of arms
Blazon : “In blue a golden goblet with a pommel and six-pointed foot, both set with green stones, on it a silver snake with a red serpentine ribbon and a red, three-pronged forked tongue, its body forming a circle, head and tail tip symmetrically curved downwards. "
Declaration and history of the coat of arms: In 1958, the municipal council decided to introduce the Elz coat of arms based on a draft from the Wiesbaden State Archive , which is based on a court seal from 1501. The center of the coat of arms is a chalice with a snake. This motif, which is also used in other cultures, does not represent a poisonous snake, but symbolizes how z. B. also in depictions in pharmacies and hospitals, a salutary snake that goes back to the ancient Aesculapian snake . In addition, there is a reference to the patron saints of the parish church in the symbolism of the chalice and the snake: According to legend, a snake sucked poison from the cup of St. Baptist and thus saved him from poisoning. The heraldic colors red and silver are reminiscent of the community's affiliation to Kurtrier from 1322 to 1802, while blue and gold indicate that it belonged to Nassau from 1803 to 1866.
Waldmünchen has been Elz's partner municipality since January 28, 2006. Since both Elz and Waldmünchen have city rights, albeit unused, the connection is officially a city partnership . The friendly relationship was initiated in 1972 by the male choir Frohsinn Elz , which made a trip to Waldmünchen for the first time that year. Over the years, good contact has developed between private individuals and associations in both communities. The official partnership, which is now made clear in Elz and Waldmünchen by signs at the town entrances, is intended to further strengthen and deepen exchange and contact.
Culture and sights
The oldest closed building ensembles that still exist in Elz today date from the 17th century and are located in Pfortenstrasse as well as in parts of Bachstrasse and Lehrgasse. Without exception, these are half-timbered buildings. Until the 19th century the place was limited to the middle village , the area between Elbbach, Erbach and Straßenberg. It was only during this time that the upper village developed west of it .
The Elz town hall was built in 1561 as a late Gothic half-timbered building. Individual wall remnants can be assigned to a late medieval predecessor building. Presumably during the Thirty Years' War a fire severely damaged the building, so in 1664 the roof was replaced. The council chamber was on the first floor and now serves as the mayor's office. In the 450 years of its existence, the house has undergone several renovations. Around 1800 the open arcade on the sides of the building was demolished. The high-lying quarry stone cellar was broken up on the side facing the street and converted into a pedestrian passage in 1973. From 1991 to 1993 the town hall was extensively renovated. This resulted in the modern parallel building, which is connected to the old town hall by an intermediate building.
The Loer House , built around 1610 and today houses the Elzer Heimatmuseum, stands out with its particularly rich half-timbered structure , as does the Bausche House , which originally belonged to Dietkirchen Abbey , but was built in its current form in 1708 under the Elkerhausen and Walderdorff families .
The local recreation area facilities is not far from the town center, north of the parish church on the hill towards Malmeneich . After the decision to build a chapel on this hill was rejected, the area was created in 1911 in the form of a small wood. The name Anlagen was originally intended only as a working name, but became so common among the Elz population that it still exists today. Today, in addition to a structured educational tree trail , the facilities also offer a mini golf course and a playground . The local recreation area has been looked after by the Elzer Beautification Association since 1913.
- The Elzer Kirmes: The highlight of the annual cycle is the Elzer Kirmes or in dialect: "dej Elzer Kjärmes". This parish fair of the parish “St. John the Baptist ”, which takes place every year on the third weekend in September, is one of the largest folk festivals in the region. In the age of pauperism, the fair had become so important for the population of Elz because large parts of the population worked far from home, often as jugglers and musicians (so-called Elz Tyroleans). They traditionally came back home for the fair. Procedure: For 18-year-old young men in the village, their fair starts two years earlier if they help to erect the huge fair tree with only muscle power. In the year before their actual fair, they advertise to the parents of their fair girl on the weekends (so-called "free"). In the week before the fair, they keep watch on the fair tree. On Saturday, the young men of the next year will set up the richly decorated tree near the town hall - the fair begins. The festivities last until Tuesday, when the Elzer Kirmes ends when the fair boys are kicked out by the next year. Traditionally the fair is buried on the following Thursday - a straw doll is burned on the fair tree after the funeral procession of the fair boys. In 2004 Elz celebrated the 150th anniversary of the church consecration with a historical pageant and a historical market.
- Hexenkessel: Since 1994, the Rotjacken , which, as a sub-group of the Elzer Bürgerhaus culture group , are responsible for organizing carnival events, have been holding a parade through Elz on the Carnival of Women . The "witch's cauldron" was invented by the Elz honorary citizen Karl Schäfer with the support of his family. The background was the aim to liven up the town center and the local gastronomy on the Altweiberfastnacht. It is a pure foot group parade without motorized vehicles, based on the famous Morgestraich in Basel. The course of the train leads through the center of Elz and ends with a joint closing event at which the most beautiful costumes are awarded. Within a few years this event became known far beyond the borders of Elz. Up to 60 foot groups took part in the parades, some in imaginative costumes. The Elzer Hexenkessel took place for the last time in February 2018, as the number of participants has continued to decline over the past few years.
- Elzer Eiszauber: The community has an ice rink , which is set up annually during Advent on the Hirtenplatz. As part of this approximately 14-day event, a small Christmas market opens around the ice rink. The ice rink, which has been built since 2003, has meant that almost all Elzer children can ice-skate.
- Westerwald-Taunus-Exhibition (WESTA): This consumer fair - previously held regularly every two years - has not been held in recent years. Instead, a German / Dutch fabric market has established itself.
- Elzer Quetschekuche (plum cake): The fifth stanza of the Elzer fun fair song "Quetschekuche soiß än zoart, mer in Elz bakes the right Oart" (from the Elz dialect, translated roughly: "Plum cake sweet and tender, you bake the right way in Elz" ) describes the regional specialty. One of the reasons for the popularity of the plum cake is the fact that the plum harvest coincides with the carnival in September. The yeast cake is prepared with a plum topping on a large, rectangular baking sheet. However, it is not an Elzer "invention", but a specialty that is widespread in the region.
Economy and Infrastructure
More than 600 businesses with well over 2000 jobs are located on site. A commercial area is located on federal road 8 in the direction of the Malmeneich district.
The federal highway 8 runs through Elz. As the traffic jams there again and again, the construction of the Elz bypass (eastern variant) with an investment volume of 12.6 million euros is shown as an urgent requirement in the requirement plan for the federal highways. The traffic on the B 8 was calmed by a stationary measuring device for speed monitoring. For several years, however, there have been disputes with the neighboring city of Limburg, which is also planning a bypass for its district of Offheim. Both municipalities would be affected by both roads, which could also be run on a common route. Disputes about this have blocked the two projects for years.
Elz has two train stations: In the vicinity of the town center there is, on the one hand, the Elz train station on the Westerwald-Sieg-Bahn , which is served by the RB90 Limburg - Diez Ost - Hadamar - Westerburg - Hachenburg - Altenkirchen (Ww.) - Au (Sieg) - Kirchen - Siegen - Kreuztal is served. Elz is also connected to the Limburg-Staffel – Siershahn (Unterwesterwaldbahn) railway line at Elz Süd , on which the RB29 trains run from Limburg (Lahn) via Montabaur to Siershahn . Both railway lines are operated by the Hessische Landesbahn HLB, Dreiländerbahn division .
The Elzer Berg tunnel on the Cologne – Rhein / Main high-speed line is also located in the municipality's territory. The closest long-distance train station is the Limburg Süd train station, around eight kilometers away .
Elz has its own airfield , which is the home airfield of the Flugsportgruppe Elz.
Elz has a large outdoor pool with extensive outdoor facilities (table tennis, beach volleyball field, basketball hoop, chess field). The central sports area and tennis courts are right next to it. The community also offers four sports halls: the gymnasium of the Elz gymnastics club, the cycling hall of the cycling club, the gymnasium of the Orange School and, since May 30, 2008, the Erlenbachhalle, a two-field sports hall that belongs to the Erlenbach School on Hadamarer Straße. There are two retirement homes and several options for assisted living in Elz.
Elz has the three day care centers St. Martin ( sponsored by the Catholic Church), Unterm Regenbogen and Lollipop (municipality of Elz), the Mary Poppins day nursery (private sponsored), the Orange Elementary School ( Elz-Süd elementary school until July 2009 ) and the Erlenbachschule has a primary, secondary and secondary school that also offers all-day care.
- Voluntary fire brigade Elz, founded in 1889 (including youth fire brigade , since August 1, 1972)
- Malmeneich volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1957 (including youth fire brigade, since September 9, 2006)
- Caspar Fein (pastor), (born September 29, 1882, † October 27, 1965), conferred honorary citizenship on September 29, 1952
- Josef Friedrich (Mayor), (born November 26, 1897, † April 1, 1978), conferred honorary citizenship in January 1968
- Sister Ludwiga (Gertrud Dicks), community nurse, (born January 5, 1913, † June 2, 1992), granted honorary citizenship on January 1, 1983
- Jakob Martin, First Alderman, (* February 21, 1914, † June 28, 2006), conferred honorary citizenship in August 1987
- Erhard Weimer (village chronicler and author of the Elzer Chronik and the Elzer Atlas), (* February 23, 1927, † 2011), granted honorary citizenship on January 17, 2005
- Karl Schäfer (inventor of the Elzer Hexenkessel and founder of the Elz Citizens Fund ), (born November 10, 1935), conferred honorary citizenship on November 10, 2005
Sons and Daughters of the Church:
- Theodor Blank (born September 19, 1905, † May 14, 1972 in Bonn); German politician ( CDU ), MdB , MdL ( North Rhine-Westphalia ), Federal Minister of Defense (1955–1956) and Federal Minister for Labor and Social Affairs (1957–1965)
- Joseph Blank (born February 12, 1913, † June 14, 1994 in Düsseldorf); German politician (CDU), MdL (North Rhine-Westphalia), State Minister for State Planning, Housing and Public Works of North Rhine-Westphalia (1962–1963)
- Kurt Hunsänger (born January 21, 1950); three-time world champion, multiple European champion and German champion in art cycling
- Johann Nikolaus Scheuer (born July 7, 1950); Judge
- Manfred Michel (born February 23, 1953); German politician (CDU), from 2007 to 2019 District Administrator of the Limburg-Weilburg district
- Michael Blättel (born September 29, 1960); former Bundesliga player for Eintracht Frankfurt, 1. FC Saarbrücken, Fortuna Düsseldorf and FC 08 Homburg
- Roman Poseck (born March 16, 1970 in Mülheim an der Ruhr); German lawyer, since 2012 President of the Higher Regional Court in Frankfurt am Main
- Purtauf, Otto: The Schenk's
- Purtauf, Otto: The history of the Eis family and their descendants
- Rörig, Karl-Heinz: Elz - Prehistoric traces in a cultural landscape Elz 2013. 96 p.
- Rörig, Karl-Heinz, Werner Geberzahn: Malmeneich - Chronology, history and stories of a village and its surroundings Elz 2015. 272 pp.
- Rudolph-Cleff, Annette (et. Al) (Ed.): Elz. Tightrope walkers & traveling musicians: A study project on urban development . Darmstadt 2019. 170 pp.
- Schäfer, Matthias, CD: Kasper and the murder robbers. A Singspiel from Elz for children and adults on Elzer Platt, Elz 2012, 55:28 min
- Weimer, Erhard: Chronicle of the community Elz. Elz 1982. 288 pp.
- Weimer, Erhard: Elzer Atlas Elz 2006. 400 pp.
- Website of the municipality of Elz
- Elz (municipality), district of Limburg-Weilburg. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Elz, Limburg-Weilburg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Link catalog on Elz at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- ↑ Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ↑ Numbers, facts and statistics . In: Internet presence. Elz municipality, accessed on July 22, 2020 .
- ↑ Climate data at www.elz.de
- ↑ Source: Diocesan archive of the Diocese of Limburg from the birth and death books of the city of Hadamar (Elz municipality) until 1874 and the Elz registry office from 1874.
- ↑ Jewish history in Elz (Westerwald) (Limburg-Weilburg district)
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 369 .
- ↑ a b c Elz, Limburg-Weilburg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of June 8, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- ^ Local elections 1972; Relevant population of the municipalities on August 4, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1972 No. 33 , p. 1424 , point 1025 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
- ↑ Local elections 1977; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of December 15, 1976 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1976 No. 52 , p. 2283 , point 1668 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 10.3 MB ]).
- ^ Local elections 1985; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 30, 1984 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1984 No. 46 , p. 2175 , point 1104 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
- ^ Local elections in 1989; Relevant population figures for the municipalities as of October 25, 1988 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1988 No. 45 , p. 2426 , point 1049 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.6 MB ]).
- ↑ local elections 1993; Relevant population of the municipalities as of October 21, 1992 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1992 No. 44 , p. 2766 , point 935 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.1 MB ]).
- ^ Community data sheet : Elz. (PDF; 222 kB) In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agency GmbH
- ↑ The population of the Hessian communities on June 30, 2010. (PDF; 552 kB) Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, p. 11 , archived from the original on February 7, 2018 ; accessed on March 20, 2018 .
- ↑ G. Kleinfeld, H. Weirich: The medieval church organization in the Upper Hesse-Nassau area. (Writings XVI 1937, pp. 144 f.)
- ↑ Erhard Weimer: Elzer Chronicle. Page 136
- ^ Franz-Josef Sehr : 250 years pilgrimage chapel Maria Hilf Beselich . In: Yearbook for the Limburg-Weilburg district 2017 . The district committee of the district of Limburg-Weilburg, Limburg-Weilburg 2016, ISBN 3-927006-54-8 , p. 137-141 .
- ^ Diocesan Archives Limburg, E 14 Elz: OE 1004, 1854, Nov. 21
- ^ Parish archives, Elz. P. 86
- ↑ According to his death slip, the clergyman Caspar Fein came from Montabaur-Elgendorf, where he retired and died on October 27, 1965 at the age of 83. Before he took over the pastor's position in Elz, he worked as a pastor in Neuenhain / Taunus, Hadamar, Frankfurt-Höchst, Wiesbaden and Eppenhain-Ruppertshain.
- ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- ↑ Erhard Weimer: Elzer Chronicle. Page 129
- ↑ Erhard Weimer: Elzer Atlas. Page 125 f.