|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||to water|
|Height :||206 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||33.24 km 2|
|Residents:||8394 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||253 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||65599|
|Area code :||06436|
|License plate :||LM, WEL|
|Community key :||06 5 33 004|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Andreas Höfner ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Dornburg in the Limburg-Weilburg district|
Dornburg borders in the west and north on municipalities of the Westerwaldkreis ( Rhineland-Palatinate ); the other neighboring communities also belong to the Limburg-Weilburg district. The community area is 3321 hectares, of which 979 hectares are forest, of which 922 hectares are owned by the municipality.
The community consists of five districts:
- Frickhofen (seat of the municipal administration)
- Wilsenroth (state-approved climatic health resort )
- Dorndorf (state-approved resort )
The " Dornburg ", which gave the municipality its name after the merger of its predecessors in 1971, is an approximately 396 meter high elevation on which the remains of a circular rampart from the La Tène period (5th to 1st century BC) are located. In it was a city-like Celtic settlement. There was a pagan cult site on the Blasiusberg. The Christian chapel later built there served as a parish church for eleven villages in the area until 1734 .
Some of the five villages that make up the municipality of Dornburg were founded more than 1200 years ago. The first documented mention of Wilsenroth (at that time Welsenderode, i.e. the area that was cleared by Willesind) and Langendernbach dates back to the year 879 when Count Gebhard im Lahngau donated goods to St. Severus Monastery in Gemünden .
The first mention of Dorndorf (then Torndorph ) comes from the year 772. The foundation of Frickhofen (from Fridechuba , about an enclosed courtyard ) took place between 802 and 812.
In 1636 the plague raged in the towns. Only one family survived in Dorndorf.
The municipality of Dornburg was established on February 1, 1971 as part of the regional reform in Hesse through the voluntary merger of the three previously independent municipalities of Frickhofen, Dorndorf and Wilsenroth in the Limburg district . On December 31, 1971, Thalheim joined. Finally, on July 1, 1974, the municipality of Langendernbach was incorporated by law.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||%
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||57.4||18th||57.2||18th||61.7||19th||55.1||17th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||24.1||7th||26.5||8th||24.1||8th||27.0||8th|
|FWG Dornburg||Free voter community Dornburg||18.5||6th||16.3||5||14.2||4th||10.3||3|
|DBL||Dornburg citizen list||-||-||-||-||-||-||7.7||3|
|Voter turnout in%||52.7||50.0||51.2||60.8|
The community board consists of the mayor and 10 councilors. Here, too, the CDU currently has an absolute majority.
In the election on February 1, 2009, Andreas Höfner (CDU) won with 68.9% of the votes cast in the first ballot against mayor Dieter Hilbert (SPD), who has been in office since 1997. The turnout was 62.4%. Andreas Höfner's term of office began on August 1, 2009.
Culture and sights
- The Blasius Chapel , first mentioned around 803, in the Frickhofen district was the focus of the Frickhofen parish until 1746. The chapel was dedicated to the Archangel Michael .
- The "Parish Church of Frickhofen" was built in 1732. The tower and choir are still preserved from the original church . These components were supplemented by a renovation in 1955/56 to enlarge the church. The church has a large baroque altar from the Hadamar school.
- The neo-Romanesque “Parish Church of St. Matthias” in Langendernbach with “800-year-old linden tree”.
- Parish Church “St. Margaretha “Dorndorf on the foundation walls of a castle tower from the 10th century
- The "Hofhaus" in Langendernbach
- The "Jewish cemetery" in the Frickhofen district
- The monument in Wilsenroth to commemorate the victims of both world wars
- The " Dornburg " as the remains of a Celtic oppidum with a ring wall
- The Blasiussteig, a hiking route through the whole of Dornburg, past the sights.
The districts of Wilsenroth and Thalheim have village museums. Both provide information about the local history and the Westerwald folk culture in its local form. The museum in Wilsenroth is also largely dedicated to the history of basalt mining in the village.
- The " Eternal Ice " at the foot of the Dornburg, which belongs to Wilsenroth, is a geotope of the National Geopark Westerwald-Lahn-Taunus . Here, air currents under the loose basalt rubble of the mountain freeze moisture into ice in winter. The air dries and warms up, rises and keeps the surface of the scree slope free of snow. In summer the air flow is reversed. Warm air then flows into the stockpile from above, cools down considerably and emerges again as a cold air stream at the lower end. The good insulation provided by the basalt rubble means that the ice layer, which extends up to eight meters into the ground, never completely thaws out, even in summer. This phenomenon is unique in Hessen. It was discovered by workers mining basalt in 1839 and can now be viewed through two artificial tunnels. These were created for the cool storage of beer by a brewery that was built in the immediate vicinity in 1869 because of this natural cooling option.
- The “ Dreiherrenbrunnen ”, a place where the borders of three states met and the respective rulers came together, but nobody had to leave their own national territory. Today the Dreiherrenbrunnen lies in the middle of the forest and is part of the Blasiussteig.
Economy and Infrastructure
2643 residents are employed subject to social security contributions (as of June 30, 2007), 2052 of whom do not work within the municipality. There are 1,368 jobs within Dornburg, 777 are occupied by people who commute from outside the community. Most of the population, 43.8 percent, work in manufacturing, 20.7 percent in trade and transport, and 2.7 percent in agriculture and forestry.
- The federal highway 54 runs through Langendernbach .
- The Dornburg districts of Frickhofen and Wilsenroth have stations on the Oberwesterwaldbahn, on which the trains of the regional train line 90 (Limburg an der Lahn - Diez Ost - Westerburg - Hachenburg - Altenkirchen - Au (Sieg) - Wissen (Sieg) - Siegen - Kreuztal) ( Westerwald-Sieg-Bahn ) of the Hessische Landesbahn HLB, in the Dreiländerbahn area .
In Dornburg there are primary schools in the districts: Dorndorf, Langendernbach, Thalheim, Wilsenroth.
- Catholic kindergarten Frickhofen
- Kath. Kindergarten Langendernbach
- Catholic Kindergarten Wilsenroth
- Catholic Kindergarten Dorndorf
- Kath. Kindergarten Thalheim
- Voluntary fire brigade Frickhofen, founded in 1895 (since April 15, 1972 with youth fire brigade )
- Voluntary fire brigade Langendernbach, founded in 1897 (since March 12, 1971 with youth fire brigade)
- Wilsenroth volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1928 (since 1932 with minstrel and since 1970 with youth fire brigade)
- Dorndorf volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1928 (since March 1, 1975 with youth fire brigade)
- Voluntary fire brigade Thalheim, founded in 1909 (since 1976 with wind orchestra and since May 1, 1973 with youth fire brigade)
- Since May 8, 2010, the Dornburg fire brigade has been running a children's fire brigade across all districts.
- Ekkhard Schmidt-Opper (born January 29, 1961), field hockey player and two-time Olympic participant
- Mützel - The little rabbit. Children's book by Thomas Stähler (2nd tenor of the singing group "Ohrenschmaus" Frickhofen)
- Stefan Grüssinger: St. Martinskirche Frickhofen - 50 years. Ed .: Parish of St. Martin.
- Leif Hansen: A early La Tène gold neck ring fragment from Dornburg-Wilsenroth (Kr. Limburg-Weilburg). In: Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 37, 2007, pp. 233–246.
- Randolf Fügen: Highlights in Central Hesse . 1st edition. Wartenberg Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2003, ISBN 3-8313-1044-0 .
- Hermann-Josef Hucke (Ed.): Great Westerwaldführer . 3. Edition. Verlag Westerwald-Verein eV, Montabaur 1991, ISBN 3-921548-04-7 .
- Literature about Dornburg in the Hessian Bibliography
- Website of the community
- Dornburg, Limburg-Weilburg district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Information on the municipality of Dornburg. In: Hessisches Gemeindelexikon. HA Hessen Agentur GmbH , 2016.
- Link catalog on Dornburg at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Municipal area reform in Hesse: amalgamation and structure of municipalities from January 20, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 6 , p. 248 ff ., item 328, no. 13 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.2 MB ]).
- Law on the reorganization of the Limburg district and the Oberlahn district. (GVBl. II 330-25) of March 12, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 5 , p. 101 , § 2 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 809 kB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 369 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011.
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006.
- Hans Dieter Sauer: Relics of the Ice Age - Permafrost in German and Czech Central Mountains In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung. September 18, 2002 ( nzz.ch ( memento of October 3, 2008 in the Internet Archive )).