Word origin and history
The current meaning of the term area is derived from the verb “command”, in Old High German gibiotan ( biotan “offer”). An area was therefore the area over which the authority , the issued commandments or the jurisdiction extended (see master ), thus corresponds to the original term land , Latin territory . In this sense it is in territorial claim .
The term area can also be found abbreviated in territorial designations such as Baselbiet (here: rulership of the city of Basel) or completely reduced Biet (e.g. the bid for Neuhausen , which here means a few villages comprising a rulership of an imperial knightly territory that existed until 1803 ) .
The expression is used today in the regional geographic sense:
- synonymous with region or landscape
- synonymous for zone (e.g. catchment area of a body of water)
- the sphere of activity of a local authority : a national territory , a state or a municipality
- a regional limitation in economic geographic - logistical aspects such as sales or customer service ( regional representation ).
The fact that the term is not limited to the plane shows z. B. Low pressure area , the zone of low air pressure extends into the 3rd dimension.