|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Arnsberg|
|Height :||58 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||59.39 km 2|
|Residents:||86,348 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||1454 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||44532, 44534, 44536|
|Primaries :||02306, 0231 (Dortmund area code)|
|License plate :||UN, LH, LÜN|
|Community key :||05 9 78 024|
|LOCODE :||DE LUE|
|City structure:||14 statistical districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Jürgen Kleine-Frauns (GFL)|
|Location of the city of Lünen in the Unna district|
Lünen is the largest city in the Unna district in western Westphalia in the Arnsberg administrative district . Lünen belongs to the regional association Westphalia-Lippe and the regional association Ruhr . The formerly independent city is now a medium-sized center , which is characterized by both industrial and rural influence due to its location in the northeastern Ruhr area and on the southern edge of the Münsterland. From 1476 Lünen belonged to the medieval Hanseatic League as a so-called Beistadt and is today a member of the Hanseatic League of Modern Times .
Lünen is on the border between the Münsterland and Hellweg in the Westphalian Bay north of Dortmund . In the west the city borders on Waltrop in the Recklinghausen district , in the north Selm and Werne adjoin , the eastern city limit shares Lünen with Bergkamen and Kamen . The last four cities mentioned are like Lünen part of the Unna district, which is a member of the Ruhr Regional Association . Lünen can therefore be counted as part of the Ruhr area , especially in the north of the urban area, however, a rural character due to the direct proximity to the Münsterland is noticeable.
In addition to the Datteln-Hamm Canal (formerly also called the Lippe-Seiten Canal), which runs in the south of the city, the Lippe (river of the year 2018/2019), which flows directly through the city center, characterizes the cityscape. Few cities in Germany have such a unique selling proposition. In addition, the river Seseke flows through Lünen , which after many flow corrections, last in 1934, now flows into the Lippe southeast of the city center.
At low elevations there is the Buchenberg , the Wüstenknapp (the desert mountain), located in Lünen-Nord, and the Vogel (s )berg, located in Nordlünen, which are no longer clearly perceived as a hill or a crest today because they are are heavily built.
Unlike other cities in North Rhine-Westphalia, the city of Lünen is administratively not divided into localities , but into statistical districts , which at the same time have the function of districts / districts. The rapid growth of Lünen made it necessary to increase the number of statistical districts several times; Lünen has consisted of fourteen statistical districts since 2004:
- Lünen-Mitte, Geistviertel , Osterfeld , Lünen-Nord , Beckinghausen , Niederaden , Horstmar , Lünen-Süd , Gahmen , Brambauer , Lippholthausen , Alstedde , Nordlünen and Wethmar . The latter three (former farmers) formed the municipality of Altlünen in what was then the district of Lüdinghausen and the administrative district of Münster until 1974 .
The historical and growing districts no longer meet because of the artificial boundaries of statistical districts often the former municipal boundaries, which has led to numerous anachronisms. So has z. B. the grown district of Horstmar from its original municipality, in which the Schwansbell Castle and large parts of it were located up to the Lippe, have to give up about a third of the area to the newly created statistical district of Osterfeld. Lünen Süd station is not in Lünen-Süd, but in the statistical district of Osterfeld. The Horstmar railway junction is no longer in Horstmar, but in the statistical district of Osterfeld; the Schulz-Gahmen farm is no longer in Gahmen, but in the statistical district of Osterfeld; Gut Alstedde (Hof Schulte-Witten) is no longer in Alstedde, but in the statistical district of Nordlünen; the Preußenhafen on the Datteln-Hamm Canal, named after the former Prussian colliery in Horstmar, is no longer in Horstmar, but in the statistical district of Lünen-Süd; the soccer club TuS Westfalia Wethmar eV no longer plays in Wethmar, but in the statistical district of Nordlünen. This also applies to the allotment garden association Wethmar.
The composition of the city from several large centers (Brambauer, Süd, Altlünen and Mitte - these, however, only about one square kilometer in size with almost 3000 inhabitants), which were largely incorporated over time, is clearly noticeable and makes the city smaller appear as it is. In addition, the individual districts differ significantly in structure and location (see also the section on population development ).
Some residents see the current northern Lüner districts of Alstedde , Nordlünen and Wethmar , which until the end of 1974 formed the independent municipality of Altlünen in the Bork district ( Lüdinghausen district ) - formerly located in the Münster administrative district - and, since north of the Lippe, historically more closely related to the neighboring Münsterland counting as an “independent old community” according to local color, therefore not yet directly belonging to the Ruhr area.
This demarcation of the northern districts is also expressed in the fact that the brick buildings typical of the Münsterland predominate here. In addition, there are comparatively few colliery houses here, but there are many upscale residential areas, such as Nordlünen in particular, with many spacious single-family houses and villas. The erroneous renaming of the district or statistical district of Nordlünen to Altlünen , which was carried out by the city of Lünen shortly after the incorporation in 1975 , was withdrawn at the beginning of 2018.
The “peripheral” south-western district of Brambauer, on the other hand, is not only geographically “outside”. Brambauer, which was long characterized by mining, first came from the former East German territories and the Netherlands , then from Italy and Turkey and later again from the former so-called Eastern Bloc ( Spätaussiedler ). The population living here is diverse.
The district of Lünen-Süd, similar in structure to Brambauer, has remained somewhat more independent as far as the inhabitants are concerned. The special thing here is the direct proximity to Dortmund-Derne. Many Lünen-Suders were employed at the Derner collieries without having their own colliery in Lünen-Süd. However, there was a colliery in the neighboring districts of Horstmar and Gahmen. For decades this had the advantage of lower emissions in Lünen-Süd; however, Lünen-Süd, like Horstmar, Niederaden and Gahmen, suffered and still suffers from considerable mountain damage.
Former border between Lünen and Altlünen
Until 1974 Altlünen was (consisting of Alstedde, Nordlünen and Wethmar) an independent municipality in the Bork , Kreis Lüdinghausen , Münster Region . The border at that time between Lünen and Altlünen, and thus between the Arnsberg administrative district and the Münster administrative district, ran along the Lippe and the now completely piped Wevelsbach, which flows into the Lippe. The exception to this is Schlossallee in the Lippholthausen district of Lüner, which leads across the Lippe to the Buddenburg house , which has now been demolished and which, with its immediate surroundings, did not belong to Altlünen. (see story)
The course of the border following the course of the Wevelsbach (formerly called Wibelsbach) from the confluence with the Lippe is as follows: About 200 m before the current bridge of Konrad-Adenauer-Straße , the border between Lünen and Altlünen leads from the west from the Lippe north crossing, just before the junction with the road in the alders the Borker road , then the railway line Dortmund-Gronau, the Döttelbeckstraße and the road at the Katzbach . Next, it runs south of the streets Am Mispelbohm , Löwen-Köster-Straße and Friedrich-Wilhelm-Weber-Straße to Grenzstraße (so-called Schwarzer Sommerweg). This crosses it and continues in a southerly direction behind the eastern development of Grenzstraße , crosses the Dortmund – Münster railway line and Münsterstraße directly before the junction with Dorfstraße . Then it follows the edge of the eastern development of the street Krummer Weg , finally crossing the Zwolle-Allee and running in an easterly direction to reach the Lippebogen south of the former Westfalia-Hütte .
In general, the climate in Lünen is more Atlantic than continental. Since Lünen is on the edge of the Ruhr area, there are some typical climatic features of densely populated areas in Lünen. The long-term average precipitation is 700–730 mm. The rainiest month is July, the least precipitation falls in February. On average 21 days a year have a higher daily mean temperature than 25 ° C, 45 days a year a lower daily mean temperature than 0 ° C. The annual mean temperature is almost 10 ° C, the average duration of sunshine almost 1500 hours per year. The sulfur dioxide pollution has been reduced significantly in the last 30 to 40 years.
Around the birth of Christ, Roman troops maintained the bank camp for the legionary camp in the adjacent Oberaden in the area of today's Beckinghausen district (see Germania magna ). Franconian and Saxon tombs in Wethmar are evidence of early medieval settlements. To 880/890 Luenen is the lifting tab of the Benedictine monastery are at the Ruhr first mentioned. The Urbar (collection register) names many places and farmers in the Westphalian region for the first time. For Lünen / Luynen, also Leunen, these are the four farming communities north of the Lippe: Alstedde (Alstedi), Wethmar (Wetmeri), Nordlünen (Nordliunon) and Südlünen (Sudliunon). Liunon means hill / protection (from the flood of the lip).
Due to its location at a Lippe crossing on an important long-distance trade route (from the Lower Rhine to the North and Baltic Seas), Südlünen developed into the church village of Lünen. The first stone building of the St. Mary's Church was built around 1018 . At the beginning of the 13th century Lünen served several times as a meeting place for the Westphalian rulers. Around 1215 the place was fortified (wall, ditch). In the second half of the 13th century Lünen (on the north bank of the Lippe) had the status of a city (1279 "oppidum"), as a place in the prince-bishopric of Münster.
Around 1300 the St. Marien Church was rebuilt as an early Gothic hall church after its destruction in 1254 in the Battle of Brechte . Shortly before 1300 (1288?) Lünen came under the control of Count Eberhard von der Mark (not in 1302 by pledging, as was suspected for a long time). In 1336, Eberhard's successor, Adolf II. (Von der Mark) , moved Lünen from the north bank to the south bank of the Lippe for political and military reasons and in 1341 granted the city (Brandenburg) city rights , the so-called freedom letter or legal letter (on July 4, 1341) . Thus Lünen received city rights twice.
In 1366, the Lüner St. George's Church was completed as a branch church in the parish of Brechte . It was not until 1627 that the church was separated from the mother church in Brechte. To the north of the Lippe , in the vicinity of the St. Mary's Church, only a few residents remained who lived, among other things, from pilgrimage to the miraculous image in the church. The miraculous image of Our Lady of Lünen-Alt is the oldest surviving miraculous image of the diocese of Münster. A special feature is that the pilgrimage can already be proven in the Middle Ages. Thus the St. Marien Church is the oldest Marian pilgrimage site in the Münster diocese. The pilgrimage was of great importance for the development of early Lünens.
At the beginning of the 16th century, the Lüner chronicler, Pastor Georg Spormecker , wrote about Lünen:
"The city of Lünen is located in a wonderful area between two clear, lovely rivers on the right and left, the Lippe and the Seseke ..."
A major fire on November 6, 1512 destroyed almost all buildings in the city. On the days of Pentecost in 1520, another severe flood disaster struck the land and Lünen, causing immeasurable damage. The fortifications of the river banks broke, and fish could be caught by hand everywhere in the meadows and pastures.
The chronicler Johann Dietrich von Steinen (1699–1759) wrote:
“In 1550 d. On March 13th the city was set on fire by a carpenter, Gert Balcke, because 107 houses were burned. The perpetrator was caught, dragged through all the streets, chopped up into pieces and hung up in 4 places in the city, but his head was stuck on the stone gate. "
In 1526, after Easter, Lünen was hit by a serious plague epidemic. An unbelievably high number of people of both sexes fell victim to this epidemic.
A customs list from the years 1573 and 1574 documented the so-called “ox route”, via which cattle, especially cattle, and merchandise, including beer, cheese, wine, iron, coal and lime, were transported through Lünen. The city managed to hold back all enemies until 1598. Only a new weapon, the cannon , was superior to the old defenses, so that the Lüner Spanish soldiers had to let in during the Spanish-Dutch War . In 1609, under Johann Sigismund von Hohenzollern , Lünen came under the control of the Electors of Brandenburg . In the course of the Thirty Years War , Lünen was repeatedly occupied by the military. A particularly bad year was 1634, when Lünen suffered five different occupations. The fortifications were razed and rebuilt twice during this war.
In 1647 Matthäus Merian wrote in the Topographia Westphaliae:
"Lünen is located on the Lippe / approaching Werne / and is a difficult pass over the Lippstrom to Stifft Münster. One reckons only a big mile to Dortmund / is reckoned under the place of the Graffschaff Marck. Is there a small place / so in this war of both parties has been ignorant / and have such a thing because the Keyserisch and Ligist; one because the Swedish and Lüneburg University conquered /. But in 1637 the Hessians attacked it in vain. "
In 1719, 1,238 people lived in Lünen, mainly craftsmen, merchants and workers who were also active in agriculture as a part-time job ( arable citizens ). During the Seven Years' War, Lünen was in a combat zone for a long time, so that the city became completely impoverished due to constant billeting. King Frederick the Great visited the city in 1753 and 1755 . The residents cheered him. In 1759 the city wall was partially torn down; In 1765 only 972 people lived in Lünen. In 1777 there was the office of Lünen (see topographic map of the county of Mark ).
The city of Lünen was an important station on the long postal route from Holland, Brabant via Kleve to Magdeburg and Berlin; because the mail and parcel traffic of the riding and traveling mail, also from the county of Mark, ran via Lünen. The narrator and journalist Heinrich von Kleist applied in the summer of 1808 for the vacant post of post director in Lünen. When, in 1807, after the Peace of Tilsit, the Prussian king had to cede the Westphalian province to the victor, Lünen came under French rule for a short time : the city became a Napoleonic Mairie .
In 1822 a new “artificial road connection” was completed between Lünen and Dortmund , and in 1823 between Lünen and Werne . Thanks to shipping on the Lippe River , Lünen achieved supra-regional importance as a transshipment point in the early 19th century ; so was z. B. on freight bills because of the canal port in Lünen "Dortmund bei Lünen" - instead of (as is still sometimes the case today) "Lünen bei Dortmund". In 1826 the Eisenhütte Westfalia trade union was established in Altlünen as the first large industrial company in the Lüner area. In 1838 Lünen got a grain and vegetable market that took place every Tuesday. In 1847 the geographer JGFr. Cannabich wrote in the textbook of geography:
"Lünen, St. am Influences of the Sesike in the Lippe, has 2250 E., which make many tin cans and nails."
In 1874 Lünen became vacant. In 1875 the Dortmund – Lünen – Enschede railway went into operation. In 1896 the new St. Mary's Church was consecrated.
In the First World War, there were over 1000 fallen from Lünen.
On July 1, 1914, Lippholthausen joined Lünen, and on October 1, 1923, Lünen expanded to include the rural communities of Gahmen, Horstmar and Beckinghausen. From January 24, 1923 to September 1924, French troops were stationed in Lünen south of the Lippe as part of the occupation of the Ruhr under the local Major Ronforts. Border crossings with passport controls were set up at the Lippe bridges, including on Langen Strasse. With effect from April 1, 1928, the place Brambauer was incorporated as part of the municipal reform. At the same time, Lünen was spun off from the Dortmund district and thus independent. In the same year, the Preußen– (Lünen) –Münster railway went into operation.
In 1930 there were still 218 people of Jewish faith living in Lünen. During the November pogroms in 1938 , three Jews were murdered, and another later died from serious injuries. In 1993 a memorial was erected in her memory at the Lippebrücke, Lange Strasse / Münsterstrasse - see also: List of stumbling blocks in Lünen and synagogue (Lünen) . From 1940 to 1945, during World War II , incendiary and high-explosive bombs killed 287 residents and destroyed over 2,600 homes; 1083 fallen from Lünen are to be lamented. Towards the end of the war, the Lippe Bridge in the city center was blown up by German pioneers.
In the 1960s and 1970s, in the spirit of the times, many buildings worthy of preservation in the city center (south of the Lippe) had to give way to major construction projects such as the new town hall and later the former Hertie department store - now converted into a residential and commercial building. After the stucco and other decorations had been removed, many facades were plastered without a facade relief. Nevertheless, some interesting and worth seeing buildings were built during this time. The city is characterized by strong contrasts, so that from Willy-Brandt- Platz (city center) with the town hall, technical town hall and new Cineworld cinema, you can reach the old streets and paths of the city center with its half-timbered houses, some of which are listed, in just a few minutes reached.
Between 1954 and 1960 the (old) indoor swimming pool, the Heinz-Hilpert-Theater, the Geschwister-Scholl-Gymnasium (today comprehensive school) and the new town hall were built. Niederaden came to Lünen on January 1, 1968. In the course of the municipality and district reform, Lünen and Altlünen merged with effect from January 1, 1975 . At the same time Lünen became part of the Unna district. In 1996 the North Rhine-Westphalian State Horticultural Show (LaGaLü) took place in Lünen (Horstmar) . The Way of St. James (Route 1 through Westphalia) has been running through Lünen since the beginning of the 21st century .
In 2016 Lünen celebrated the 675th anniversary. The - controversial - motto was: "The older, the bigger!"
- July 1, 1914: Lippholthausen
- October 1, 1923: Beckinghausen, Gahmen and Horstmar
- April 1, 1928: Brambauer and part of Derne
- January 1, 1968: Niederaden
- January 1, 1975: Altlünen (with the districts of Alstedde, Nordlünen and Wethmar)
In 1719 1,238 people lived in Lünen. The population rose only slowly until the 19th century. Due to industrialization in the 20th century, the city's population grew very quickly. In 1890 only 4,500 people lived in Lünen, in 1939 there were already 46,000. After the Second World War, the city grew to approx. 61,000 inhabitants. With the incorporation of Altlünen (15,500 inhabitants 1974) the population grew from 70,000 in 1974 to 85,500 on January 1, 1975. While the population for “total Lünen” remained almost unchanged at around 86,000 in the period 1975-2019, it has in the district of Altlünen (consisting of Alstedde, Nordlünen and Wethmar) increased by almost 6,000 (from 15,500 to 21,400) in the same period due to intensive development (therefore plus 35%); consequently, the number of inhabitants in the former (trunk) Lünen has also decreased by around 6,000 inhabitants (from 70,000 to 64,000) (minus approx. 10%). This suggests that the (old) district of Altlünen is above average as a residential area.
On June 30, 2005, the " official population " for Lünen was 90,381 according to an update by the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics North Rhine-Westphalia (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices). There were around 46,000 women (51 percent) and 44,000 men (49 percent). The proportion of foreigners was around ten percent. According to the state database of North Rhine-Westphalia, there were still 87,061 people living in Lünen at the end of 2011 (decrease compared to 2005: approx. 3.7%). Lünen is 94th among the hundred largest cities in Germany (as of December 31, 2013). While in many medium-sized cities in the Ruhr area (e.g. Remscheid, Hagen or Gelsenkirchen) the percentage decrease in the population between 1990 and 2018 was significantly more than ten percent, in Lünen the population did not decrease during this period but remained constant.
Lt. Statistics from the city of Lünen as of December 31, 2016, the proportion of foreigners has increased to 13 percent. The proportion of residents with a migration background is over 25 percent.
In its forecast from 2009, the Bertelsmann Foundation assumes a population decline by 2030 from around 87,000 (2009) to approx. 76,500 (2030). This corresponds to a percentage decrease of approx. 13%. In its 2011 study, IT.NRW predicts a population of 81,900 in 2030, a good 5,000 more than Bertelsmann.
Along with the projected population decline by 2030, the proportion of residents over the age of 75 is also expected to change significantly. At the moment (2015) every tenth citizen of Lünens is 75 years of age and older; in 2030 - assuming the number of inhabitants remains constant - it should be every fifth citizen according to forecasts, which would correspond to around 16,000 inhabitants over 75 years of age.
The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. 1719 is an estimate, then census results (¹) or official updates from the State Statistical Office. From 1871, the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the “population at the location of the main residence”. Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey procedures.
¹ Census result
² Number officially recorded on the occasion of the census: 1974 for Lünen within the boundaries of that time, 1975 including Altlünen, which was incorporated on January 1, 1975.
Historically, the area of the former municipality of Altlünen north of the Lippe belonged to the Catholic prince-bishopric of Münster , while the area south of the Lippe became Protestant with the Reformation; The area around the St. Mary's Church , which is also north of the Lippe, but like the rest of Lünen, belongs to the county of Mark and which has remained Catholic since the Middle Ages , had a special position . During the imperial era, many Polish-speaking workers moved from the Posen province , almost all of whom were Catholic. After the Second World War, many predominantly Protestant, but also Catholic immigrants from eastern Germany came to Lünen. There are still congregations of other Christian denominations as well as Muslim mosque congregations.
The Catholic parish of St. Marien, north of the Lippe (with the sub-parishes of St. Marien, St. Gottfried, St. Norbert and St. Ludger) belongs to the diocese of Münster ; the Catholic communities south of the Lippe belong to the Archdiocese of Paderborn . Until 2009 there was a convent of the Franciscan Sisters of St. Mauritz in Münster in Lünen . The nuns worked for 144 years in nursing and pastoral care at St. Marien Hospital in Lünen.
According to the 2011 census , 32.5% of the population in 2011 were Protestant , 34.1% were predominantly Roman Catholic and 33.5% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then. At the end of 2019, 27% of the residents were Protestant Christians, 29% Catholics and a majority of 44% were non-denominational or had another denomination.
Since the last municipal election (May 25, 2014), the Lünen City Council has been composed as follows:
- SPD : 21 seats
- CDU : initially 13 seats; after three members left the CDU parliamentary group by December 6, 2015, only 10 seats; since the beginning of 2019, however, 11 seats again, as an FDP member who had transferred from the CDU left the council on December 31, 2018
- GFL (Together for Lünen): initially 9 seats; additionally at the beginning of 2016 a transfer from the CDU, thus 10 seats; as of 6/2020 two resignations, thus 8 seats
- GREEN : 4 seats
- FDP : initially 2 seats; In addition, at the beginning of 2016 a transfer from the CDU and in October 2017 another transfer of a non-attached party (formerly CDU), then 4 seats; however, 3 seats again since the beginning of 2019, as one of the members who had previously transferred to the FDP left the council on December 31, 2018
- The left : 2 seats
- UWG : 1 seat
- Pirates : 1 seat
- 1 non-attached (after leaving the SPD parliamentary group)
- after leaving GFL = Citizens-Community-Lünen parliamentary group: 2 seats
- + Mayor: 1 seat
Results of the local elections from 1975
Only parties and voter communities that received at least 1.95 percent of the votes in the respective election are shown in the list.
|year||SPD||CDU||GFL||Green 1||left||FDP||UWG||Instead of party|
1 Greens: 1984 and 1989: Greens, from 1994: B'90 / Greens
2 2004: Instead of political parties : 4.97%
Mayor and Lord Mayor
Mayor until 1928
- Johann Franz Henrich Schultz (1772–1850)
- 1851–1874: Alfred Bohlen
- 1875-1892: Robert Tamm
- 1893–1895: Eduard Saarmann
- 1895–1896: Baron von Schenk Schweinsberg
- 1896–1928: Ernst Becker (honorary citizen of the city)
- 1928–1932: Ernst Becker
- 1932–1935: Hermann Schlegtendal
- 1936–1937: Curt Friedrich Heinrich Röding
- 1937–1945: Karl Theodor Loerbroks
- 1945–1945: Josef Rensmann (acting)
- 1945–1946: Karl Johannes Greve
- 1946–1946: August Baumeister
- 1946–1948: Wilhelm Hüsing, CDU
- 1948–1952: Johann Laubrunn, SPD
- 1952–1955: Hermann Schmälzger , SPD
- 1955–1963: Adolf Stock, SPD
- 1963–1969: Heinrich Czerwinski, SPD
- 1969–1979: Hans-Werner Harzer, SPD
Mayor 1979 to 1999
- 1979–1989: Hans-Werner Harzer, SPD
- 1989–1994: Kurt Denkert , SPD
- 1994–1999: Christina Dörr-Schmidt, SPD
Full-time mayor from 1999
- 1999–2015: Hans Wilhelm Stodollick , SPD (elected in 1999 and 2004 without any party support)
- 2015− Jürgen Kleine-Frauns , GFL :
City Directors and City Directors
Senior City Directors
- 1946–1949 Carl Friedrich Butz
- 1949–1960 Adalbert Kaukars
- 1961–1965 Alfred Falkenstein
- 1965–1974 Siegfried Heuser
- 1975–1984 Siegfried Heuser
- 1984–1993 Rudolf Salmen
- 1993–1999 Hans Wilhelm Stodollick
Lünen lists the following six partner cities :
- Zwolle , Netherlands (Hanseatic City) (since October 1, 1963)
- Salford , England (since March 25, 1966) (formerly Swinton and Pendlebury)
- Panevėžys , Lithuania (since March 2, 1990)
- Demmin , Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (since March 18, 1991)
- Kamień Pomorski (Cammin), Poland (since May 5, 2000, sponsorship since September 21, 1952)
- Bartın , Turkey (since May 25, 2011)
In 1952 the city of Lünen took over the sponsorship of the Pomeranian city of Cammin.
coat of arms
Blazon: A red lion with two tails jumping right on a golden background.
As early as the 17th century, the then chronicler Georg Gerlich (1606–1664) described the coat of arms: “a red leve in a gulden field”.
The question of why the city's coat of arms features a red lion in a golden field cannot be answered clearly. It can be traced back to the Saxon Duke Heinrich the Lion , who was sovereign until 1180 (his royal seat Braunschweig has a similar coat of arms). But it could also go back to the Counts of Altena-Mark , who granted the town town charter in 1341. However, the coat of arms of Lüner lacks the characteristic chess bar that can be found in most of the Brandenburg cities , and the fact that the oldest city seal from 1320 (see above) dates back to the time before the city was re-founded by the Brandenburg counts in 1341 (the first foundation took place in 1279).
Culture and sights
- Evangelical town church St. Georg : late Gothic hall church (completed in 1366, ceiling painting of the Fall of Man and Last Judgment around 1520, altar from the circle of the Liesborn master, baptismal font, candlestick and sacrament house Gothic, organ and organ loft baroque)
- Catholic parish church of St. Marien : It is a neo-Gothic cruciform basilica with a west tower. The choir was consecrated in 1896. The equipment from that time is only partially preserved today. Several pieces were taken over from the medieval building, including the font made around 1270, a cylindrical container with scenes from the Old and New Testament. The baptismal font is a fine example of the transition from Romanesque to Gothic. Also worth seeing are the triumphal cross from the 14th century and two statues of the Madonna made of sandstone, probably from the second half of the 13th century. Special mention should be made of the “image of grace / pilgrimage” from around 1260. It is an approx. 41 cm high oak wood sculpture that shows a seated Mary with the baby Jesus. Also worth seeing are the columns in the area of the tower, which are taken from the previous building.
- Despite the destruction of numerous buildings during the urban redevelopment carried out from the beginning to the middle of the 1960s, several interesting half-timbered buildings have been preserved in the historic town center . The earliest date from the 17th century. The Roggenmarkt 3 is the oldest preserved half-timbered house in Luen . According to the inscription, the three-storey hall house was built in 1600. Another hall house is located at Silberstraße 3 , which dates from 1664. Together with the neighboring house at Silberstraße 5 , it forms an attractive assembly. Mauerstraße on the southern edge of the old town shows an atmospheric street scene with simple eaves half-timbered buildings. This is also where Gadem Mauerstraße 93 , built in 1651, is located : The narrow eaves house was built directly on the city wall, which was used as a back wall. After it was demolished (around 1800), it had to be replaced in half-timbered houses. The Gadem Ringstrasse 4/6 , which was built as a double residential building, is likely to date from the same time as Mauerstrasse 93 .
- Castle mill in Lippholthausen (built in 1760)
- Spieker in Niederaden : Baroque garden house of the former noble house of Oberfelde from the late 18th century
- Schwansbell Castle
- Ziethenstraße : typical colliery colony of the 19th century
- Freiherr-vom-Stein-Gymnasium (handed over in 1931): listed brick building of the New Objectivity ; Architects: D. & K. Schulze , Dortmund; References to the Cubist movement of Dutch Expressionism, especially Willem Marinus Dudok , whose Dr. H. Bavinckschool in Hilversum can be considered a role model for the Dortmund architects
- The listed, imposing town hall of the city of Lünen (architects Rausch und Stein - handed over on October 5, 1960 by Willy Brandt ) with a paternoster lift (no longer open to the public). In the European Cultural Heritage Year 2018, the town hall received the award and plaque “Big Beautiful Building” (BBB). From a purely visual point of view, it is the landmark of Lünen and the focus of local activities.
- Geschwister-Scholl-Gesamtschule Lünen (handed over in 1962): School building in organic style; Architect: Hans Scharoun , who u. a. also designed the Berlin Philharmonic . The listed school was in the years 2011 to 2013 for approx. 8.5 million EUR renovated in accordance with listed buildings. In the European Cultural Heritage Year 2018, the school received the award and plaque “Big Beautiful Building” (BBB).
- “ UFO ”: the headframe (Colani egg) of the “Minister Achenbach” colliery in the LÜNTEC technology center in Lünen-Brambauer, redesigned according to plans by Luigi Colani (1928–2019); with mine gas system
- Industrial monument Mohr-Kran: is located on a canal basin of the former Prussia port on the Datteln-Hamm Canal ; is illuminated by a light installation .
- Selimiye Mosque Lünen : It was opened on March 30, 2008 after nine years of construction in the presence of the then President of the State Parliament, Regina van Dinther . At that time it was the largest mosque in North Rhine-Westphalia. The outside of the mosque has a Turkish-Islamic shape with a minaret .
- The listed Catholic Herz-Jesu-Kirche in Lünen-Mitte and the Herz-Jesu-Kirche in Lünen-Brambauer are also worth seeing .
- Old coffee roastery , Lünen-Nord
- Persiluhr and group of oxen on a former trade route through Lünen, the latter made by the artist Ernemann Sander .
- The "first mosque" in Lünen, the so-called "Carpet Palace" in Marktstr. 2 (compared to the Cine-World), built in 1975 based on the Persian model for the carpet dealer Jamschid Giassi by the Lüner architect Hubert Heitkamp.
- Museum of the city of Lünen in the servants 'house of Schwansbell Castle (home decor between 1830 and 1930, including an original workers' kitchen, doll and toy collection, ovens and cast iron, agricultural equipment, crafts: shoemakers, clog makers, bakers, tailors, potters). The museum is part of the route of industrial culture - brine, steam and coal .
- Mining Museum in Lünen-Süd
- Miners' living museum in Lünen-Brambauer
- Heinz Hilpert Theater , built according to plans by Gerhard Graubner . The theater, built between 1956 and 1958, is the only full theater in the Unna district with 756 seats and is a listed building. Adjacent is the Hanseatic Hall, in which the Lüner Hansetuch art collection , an international collection of representative contemporary art from many European nations in the spirit of the Hanseatic League, is shown.
- In the European Cultural Heritage Year 2018, the theater received the award and plaque “Big Beautiful Building” (BBB).
Parks and Lüner Lippeaue
- Seepark Lünen , located on the Datteln-Hamm Canal and Horstmarer See . The Lünen State Garden Show “LaGaLü” took place there in 1996 . The theme of the state horticultural show was less the horticultural presentation than the reconstruction of the landscape that had been lost as a result of mining and civilization deformations. In terms of local politics, the goal of equal living conditions in Lünen was pursued by upgrading the “bad” south and bringing it closer to the quality of life in the north of the city, which is not polluted by mining. However, this did not occur, s. Population development until 2017.
- Südpark in the district of Lünen-Süd
- Volkspark in the Brambauer district
- Nordpark at the outdoor pool in the Brambauer district
- Lippe Park in Lünen-Mitte
- Recreation area Cappenberger See with outdoor pool in the district of Nordlünen; The nearby Cappenberg Castle is only about three kilometers away.
- Tobias Park with the old Protestant cemetery in the city center (near Lippebrücke Münsterstrasse)
- Schwansbell public park; the Volkspark Schwansbell is a recreational area and houses the Schwansbell Castle . The Lüner SV football club also has its home in the park . The Volkspark borders directly on the Datteln-Hamm Canal and the Seepark in the south and in the north on the B61.
For nature and culture lovers, the Lüner Lippeaue is ideal: a barrier-free circular and hiking trail with sixteen adventure stations, starting with the making of the Lippe navigable, through traces from the time of the Romans to the former Westfalia ironworks union . The length of the path, which leads through nature reserves, is approx. 17 km.
- The Lippeaue nature reserve from Wethmar to Lünen ends east of Kurt-Schumacher-Strasse.
- The Lippeaue nature reserve from Lünen to Horst lock is north-west of Konrad-Adenauer-Strasse.
- The Welschenkamp nature reserve is located southwest of the city center.
- The Alstedder Mark nature reserve is only partially located in the Lüner area, the northern part is in Selm in the Bork district.
- The In der Laake nature reserve is a wetland complex on both sides of the Datteln-Hamm Canal south of Beckinghausen.
- "New Year's Concert" with the New Westphalia Philharmonic in the Heinz-Hilpert-Theater (beginning of January)
- ExtraSchicht participation (2013 and 2014, no more participation from 2015)
- "L Wunsch Mess" - city festival and fair since 1980 - every year from Thursday to the second Sunday in September.
- "Brunnenfestival": Every July, Willy-Brandt-Platz in front of the town hall is transformed into the largest beer garden in Lippe.
- "Wine Festival" (annually in June)
- "Ascension Fair" (annually from Ascension Day in the city)
- "Jazz-Light" (first weekend in November)
- "International Nature Photo Festival" of the Society of German Animal Photographers (GDT)
- Kinofest Lünen (festival for German films; annually in November)
- "Family kite festival" (beginning of October)
- “Brami” family festival and Sunday shopping in the Brambauer district, the Brami Gemeinschaft e. V. (twice a year)
- "Carnival parade" (annually in the district of Lünen-Süd)
- "Oktoberfest" (annual street festival in the Lünen-Süd district, one week after the "Lünsch Mess")
- "Santa Claus is coming" and the "torch swimming" on the Lippe in the city center (in December)
- "Rock im Loch" (beginning of September on the site of the former Lünen State Garden Show ["LaGaLü"])
- "Lüner Hanselauf" (end of September in the Brambauer district)
- "Fruit and Market Day" (with 3,000 to 4,000 trade visitors at the Giesebrecht farm in the Niederaden district; every year in October)
- "Senior sports festival - Fit & active in old age" (alternating with senior and disabled fair, open-air event, Schwansbell sports facility)
- "New Year's Eve run for everyone" at the Schwansbell arena
Lüner culture award
- The Lüner Culture Prize 2019 goes to the artist couple Jürgen Larys and Susanne Hocke
- Culture Prize and Culture Promotion Prize 2018: Simone Prothmann, Siegfried Krüger and Marie Hirschberg
- Culture Prize and Culture Promotion Prize 2017: Michael Kupczyk and Julius Schepansky
- Culture Prize 2016: Bernhard Weiß
- Culture Prize 2015: Andrzej Irzykowski
- Culture Prize 2014: Joachim Simon
- Culture Prize 2013: Uwe Gegenmantel
- Culture Prize 2012: Jutta Timpe
- Culture Prize 2011: Manfred Kassner
- Culture Prize 2010: Mike Wiedemann
- Culture Prize 2009: Catharina and Dieter Wagner
- 2008 Culture Prize: Reinhold Schröder
- Culture Prize 2007: Max Raabe
- Culture Prize 2006: Klaus Nigge
- Culture Prize 2005: Mirijam Contzen
Economy and Infrastructure
Lünen is a former mining town. Important current branches of industry and companies in Lünen are the following:
- Bakery production: Kamps
- Mining supplier: Caterpillar Inc. Bucyrus International (formerly Deutsche Bergbau Technik (DBT) or Eisenhütte Westfalia union )
- Energy generation: STEAG ( Lünen power plant (closed on December 31, 2018) ) - Lünen biomass power plant - and - Lünen-Stummhafen power plant -
- Waste disposal & recycling: Remondis (formerly Rethmann / Lippewerk ) with the biomass power plant (BMK)
- Glass production: Ardagh Glass Germany GmbH
- Copper recycling: Aurubis (formerly Hüttenwerke Kayser ); During the Second World War there were up to 2,000 bells on the site that were supposed to be melted down, see. Bell cemetery
- Software development: itemis AG , BROCKHAUS AG
- Transport and storage: Stadthafen Lünen GmbH
- Consumer electronics: Dream Multimedia GmbH
- Finance: Sparkasse an der Lippe (merger of the Sparkasse Lünen -Zweckverbandssparkasse der Stadt Lünen and Selm- with the Stadtsparkasse Werne on January 1, 2016)
- Catering: Stolzenhoff catering
- Health: St. Marien Hospital, Lünen and Klinik am Park Lünen , Brambauer
- Fuses: SIBA, fuse construction
- Electronics: EBG, electrical components
- Electro / human-robot collaboration: Jung
- IT technology: Tarox
The oldest company is the Adler-Apotheke, founded in 1690 by the doctor and pharmacist Johann Philip Maul in the city center, until the beginning of the 20th century the only pharmacy in Lünen.
Historic mining sites have become recreational areas (Landesgartenschaugelände 1996) or settlement areas for industry, trade, technology and science (Minister Achenbach IV, Achenbach I / II with the Colani egg ).
One of the largest employers in Lünen is the St. Marien Hospital in Lünen with almost 1,500 employees. The rescue helicopter Christoph 8 is stationed on the hospital premises there. It is the largest hospital in the Unna district.
In 2013, the state government of North Rhine-Westphalia decided that a clinic for forensic psychiatry should be built on the former colliery site Viktoria I / II by 2020, against which the city fought vehemently and complained in 2015. Up to 150 jobs are to be created there, 105 of them for care. The administrative court of Gelsenkirchen dismissed the city's lawsuit with a judgment dated March 28, 2017.
According to IT.NRW, the average taxable income of Lüner citizens is € 27,379 p. a .; This puts Lünen in 387th place out of 396 municipalities in North Rhine-Westphalia (as of 2010). The average in NRW is € 33,199. With an average disposable income of € 16,926 (as of 2013), Lünen ranks 380th in North Rhine-Westphalia. The fewest income millionaires in North Rhine-Westphalia live in Lünen (4 of a total of 4,264, as of 2013); relatively most people in Lünen receive minimum income (rate 15.7 percent, as of 2015).
Correspondingly, with € 4,143.97, Lünen has the highest per capita debt after the city of Dortmund in the chamber district of the Dortmund Chamber of Commerce, which includes Dortmund, Hamm and the twelve municipalities of the Unna district (as of 2013).
- Primary schools:
- School on Heikenberg in Alstedde
- Elisabeth School in Brambauer
- School on the Kelm in Brambauer
- Wittekindschule in Brambauer
- Primary school at Lüserbach in Horstmar with another location in Niederaden
- Leo School in Osterfeld
- Osterfeldschule in Osterfeld
- Viktoriaschule in Lünen-Nord
- Overberg school in Lünen-Süd with another location in Gahmen (formerly Vinckeschule)
- Cardinal von Galen School in Nordlünen
- Gottfried School in Wethmar
- Matthias Claudius School in Wethmar
- Realschule Altlünen in Nordlünen
- Ludwig-Uhland-Realschule in Horstmar
- Brambauer municipal secondary school
- Comprehensive schools:
- Geschwister-Scholl comprehensive school in Lünen-Mitte
- Käthe Kollwitz Comprehensive School in Lünen-Süd
- Heinrich Bussmann School in Osterfeld
- Profile school in Brambauer (former Achenbach school)
- Special school:
- Support center north in Lünen-Mitte (In der Geist) (support focus learning as well as emotional and social development, secondary level I)
- Vocational schools
- Lippe vocational college in Lünen-Mitte
- TÜV-Nord College, Lünen Education Center in Brambauer
Indoor swimming pool
In mid-September 2011, after a three-year planning and construction phase, the Lippe Bad opened its doors as one of the first passive house indoor swimming pools in Europe. In return, the four other outdated indoor swimming pools in Lünens were closed, some of them demolished and the valuable properties were sold. In the park of Schloss Bellevue in Berlin, the Lippe Bad was presented on June 5 and 6, 2012 as a future-oriented project at the "Week of the Environment".
The railway lines Dortmund-Preußen-Münster (Westphalia) ( Der Lüner ) - single-track from Lünen to Münster - and Dortmund - Enschede / Netherlands (Westmünsterland-Bahn) run through the city area. Regional trains of the lines RB 50 "Der Lüner" (until December 2009 "Der Lünener") and RB 51 "Westmünsterland-Bahn" stop at the main station of Lünen near the city center and the train station Preußen in Horstmar . The RB 50 runs every hour between Dortmund and Münster ; it is operated by the private railway company eurobahn . The RB 51 runs every half hour between Dortmund and Lünen and every hour between Dortmund and Enschede. It was operated by Prignitzer Eisenbahn GmbH until December 2011 and has since been operated by DB Regio AG, Region NRW . The distance traffic does not stop in Luenen. In addition, Lünen is on the Hamm-Osterfelder Bahn (Hamm-Oberhausen), which is only used by freight trains , with the disused Lünen Süd station.
- The B 54 begins at the Dutch border near Gronau and runs via Münster , the Ascheberg district of Herbern and Werne to Lünen. Then it continues via Dortmund , Siegen and Limburg a. d. Lahn to Wiesbaden .
- The B 236 begins in Olfen at the junction from the B 235 . It crosses Selm , leads through Lünen and on via Dortmund to its destination Münchhausen in Hesse .
- The L 511 begins in the Oberhausen district of Osterfeld . It runs mainly in a west-east direction via Bottrop , Gladbeck , Gelsenkirchen , Recklinghausen , the south of Datteln , Waltrop and Brambauer to the B 54 in the Dortmund district of Brechte .
- The L 556 begins on the B 54 (corner of Kurt-Schumacher-Straße with Viktoria- and Kamener-Straße). It runs in a southerly direction via Lünen-Süd and Dortmund-Asseln to the B 234 in Aplerbeck .
- The L 654 begins in the Steele district of Essen . Coming from Mengede , it crosses Brambauer in a west-east direction. Immediately south of the Datteln-Hamm Canal , it meets the B 54, with which it merges to the intersection with Kurt-Schumacher-Strasse, and continues via Kamen to Pelkum .
- The L 684 begins at the L 556 at Lindenplatz. It leads south through Gahmen into Dortmund city center. Parts of this route used to be called the B 236.
- The L 736 begins east of Lüner city center on the L 654. It crosses the Bergkamen districts of Heil and Rünthe and leads to Hamm .
- The L 810 begins in the Lüdinghausen farmers' community of Ermen on the L 835. It leads through north and south churches and through the Selmer district of Cappenberg . Finally it ends in Lünen-Nord on the B 236.
- The L 821 begins in the Bergkamen district of Heil. It runs mainly in a north-south direction through Oberaden , the Kamen district of Methler , the Unna district of Massen and Holzwickede to Aplerbeck to the B 234. It only runs for a few hundred meters in the Niederaden district through the Lüner urban area.
The urban area is accessed by city bus routes that connect the central bus station ( ZOB ) at the main train station and the “Persiluhr” stop in the pedestrian zone with the individual districts. Two express bus lines run from Lünen via Werne to Hamm (S 10) and via Bergkamen to Herringen (S 20). Almost all bus routes are operated by the Unna district transport company. In addition, the U 41 tram line run by the Dortmund public utilities to Hörde ( Clarenberg ), as well as the Dortmund public utility buses to Mengede (line 474) and the Vestische trams to Waltrop (line 284) run in Brambauer .
The football club Lüner SV , founded in 1945, played in 2015/2016 in the Landesliga Westfalen , season 3. Lüner SV celebrated its greatest successes in the 60s and 70s in the regional league, the second highest division at the time. In addition, Lüner SV became Westphalia champion in 1963 and later West German champion. The Lüner SV plays in the " Kampfbahn Schwansbell " (approx. 10,000 seats), which is located southeast of the city center in the immediate vicinity of Schwansbell Castle . The arena itself has a natural grass pitch, while an artificial grass pitch is available right next door. In the 2015/2016 season, Lüner SV was the undisputed first to climb from the state league to the Westphalia league.
The second well-known football club in Lüner is BV Brambauer from the Brambauer district, which was vice-Westphalian champion in 1962. In 2007, BV Brambauer merged with FC Brambauer 45 to form BV Brambauer-Lünen . He played in the Westfalenliga Group 2 in the 2013/14 season. BV Brambauer-Lünen plays in the " Glückauf-Arena " (approx. 3,500 seats). The stadium is located in the western district of Brambauer and is equipped with an artificial turf pitch.
Other Lüner football clubs:
- SV Blau-Weiß Alstedde 1920 Football e. V. (blue and white arena, artificial turf)
- TuS Westfalia Wethmar e. V. (sports facility at Lake Cappenberger See , artificial turf)
- BV Lünen 05 e. V. (Moltkestrasse sports field, artificial turf)
- SG Gahmen 24/74 e. V. (Kaubrügge sports field, Asche)
- VfB Lünen e. V. (Dammwiese sports complex, artificial turf), ( Timo Konietzka's first club ; former Borussia Dortmund player and shooter of the first Bundesliga)
- SV Preußen 07 Football e. V. (Alter Postweg sports facility, artificial turf)
- TuS Jugendbund Niederaden e. V. (Lünen-Niederaden sports field, natural grass + ash)
- FC Brambauer 2012 e. V. (Sports field Zum Karrenbusch, Asche)
Former Lüner football clubs:
- SC Gahmen 24 (1985 merged with Eintracht Gahmen 74 to form SG Gahmen 24/74 e.V.)
- Eintracht Gahmen 74 (1985 merged with SC Gahmen 24 to SG Gahmen 24/74 e.V.)
- FC Lünen 74 e. V. (game operations stopped in 2010)
- FC Brambauer 45 e. V. (2007 merged with BV Brambauer-Lünen 13/45 e.V.)
- FC Sundern (merged with VfL Beckinghausen and FC Beckinghausen to form SG Beckinghausen / Sundern 75, 2007 with SG Hansa Altlünen to form SG Hansa Beckinghausen / Sundern 75)
- VfL Beckinghausen (merged with FC Sundern and FC Beckinghausen to form SG Beckinghausen / Sundern 75, 2007 with SG Hansa Altlünen to form SG Hansa Beckinghausen / Sundern 75)
- FC Beckinghausen (merged with FC Sundern and VfL Beckinghausen to form SG Beckinghausen / Sundern 75, 2007 with SG Hansa Altlünen to form SG Hansa Beckinghausen / Sundern 75)
- SG Beckinghausen / Sundern '75 e. V. (2007 merged with SG Hansa Altlünen to SG Hansa Beckinghausen / Sundern 75 e.V.)
- SG Hansa Altlünen (2007 merged with SG Beckinghausen / Sundern 75 e.V. to form SG Hansa Beckinghausen / Sundern 75 e.V.)
- SG Hansa Beckinghausen / Sundern 75 e. V. (game operations stopped in 2009)
- FSG Drubbel e. V.
- Türkspor Lünen 87/91 e. V.
- ATC Lünen-Brambauer (formerly Brambauer Türkgücü. Excluded from the association in 2010 due to payment arrears)
- SC Lünen 13 (games stopped in 2014)
The water polo club SV Brambauer 50 e. V. played in the 1st Bundesliga until 2009. In 2010 he won the West German championship. However, the team decided against the promotion.
The TV Altlünen 1956 eV organized the "International Whitsun Cup Tournament" 50 times until 2006. The well-endowed tournament (64 field) took place exclusively as a women's tournament in recent years.
The men's team 60+ of the tennis community Gahmen eV has been playing in the Regionalliga West since 2013. With renowned foreign players, she won the West German Championship in 2015, which entitles her to participate in the final round of the 2015 German Team Championship in Hamburg. In the final round, the TG Gahmen lost in the game for third place against the TC Aschheim.
On September 4, 2016, the tennis community Gahmen and their team 60+ in Eschborn were German team champions 2016. They beat last year's third TC Aschheim in the final; after the single games, the TG Gahmen led through a closed team performance unattainable with 5: 1, the doubles were no longer played.
On July 1, 2017, TG Gahmen became unbeaten West German champions by defeating TC Rot-Weiß Hangelaer. The final round of the German men's 60 team championship took place on September 2nd and 3rd, 2017 on the tennis facility in Gahmen. Opponents were the TC Lörrach, Der Club an der Alster (Hamburg) and the TC Aschheim. The top player at TG Gahmen is the tennis world champion 55+ and 60+, the Australian Glenn Busby.
The men 65+ of the TG Gahmen also made it to the regional league, the highest German division for seniors, with a 4-2 win on July 14, 2017 over the Hattingen tennis club. Associated with this was the Westphalia champion title.
German team champion 2017 was the TG Gahmen, men 60, on September 3, 2017 with a 5-1 victory over the Club an der Alster, Hamburg. The double pairings were no longer played.
On September 2, 2018, TG Gahmen, Men 60, became German team champions for the third time in a row through a 5-4 win over TC GW Luitpold Munich.
sons and daughters of the town
- Kunigunde von Lünen, in the 15th century the 12th abbess of the Keppel monastery
- Diderich von Swansbole (Schwansbell; around 1400), Cologne canon ; donated an altar for the St. Marien Church
- Georg Spormecker (≈1495–1562), theologian and chronicler
- Hinrich Kock (around 1500), theologian, co-founder of a poor house or hospital in Lünen
- Degenhard Witte († 1526), Chancellor of the Electorate of Cologne and canon
- Johann Püngel (around 1550), reformer in Lippstadt
- Eberhard Tappe, also: Everhard Tappius († around 1550), humanist
- Johann Volsius also called Wolsche (≈1495–1558), humanist and legal scholar
- Jacob Kindtvader (around 1550), reformer and humanist in Lippstadt , 1st Lutheran pastor in Lünen
- John II of Lünen, (Swede) from 1515 to 1532 abbot of the Brauweiler Abbey
- Eberhard Mercator (around 1500), printer
- Georg Gerlich (1606–1664), Lüner chronicler
- Diedrich Hermann Bremer (1775–1859), pastor and chronicler
- Caspar Diedrich Wehrenbold (1796–1851), industrialist, co-founder of the Westfalia ironworks
- Gottfried Berthold (1854–1937), professor of botany
- Paul Schulz-Gahmen (1867–1941), born in the district of Gahmen (now: Osterfeld), farmer and politician of the Center Party, MdR
- Hermann Albertz (1877–1945), SPD politician, MdL Prussia
- Franz Nigge (1879–1968), pastor and local researcher
- Franz Gerwin (1891–1960), painter; his works corresponded to the National Socialist idea of "German art"
- Heinrich Bussmann (1896–1942), SPD politician, resistance fighter against the Nazi regime
- Albert Kost (1897–1947), politician (NSDAP)
- Ernst Waldschmidt (1897–1985), Sanskritist and Indologist
- Josef Meier (1904–1999), actor; for over 60 years Christ actor of the Black Hills Passion Play in Spearfish, South Dakota, USA (Luenen Passion Play) (1939-2008)
- Helmut Flume (1905–1999), classical philologist
- Hilde Hauck (1905–1988), KPD politician, resistance fighter, MdL in North Rhine-Westphalia
- Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz (born in 1906 in Brambauer-1979), Protestant theologian and writer
- Ilse Arndt (1913–2003), Holocaust survivor and contemporary witness
- Helmut Georg (1915–1989), painter and war correspondent
- Karl Fritz Friedrich (1921–1959), painter and graphic artist
- Theo Kleine (1924–2014), canoeist; Silver medalist in a two-man kayak at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics
- Heinz Althöfer (1925–2018), restorer and art historian
- Alfons Böcker (1926–1985), diplomat and ambassador
- Wilhelm Kuhne (1926–2019), priest (monsignor) and former rector of the rural community college Anton Heinen , Hardehausen monastery
- Günter Hedtkamp (1928–2018), economist
- Norbert Beleke (1929–2019), publisher and philanthropist, founder of the Beleke publishing house
- Kurt Denkert (1929–2017), SPD politician, Member of the State Parliament in North Rhine-Westphalia
- Reinhold Schröder (* 1932), sculptor
- Rolf Tewes (* 1935), SPD politician and former district administrator of the Unna district
- Horst Henning (1937–1995), SPD politician, Member of the State Parliament in North Rhine-Westphalia and Lord Mayor of Leverkusen
- Timo (Friedhelm) Konietzka (1938–2012), soccer player and coach; shot the first Bundesliga (for BVB Dortmund 09)
- Reiner Saul (* 1938), civil engineer
- Rolf Thiemann (* 1938), soccer player
- Reiner Pfeiffer (1939–2015), key figure in the perch and drawer affair
- Dieter Zorc (1939–2007), soccer player, father of soccer player Michael Zorc
- Michael Mendl (* 1944), actor
- Jens Beutel (1946–2019), SPD politician, Lord Mayor of Mainz
- Dieter Wiefelspütz (* 1946), SPD politician and former member of the Bundestag, former chairman of Lüner SV, football
- Eckhart Tolle (* 1948), bestselling author of spiritual books
- Klaus Brakelmann (* 1948), soccer player
- Gerd Niebaum (* 1948), lawyer and former President of Borussia Dortmund
- Berndt Röder (* 1948), CDU politician, former President of the Hamburg Parliament
- Beate Salje (* 1948), Near Eastern archaeologist
- Michael Meier (* 1949), former manager at Borussia Dortmund and 1. FC Cologne
- Karl-Heinz Granitza (* 1951), football player
- Alexander Goebel (* 1953), actor and theater director
- Ewald Groth (* 1953), Green politician, Member of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia
- Hans Biermann (* 1954), doctor and publisher
- Hans-Günter Klein (* 1954), wrestler
- Monika Rapp (* 1954), photography artist
- Helmut Löhr (1955–2011), concept artist, representative of visual poetry
- Rüdiger Sagel (* 1955), NRW MP for the Greens and 1st MP for the Left
- Hubert Hüppe (* 1956), CDU politician, former Member of the Bundestag
- Klaus Nigge (* 1956), animal photographer
- Christian Gloria (* 1957), lawyer and entrepreneur
- Thomas Koch (* 1958), screenwriter
- Christian Granderath (* 1959), editor, film and television producer, NDR television director
- Michael Losse (* 1960), historian, author, castle and fortress researcher
- Andreas Thiel (* 1960), handball goalkeeper
- Uwe Volkmann (* 1960), legal scholar
- Rainer Schmeltzer (* 1961), SPD politician, former NRW labor minister
- Max Raabe (* 1962), singer and director of the Palast Orchester Berlin, winner of the City of Lünen's Culture Prize
- Wolfgang Wendland (* 1962), singer of the punk band Die Kassierer, politician of the Pogo party
- Jutta Dresken-Weiland (* 1963), Christian archaeologist
- Maria Flachsbarth (* 1963), CDU politician, Member of the Bundestag
- Karen Baumeister (* 1965), volleyball player
- Heide Rezepa-Zabel (* 1965), art historian
- Andreas Boettcher (* 1971), volleyball player, a. a. at Lüner SV and ASV Dachau
- Michael Kupczyk (* 1971), film director, cameraman and actor
- Björn Höcke (* 1972), AfD politician, Member of the State Parliament in Thuringia
- Sandra Lück (* 1974), animal rights activist and politician (Animal Welfare Party)
- Nicole Safft (* 1975), singer, stage name Rollergirl
- Martin Juhls (* 1977), musician, DJ and label driver
- Volkan Baran (* 1978), SPD politician
- Markus Brzenska (* 1984), soccer player, a. a. at Viktoria Köln and Borussia Dortmund
Other personalities who lived or worked in Lünen
- Günter Boas (1920–1993), jazz and blues musician
- Elisabeth Bormann (1912–1991), deaconess in Lünen-Brambauer
- Diedrich Hermann Bremer, (1775–1859), pastor, archivist and chronicler
- Mirijam Contzen (* 1976), German-Japanese solo violinist
- Marion Dietrich, (1954–2019), strength athlete
- Udo Fiebig (* 1935), possibly theologian and SPD politician
- Carl Haarmann (1865–1950), industrial manager
- Barbara Höpping (* 1946), journalist
- Hilmar Hoffmann (1925–2018), cultural politician
- Andrzej Irzykowski (* 1951), painter and sculptor
- Johann Wilhelm Kuithan (1760–1831), school reformer, rector at the Latin School in Lünen from 1790 to 1799
- Wolfram Kuschke (* 1950), SPD politician, former NRW state minister, Member of the State Parliament in North Rhine-Westphalia
- Egon Lampersbach (1917–1982), entrepreneur and CDU politician
- Josef Lappe (1879–1944), local politician, teacher, historian
- Wilhelm Löbbe (1890–1950), designer at the Westfalia Ironworks Union and inventor of the " Löbbe plane "
- Sabine Ludwigs (* 1964), German fiction writer
- Rudolph Nagell († 1700), teacher, sexton and church musician
- Hermann Nüdling (* 1932), graphic artist, draftsman and author
- Gerta Overbeck (1898–1977), painter
- Justus Pabst (1875–1958), local history researcher, correspondent and photographer
- Alfons Perlick (1895–1978), educator and local history specialist
- Rolf-Dietrich Ratzmann (1944–1992), painter and art teacher
- Dieter Simon (1937–1988), painter, draftsman and graphic artist
- Klaus Stallmann (* 1945), politician, CDU
- Philip Stegers (* 1973), singer and producer, stage name Lee Buddah
- Anselm Treese (1930-2004), sculptor
- Werner Warsinsky (1910–1992), writer
- Michael Wech (* 1969), director and filmmaker
- Bernhard Weiß (* 1964), singer of the hard rock band Axxis , winner of the culture award of the city of Lünen. Together with the Heinrich-Bußmann-Schule, he composed the song for the 675th birthday of the city of Lünen in 2016: Lünen, a great city
- Wolfram Wuttke (1961–2015), football player
in addition to the above Lord mayors, mayors and city directors as well as former soccer players of Lüner SV .
So far, honorary citizenship has been awarded six times in Lünen :
- Gottfried Wortmann (1824–1915), businessman and local politician
- Paul Schulz-Gahmen (1867–1941), farmer and politician
- Ernst Becker (1869–1935), Lord Mayor
- August Wegmann (1891–1975), local politician from Niederaden
The further honorary citizenships of Paul von Hindenburg and Adolf Hitler , which were conferred by the city council on May 2, 1933, were revoked on December 15, 2016 by a unanimous decision of the City Council of Lünen.
Paul Böke (1906–1969), a local politician, was an honorary citizen in the formerly independent Altlünen. A street in the former Altlünen is named after him.
Lünen also has a song dedicated to him, Der Lüner Wind , for which the Lüner couple Elli and Ferdinand Wegerich wrote the text. The refrain of the four-stanza work is “This is the wind, wind, wind, the Lüner wind, it will still blow when we are long gone.” It was already included in 1981 on a portrait record about Lünen.
- Andreas Abels: Lünen tour book - ten circular routes through the city on the Lippe. epubli-Verlag, 2013, ISBN 978-3-8442-5885-1 .
- Wolfgang Balzer: Traces - Stones - Monuments: Evidence of history in the Lünen area. Ikon-Verlag, Lünen 1993, ISBN 3-927393-04-5 .
- Wolfgang Bockhorst, Fredy Niklowitz: Document book of the city of Lünen until 1341. Lünen 1991.
- Diedrich Hermann Bremer: Chronicle of the city of Lünen. New ed. v. H. Gerdsmann. Luenen 1920.
- Conrad Contzen, Hermann Nüdling , Günther Goldstein, Gerd Hesper: Nine times Lünen - pictures of a city. Printing and publishing house Bongers, Lünen 1980.
- Georg Gerlich: Chronicle of the City of Lünen , around 1650.
- Günther Goldstein: Lünen and its districts . Wartberg-Verlag, 2005, ISBN 3-8313-1499-3 .
- Günther Goldstein: From old working hours in Lünen. Wartberg-Verlag, 2003, ISBN 3-8313-1009-2 .
- Günther Goldstein: Lünen - yesterday and today. Wartberg-Verlag, 2002, ISBN 3-8313-1023-8 .
- Günther Goldstein: Lünen - Photographs of Yesterday and Today, Volume 2. Wartberg-Verlag, 2005, ISBN 3-8313-1499-3 .
- Guido Heinzmann: Community and Identity of Late Medieval Small Towns in Westphalia - A Mental History Analysis of the Towns of Dorsten, Haltern, Hamm, Lünen, Recklinghausen and Werne. Books on Demand, Norderstedt 2006, ISBN 3-8334-4634-X .
- Wilfried Hess, Wingolf Lehnemann: Lünen (= Westfälische Kunststätten , issue 60). Munster 1991.
- Josef Lappe : The special municipalities of the city of Lünen: On the history of the German city constitution. Dortmund 1909.
- Wingolf Lehnemann: data chronicle of the city of Lünen. Lünen 1992.
- Wingolf Lehnemann, Adolf Reiss: A short history of the city of Lünen. Lünen 1992.
- Wingolf Lehnemann / Information from the Museum: Lünen - Limits in the City , 2005.
- Peter Löffler: Lünen - pictures and stories. Printing and publishing house Bongers, Lünen.
- Ms. Nigge: Pictures from Luen's past days. Munster 1914.
- Fredy Niklowitz, Wilfried Heß: Lünen 1918–1966: Contributions to city history. Lünen 1995.
- F. Sehrbrock: Old and new from Lünen and Altlünen. Frankfurt / Main 1894.
- Aloys Siegeroth: The history of the Altlünen community. Altlünen 1964, IDN: 454693362.
- Georg Spormecker: Chronicle of the city of Lünen. Lünen 1962.
- Hermann Wember: Lünen - cultural and economic history. Kunstverlag J. Bühn, Munich 1968.
- Official homepage of the city of Lünen
- Document registers from the Lünen City Archive / Digital Westphalian Document Database (DWUD)
- Lünen in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
- Luenen. In: GenWiki. Retrieved September 29, 2017 .
- for the Lünen office see "Office Lünen - GenWiki"
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Horst Mönnich : Departure to the Revier . Verlag Mensch und Arbeit, Munich 1961, p. 142.
- Bad marks for Lünen's anniversary slogan. Retrieved November 10, 2019 .
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and municipalities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 260 .
- Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 64 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 330 .
- Britta Linnhoff: After 55 years the last religious sister leaves . ( waz.de [accessed on March 9, 2018]).
- City of Lünen Religion , 2011 census
- Lünen statistics of residents of denomination , accessed on April 13, 2020
- Election results since 1975 for Lünen, Stadt. In: IT.NRW . April 11, 2019, accessed on January 8, 2020 ( PDF , 0.2 MB).
- Municipal elections 1999. In: State Office for Data Processing and Statistics , Issue 4, December 1999 ( PDF , 5.9 MB).
- Local elections 2004. In: State Office for Data Processing and Statistics , Issue 4, February 2005 ( PDF , 7.0 MB).
- Local elections 2009. In: State Office for Data Processing and Statistics , Issue 4, February 2010 ( PDF , 3.5 MB).
- town twinning. Retrieved September 30, 2017 .
- Wingolf Lehnemann: Data chronicle of the city of Lünen (= series of publications of the Lünen city archive. 12). City administration Lünen, Lünen 1992.
- “Finally travel wherever I want to!” 110,000 people from the new EU accession countries live in North Rhine-Westphalia. In: Landtag intern. 35th year, issue 6 of May 12, 2004, pp. 12-13.
- New town twinning between Lünen and Bartın officially sealed. Press release. City of Lünen, accessed on May 13, 2016 .
- For more information on the historical half-timbered buildings in Lünen see: Wolfgang Balzer, Peter Löffler, Thomas Spohn: Income and results of building history series studies of half-timbered buildings in the city of Lünen. In: Westphalia. Hefte für Geschichte, Kunst und Volkskunde, Volume 72, 1994, pp. 304–363.
- Balzer, Löffler, Spohn: Income and Results ..., p. 311.
- See: Balzer, Löffler, Spohn: Income and Results ..., pp. 351–352.
- ExtraSchicht on July 6th: Parking lanes in front of the old coffee roastery closed
- Torsten Storks: Lüner Kulturpreis 2019 goes to artist couple Jürgen Larys and Susanne Hocke. In: Ruhr news. December 12, 2019, accessed March 16, 2020 .
- Culture Prize of the City of Lünen. Retrieved March 16, 2020 .
- Deutsche Bahn travel information
- DerWesten: ATC Brambauer let the objection period pass . ( waz.de [accessed on March 9, 2018]).
- SC Lünen out of the game again . In: https://www.wa.de . April 24, 2014 ( wa.de [accessed March 9, 2018]).
- DTS magazine , 1988/8 p. 31
- The Black Hills Passion Play - 1939-2008 on SDPB - South Dakota Public Broadcasting
- Celebration with a touch of “Lüner Wind”. In: Westfälische Rundschau. April 6, 2008, accessed February 29, 2020 .
- Video about Lünen, underlaid with Der Lüner Wind. Retrieved February 29, 2020 .