Dortmund – Enschede railway line
|Dortmund – Enschede|
|Route number (DB) :||2111 (Dortmund-Dortmund-Eving)
2014 (Gronau-Gronau border)
|Course book section (DB) :||412|
|Route length:||103 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
|Power system :||Dortmund – Lünen: 15 kV 16.7 Hz ~|
|Top speed:||140 km / h|
The Dortmund – Enschede railway line (also known locally as " Westmünsterland bahn" ) is an international railway line built by the former Dortmund-Gronau-Enschede Railway Company from Dortmund in the eastern Ruhr area to Enschede in the Netherlands .
The Dortmund-Gronau-Enscheder Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (DGE for short) began construction of its line east of Dortmund city center, the Dortmund DGE station was last called Dortmund Ost station . The first thing that had to be crossed north of the station was the Dortmund – Hamm trunk line operated by the Cologne-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (CME for short).
The first section to the (former) Lünen Nord station was opened on November 25, 1874, and passenger traffic began a good week later. Half a year later the trains were already running to Dülmen, here too a CME line had to be crossed again with the Wanne-Eickel-Hamburg line, the Dülmen DGE station (most recently Dülmen Ost station ) being northwest of the Cologne-Minden station.
The other sections were put into operation at very short intervals, the Coesfeld (Westphalia) station was reached on August 1, 1875, and Gronau (Westphalia) station on September 30, 1875 , at the same time as the Münster – Enschede line of the Royal Westphalian Railway -Gesellschaft (KWE). The last section to Enschede in the Netherlands was built in cooperation with the KWE and opened on October 15, 1875, and subsequently operated jointly.
With the opening of the Duisburg – Quakenbrück railway by the Rheinische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft four years later, Coesfeld also became a crossing station . At the beginning of the 20th century, the Empel-Rees – Münster railway line (eastern part also known as the "Baumbergebahn") was added another crossing line, making the Coesfeld train station a railway junction in the western Münsterland region .
To the northwest of Lüdinghausen, the line crosses the Dortmund-Ems Canal , which went into operation in 1899 . When a new route was laid out in this area in the 1930s for the expansion and straightening of the canal route , a three - chord bridge , a truss girder made of St 52 steel with a triangular cross-section and 105 m span , was created for the acute-angled overpass of the railway line .
Another special feature is the Selm-Beifang stop, which was not originally planned, but was only set up around 70 years later. Since many miners from Dortmund and Lünen traveling home by train did not want to take the long way from Selm train station (formerly: Kr. Lüdinghausen) to their own apartment, the emergency brake was regularly pulled at the level of the Beifanger Weg . Since this misuse of the emergency brake could not be prevented by the railway police, a stop was finally set up in 1946 at the crossing of the railway line with Sandforter Weg , today's Selm-Beifang stop, which is popularly known as the "emergency brake station".
On September 27, 1981, passenger and freight traffic was stopped on the Gronau – Enschede section. However, the line was never closed or dismantled. After the suspension, passenger traffic was handled by a bus route between Gronau and Enschede.
In 1996 an expert opinion was drawn up, which was supposed to estimate the demand and the profitability in the event of a reactivation between Gronau and Enschede. A demand of 2,000 passengers per day was forecast. Then the considerations resulted in concrete plans and in 1998 in a realization contract between German and Dutch representatives. The nine-kilometer cross-border section of the route was completely renovated and the two new stops Enschede-De Eschmarke and Glanerbrug were built. The line received German signaling and security technology, it ended in Enschede station at a new platform in front of the city administration, but was moved to track 4 in the summer of 2013, which has since made it easier to switch to the Dutch network. The track connection is interrupted by buffer stops . 13.5 million euros were invested in the measure. Cross-border traffic was resumed on November 18, 2001. The daily demand has now risen to 2,500 passengers.
The section from Dortmund to Lünen has two tracks , has overhead lines and is classified as a main line . From Lünen to Enschede, the line is single-track, not electrified and has been downgraded to a branch line since 2007 .
Today the Lünen – Gronau border section is part of the DB regional network Münster-Ostwestfalen (MOW) based in Münster.
The acoustic passenger information from the conveyor belt is in German and Dutch along the entire route . In addition, visual information about the destination station and the next station is given.
The route is now served every hour by the RB 51 Westmünsterland-Bahn . The train crossings take place in Lüdinghausen, Coesfeld and Epe. Due to the single track, the arrivals are delayed by a few minutes compared to the usual symmetry minute. The train service is increased on weekdays except Saturdays, also known as the "Westmünsterland-Bahn", with connections between Dortmund and Lünen.
The RB 50 Der Lüner in the direction of Münster also runs hourly on this section . Between Gronau and Enschede there is a half-hourly service together with the RB 64 line from Münster-Burgsteinfurt-Ochtrup ( Euregio-Bahn ).
From 12 December 2004 to 10 December 2011 led to the Westmünsterland train the Prignitzer Eisenbahn GmbH local passenger with modern diesel railcar of the type talent from. Before that, DB Regio NRW operated the line with trains from the 624 series . It was tendered as part of the Western Münsterland diesel network under the auspices of the Westphalia-Lippe Local Transport Association (NWL). DB Regio AG, Region NRW , has been operating this line since December 11, 2011 . As before with the Prignitzer Eisenbahn, modernized diesel railcars of the type Talent of the DB are used.
The NWL has registered the upgrading of the infrastructure for a half-hourly service between Lünen and Coesfeld for the redesign of the 2017 public transport requirement plan of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
In 2018, the NWL and neighboring communities started a project to improve the local transport connection between Dortmund and Enschede. As a result, a study was presented in October 2019 according to which, with the help of infrastructure measures, a regional express with 25 minutes shorter travel time and better connections compared to today's regional trains is to be implemented. The new line should no longer serve intermediate stations between Lünen and Dortmund and have a reduced downtime in Coesfeld and Gronau. The line is to serve all stops north of Lünen. The current RB 51 will be shortened to Gronau and condense the offer every half hour. In order to implement the new offer, new crossing sections at Selm and Ahaus, additional platforms in Dülmen and Glanerbrug and a new switch in Coesfeld are necessary. The project is estimated to cost 51 million euros. The use of battery-powered multiple units is planned for the new timetable concept.
NRWbahnarchiv by André Joost:
- Description of route 2111 : Dortmund East ↔ Dortmund-Eving
- Description of the route 2100 : Dortmund-Eving ↔ Gronau
- Description of the route 2014 : Gronau ↔ Enschede
- Portrait of Gronau – Enschede on lwl.org
- ↑ DB Netze - Infrastructure Register
- ↑ Railway Atlas Germany . 9th edition. Schweers + Wall, Aachen 2014, ISBN 978-3-89494-145-1 .
- ^ Die Bautechnik , 17th year 1939, issue 28, p. 404.
- ↑ Why does Selm have three train stations? In: Ruhrnachrichten from September 10, 2012 ( online at www.ruhrnachrichten.de , accessed on February 10, 2014)
- ^ Press release of the NWL from January 9th, 2009: Call for tenders for the "Westliches Münsterland" rail network has started
- ↑ 36th Association Assembly, Item 3, registrations of the NWL for the public transport requirement plan of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. (ZIP; 16.9 MB) Zweckverband Nahverkehr Westfalen-Lippe, December 16, 2015, accessed on July 4, 2016 .
- ↑ Julian Binn: Faster and more frequent connections between Dortmund and Enschede. aha24x7.com, October 29, 2019, accessed February 17, 2020