Empel-Rees – Münster railway line
The Empel-Rees – Münster railway line is a railway line that originally ran from Empel-Rees on the Holland line via Bocholt , Borken and Coesfeld to Münster , although today only the eastern section between Coesfeld and Münster is in operation as a Baumbergebahn . It got this name from the hill country of the Baumberge , which it crosses in its course.
The line was built by the Prussian State Railways in 1908 as part of the east-west development of the Münsterland and originally began in Empel (north of Rees) on the Oberhausen – Arnhem railway connection . The entire route had hardly any significant through traffic and primarily served local traffic needs. In the Baumberge area, in addition to passenger traffic, this was the removal of finished workpieces from the Baumberger sandstone there .
Traffic between Empel-Rees and Isselburg-Anholt was stopped on September 30, 1961 and the line was closed in 1962. Passenger traffic between Coesfeld and Isselburg-Anholt ended on May 26, 1974. Freight traffic was gradually discontinued. As of May 22, 1982 there was no longer any freight traffic between Ramsdorf and Rhedebrugge . On June 1, 1984 it also ended between Gescher and Ramsdorf, and on December 31, 1984 between Coesfeld and Gescher. On June 3, 1984 the section between Bocholt and Isselburg - Anholt was closed. The section Bocholt – Mussum, however, was sold to the city of Bocholt, which took over the freight traffic there and on which museum railway traffic still takes place today. Freight traffic between Bocholt and Rhedebrugge ended on June 1, 1991.
In the Gescher area , the line was still required for the construction of the federal motorway 31 after the regular train service had ceased. In the mid-1980s, heavy freight trains brought overburden from the nearby Ruhr mining industry to fill the dam structures at the motorway construction site. After the completion of this work, the affected section of the route was finally shut down and some of it was dismantled.
After the closure of the Rheine – Coesfeld line, traffic between Lutum and Coesfeld was relocated to this parallel line due to the improved state of preservation, and the original Baumberbahn track was dismantled.
As part of the expansion of the line, the Coesfeld school center stop was opened on June 10, 2011 . This was originally planned for the timetable change in December 2010. Since June 12, 2011, trains have been arriving at the new stop on schedule.
After the financing of the expansion plan approved in 2008 was secured in May 2009, the route speed was increased in sections to up to 100 km / h for the 2012 timetable. At the same time, after the renovation of the stop there, since November 21, 2010, train crossings can take place again in Lutum. These measures enable an extended half-hourly service during rush hour.
With the timetable change on December 14, 2014, the Roxel stop was also reactivated, which was initially served every hour. The recommissioning of the train station in Mecklenbeck for passenger traffic, which was initially planned for the same date, had to be postponed. The reason was that, unlike in the past, train crossings are to take place in Mecklenbeck today, which required new signaling and thus a new signal box, as there were no more parts to be modified for the existing one. After securing the financing, the signal box was erected at the same time as an overpass structure from February 2018 and the rail traffic between Münster Hbf and Roxel was replaced by buses for half a year . The new electronic interlocking and the platform were put into operation as planned, so that all Baumbergebahn trains have been stopping in Mecklenbeck since December 9, 2018 and the Roxel stop is now served by all trains on the line.
In addition, in 2012, potential for rail passenger transport was demonstrated for the disused, dismantled and partially de-dedicated section Bocholt - Coesfeld (see section “Future”).
As the highest point on the route, the route reaches Billerbeck and overcomes a difference in altitude of about 85 meters from Münster.in
Today regional trains of the RB 63 Baumberge-Bahn line between Münster and Coesfeld run every hour on the route with stops in Münster-Mecklenbeck , Münster-Roxel , Havixbeck , Billerbeck and Lutum . The train crossings take place at the usual symmetry minute in Havixbeck. Due to the single track, the arrivals are each several minutes delayed. During the morning and afternoon rush hour, there are more frequent intervals with an intersection in Lutum, whereby the repeater train has no traffic stop outside of the hourly intervals, as there is only one platform.
The line was tendered as part of the Western Münsterland diesel network under the leadership of the Westphalia-Lippe Local Transport Association (NWL). Even after December 11, 2011, DB Regio AG, Region NRW continues to operate this line. The vehicles used are modernized diesel railcars of the Bombardier Talent type .
From Monday to Friday, the trains are extended beyond Münster Hauptbahnhof to the Münster Zentrum Nord station, where they end or start. The amplifier trains end in the main station.
The route is part of the regional network Münster-Ostwestfalen (MOW) of DB Netz , based in Münster.
The Zweckverband Nahverkehr Westfalen-Lippe (NWL) has announced the upgrading of the infrastructure for a half-hourly service between Münster and Coesfeld, as well as the reactivation of the Coesfeld – Borken – Bocholt line for the redesign of the 2017 public transport requirement plan of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
In November 2019, the NWL presented a concept for a S-Bahn Münsterland . A half-hourly S-Bahn with additional stops in Münster-Preußenstadion and Münster-Geist is planned for the route Münster - Coesfeld compared to today's regional train line. Continuous service to Münster Zentrum Nord is to be abandoned. In addition, the route would be served by another RE line, which only stops in Billerbeck en route. This should also continue to run from Coesfeld via Dorsten to Essen. In terms of infrastructure, the RE route requires three more meeting sections as well as an expansion of the switch connections and the safety technology in Coesfeld. For the half-hourly S-Bahn, another platform edge in Lutum and a platform at stump track 61 in Münster Hauptbahnhof are necessary.
In January 2020, the NWL published the results of a feasibility study which, in various planned cases, considered the re-establishment of local rail transport in the Bocholt - Borken - Münster axis with regard to its economic benefits. Different implementation variants were examined. Including the largely historical course via Gescher and Coesfeld and new construction variants from Borken to Dülmen or Maria Veen and from there via existing railway lines to Münster. Realizations were also only considered in the sections from Bocholt to Rhede or Borken. The study found that none of the variants achieved sufficient economic benefit to be able to support them with public funds. With a benefit-cost factor of 0.94, the planned case of an extension of the RE 19 line from Düsseldorf via Bocholt to Rhede has almost reached the necessary value of 1. An almost equally high cost-benefit factor of 0.93 was achieved by a planned case, in addition to the extension of the RE 19 line to Rhede, the hourly extension of the RB 63 line from Münster via Coesfeld, largely over the historic route to Bocholt and an extension of the Line RE 14 from Essen via Borken to Bocholt. Despite the high demand of up to 6,800 passengers per day, the high investment costs of over 440 million euros mean there is no economic benefit. These costs result from the fact that the historical route is no longer legally dedicated as a railway line. As a result, according to the Railway Crossing Act, crossings with road traffic must take place through overpasses or underpasses.
Since the results of the study were tight and economically sensible concepts could be achieved in preliminary studies with crossings at the same height, the NWL would like to carry out further investigations as to whether the construction of individual, inexpensive, restricted level crossings is possible with the help of an exemption from the Federal Ministry of Transport.
- Wieland Proske Clemens Schröder: Railway areas Münsterland / Emsland. transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71020-6 .
- Heribert Lülf, Clemens Schröder: Heide-Express and Baumbergebahn ASM eV, Münster 1988, ISBN.
- Description of route 2265 in the NRWbahnarchiv by André Joost
- A private side of the Billerbeck train station on the route
- Last trains from Gescher to Coesfeld
- DB Netze - Infrastructure Register
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- Station Coesfeld school center opened. In: Railway magazine Zughalt.de. June 10, 2011, accessed June 10, 2011 .
- Expansion of the line with the new Coesfeld school center stop by December 2010. In: billerbeck.de. July 7, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009 .
- Expansion of the Baumberbahn Münster - Coesfeld. (No longer available online.) In: Eurailpress.de. June 25, 2009, archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; Retrieved June 25, 2009 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The first train will soon stop. In: Westfälische Nachrichten . November 7, 2014, accessed November 7, 2014 .
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- In the western Münsterland, modernized vehicles are used
- 36th Association Assembly, Item 3, registrations of the NWL for the public transport requirement plan of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. (ZIP; 16.9 MB) Zweckverband Nahverkehr Westfalen-Lippe, December 16, 2015, accessed on July 4, 2016 .
- Zweckverband Nahverkehr Westfalen-Lippe, 56th Association Assembly, December 5, 2019, S-Bahn Münsterland, page 14
- Zweckverband Nahverkehr Westfalen-Lippe, feasibility study for the restart of the Bocholt - Borken - Coesfeld (–Münster) rail line, January 16, 2020
- Zweckverband Nahverkehr Westfalen-Lippe, press release, reopening of the Bocholt - Borken - Coesfeld rail line will be further examined, January 28, 2020