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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Selm
Map of Germany, position of the city of Selm highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 41 ′  N , 7 ° 28 ′  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Arnsberg
Circle : Unna
Height : 56 m above sea level NHN
Area : 60.41 km 2
Residents: 25,925 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 429 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 59379
Primaries : 02592, 02306Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : UN, LH, LÜN
Community key : 05 9 78 032

City administration address :
Adenauerplatz 2
59379 Selm
Website :
Mayor : Mario Löhr ( SPD )
Location of the city of Selm in the Unna district
Dortmund Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Hagen Hamm Kreis Coesfeld Kreis Soest Kreis Warendorf Märkischer Kreis Bergkamen Bönen Fröndenberg/Ruhr Holzwickede Kamen Lünen Schwerte Selm Unna Wernemap
About this picture

Selm is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany . It is located in the southern Münsterland north of the Lippe . Selm has been part of the Unna district and the Ruhr Regional Association since 1975 .



Selm lies within the large landscape of the Westphalian Bay in the main natural area of the Kernmünsterland on the southwestern border. The district of Bork in the south borders on the Lippe , the Ternsche farmers in the northwest on the Stever . The Ministerial Conference for Spatial Planning determined that Selm lies within the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region . Accordingly , Selm is officially assigned to the urban agglomeration of the Ruhr area . The city of Selm therefore also took part in the large-scale cultural project Ruhr.2010 .


Coal -bearing carbon lies beneath the Cretaceous marl layers in Selm . In the description of the northern migration of the Ruhr mining industry , the Selms area is included in the Lippe zone. Today coal mining takes place exclusively in this zone, which extends into the Münsterland. The degradation Selm was most recently done by the Ost colliery of the German hard coal AG .

City structure

The original community area was formed from the farmers' communities of Dorfbauerschaft, Beifang, Ondrup, Ternsche and Westerfelde and has changed very little from 1815 until the incorporation of Borks.

Districts of Selm

The district town of Selm can be divided into four districts. The eponymous Selm located in the north of the urban area (with the farmers' groups Ternsche, Westerfelde and Ondrup) is followed by bycatch to the south . In the southwest of the urban area are Bork (with the farming communities Altenbork and Hassel) and to the east of it Cappenberg with the farming communities Netteberge .

Neighboring communities

Selm borders on the following communities (clockwise, starting from the north): Lüdinghausen , Nordkirchen (both in the Coesfeld district ), Werne , Lünen (both in the Unna district ) and Waltrop , Datteln (both in the Recklinghausen district ) and Olfen (Coesfeld district).


The highest point in the city is at 111.7 m above sea level on the corner of Borker Strasse / Cappenberger Damm / Freiherr-vom-Stein-Strasse.

The lowest point at 44.0 m above sea level is in the Dahler Holz on the Lippe.

The largest expansion of the city is 10.7 km in north-south direction and 9.8 km in north-west direction.


The first traces of settlement date from the Neolithic Age after excavations in the Ternsche peasantry.

The place was first mentioned in the year 858 as paying interest to the Reichsabtei Herford with the name "Seliheim". The current name “Selm” later developed from this via “Selheim” and “Selhem”.

From the beginning of the 19th century until 1946 Selm belonged to the Prussian province of Westphalia . After 1815, the Bork mayor's office was formed from the parishes of Bork, Selm and Altlünen . In 1843, with the introduction of the Westphalian rural community order, the mayor's office became the Bork office with the communities of Bork, Selm and Altlünen . The office belonged to the Lüdinghausen district until the end of 1974 .

Hermann settlement, Selm (1909–1923)

In 1906 the sinking of the Hermann colliery began in bycatch. The industrialization brought an increase in the population of the community Selm from 2,000 to 10,000. The colliery employed up to 3,500 people. The high number of unemployed due to the closure of the mine in 1926 put the community in an economic emergency.

After the Second World War, many miners - especially the miner Achenbach colliery in the Brambauer district of Lüner  - and retired miners lived with their families in Selm-Bycatch. Over time, the community developed into a residential area for many people who work in the Ruhr area. In 1958, Selm celebrated its 1100th anniversary.

Selm received city rights with effect from September 27, 1977.

Selm achieved nationwide fame through the campaign “(K) ein Schild in Selm” carried out by ADAC and MSC Bork in 1997, during which 600 of the 1100 traffic signs in Selm were covered with a yellow bag for a week. The aim of this campaign was to draw attention to the growing forest of signs. After the action, 43 percent of the signs were removed. This campaign is still referred to in various media today. The ADAC even speaks of the "Selmer Model" when cities try to contain their forest of signs.

June 13, 2008 was the 1150th anniversary of the first written mention of Selm.


On January 1, 1975, the municipalities of Selm (with the district of Beifang) and Bork (with the district of Cappenberg ) belonging to the Bork district were merged to form the new municipality of Selm as part of a territorial reform. Originally, it was considered to give the new community the name Botzlar . However, this plan was rejected.

Population statistics

Population development of Selm from 1815 to 2017. The lower red curve shows the area status from 1975 as in the first table. The upper blue curve corresponds to the second table

Before the incorporation of the municipality of Bork, the municipality of Selm had the following population figures (1987 and 2013 Selm in the borders before 1975):

year 1815 1909 1914 1926 1931 1933 1961 1970 1974 1987 2013
Residents 1 150 ≈ 2,000 ≈ 8,000 11 634 10 892 11 297 14 245 15 493 15 373 16 435 18 968

On December 31 (1987 and 2011: results of the census) the city of Selm had the following population figures:

year 1987 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Residents 23 598 26 842 26 967 27 240 27 389 27 448 27 490 27 496 27 472 27 456 27 398 27 247 27 123 27 001 26 017 25 697 25 553 25 557 26 603 25 714 25 811

Denomination statistics

According to the 2011 census , in 2011 30.1% of the population were Protestant , 49.1% were predominantly Roman Catholic and 20.8% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Catholics, and especially Protestants, has fallen since then. According to the municipal statistics (as of January 31, 2019) 27.1% (7,282) were Protestant, 44.0% (11,836) were Catholic and 28.9% were communityless or without information.


City council

The main political body of the city is the city council, which decides on the affairs of the municipality.

After the local elections on May 25, 2014 , the distribution of the 32 seats in the city council was as follows:

CDU SPD Green 1 FDP left UWG 2
10 seats (- 1) 11 seats (- 1) 2 seats (+ 2) 1 seat (- 1) 2 seats (+ 1) 6 seats (-)

1 Greens: 1984 and 1989: Greens, from 1994: B'90 / Greens     2 Independent voter community Selm eV

Results of the local elections from 1975

Only parties and voter communities that received at least 1.95 percent of the votes in the respective election are shown in the list.

year SPD CDU UWG Green left FDP
1975 44.5 52.0 3.5
1979 46.7 49.6 3.7
1984 43.8 45.7 10.4
1989 42.8 41.4 15.8
1994 43.5 46.2 10.4
1999 33.1 56.6 10.4
2004 31.4 47.2 17.4 4.0
2009 36.3 35.1 19.1 4.4 5.1
2014 32.8 32.4 19.2 6.8 6.6 2.2


  • 1919 - 1927: Heinrich Kamphaus, center
  • 1927 - 1929: Hugo Kamphaus, center
  • 1929-1933: August Uphues called Feldmann, center
  • April 1933 - August 1933: Fritz Wille, NSDAP
  • 1933 - 1945: Wilhelm Held, NSDAP
  • 1946 - 1948: Wilhelm Brüggemann, CDU
  • 1948 - 1962: Wilhelm Liebetrau, SPD
  • 1962 - 1964: Ernst Kraft, CDU
  • 1964 - 1969: Bernd Jakob, SPD
  • 1969 - 1989: Ernst Kraft, CDU (for the second time)
  • 1989 - 1999: Inge Hamann, SPD
  • 1999 - 2004: Marie-Lis Coenen, CDU
  • 2004 - 2009: Jörg Hußmann, CDU
  • 2009 - 2020: Mario Löhr , SPD

In the August 2009 election, Mario Löhr received 41.4 percent of the vote. In the election in September 2015, Mario Löhr received 79 percent yes-votes. There was no opponent.

Town twinning

Sister cities of Selms

coat of arms

The coat of arms shows a golden linden tree in red, in the shield head above it in gold three red roses with golden lugs and green sepals. This coat of arms was approved by the district government in Arnsberg in 1977.

The linden tree, symbol of the Vemlinde in Selm, comes from the old Selmer coat of arms. The picture was already part of a coat of arms created in 1966 for the municipality of Selm. Underneath was the gate entrance and the village driveway to today's old town. The Vemeststätte in the Westerfelde peasantry in Selm is the oldest evidence of municipal legal activity on site. Of the 23 leaves in today's coat of arms, eight can only be seen with the tip in the outer leaf wreath, thirteen can be seen in full in two lateral groups of five and in a group of three above. Two half can be seen in the lower leaf area. These two lower leaves are only added to the left and right of the summer linden tree in today's coat of arms. The color of the linden tree was changed for today's city coat of arms.

The three roses come from the coat of arms of the von Stein family . The heraldic rose has been a symbol of a coat of arms used throughout Germany since the 12th century. The color red comes from the basic color of the Westphalian coat of arms. The yellow was added since the ecclesiastical rule. The colors correspond to the historical colors of the Prince-Bishop of Münster , who exercised the power of rule in the area of ​​today's Selm until his deposition (1803). At the same time, there are the historical colors of the coat of arms of Cappenberg , which goes back to the Counts of Cappenberg.

Culture and sights


In Selm there is the Cappenberg Castle Theater .


In the main and side wings of Cappenberg Castle , some rooms are used as a museum. The LWL State Museum for Art and Cultural History has a permanent exhibition on the history of Cappenberg and Baron vom Stein in the side wing. The district of Unna presents changing art exhibitions in the main building of the castle. Currently closed for renovation work.

A fire brigade museum is housed in a building of the former brewery in the district of Cappenberg.

Art in public space


Cappenberg Castle

see also: List of architectural monuments in Selm

Stumbling blocks

Historic sites

Landscape protection area
Passbachniederung , area Netteberge in Bork

Landscape nature reserves


  • SG Selm 2010 soccer club with two soccer fields
  • Selmer outdoor pool
  • Indoor swimming pool of the State Office for Training, Further Education and Personnel Matters , Selm-Bork
  • Forest lido on Lake Ternscher with excellent water quality
  • Tennis community Selm with 8 outdoor courts and 3 indoor courts
  • Skate park in the center
  • Equestrian facility of the ZRuFV Lützow Selm-Bork-Olfen
  • K.1 boxing team - Selm eV, competition / fitness boxing and kids boxing
  • Table tennis club TTC SG Selm
  • The PBC Bork 73 played for several years in the 1st pool billiards league
  • Turngemeinde Einigkeit Selm 1912 eV
  • Triathlon Team Selm 1991 eV

Hometown club

The Heimatverein Selm was founded on November 13, 1925 by H. Pennekamp, ​​director of the Selm Rector's School.

Regular events

  • Selmer Week: Information and sales show of local businesses and associations around the Selmer community center.
  • Bork Sunday
  • Advent market on the first weekend in December in the old town - around the Friedenskirche
  • Shooting festivals of the shooting clubs at regular intervals
  • Carnival parade on Carnival Saturday: Start in the old town at the fire brigade, end at the community center

Art Prize of the City of Selm

The City of Selm Art Prize was awarded to Heinz Cymontkowski in 1988.

Culture award of the city of Selm

Prize winners:

  • 1985 - Christiane Fechte, Hildegard Schattenberg, Annette Murlowski and Simone Kück, flutists
  • 1986 - Michael Kuhlmann, pianist
  • 1987 - Hans Piene, painter
  • 1988 - Theo Bleckmann , jazz singer and pianist
  • 1991 - Markus Mußinghoff , sculptor
  • 1992 - Michael Steinbrecher , journalist, b. 1965 in Dortmund, presenter of the show the current sport studio , author and filmmaker
  • 1993 - Selm Children's Choir
  • 1994 - Doris Cymontkowski for her work on the history of the Jewish community in Selm, Bork and Cappenberg
  • 1996 - Silke A. Schuemmer, b. 1973 in Aachen / NRW, lives and works in Berlin
  • 1998 - Verena Volkmer, harpist
  • 2002 - Susanne Murlowski, violinist

Economic and cultural promotion award of the city of Selm

Since 2014, the Wikult has been taking care of the award with the help of the citizens.

  • 2014 - Ralf Damberg
  • 2016 - Christoph Tiemann , cabaret artist and actor
  • 2018 - Elisabeth vom Hofe, "Aunt Emma" from Selm becomes the first double prize winner

Economy and Infrastructure


Selm is the seat of Rethmann AG & Co. KG , one of the largest German corporate groups. The holding company of Rethmann AG & Co. KG includes, for example, the waste disposal company Remondis and Rhenus , one of the leading European logistics service providers.


There are three train stations in the town of Selm on the Dortmund – Enschede railway line :

  • Bork (Westphalia) train station on Bahnhofstrasse in the Bork district
  • Selm-Beifang station: This station was not originally planned. But since the miners who were going home by train did not want to take the further route from Selm station to their own apartment, the emergency brake was regularly pulled at the level of the Beifanger Weg. Since the "emergency" braking could not be prevented by the railway police, another stop was finally set up in 1946 at the crossing of the railway line with Sandforter Weg, today's Beifang station, which is popularly known as the "emergency brake station".
  • Selm station on Lüdinghausener Strasse

The following federal (B) and state roads (L) run through Selm :

  • The B 236 begins north of Selm in Olfen at the junction from the B 235 . It then crosses the districts of Selm-Altstadt, Beifang and Bork. Finally she leaves Selm in the direction of Lünen . Your destination is Münchhausen in Hessen.
  • The L 507 begins in bycatch and leads over the Borker farming society, Netteberge, via Werne to the north of Hammer . It ends there at the B 63 .
  • The L 809 begins in Bork, crosses the Lippe and ends in Waltrop on the L 511.
  • The L 810 begins in the Lüdinghausen farmers' community Ermen on the L 835. It leads via north and south churches into the Selmer city area. There it crosses Cappenberg in a north-south direction. Finally it ends in Lünen-Nord on the B 236 .
  • The L 835 starts north of the settlement focus of the Selmer old town. It leads in a northerly direction via Lüdinghausen and Hiddingsel to Buldern (both are districts of Dülmen ). There it ends at the L 551.

Bus transport

In Selm there is a regional line R19, which connects Selm with the neighboring cities of Lünen and Lüdinghausen and is operated by the transport company Kreis Unna .

  • Line R19 runs from Lüdinghausen via Selm and Cappenberg to Lünen ZOB
  • Line D19 has a similar course as the southern branch of regional line R19: from Selm via Cappenberg to Lünen ZOB


Elementary schools

  • Elementary school “Auf den Äckern” (community elementary school), Selm-Bork with a branch in Selm-Cappenberg
  • Ludgerischule (Catholic primary school), Selm old town
  • Overbergschule (community elementary school), Selm by-catch

All-day care is offered at all Selmer primary schools, which has been organized and carried out by the Ganz Selm eV association since the end of 2011 .

The building of the former Luther school in Beifang was demolished in September 2018.

Further training

  • Erich Kästner School (Community Secondary School), Selm-Bork, expiring
  • Otto Hahn Realschule (OHR), Selm-Altstadt, expiring
  • Selm secondary school, Selm-Altstadt, under construction
  • Subsidiary of the support center north, Selm-Bork (support focus learning as well as emotional and social development, secondary level I)
  • Municipal high school Selm (SGS), Selm by-catch

Other educational institutions


The city of Selm does not have its own hospital. The St. Marien Hospital in Lünen takes care of the medical care. There are also general hospitals in the neighboring cities of Lüdinghausen, Werne, Lünen-Brambauer and the children's clinic in Datteln.


Bicycle station in the Selm-Beifang train station (Dortmund – Enschede railway line), entry point between the Ruhr area and Münsterland, as well as a connection to the attractive cycling routes 100-Schlösser-Route and Römerroute . The city is a popular destination for day and weekend trips. A campsite is located on the nearby Ternscher See .


The research and technology center for load securing opened in February 2014. This has an area of ​​123,500 square meters on which driving tests with motor vehicles are carried out, for. B. to investigate driving behavior on wet roads or new technologies for securing loads.



  • Heinz Cymontkowski: Jews in Selm-Bork-Cappenberg (three parts). Self-published by the Lünen-Selm studio group, 1990.
  • Heinz Cymontkowski: seer - seeker - guard (with 18 ink illustrations of the author and poems by Evelyn Bernhagen). Verlag der Buchhandlung Möller GmbH, Berlin (large format).
  • Christian Didon: Chronic des Amtes Bork. Ed. Archive of the City of Selm, reprint, Selm 1995 (103 pages).
  • Christel Gewitzsch: Marie Bork . Selmer Regional History Working Group, 2012 (152 pages, 22 images)
  • Dieter Gewitzsch: Flat country is looking for connections . Peter Holtkamp, ​​Lünen 2013, ISBN 978-3-00-040648-5 (282 pages, 29 illustrations).
  • Winfried Grund: Kiwi and terracotta - a foray through Selm. Verlag der Buchhandlung Möller GmbH, 2004 (172 pages).
  • Heimatverein Selm (ed.): In the footsteps of our fathers, Selm 1815–1975, Heimatbuch Selm 1995. Peter Holtkamp, ​​Lünen 1995.
  • Siegfried Hoff: The singing calf in the cradle and the rescue of a historic church: building history and ceiling paintings of the former parish church of St. Fabian and Sebastian zu Selm. Art publ. Fink, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2002, ISBN 3-89870-001-1 .
  • Udo Kaiser (arr.): Data on the history of the town of Selm from 858–1997. Series of publications by the Selm City Archives, City Director, 1997.
  • Michael Kertelge: The miners' community St. Josef in Selm-Beifang: a local Catholic milieu 1933–1945. A contribution to the history of National Socialism in Selm. Series of publications by the Selm City Archives, Selm 1995.
  • A. Lonnemann, Heimatverein Selm (ed.): Heimatbuch Selm 858–1958 , Selm 1958.
  • Werner Sanß (Ed. Wolfgang Möller): The Holy Peace. Verlag der Buchhandlung Möller GmbH (204 pages).
  • Herbert Schröder, Albert Katthöfer (photos), Heimatverein Selm (eds.): Selm through the ages - an illustrated book , Selm 2007.
  • Julius Schwieters: Historical News. Across the western part of the district of Lüdinghausen: the parishes of Venne, Ottmarsbocholt, Senden, Lüdinghausen, Seppenrade, Olfen, Selm, Bork, Kappenberg and Altlünen. Aschendorff, Münster 1891; 3rd unmodified reprint 1988, ISBN 3-402-05707-7 .
  • City of Selm (Hrsg.): Architectural monuments in the city of Selm. A photographic commitment, Selm 1997.
  • Hubert Tecklenborg (ed.): Selm, city with free space. In: Münsterland. Magazine for leisure, culture and economy , issue 4/2003, Steinfurt 2003.
  • Peter Voss: Greetings from Südmünsterland. Postcards from the turn of the century from Ascheberg - Drensteinfurt - Lüdinghausen - Nordkirchen - Olfen - Selm - Senden - Werne. Regio-Verlag, Werne 1993, ISBN 3-929158-02-7 (120 pages, 105 illustrations).
  • Rita Weißenberg (Ed.): Nothing was given to us. Selm bycatch 1906–1933. Selm 1985, ISBN 3-9801211-0-0 (203 pages).

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 314 and 337 .
  3. Schilderwildwuchs ( Memento of the original from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (offline) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ^ Heinrich A. Mertens and Josef Limbach: From the history of the Lüdinghausen district 1803–1974. Verlag Lonnemann, Selm, 1974, without ISBN
  5. City of Selm Religion , 2011 census
  6. Citizens and Tourism Information of the City of Selm Flyer Brochure, page 7 , accessed on May 18, 2020
  7. State Returning Officer NRW - municipal elections 2014: Final result for Selm
  8. Directories of the results of the local elections for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (LDS NRW) from 1975 to 2009
  9. Elective profile of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics NW ( Memento of the original from June 6, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  10. Election results 1999  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 5.9 MB)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  11. 2004 election results  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 7.0 MB)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  12. Election results 2009  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 3.5 MB)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  13. Entrepreneurship 2014. In: WiKult. 2016, accessed February 17, 2020 .
  14. Entrepreneurship 2016: Honor for Christoph Tiemann. In: WiKult - Economic and Cultural Promotion Prize of the City of Selm. Retrieved November 24, 2016 .
  15. Marie Rademacher: Who should win the Selmer Business and Culture Prize? In: RN. Accessed February 16, 2020 .
  16. of September 10, 2012: Why does Selm have three train stations? , accessed February 10, 2014
  18. Research and Technology Center Ladungssicherung Selm GmbH
  19. See Johannes Loy: A down-to-earth Bible connoisseur. At the age of 83, the New Testament scholar Prof. Dr. Karl Kertelge died. In: Westfälische Nachrichten, June 30, 2009.


  1. In Glenzdorf's Internationales Film-Lexikon Volume 3. (Peit - Zz), Bad Münder 1961, p. 1495, the date of birth of Eric Schildkraut is given differently on November 6, 1911 . IMDb,, the article Eric Schildkraut and other sources assume 6 November 1906 as the date of birth.

Web links

Commons : Selm  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Selm  - travel guide