The Pallottines are a society of apostolic life in the Roman Catholic Church . The full name is Society of the Catholic Apostolate (Latin Societas Apostolatus Catholici , abbreviation SAC , also Pia Societas Missionum PSM ).
The Society of the Catholic Apostolate was founded in 1846 as part of the Association of the Catholic Apostolate of St. Vincent Palotti founded in Rome; the female branch, the Pallottine Sisters , was created in 1838.
Today the community is represented on all continents. It has around 2500 members. One of its main tasks is to promote lay engagement in the Church. The XX. The General Assembly of the Pallottines elected the Indian Father Jacob Nampudakam in Ariccia near Rome as the new Rector General on October 4, 2010 .
- Uruguay region to St. Vincent Pallotti
- French Regio of the Divine Mercy
- Argentine Regio ULF of Lujan
- Australian Regio to Queen of the World
- Brazilian Regio to the Mother of Mercy
- Cameroon-Nigeria region to the Holy Trinity
- Italian province for Queen of the Apostles
- Sacred Heart Province (Germany / Austria)
- Irish Province: Mother of Divine Love
- Polish Christ the King Province
- Brazilian Province of Santa Maria
- Swiss province of St. Klaus von der Flüe
- American Mother of God Province
- Brazilian St. Pauls Province
- American Province of the Immaculate Conception of Mary
- Indian Province of the Epiphany
- Polish Province of the Annunciation of the Lord
- Indian Province of the Assumption of Mary
- Rwanda-Congo to the Holy Family
- Indian Province of the Light of Christ
Pallottines in Argentina
In the second half of the 19th century, many Irish emigrated to Argentina. The Pallottines responded to their requests to the Holy See to send Irish pastors. In 1886 the Irish Father Patrick O'Grady came and began pastoral care in the city of Mercedes . The first native Pallottine of Irish descent was Fr. Thomas Dunleavy and was ordained a priest in 1895. In 1909, when the Pallottines were divided into provinces, the branches in Argentina came to the Irish Province and their provincial had its seat in Argentina until 1928. The Irish Provincial Fr Derry Murphy served 17 years as a novice master in Argentina.
In the 1920s, German-speaking Catholics (Germans, Austrians, Swiss, Banat Swabians, Volga Germans, Luxembourgers) emigrated to Argentina. In 1925 Fr Franz Xaver Zeus went to Buenos Aires from Limburg . This created the Regio de Nuestra Senora de Luján , after Luján , the most important Marian pilgrimage site in Argentina. The first native Pallottines of German origin were Marcello Becker and Andreas Kessler and were ordained priests in 1956.
On July 4, 1976, Fathers Alfredo Leaden, Alfredo Kelly, Pedro Dufau and seminarians Salvador Bareito and Emilio Barletti were found shot dead in the rectory of the San Patricio parish in Buenos Aires. Nothing is cleared up. In 2005 Archbishop Bergoglio set up a commission Ne pereant probationes - So that the evidence is not lost .
Pallottines in Germany and Austria
In 1892 the Pallottines came to Germany for the first time and moved into their first domicile, the Walderdorffer Hof in Limburg an der Lahn . It was their first goal to lead the Cameroon Mission assigned to them in 1890 from there. However, because the property became too small, the community acquired a piece of land in Limburg in 1896 and built their mission house there, with considerable personal contribution. In 1927 they also built the Marienkirche on this site .
On January 22nd, 2007, the two German provinces and the Austrian region merged to form the German-speaking Herz-Jesu-Province with headquarters in Friedberg (near Augsburg). Over 500 fathers and brothers belong to the Sacred Heart Province in Germany, Austria and the delegations supervised from Germany (Cameroon, Canada, Croatia, Spain and South Africa). They maintain institutions such as schools, youth welfare institutions, a philosophical-theological college in Vallendar , retreat houses at around 28 locations , look after parishes and are active in a number of other areas. The novitiate is in Friedberg .
The fields of work in Germany include: family pastoral care, missionary work, parish pastoral care, educational work, magazine apostolate, holiday pastoral care, patronage pastoral care, pastoral care for believers of other mother tongues, church in social hotspot, elderly pastoral care, sick pastoral care, school, school pastoral care, pilgrimage pastoral care, youth education, youth welfare, social voluntary work , Retreats, spiritual support for other religious communities, meditation, work with the disabled, child pastoral care, science, student pastoral care, university, pilgrimages, scientific and religious training, spiritual support, police pastoral care, soldiers' pastoral care, airport pastoral care.
- Francesco Maria Vaccari (1850 - January 20, 1856)
- Raffaele Melia (1856-1862)
- Ignazio Auconi (1862-1869)
- Giuseppe Faà di Bruno (1869 - April 18, 1889)
- William Whitmee (1896-1903)
- Maximilian Kugelmann (1903–1909)
- Karl Gissler (1909-1919)
- Giacinto Cardi (1919-1925)
- Peter Resch (1925–1931)
- Giacinto Cardi (1931-1937)
- Karl Hoffmann (1937–1947)
- Wojciech Turowski (1947–1953)
- Wilhelm Möhler (1953–1971)
- Nicholas Gorman (1971–1977)
- Ludwig Münz (1977–1983)
- Martin Juritsch (1983-1992)
- Séamus Freeman (1992-2004)
- Friedrich Kretz (October 7, 2004 - October 4, 2010)
- Jacob Nampudakam (since 2010)
- Bishop Heinrich Vieter (1853–1914) from Selm - Cappenberg in Westphalia, member of the Pallottines since 1886, ordained a priest in 1887, went with the first group of missionaries to what was then the German colony of Cameroon . He was ordained the first bishop of Cameroon on January 22, 1905. He is revered in Cameroon as the "father of faith" to this day. In January 2005, the beatification process opened in Yaoundé.
- Josef Kentenich (1885–1968), priest, educator and founder of the Catholic Schoenstatt Movement .
- Richard Henkes (1900–1945) from Ruppach im Westerwald, ordained a priest in 1925, member of the Pallottines since 1921, arrested by the Gestapo on April 8, 1943 and imprisoned in Dachau concentration camp . He died there on February 22, 1945 after contracting himself while doing voluntary service in the typhus barrack. He is revered as a “martyr of charity”. His beatification process was opened in 2003 in the diocese of Limburg by Bishop Franz Kamphaus . On January 23, 2007, the diocesan part of the beatification process was completed and the files handed over to the Congregation for Beatifications in Rome. Pope Francis decided and the Vatican announced on December 22, 2018 in Rome that Henkes was a martyr. He was beatified in Limburg on September 15, 2019.
- Franz Reinisch (1903–1942) from Feldkirch ( Vorarlberg ), ordained a priest in 1928, member of the Pallottines since 1930, drafted into the Wehrmacht on March 1, 1942, sentenced to death by the Reichsgericht on July 7 for refusing to oath the oath He was executed with the guillotine in Brandenburg-Görden prison.
- Father Józef Jankowski (1910–1941) from Pomerania, ordained a priest in 1936, during the German occupation military chaplain and head of the seminary in Ołtarzew, arrested by the Gestapo on May 16, 1941 and taken to Auschwitz, where he was deprived and mistreated on May 16 Died October 1941. Beatified by John Paul II in 1999 .
- Józef Stanek (1916-1944) from łapsze niżne in Spisz ( Zips ), 1941 ordained a priest, during the German occupation student at the Institute of Sociology at the University of Krakow , appointed the then working underground in August 1944 to the chaplain of the underground army, the Arrested and hanged by SS units on September 23. Beatified by John Paul II in 1999.
- Johannes Kopp (1927–2016), European Zen teacher of the first generation under the name Ho-un-Ken Roshi.
- Heinrich Vieter, edited by Norbert Hannappel: Young people are our future. Chronicle of the Catholic Mission Cameroon 1890–1913, Volume 1.1 . Pallotti-Verlag, Friedberg 2011, ISBN 978-3-87614-075-9 .
- Heinrich Vieter, edited by Norbert Hannappel: Young people are our future. Chronicle of the Catholic Mission Cameroon 1890–1913, Volume 1.2 . Pallotti-Verlag, Friedberg 2011, ISBN 978-3-87614-076-6 .
- Hermann Skolaster PSM: The Pallottines in Cameroon. 25 years of missionary work . Congregation of the Pallottines, Limburg / Lahn 1924.
- Pallottine Community Sankt Josef (Ed.): Hersberg. 1929 / 30–2005. Castle, seminar, advanced high school, educational center. The Pallottines in Immenstaad on Lake Constance . Eppe Verlag, Bergatreute 2005, ISBN 3-89089-404-6 .
- Antonia Leugers : A spiritual corporate history: The Limburg Pallottine Province (1892–1932) . EOS Verlag, St. Ottilien 2004, ISBN 978-3-8306-7195-4 .
- pallottiner.org - Homepage of the German and Austrian Pallottines
- pallottiner.ch - Homepage of the Swiss Pallottines
- einemischt.org - Blog of the German and Austrian Pallottines
- Pallottine UNIO
- Entry to Pallottines on medals online
- Article: Pallottines elect first non-Europeans as rector general from October 4, 2010 on medals, accessed online on October 4, 2010
- Pallottine International | Pallottines. Retrieved December 5, 2017 (German).
- hz: Pallottines have existed in Argentina since 1886. Pallotti's work, 2/2013,
- Friedrich Hauer: The Pallottines in Limburg - 120 years of building history. Friedberg in Bayern 2015, ISBN 978-3-87614-026-1 , p. 9ff.
- Christoph Waldecker : Limburg an der Lahn (Great Art Travel Guide 251). 2nd ext. Edition. Regensburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-7954-2559-3 , p. 48.
- Our story , accessed June 9, 2016
- On the beatification of Father Richard Henkes. Retrieved March 6, 2019 .
- Violence transformed into love. The Pallottines and the Diocese of Limburg celebrate the beatification of Father Richard Henkes. Diocese of Limburg, September 15, 2019, accessed on September 16, 2019 .