|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Vallendar|
|Height :||99 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||13.22 km 2|
|Residents:||8843 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||669 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56179|
|Area code :||0261|
|License plate :||MYK, MY|
|Community key :||07 1 37 226|
|City structure:||5 districts|
|Association administration address:||Rathausplatz 13
|City Mayor :||Wolfgang Heitmann ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Vallendar in the Mayen-Koblenz district|
The city of Vallendar (pronounced / 'fa.lɛn.ˌdaːɐ̯ /) is a medium-sized center in the district of Mayen-Koblenz in Rhineland-Palatinate . It is the administrative seat of the Verbandsgemeinde Vallendar , to which it also belongs.
The settlement area of the city of Vallendar extends on the right bank of the Middle Rhine opposite the inhabited Rhine island Niederwerth , where several stream valleys of the Westerwald meet the Rhine valley. The city is located 5.7 km north of Koblenz and 12.3 km south of Neuwied in the Neuwied Basin , part of the Middle Rhine Basin . In the east the heights of the Westerwald rise, beyond the Rhine in the west the heights of the Eifel .
- Mallendarer Berg
- Garden city
The location in the stream valleys is the origin of the name, whereby the syllables “val” and “ndar” have to be distinguished. Both syllables have Indo-European roots: "val" means "flowing", while "ndar" indicates "swampy terrain". Vallendar is first mentioned around 830/840 as a property of the archbishops of Trier , but it is assumed that it is of Celtic origin and therefore much older (700–600 BC).
The Trier electors had their property administered by bailiffs who, however, were increasingly able to withdraw the property from the access of the electors. After all, the Counts of Sayn have been sovereigns since 1232 and in 1240 built a castle at the northern exit of Vallendar, on the foundation walls of which the "Haus d'Ester", the so-called "Marienburg", stands today. In addition, Vallendar received city walls at this time. In 1143 the Schoenstatt Augustinian Monastery was founded, which was dissolved again in 1567.
In 1363, Count Salentin zu Sayn-Wittgenstein pledged the rule to Kurtrier . Since the 14th century, the Archbishop of Trier was co-owner of the Vallendar domain . In 1681 and 1767 (finally) Trier became the sole sovereign. The city's coat of arms with the sayn lion and the electoral Trier red cross refer to this territorial history.
In 1803 the place came to the Principality of Nassau-Weilburg , in 1815 finally to the Kingdom of Prussia . In the 19th century a rich commercial activity, which was a reason that Vallendar on 2 November 1856 by King developed Friedrich Wilhelm IV. The town charter was awarded. After the First World War , the city was the target of a military action by the 23rd US Infantry in 1919. Vallendar has been a recognized climatic and Kneipp health resort since 1932 . In 1939 the community Mallendar was incorporated. From 1954 until the 1970s, numerous new building areas were built. In 1958 the bridge between Vallendar and the Rhine island Niederwerth was inaugurated. In 1973 the “Humboldthöhe” high-rise building, which defines the townscape, was completed.
Today the picture Vallendars is strongly influenced by the internationally famous pilgrimage town in the district of Schoenstatt, where the by Josef Kentenich founded in 1914 in a small dilapidated Marienkapellchen Schoenstatt Movement has now developed city of pilgrimage into a regular. The founding chapel is a famous place of pilgrimage and is now surrounded by numerous educational institutions, sister houses, other chapels and the large adoration church .
- Population development
The development of the population of Vallendar in relation to today's urban area, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The city council in Vallendar consists of 24 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
- ULV = Independent List Vallendar e. V.
Mayor of Vallendar is Wolfgang Heitmann (SPD). In a runoff election on June 16, 2019, he prevailed against the previous incumbent Gerd Jung (CDU) with a share of 62.13% of the vote, after none of the original three applicants had achieved the necessary majority in the direct election on May 26, 2019. The inauguration of Heitmann took place during a city council meeting on June 25, 2019.
The city mayor is supported by three honorary councilors elected by the city council.
coat of arms
Blazon : "Split of red and silver, in front a blue-tongued, looking, rising, golden lion , behind a continuous red cross." Shield edge shown. Approved by the King of Prussia, Kaiser Wilhelm II , 1909.
- Vallendar has been twinning with the French municipality of Cercy-la-Tour ( Burgundy ) since July 4th, 1977 . The association "Friendship Circle Vallendar - Cercy-la-Tour" organizes the annual friendship days, which take place alternately in Vallendar and in Cercy-la-Tour.
Economy and Infrastructure
- Baldus Medizintechnik GmbH is a company that provides advice, execution and services in the special area of medical gas supply for hospitals and medical practices.
- CPS-Datensysteme GmbH is a domain registrar .
- Schneider + Partner is an organizational consulting company.
- Vredestein has its German headquarters here.
- WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management ( formerly: Scientific University for Management ), is a private university founded in 1984 in Koblenz.
- Philosophical-Theological University Vallendar , ecclesiastically and state-recognized, independent scientific university with the two faculties of theology and nursing science
- Schoenstatt School of Mary, a state-recognized, private school for girls
- Karl D'Ester Primary School
- Konrad-Adenauer-Schule - Integrative Realschule plus
Vallendar has a train station on the right bank of the Rhine . The trains of the Rhein-Erft-Bahn RB 27 run from Koblenz Hbf via Neuwied , Bonn-Beuel and Cologne to Mönchengladbach every hour according to the Rhineland-Palatinate cycle.
The RMV bus routes 318 and 319 connect Vallendar with Koblenz and the Westerwald.
- Catholic parish church of St. Marzellinus and St. Petrus (built 1837–1841 by the Koblenz architect Johann Claudius von Lassaulx as one of the most important and largest church buildings of the 19th century on the Rhine)
- Evangelical Lukas Church, 1884–1885 by the Wiesbaden architect Friedrich Lang, typical evangelical church building of the 19th century according to the building guidelines of the so-called Eisenach regulation
- former St. Josef Hospital, 1856–1859 by the Cologne architect Vincenz Statz
- Wiltberger Hof, built 1695–1698 for Baron Emmerich Ernst von Wiltberg
- Former school (today town hall) in Eulerstraße, 1844–1845 by the Koblenz agricultural inspector Ferdinand Nebel
- House d'Ester, so-called Marienburg (former seat of the leather manufacturer family d'Ester, 1773 by Nikolaus Lauxen ) with stuccoed balcony room; today the seat of the WHU - Otto Beisheim School of Management
- Marienburg Chapel, 1897–1898 by Josef Kleesattel , Düsseldorf, with a remarkable painting from 1926 by Brother Notker Becker OSB, in the so-called Laacher style in the tradition of the Beuron art school
- Half-timbered buildings from the 17th century
- Romanesque tower of the former Schoenstatt monastery church (13th century)
- Catholic Adoration Church of the Holy Trinity on Mount Schoenstatt, consecrated in 1968, by Alexander Freiherr von Branca (Munich)
- Father Kentenich House on Berg Schoenstatt (1985), by Alexander Freiherr von Branca (Munich)
- Kaiser Friedrich Tower
- Vallendarer Plattpopo, a fountain that is a monument in Hellenstrasse
- Pilgrimage church in Schoenstatt, for numerous visitors from home and abroad who make pilgrimages to the Schoenstatt pilgrimage site
The following people were born in Vallendar:
- Godehard Braun (1798–1861), moral theologian and auxiliary bishop in Trier
- Theodor von Zwehl (1800–1875), Bavarian politician
- Johann Baptist Kraus (1805–1893), pastor and founder of the Arenberg pilgrimage site
- Carl d'Ester (1813-1859). Doctor and revolutionary 1848/49; Member of the Prussian National Assembly
- Alexander Kläsener (1826–1912), church painter
- Hermann Joseph Bender (1835–1901), city councilor and member of the Reichstag from 1878 to 1901
- Medard Hartrath (1858–1928), member of the Reichstag from 1912 to 1918
- Peter Itschert (1860–1939), district court director, member of the Reichstag and state parliament
- Josef Kindshoven (1873–1951), horticultural teacher in Bamberg and specialist author for fruit and horticulture
- Franz Bender (1884–1983), administrative officer, District Administrator of Wittlich
- Simon Groener (1884–1950), District Administrator of Warendorf
- Hermann Mäckler (1910–1985), architect
- Bernhard R. Kroener (* 1948), military historian
- Uta Klein (1958–2019), sociologist and professor for sociology, gender and diversity
The following people worked or are currently working in Vallendar:
- Josef Kentenich (1885–1968), founder of the international Schoenstatt Movement
- Emilie Engel (1893–1955), Sister of Mary, beatification process is ongoing
- Gerhard Henschel (* 1962), writer; grew up in Vallendar and processed his experiences here in the work childhood novel
- Adolf T. Schneider (* 1961), German-American entrepreneur, reserve staff officer (colonel) and local researcher.
- Oliver Samwer (* 1972), founder of Rocket Internet , building up Zalando, Jamba, Groupon and eBay Germany (Alando)
Vallendar is home to TV Vallendar, founded in 1878, which offers gymnastics, basketball and volleyball. Numerous German champions have emerged from the Vallendar gymnastics club. In addition, there has been the HV Vallendar since 2010 , which plays in the 3rd League South and previously made up the handball department of the TVV. The Vallendar-based 1. SC Mayen-Koblenz has played in the 1. Snooker Bundesliga since 2016 .
In the soccer field, there is the SC Grün-Weiss Vallendar, which was founded in 1908. The senior division consists of three teams. The 1st senior team plays in district class A in Koblenz, the 2nd senior team in district D Koblenz and the "old men" only take part in friendly games sporadically.
A place called "Vallendar" is a setting in the computer game Call of Duty 2. This fictional place is on the Rhine. The player's task is to defeat retreating German soldiers in World War II. Apart from the location on a river, the depicted city has no similarities with the real place.
- Website of the city of Vallendar
- Verbandsgemeinde Vallendar
- Vallendar weather station
- Thomas Trumpp: Goethe in Vallendar on July 18, 1774 (PDF file; 55 kB)
- Literature about Vallendar in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
- The Twenty Third United States Infantry, 1812-1945 . lonesentry.com, 2006, accessed April 30, 2009.
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- The Regional Officer: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
- up to date: Wolfgang Heitmann is the new mayor. June 18, 2019, accessed November 10, 2019 .
- Wolfgang Heitmann is the new city mayor , blick-aktuell.de , June 18, 2019
- Agenda for the city council meeting on June 25, 2019
- Friendship Circle Vallendar - Cercy-la-Tour
- Website of the company Baldus-Medizintechnik
- Torsten Nenner: Snookern in the shadow of television successes. In: swr.de. SWR , April 28, 2016, accessed on August 29, 2016 .
- SC Vallendar website , accessed on September 21, 2018.