Then after

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Andernach
Then after
Map of Germany, position of the city Andernach highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 26 '  N , 7 ° 24'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Mayen-Koblenz
Height : 60 m above sea level NHN
Area : 53.24 km 2
Residents: 29,922 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 562 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 56626
Primaries : 02632, 02636 (Kell)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : MYK, MY
Community key : 07 1 37 003
City structure: 5 districts

City administration address :
Läufstrasse 11
56626 Andernach
Website :
Lord Mayor : Achim Hütten ( SPD )
Location of the city of Andernach in the Mayen-Koblenz district
Andernach in 1646, engraving by Matthäus Merian
Andernach around 1900
Andernach, aerial photo (2016)

Andernach ([ ˈandɐnax ], dialect : Annenach ) is a large city in the district of Mayen-Koblenz in northern Rhineland-Palatinate and is located on the Rhine .

Andernach is one of the oldest cities in Germany , and in 1988 it celebrated its 2000th anniversary. It has almost 30,000 inhabitants and has been shaped by industry since modern times ( tinplate , pharmaceuticals , chemicals ); Due to its location and historical significance, however, it is also touristic. Districts are Eich , Kell with Bad Tönisstein, Miesenheim and Namedy .


The original Latin name Antunnacum probably comes from the Celtic : (Antunnacos) . The Celtic suffix -acos (Latinized -acum ) together with the - undetectable - name Antunnus means something like village of Antunnus . The name appears for the first time at the end of the 3rd century on a Roman milestone in Tongeren , Belgium , the Roman Aduatuca Tongrorum . The name Antonnaco then appears later in a Roman street directory .

Geographical location

Landscape map

The city is located on the left bank of the Rhine in the Neuwied Basin between Brohl-Lützing in the northwest and the estuary of the Nette in the southeast. Immediately after the city, the slopes of the mountains rise steeply in the northwest. At this point the Andernach Rhine valley tapers off again and forms the northern part of the romantic Middle Rhine . The narrow passage between the Andernacher Geiersberg that since around 1650 after the then 100-year old Krahnen at its foot today Krahnberg is, and the opposite Engwetter before Leutesdorf bears since Roman times the name Andernacher gate ( lat. Porta Antunnacensis ) . The Vor Eifel begins in the northwest and the Pellenz in the southwest . Andernach is located on the eastern edge of the Vulkaneifel , which stretches from the Rhine to the Wittlich Senke and is naturally divided into the subregions of the Volcanic East Eifel, the Volcanic High Eifel and the Volcanic West Eifel.

The closest larger cities are Neuwied (neighboring city on the opposite side of the Rhine), Koblenz (approx. 10 kilometers southeast) and Bonn (approx. 35 kilometers northwest).

Andernach was built on a bay that was largely silted up in antiquity , into which the Felsterbach flowed, and a former Rhine island located in it, which can be seen in the profile of the town and which the field name In der Laach ("In the lake / pond") indicates.

The Antel, also called Antelbach (In der Antel), the Deubach (Deubachsiedlung) and the Kennelbach (Kennelstraße, Bachstraße (today Ubierstraße), Schafbachstraße) flow through the city , but mostly canalised and underground. Four watermills (Hacks- or Hackenborn-, Klees-, Mohrs- (near Rennweg), Bauchmühle (Breite Straße, LVA)) were operated on the Kennelbach until partially into the 20th century . Another mill, the Wickmühle (powder mill), stood in front of the Schafpforte (today Ochsentor ) also on the Kennelbach, called Schafbach there , until the 17th century . Names like Am Hackenborn , An der Mohrsmühle , Mohrsmühlenweg , Auf der Wick are evidence of this. Another 26 m high tower windmill , the Sankt-Thomas-Mühle, at that time one of the highest in Germany, was built into the northeastern defensive tower of the Augustinian monastery of Our Lady in Front of the Walls of St. Thomas , which was repealed by the secularization , from 1816 to 1900 , a Loh - and cutting mill. Furthermore, the Nette flows in the Miesenheim district .


Precipitation mean values ​​in Germany for the period from 1961 to 1990; Curve for Andernach drawn in blue

Andernach lies in the so-called temperate zone with a moderately cool climate and prevailing westerly winds. Mild winters and moderately warm summers are typical within this climatic area. Due to its location in the Neuwied Basin , the average temperatures are around 1–1.5  degrees Celsius above those of the Central Rhine area as a whole.

The annual precipitation is 619 mm. This amount of precipitation is in the lower quarter of the values ​​recorded in Germany. Lower values ​​are registered at 24% of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February, most of the precipitation falls in July, while the amount of precipitation in July is 2.9 times the February value. Overall, the rainfall is distributed fairly evenly over the year. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at 25% of the measuring stations.


Andernach is divided into five districts, the four districts of Eich, Kell, Miesenheim and Namedy are also local districts :

district Residents
Core city 22,747
Calibration 2,009
Kell with Bad Tönisstein 956
Miesenheim 3,096
Namedy 1,288
total 30.096

Population of the city of Andernach (as of July 31, 2016)



City council

Local election in Andernach 2019
(-5.49  % p )
(-8.43  % p )
( n. K. )
(+1.2  % p )
(+ 6.4  % p )
(+1.07  % p )
(-1.32  % p )
( n. K. )


The city ​​council of Andernach consists of 40 honorary council members (before 2019 36; the increase was made according to local electoral law , since Andernach had more than 30,000 inhabitants on June 30, 2018), who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the full-time mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the city council:

2019 12 13 2 1 3 6th 2 1 - 40 seats
2014 12 14th - 1 3 4th 1 - 1 36 seats
2009 13 14th - 1 2 5 1 - 0 36 seats
2004 12 17th - 0 2 5 - - 0 36 seats
1999 13 18th - - 1 4th - - - 36 seats
  • FWG = Free Voting Group Andernach e. V.
  • FWM³ = Free Voters Brave-Modern-Human
  • Two parliamentary group members from Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen left the parliamentary group at the end of 2019 and joined the FWG parliamentary group and the FWM³ / Die Linke parliamentary group

Due to the peculiarities of the Rhineland-Palatinate electoral system in local elections ( personalized proportional representation ), the percentage of votes shown in the graph are shown as "weighted results", which can only represent the voting behavior arithmetically.

Election results from 1946 to 2019

Share of votes (in%) of the parties represented in the city council in the respective election periods
Political party 1946 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1969 1970 1974 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 2009 2014 2019
CDU 51.0 33.9 37.1 42.0 39.8 41.2 45.0 44.8 47.9 40.3 40.9 39.5 41.3 47.5 45.3 37.9 39.7 31.3
SPD 39.3 40.9 40.5 46.0 39.1 43.8 46.8 45.5 42.6 47.8 41.0 44.9 39.3 36.2 31.3 35.2 34.9 29.4
FWG -, - 13.4 18.6 12.1 16.5 15.0 8.2 9.7 6.0 6.4 8.0 8.3 7.6 10.1 12.5 13.7 10.8 11.9
GREEN -, - -, - -, - -, - -, - -, - -, - -, - -, - -, - 6.4 7.3 6.0 3.9 6.1 5.5 7.0 13.4


  • In 1946, the CDU was still called CDP in Andernach.
  • The KPD moved into the city council with 9.7% in 1946, succeeded in moving back in in 1948, and failed in 1952 with 4.01% at the 5% hurdle. In 1956 it was then banned.
  • The FDP first ran for elections in 1960, but remained below the 5% hurdle with 4.61%. Before the clause was abolished, she only managed to join the city council in 1979.

Lord Mayor

Until 1969, the office of the Lord Mayor was referred to as "Mayor".

  • 1946–1948: Egon Herfeldt (CDP, later FWG)
  • 1949–1964: Johann Füth ( CDU )
  • 1965–1974: Walter Steffens (CDU)
  • 1974–1994: Gerold Küffmann (CDU)
  • since 1994: Achim Hütten ( SPD )

In the direct election on November 19, 2017, Achim Hütten was confirmed in his office for a further eight-year electoral period with a share of 78.2% of the votes.


Until 1969, the mayor's office was called the “first full-time councilor”.

  • 1965–1975: Werner Klein (SPD)
  • 1975–1982: Helmuth Günter (CDU)
  • 1983–1993: Rainer Krämer (SPD)
  • 1993–1994: Achim Hütten (SPD)
  • 1994–2002: Franz Breil (FWG)
  • 2002–2010: Josef Nonn (CDU)
  • since 2010: Claus Peitz (CDU)


In the local elections on May 26, 2019, the following mayors were elected in the districts:

  • Eich: Andreas Lehmann (CDU)
  • Kell: Petra Koch (SPD)
  • Miesenheim: Gerhard Masberg (CDU)
  • Namedy: Hartmut Dressel (FWG)


Andernach belongs to the federal constituency " 198 Ahrweiler ". Mechthild Heil (CDU) was directly elected in 2017 via the Andrea Nahles (SPD) state list .

Clemens Hoch (SPD) won the direct mandate in the state electoral district “ 11 Andernach ” in 2016 ; Marc Ruland (SPD) followed directly at the beginning , as Clemens Hoch became head of the state chancellery in the current state government and thus renounced his mandate. Hedi Thelen (CDU) and Uwe Junge (AfD) were elected via the state list.


In the course of local government reform, the current districts of Namedy (June 7, 1969), Eich , Kell with Bad Tönisstein and Miesenheim (each on November 7, 1970) were incorporated.

Population development

Population development of Andernach from 1790 to September 2018
year Residents
1790 1,790
1794 2,150
1797 2,179
1810 2.159
1812 2,451
1813 2,524
1850 3,500
1858 3,942
1871 4,482
1895 6,583
year Residents
1905 08,789
1925 10,771
1933 12,523
1939 14,151
1950 15,879
1963 21,783
1970 27,140
1993 30,354
1994 30,442
1995 30,343
year Residents
1996 30,265
1997 30,318
1998 30,437
1999 30,395
2000 30,263
2001 30,309
2002 30,239
2003 30,318
2004 30,359
2005 30,987
year Residents
2006 30,567
2007 30,623
2008 30,484
2009 30,469
2010 30,379
2011 30,310
2012 30,343
2013 29,027
2014 29,500
2015 30,758
year Residents
2016 31.052
2017 31,232
2018 31,308
2019¹ 31,267
¹ as of December 31, 2019

Town twinning

As early as the 1950s, the World War II events established themselves to overcome between the Catholic parishes of Andernach and Toul on the lower reaches of the River Moselle in Lorraine , a community partnership with regular school exchanges between German and French families.

At the political level, Andernach maintains city ​​partnerships with:

coat of arms

Andernach coat of arms
Blazon : "In silver, a continuous cut black bar cross , covered with two diagonally crossed red keys, beards facing outwards."

With the large city coat of arms, additional crest and helmet cover:

"With a golden wall ring (representing the city wall with its gates) crowned helmet with red and black helmet covers, three silver peacock bumps."

The city flag:

"Divided by black and red, covered with the city arms."
Justification of the coat of arms: The black cross on a silver background of the coat of arms of the Electorate of Cologne symbolizes the rule of the Archbishopric of Cologne for 627 years, the red keys refer twice to the Archdiocese of Trier , once as an attribute of the apostle to St. Peter as patron of the Trier Cathedral and Archbishopric of Trier, to which Andernach belonged to the church, and on the other hand its color, taken from the red bar cross (on a silver background) of the Electorate of Trier coat of arms. The coat of arms has been known since 1344, the colors since 1483.

On the oldest two city seals, Mary is shown seated on a throne, a church in her right hand and a city in her left hand. The seal inscription: “ MATER DEI PATRONA CIVIUM ANDERNACENSIUM ” (German: “Mother of God, Patroness (patroness) of the Andernach citizens”).

The oldest seal stamp ( Typar ) was made before 1200, the first impression from 1250 has been preserved.

Culture and sights


Engraving by Wm. Watts around 1840 based on a model by Wm. Tombleson. Round tower, cathedral, remains of the city wall with school tower and Kurtmann's bay window. In front the ruins of the Roman Rosmertatempel , in the background on the right St. Thomasmühle (former defense tower of the St. Thomas Abbey ), in the middle right. Dadenbergsturm with helmet.

Round tower

The landmark of the city is the defense tower called "Round Tower" , which forms the northwest corner of the city wall. It was erected between 1440 and 1453 as a guard tower for the city fortifications. It has three floors and a gable floor. With a height of 56 meters to the top of the tower and walls up to 5 meters thick, it is the highest defense tower on the Rhine and one of the largest medieval defense towers.

In 1689 the tower withstood an attempt to detonate the retreating French troops Louis XIV. What remained is an eruption on the western side of the field from about 1.20 meters deep. In 2003 the large tower was extensively renovated on the occasion of its 550th birthday.

Assumption of Mary (Mariendom - Church of Our Lady )

The Catholic parish church "Maria Himmelfahrt", a mighty gallery basilica with four towers, west building and choir is located on the western edge of the city in direct proximity to the city wall and thus also on the west side of the Antunnacum fort , which was located there in Roman times , from which the later settlement emerged. It was built between 1196 and 1220 after the previous church was destroyed and for a long time it was the Archbishop of Trier's own church , which is where the alternative name Mariendom comes from. Today it is the main church of the Catholic parish community in Andernach.

Old Krahnen

Old Krahnen

The Alte Krahnen is a stone tower crane completed in 1561 at Rhine kilometer 613.8 at the then port of Andernach. It replaces a floating crane built around 1400. Today the stone crane is one of the most famous sights of Andernach.

At that time, the old crane was the largest loading device on Germany's inland waters and was used to load wine barrels and the millstones and tufa stones delivered from the Eifel region for 350 years until 1911. Its mechanics are still intact.

Christ Church

Christ Church: interior of the church

The Protestant Christ Church is a high-Gothic , two-aisled hall church with a three-bay long choir and many late-Gothic structural elements. It was the St. Nicholas Church of the Minorite Monastery until 1802 .

The church is considered one of the most important and impressive Rhenish minority churches and for centuries was the burial place of the founding family, the Middle Rhine nobility and wealthy citizens of the city, whose coats of arms are placed in the cross vaults.

Rheintor (Kornpforte)

Rheintor (Kornpforte)

The Rheintor was built around 1200 as the main entrance to the city from the banks of the Rhine. It is the oldest double gate in the Rhineland. Only the floor plan and parts of the lower masonry belong to the time of construction. The building was rebuilt in the 18th century. In 1899, based on its appearance in the 17th century, it was given its present form.

More Attractions

  • Medieval city fortifications with the ruins of the Electorate of Cologne city ​​castle with intact keep (30 meters, prison since 1836, youth hostel 1911–1922, today wedding room) and restored powder tower (built 1493–1495), as well as the partially preserved city ​​wall with six (of ten) completely preserved semicircular towers (school tower (after school nearby, west side), Kurtmann's bay window (after the Andernach family Kurtmann, west side), Bern (hard) storm (only base and part of the shell preserved), Dadenberg tower (after old Andernach noble family from Dadenberg, south side), Helmwartsturm, Brüderturm (after the Minoritenkloster nearby until 1802 ), Ottenturm (south side)), the two city gates Koblenzer Tor (castle gate, ruin renovated in 2012), Rheintor (Kornpforte, 1898–1900 conversion to a museum and city archive by the architect Ludwig Hofmann) and the bulwark , an old customs station on the Rhine with a memorial and a statue of Roland.
  • Hospital Church of St. Joseph (formerly the Church of St. Nicholas and Elisabeth of the Annunciation ) with baroque interior fittings; the church still bears the former patronage name of the former St. Josef Hospital, which was given the current name Stiftshospital St. Nikolaus in March 1934 by decision of December 6, 1933 .
Namedy Castle in the Andernach district of Namedy
  • St. Michael's Chapel (13th century, a cemetery chapel of the former, founded on the ruins of the previous building St. Stephan 1126-1129 Augustinian canon Women - pin Our Lady Outside the Walls to St. Thomas after St. Thomas Becket named , before 1482 Our Lady in Front of the Walls / St. Maria ) with the preserved defensive tower of the monastery from the 14th century, theSt.-Thomas-Mühle tower windmill since 1816(Loh- und Schneidemühle, with 26 meters the highest in Rhineland-Palatinate ) and from 1912 it was a water tower .
  • Johannes Nepomuk statue (17th century) on Johannesplatz and various wayside shrines on Koblenzer Str. (Partly in poor condition).
  • The historic town hall was first mentioned in 1407 as the seat of the Andernach Council, with a Jewish mikveh (ritual bath) from the 13th century of the synagogue at that time, connected to the Rhine via three underground floors; First construction of today's building 1561–1574 with an originally open, cross-vaulted market hall (preserved) on the ground floor to Hochstrasse (largely destroyed in 1689, rebuilt in 1781 with a closed hall).
  • In the Namedy district is the Namedy Castle from the 15th century, which is owned by the Sigmaringen branch of the Hohenzollern family .
  • In Bad Tönisstein you can visit the Tönisstein healing water spring (s). They are considered to be the oldest Roman springs in Germany (2050 years, coin finds from the times of Caesar and Constantine I ). They were mentioned for the first time in 1501 as Heylborn in the Andernach Annals and around 1540 by Dr. Johann Winter from Andernach recommended. In 1389 a Carmelite monastery , which today only exists as a ruin, was built based on a find of saints (Pietà with St. Antonius ), which existed until 1809 (see also: Monastery ruins Tönisstein ). This monastery of St. Antoniusstein was later popularly called Tönisstein . The existing mineral water was used there as a healing medium. From the late 16th to the 18th century, Bad Tönisstein was a spa and summer residence of the Electors of Cologne.
The Andernach geyser , the highest cold water geyser in the world
  • Geysir Andernach , also called Namedyer Sprudel, on the Namedyer Werth (Krummenwerth), which is the highest cold water geyser in the world at around 55-60 meters . The hot spring jumped for the first time in 1903 after drilling and was used commercially as a mineral spring . When closed in 1957, it was re-drilled in 2001 and has been open to the public again since 2006. The geyser was finally opened together with the geyser information center on May 30, 2009. Since then, the excursion boat called “Namedy” has been operating between the information center and Namedyer Werth in the summer months. The information center and the geyser are open to visitors from March through October.

Andernach dialect

The dialect spoken in Andernach , the so-called Annenache Platt , is part of Moselle Franconian . But there is a strong influence of the Ripuarian-Franconian dialect , which is spoken further down the Rhine. The vowels are stretched even more than is the case in Mayen or Neuwied, for example . So becomes:


  • ei zu äi (Rhine - Rhäin, sein - säin) or ää (notification - Beschääd, no - kää); äu to ää (trees - bääm);
  • a to o (da - do, after - no, neighbor - Noobe, war - wor);
  • i often to e (winter - weende, wind - weend, (m) i - (m) ech, with - met);
  • u often to o (chicken - hoohn, short - kooz, um - om; vice versa also wagon - wajung, so - su; but: you - dau);
  • ü often too ö (crowd - Jewööhl, Hühner - Hööhner, but: hear - hüüre);


  • b and f ( inside the word) to w or ww (over - üwwer, seven - siwwe, above - ow (w) e, oven - Owe);
  • w in who, how, what, where, why to b (bär, bie, batt, bo, boröm, but if - if);
  • pf to p ;
  • g often to j (Morgen - Morje, Gasse - Jass, but Glück - Glöck, gut - good) or omitted (Vogel - Vuuel, Vögel - Vüüel, Kugel - Kuuel, Augen - Aue);
  • End g often receive (or Berch Mountain, Schlaach or impact, Day - Daach and Daag);

Klitika :

  • enclitic words (is it - eset, against which - jänet; is there - jiwwet, jeddet, do they have - hawese, hanse, who that - bäret)
Kölsch Annenache Platt Standard German
Äädäppel Curl Potatoes
Berch mountain mountain
Bure Build farmers
Döppe Döppe pot
drüvver drüwwer about that
Deesch Dösch table
Dark Sinister window
Pääd Perd horse
ring Rhäin Rhine
op the mate open mate on the market
ston stohn stand
Schörreskaar Schorreskaar wheelbarrow
Stroß Strooß Street
Kreßdaach Christmas night, Chreesdaach Christmas (Christmas Day)

The dialect also contains many words that do not exist in high-level language. Often these are loan words from Celtic , Latin , Dutch or Yiddish . During the period of affiliation with France (1794–1814), many French dialect words were also incorporated, for example plümmo (feather bed), pareere (obey), Drottewaar (sidewalk, from French "trottoir"), Gatsen (cake), prommetaat ( Plum cake , from French “tarte aux prunes”), Pottemanee (purse), Filu (rascal), Mösch (sparrow, from French “mouche” - fly, sparrow), Määrel (blackbird, French “merle”). The Fissemadente (nonsense) are real German from the 15th century.

Markets in Andernach

Andernach was already known in Roman times and in late antiquity for its local and long-distance trade (the latter in particular in tuff, basalt and millstones), as can be seen from the preserved tombstone of Austroaldus from around 600. The city has already received in the Middle Ages, at the latest in 1167 after the donation to the Cologne Archbishop Rainald of Dassel , the market law - the instrument has the late Latin term teloneum on which this market tariff means. In the course of its history it housed several, namely four large markets in addition to smaller ones such as the weekly market confirmed by Archbishop Dietrich II von Moers in 1456 .

Since 1250 at the latest, the presumed consecration of the Minorite Church of St. Nicholas (today's Christ Church), there has been the Brothers Fair in spring on the Monday after Misericordia , the second Monday after Easter, going back to the Minorite Monastery, the Peter and Paul Fair on 29 June, the Bartholomäusmarkt on August 24th, moved by Walram von Jülich on December 30th, 1332 from the monastery of Laach to Andernach and the Michelsmarkt , which was the only one to survive the times. He goes on a decree of the then sovereign, Archbishop Friedrich III. von Saar werden back, who on June 8, 1407 in a document allowed the city to open a market to Michaelis (September 29), the Michaelismarkt with seven days of market freedom until revocation (which never happened) . For centuries it was a general store and livestock market, but in the 19th century and especially in the 20th century it was transformed into a folk festival with a market. Until 1931 it took place on the Rhine; since 1932 (with the exception of the years 1939–1947), however, as it was centuries ago in the city center. Since 1993 it falls on the last weekend of September. In 1974 the Michelsmarkt der Künste was added, where artists from the region exhibit their works.

Edible city

In Andernach, green areas are planted with edible plants such as almonds, peaches and medlars , which can be freely harvested by the population. Andernach received various awards as the Edible City for this innovative urban concept, for the first time in 2010 when the city first took part in the national competition "Entente Florale - Our City Is Blooming".

Top gastronomy

Andernach is home to three restaurants that have been awarded stars by the Michelin Guide . The Purs restaurant , which opened in 2018 under the direction of Christian Eckhardt , immediately received two stars in the 2019 Michelin Guide and 17 points in Gault-Millau .

The Asian restaurant Yoso, which was opened at the end of 2015 by Eckhardt's wife Sarah Henke , was listed with a star in the 2018 Michelin Guide for the first time, as was the Italian Ristorante Ai Pero , which has been headed by chef Nicholas Hahn since 2019. All three companies belong to the hotel and catering company RD Gastro of the local real estate entrepreneur Rolf Doetsch.


The Andernach neighborhoods

A specialty of Andernach are the so-called “honorable neighborhoods” - associations of citizens who feel connected to each other because they belong to a district or a street.

According to Josef Ruland ( Neighborhood and Community in Village and City , Düsseldorf 1963) the origins of the neighborhoods go back to the guild system and are backdated to at least the middle of the 17th century. The Hochstrasse neighborhood has written documents from 1640. But the other neighborhoods have also kept neighborhood books for centuries, in which all the important events of daily life were entered. The castle gate neighborhood can date its origin to 1513. The common official designations Schultheiss, Schöffe and Amtmann are based on the guild regulations . The latter holds the highest office within a neighborhood and in earlier times was responsible, among other things, for monitoring compliance with rules for a prosperous coexistence (e.g. keeping the wells clean).

The main purpose of the religiously oriented neighborhoods was to help each other in the event of illness, misfortune or death. So-called death funds still exist today - fed from membership fees, which grant subsidies for the costs of funerals. Also, delegations from the neighborhoods with the traditional neighborhood flag take part in the funerals of deserving members.

The charitable purpose of these citizens' associations has faded into the background more and more over time. Even today, around the time of the carnival, the assembly called “Geloch” (pronounced: [ɡeˈlɔːx] = feast in Andernacher Platt) is held (at that time the assembly to choose the lay judge's chair, who determined the bailiff) or the women's coffee, summer festivals or shared bus trips. The 17 Andernach neighborhoods that still exist in the core city and the other 17 in the districts now suffer from a lack of young talent and aging, are hardly able to arouse the interest of the younger generations, although the core idea of ​​the neighborhoods, "give and take", is always up to date . They have also had their own website since April 2010.

Fragment of the song T'Andernaken , set to music by Jacob Obrecht , published in 1501 by the Venetian printer Ottaviano dei Petrucci in the collection Harmonice musices odhecaton A.


An art song from the 15th century from the Netherlands or Antwerp is entitled T'Andernaken (beginning of the song in the Central Dutch text: "T'Andernaken (all) op den Rijn, daer vant ic twee ma (e) chdekens spelen gaen"; dt. : "To Andernach (all) on the Rhine, there I found (saw) two girls playing (having fun) going") and tells of the love stories of two young women, one of them of the sad farewell to her lover, since he has to go to Andernach. There are different versions of the text (6 or 20 stanzas) and, in addition to the narratives (in the 20-stanza version), describe how beautiful the city is. The song was well known in the 15th and 16th centuries and is attributed to various Renaissance artists such as Ludwig Senfl (1534), Erasmus Lapicida (1504), Jacob Obrecht (1501), Pierre de la Rue (1500), Alexander Agricola and others who each wrote their own (instrumental) versions. Even the musical English King Henry VIII (~ 1515) made a variation on it. It is also listed in the Antwerps Liedboek - Een schoon liedekens Boeck (Antwerp Songbook - a beautiful song book) from 1544 under the number 149 as Een oudt liedeken (An old song) .

The medieval Advent song A ship is coming is written in simple but profound language . The ship is a symbol of the Virgin Mary, who brings the Spirit of God, described as the Word of God, into the world. Presumably composed in Alsace, the song was included in the Andernach hymnbook in 1608 . Passed on for centuries, it is now part of the precious old songs of the Catholic and Protestant churches.

In 1960 the musician Gustav Gerdom, founding member of the group Die Mickeys , composed the song “No word as beautiful as Andernach”. This song is played and sung today as it was then as the city's “secret hymn”.

In 2002 the alternative rock and crossover band Blind was founded in Andernach, and in 2009 they reached number 94 in the German charts with their fourth single Half a Dream Away .

Andernach chess

Andernach-Schach is a chess variant that has got its name since one of the annual meetings of Friends of Chess Variants in Andernach in 1993. The figure that hits changes color.


Andernach city museum

Andernach City Museum
Portico detail

The Andernach City Museum at Hochstrasse 99, in 1600 after six years of construction as the city palace of the Oberamtmann Georg III. von der Leyen, great-grandson of Georg I von der Leyen († 1509), who had been in charge of Saffig, Olbrück and Adendorf since 1485, and his first wife Katharina von Eltz zu Pyrmont († 1605), both of whose coats of arms were to support them The lavishly decorated four-pillar portico of the also richly decorated bay window on the first floor is one of the most beautiful houses in the city (late renaissance with baroque influence) with originally real estate up to Mauerstraße and the city wall in the east. In 1652 land from the city courtyard, today the St. Nikolaus hospital area, was donated to the Order of Annunciations by Margaretha von Metternich zu Schweppenburg, second wife of Hermann Georg I von der Leyen (1580–1639), son and successor to his father Georg III. von der Leyen († 1612). In 1689 the house was badly damaged by the effects of the war. Since the renovation, it received the current mansard roof . The aristocratic residence remained in the possession of the von der Leyen family until 1751. No longer used by the family, it was sold in the same year to the Andernach citizen Peter Loch, whose son of the same name inherited it in 1768 and sold it to Peter Thonnet in 1822. In 1841 it came to Dr. Christian Moll. After that it has been since

  • 1863 Distillery / brewery of the Euskirchen family Classen
  • 1877 Brewery of Mengelbier & Comp. (Josef Cabellen)
  • 1879 "Kaiserliche Reichspost" under Reichspostmeister Mesenich
  • 1886 Brewery "Zum Leyen'schen Hof Leo Meyer" from the Bauchmühle on today's Breitestrasse
  • 1893 Brewery "Zum Leyen'schen Hof Wilhelm Leifert"
  • 1915 Brewery "Zum Leyen'schen Hof Wilhelm Leifert Wwe. & Children"
  • 1921 property of the city of Andernach as a planned city museum
  • 1936 City Museum
  • 1940 emergency hospital
  • 1946 Refugee accommodation
  • 1953 under renovation
  • 1969 City Museum
  • 2005 under restoration
  • 2007 City Museum (reopening on June 1st)

It houses finds from the region through the centuries, a model of the city around 1600 a. v. m., at intervals exhibitions (excavation finds, carnival, geyser, tin figures etc.)

Johann Winter Museum

The Healing Museum at Frankenstrasse 19 is dedicated to the physician Johann Winter von Andernach , who was born in Andernach in 1505 . It contains a representation of the medical history and development of specialty areas through the millennia on the basis of objects, finds, dioramas and scenes. The museum includes a medicine library, a fossil collection and a herb garden.


Andernach has a city library with Internet access and online lending via download in the rooms of the historic town hall. On May 8, 2012, a public bookcase was set up on the old city wall opposite the police station .

Historical Association Andernach e. V.

The “Historische Verein Andernach e. V. “(since 1986). Since 1995 he has published 10 volumes of Andernacher Annalen every two years, as well as a two-volume collection of journalistic reports by Karl Wind about Andernach during the Second World War.

Andernach Carnival

The carnival in Andernach has been known for almost 600 years of culture and tradition in the city and far beyond the city and state borders. The word "Fastnacht" was first recorded in 1416 as "vassenaicht" in traditional Andernach bills as a subsidy for citizens and journeymen for their celebration. In the course of the rise of Prussia after 1815 and the carnival reform of 1823 that started in Cologne, the first demonstrable Rose Monday procession took place in Andernach in 1832, and the public carnival was revived with a mask procession on Shrovetide Tuesday in 1855, in which the first "Carnevals Society - Alizariner ”, which no longer exists today. The first carnival club that still exists today was founded in 1893, and the first "Tollity" known by name was Robert I, "Prince of Thoren" in 1896. A strong increase in carnival is documented for the period after and after the First World War , which was up to continues today, interrupted by World War II and the immediate years thereafter. In the city itself, the "Annenacher Faasenacht", as the carnival is preferred, is carried out exclusively by the carnival societies, of which there are more than seven in the city center alone, three of which are more than a hundred years old. The number of members is z. T. over 1,000 at the largest clubs, ie around 10% of the city's population are organized in carnival clubs. Andernach is one of the carnival strongholds on the Rhine because of its strong carnival activity. The carnival call is based on Cologne, to which it belonged for more than 600 years as the southernmost bastion of the Electoral Cologne state, “Annenach Alaaaf”, the motto “Everyone well - nobody hurts!”.

Economy and Infrastructure


Road traffic

Andernach is crossed by federal road 9 and federal road 256 . There is a connection to the federal highway 48 via the exit Koblenz and to the federal highway 61 via the exits Kruft and Plaidt .

Rail transport

Entrance building of the Andernach train station

The Left Rhine route Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz runs through the urban area of ​​Andernach . From here the Eifelquerbahn branches off at Andernach station via Mayen to Gerolstein and a connecting line to Andernach harbor.

In addition to regional trains, Intercity and Intercity Express trains stop at Andernach station . In October 2009, the city of Andernach took over a city sponsorship for an ICE, whose powerheads are now emblazoned with the coat of arms and the city name.

Further regional train stops are in Namedy on the left Rhine route and in Miesenheim on the Eifelquerbahn . In the city center, the Andernach Süd stop at the Leibnizhof road on the Eifelquerbahn with the Lahn-Eifel Bahn stop (RB 23 / RB 38) is to be built around the year 2025 for 1.5 million euros and used by 700 passengers a day become.

In the first half of the 20th century (1895-1941) there was a funicular to the Krahnenberg, known as the cog railway or Krahnenbergbahn .


KD landing stage in Andernach

Andernach is an excursion destination for passenger Rhine shipping operated by the KD (Cologne-Düsseldorfer) .

A car ferry connection to Leutesdorf existed until 1985 . Since May 2009, a passenger ferry has been commuting between Andernach and Leutesdorf three times a day from Friday to Sunday. From the same pier, the ship goes to the Namedyer Werth nature reserve , where the geyser is located.

At Rhine kilometer 611.7 on the left bank is the Rhine port of Andernach , the river port between Rhine kilometer 611.7 and 612.6.

air traffic

The Andernach air connection takes place through the major airports Cologne / Bonn (65–90 kilometers, depending on the route) and Frankfurt (Main) (120 kilometers), around an hour's drive away, as well as through Frankfurt-Hahn Airport (85–100 kilometers).


fire Department

Overall, there is Volunteer Fire Andernach from the fire trucks core city I and II, Miesenheim I and II, calibration, Namedy and Kell. Around 220 members are on duty in these fire engines. A multi-purpose boat and two lifeboats for operations on the Rhine are also available to the fire engines in the city center .

Flood protection

At the end of 2006, a partially mobile flood protection wall was completed along the Rhine promenade. The protective device is designed for water levels of up to 9.30 meters.


Most of the secondary schools in Andernach are located in the school center southeast of the train station (Breite Straße and Salentinstraße). These schools are attended by more than 3000 students.

In Andernach there are two high schools, the Bertha-von-Suttner-Gymnasium (short BVS, approx. 1000 students) and the older Kurfürst-Salentin-Gymnasium (short KSG, approx. 900 students). Other schools in the school center are Geschwister-Scholl- Realschule-plus with approx. 800 students and Realschule plus St. Thomas (named after the former St. Thomas monastery) with 300 students. Before the school year 2009/10, the latter was still a dual secondary school (a secondary school with vocational preparation), the former the classic secondary school.

There is also the vocational August Horch School with around 1,700 students and the Elisabeth School, a school for people with learning disabilities with around 130 students.

In Andernach there are still seven primary schools, four of them in the city center and one each in the districts of Eich, Namedy and Miesenheim.


Andernach's oldest and largest sports club is the Turner-Bund Andernach, founded in 1867 . Sports activities include gymnastics , badminton , water sports , martial arts , health sports , fitness and dance sports .

In 1909, the later athletics club DJK  Andernach emerged from the Catholic journeymen's association Andernach . Since the 1970s, the DJK Andernach and the (DJK) Neuwieder  LC appeared as a starting community at competitions, which was later joined by TV Engers and TG Oberlahnstein . It was initially called LG DJK Andernach Neuwied LC, then for a long time LG Andernach-Neuwied and from 2009 finally LG Rhein-Wied . Her parent club SG DJK 1909 Andernach , Inge Helten and Ute Hedicke, produced top international athletes and over the years expanded their range of sports to include tennis , volleyball , triathlon , basketball , rugby and RC cars .

In football, which was emerging at the same time, the DJK was involved from the start, as was the Turnerbund with its then newly founded football department. Between 1906 and 1910 numerous football clubs were founded in Andernach, most of which merged to become Spvgg Andernach by 1922 . In 1999 the soccer departments of Spvgg Andernach and DJK Andernach merged with BSV 1910 Andernach to form SG 99 Andernach .

In 1926 the Andernach tennis club was founded . Even more recent is the Andernach Ski Club from 1963, which is not limited to activities in skiing .

In addition, Andernach has other sports and games clubs with a wide range of activities.


Military was stationed in Andernach during the time of the Roman settlement of Rhineland-Palatinate. In 1937, an air force barracks was finally built, which was used as a military hospital until the end of World War II. Then first American and later French occupation troops moved into the barracks. When the German rearmament became apparent, the barracks were returned to German responsibility and the Bundeswehr finally moved into on January 2, 1956 . On January 20, 1956, the assembly roll call of the new armed forces took place in the Krahnenberg barracks in Andernach. Therefore Andernach is considered to be "the cradle of the Bundeswehr". Units of the Bundeswehr medical service are now housed there.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with Andernach


  • Honoré de Balzac puts his short story "L'Auberge rouge" in Andernach.
  • Peter Adams: Brief history of the city of Andernach . Andernach 1955.
  • Wolfgang P. Fischer: Search for traces 2000 - traces of Christianity in Andernach . Andernach 2000.
  • The Middle Rhine Basin (= values ​​of the German homeland . Volume 65). 1st edition. Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2003, ISBN 978-3-412-10102-2 .
  • Bernhard Gondorf: The castles of the Eifel and their peripheral areas. A lexicon of the "permanent houses" . J. P. Bachem, Cologne 1984, ISBN 3-7616-0723-7 , p. 25th f .
  • Franz-Josef Heyen (Ed.): 2000 years Andernach - history of a Rhenish town . City administration Andernach 1988.
  • Robert Hoeniger : The Rotulus of the city of Andernach 1173–1256 . M. DuMont Schauberg , Cologne 1884.
  • Manfred Huiskes: Andernach in the Middle Ages . Bonn 1980.
  • Hans Hunder: Andernach. Depictions of the history of the city . Andernach city administration 1986.
  • Marc Breuer, Elfie Nadolny & M.Krings: The fates of priests in the time of National Socialism using the example of Johannes Schulz, Josef Zilliken and Adolf Rosch. In: Andernacher Annalen 1, 1995/96
  • Claus Peitz, Heinz Stark: Annenach Alaaf - The history of the carnival in Andernach . Andernacher Contributions 20, edited by Klaus Schäfer, Andernach 2006; ISBN 3-9807996-4-6 .
  • Gisela Pfeil: Annenache Vezeelche . Andernach 1998 (Volume 1) and 2005 (Volume 2).
  • Josef Ruland: Neighborhood and community in village and city . Düsseldorf 1963.
  • Josef Schaefer: Andernacher Histörchen - stories of our hometown . Self-published, Andernach 1982, 2nd ext. Edition, experienced and told in Andernacher Platt.
  • Klaus Schäfer (Ed.): Andernach Jews in the Middle Ages . Booklet accompanying the exhibition in the City Museum (October 6 - December 16, 1990).
  • Klaus Schäfer: Notes on the Michelsmarkt in Andernach . Anniversary issue for the 600th Michelsmarkttag 2006.
  • Paul B. Steffen : The Franciscan monastery in Andernach. 750 years ago the Franciscans came to Andernach , In: Heimatbuch Landkreis Mayen-Koblenz. Vol. 3, 1984, pp. 81-82.
  • Father Paul B. Steffen: The Cistercian monastery Namedy , In: Heimat-Jahrbuch Landkreis Mayen-Koblenz. 1986. 1 fig., 1986, pp. 70-72.
  • City administration Andernach (Ed.): Andernach dictionary . Andernach 1984.
  • Gerhard Terwelp: Andernach at the time of the Thirty Years' War . Andernach 1887; digitized version .
  • Gerhard Terwelp: Contributions to the history of the city of Andernach . Andernach 1888; digitized version .

Web links

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Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. § 3 local districts. (PDF) In: Main Statute. City of Andernach, July 10, 2014, p. 2 , accessed March 30, 2016 .
  3. ^ Statistical data of the city of Andernach
  4. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2009, city and municipal council elections
  5. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
  6. Local elections 2019 City Council Andernach
  7. Explanation of the regional returning officer on the "weighted result" ( memento of October 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  8. Martina Koch: Mayor election in Andernach: Large majority for the incumbent Achim Hütten (SPD). Rhein-Zeitung, November 19, 2017, accessed on December 17, 2019 .
  9. ^ Rhein-Zeitung: Andernach mayor and mayor appointed: Hütten and Peitz start the new term of office in a double pack. August 15, 2018, accessed December 17, 2019 .
  10. Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 157 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
  11. Source: Andernach City Administration
  12. residents according to data from KomWis via
  13. Yvonne Stock: Jubilee in Andernach: St. Stephan parish celebrates its 50th birthday. Rhein-Zeitung , August 25, 2016, accessed on July 10, 2018 .
  14. ^ City partnerships Andernach
  15. Manfred Huiskes: Andernach in the Middle Ages . Bonn 1980, Rheinarchiv 111, p. 200.
  16. Klaus Schäfer: Notes on the Michelsmarkt in Andernach . Anniversary issue for the 600th Michelsmarkttag 2006.
  17. Special award for the Edible City. City of Andernach, 2014, accessed April 26, 2014 .
  18. Heinz Feller: A new gourmet hotspot. In: General hotel and gastronomy newspaper . March 10, 2019, accessed May 18, 2019 .
  19. New head chef at Ai Pero in Andernach. In: Restaurant rankings . July 27, 2019, accessed August 2, 2019 .
  20. History of the neighborhoods. Retrieved April 26, 2014 .
  21. neighborhoods. Retrieved April 26, 2014 .
  22. Why is neighborhood membership necessary today? Retrieved April 26, 2014 .
  23. a b Johann Winter Museum
  24. Eckart Roloff and Karin Henke-Wendt: Medicine between progress and errors. (Johann-Winter-Museum für Heilkunde in Andernach) In: Visit your doctor or pharmacist. A tour through Germany's museums for medicine and pharmacy. Volume 2, Southern Germany, pp. 211-213, Verlag S. Hirzel, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-7776-2511-9 .
  25. Andernach Annals. (No longer available online.) Historischer Verein Andernach e. V., archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on March 30, 2016 .
  26. ^ History of the Andernach Carnival Prince
  27. ICE-T christened “Andernach”. In: Bahn-Nachrichtenarchiv. October 17, 2009, accessed February 9, 2016 .
  28. ^ Yvonne Stock: Millions project planned: Train station in Andernach-Süd. In: Rhein-Zeitung . July 14, 2016, accessed September 23, 2016 .
  29. Ferry connection to Leutesdorf
  30. Routes according to Google Maps , rounded to 5 km.
  31. ^ City of Andernach - schools . City website. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  32. ^ Association website with full name.
  33. Markus Tiedke: Where it all began - the Krahnenberg barracks Andernach. In: 60 Years of the Bundeswehr. German Federal Armed Forces, archived from the original on November 14, 2015 ; accessed on December 11, 2016 .
  34. ^ Ludwig Hillesheim in Andernach. Retrieved April 26, 2014 .