New basin

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The Middle Rhine Basin, the eastern part of which is the Neuwied Basin
View from the Kärlicher Berg into the Neuwied Basin; on the right the decommissioned Mülheim-Kärlich nuclear power plant , in the middle the cement plant in front of Neuwied , further to the left the pylon of the Raiffeisen bridge from Weißenthurm to Neuwied and under the cherry tree branches the halls of the Rasselstein plant in Andernach

The Neuwied Basin (also: Koblenz-Neuwied Basin or Neuwieder Rheintalweitung ) is a valley widening on the Rhine between the cities of Koblenz and Andernach and the center of the Middle Rhine Basin . The valley separates the narrow valley of the Upper from that of the Lower Middle Rhine over a length of about 22 kilometers . It borders on the right bank of the Rhine on the western slope of the Westerwald . On the left bank of the Rhine, its western, higher-lying parts of the landscape, the Maifeld and Pellenz , merge into the Eastern Eifel (Vordereifel).

As the only major valley widening between the Upper Rhine Plain and the Cologne Bay , which also has fertile soil, the Neuwied Basin has been settled since the earliest times. Today around 300,000 people live in the agglomeration . The seven cities of Andernach , Bendorf , Koblenz , Mülheim-Kärlich , Neuwied , Vallendar and Weißenthurm as well as a number of villages are located in a relatively small area .

The landscape of the basin is characterized by intensive fruit growing as well as by industrial settlements. Bimslagerstätten after recent outbreaks of Laacher See - volcano originated about 13,000 years ago and in the open pit can be reduced, have in the 19th century led to the development of a Bimssteinindustrie.

Natural classification

The Neuwied Basin can be assigned to the following main unit groups (two-digit code number), main units (three digits) and sub-units (decimal places) according to the manual of the natural spatial structure of Germany :

Individual evidence

  1. Interactive map service and description of the Rhineland-Palatinate nature conservation administration