|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Mendig|
|Height :||220 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||23.78 km 2|
|Residents:||8928 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||375 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56743|
|Area code :||02652|
|License plate :||MYK, MY|
|Community key :||07 1 37 069|
|LOCODE :||DE MND|
|City structure:||2 districts|
|Association administration address:||Marktplatz 3
|City Mayor :||Hans Peter Ammel ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Mendig in the Mayen-Koblenz district|
Many cinder cones and especially the Laacher See volcano have repeatedly shaped the landscape through volcanic eruptions for around 450,000 years. The well-known Niedermendig millstone quarries were created in a lava flow that emerged from the Wingertsberg volcano, not far from Lake Laacher, about 200,000 years ago. The large Lavakeller ( rock cellar ), today one of the attractions of the city, created when basalt dismantling of Mendiger millstone - Lava . The lava is covered by around 30 m of loess and pumice from the eruption of the Laacher See volcano around 13,000 years ago and has therefore been mined underground since Roman times (as evidenced by coin finds).
Tunnel in the mountain
The temperature-stable tunnels (5–8 ° C) became fermentation and storage cellars for at times 28 breweries after the decline of the millstone industry due to the introduction of steel rollers in the milling industry from 1843 . Because of this high number of breweries, Mendig has the reputation of a “beer brewing town” to this day. Today there is still a local brewery and brews for its own restaurant and customers from the region. Some of the former beer cellars are open to visitors.
Mendig is divided into the two districts of Niedermendig and Obermendig. To Niedermendig belonging dwelling places Brauerhof, Laachermühle, Laacherseehaus (Youth) Leimbach mill Mathildenhof and industrial park airfield Mendig; to Obermendig the residential areas Elisabethbrunnen, Erlenmühle, Maxeimsmühle and Roderhöfe.
The highest elevations in the city are the Hochstein mountains (between Obermendig and Rodder Höfe ) at and Schmitzkopf (at Rodder Höfe ) with .
Mendig was first mentioned in a document as menedich in 1041 .
From Roman times until the 19th century, Mendig flourished thanks to the mining and processing of basaltic lava, especially as millstone and for stone. Mendiger basalt lava is still a term for a solid, durable stone. In the 19th century, the underground quarries were used as fermentation and storage cellars for 28 Mendig breweries.
On August 6, 1950, Niedermendig was the first municipality in the new Rhineland-Palatinate to receive city rights . The town of Mendig was formed on June 7, 1969 by resolution of the town council of Niedermendig and the town council of Obermendig.
- Population development
The development of the population in relation to today's urban area of Mendig; the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The city council in Mendig consists of 24 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
Hans Peter Ammel (SPD) became mayor of Mendig in 2009. In the runoff election on June 16, 2019, he was confirmed in office for another five years with a share of the vote of 53.74%, after none of the original three applicants had achieved a sufficient majority in the direct election on May 26, 2019.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Split of black and silver, in front a red crowned and red-armored golden lion, behind a continuous red bar cross, covered with a blue millstone."|
|Reasons for the coat of arms: The golden lion is the Palatinate lion, the red bar cross is the coat of arms of Kurtrier , both are references to earlier rulers. The blue millstone stands for the Mendiger basalt lava , which is still important today and from which millstones are made.|
There are shops and supermarkets in the city, medical practices of various disciplines, four kindergartens, a youth club, a primary school and, since August 2010, the secondary school plus Mendig, which has been made up of secondary and secondary schools .
The Mendig station is located on the Eifelquerbahn and managed by the Lahn-Eifel-Bahn ( Kaisersesch - Mayen - Andernach - Koblenz Hbf - Niederlahnstein - Bad Ems - Diez - Limburg an der Lahn served). The regional train lines RB 23 and RB 38 of the DB Regio run here every hour, every day , according to the Rhineland-Palatinate cycle . Due to the location of Mendig in the district of Mayen-Koblenz , the tariff of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Mosel VRM applies .
Regular bus lines from / to Andernach / Neuwied and Koblenz and to Mayen (to the west). The city belongs to the Rhein-Mosel transport association. It is also connected supraregionally with long-distance buses , whose direct connections lead on the one hand within Germany with the line via Bonn-Cologne-Düsseldorf or to Trier, but also to other European countries to Luxembourg, various cities in France (such as Metz or Dijon) and to Barcelona in Spain.
From 1958 to 2007 Mendig was a garrison town. Army aviators of the Bundeswehr with transport and liaison helicopters were stationed in the Gunther Plüschow barracks , most recently the Army Aviation Brigade 3 . The Bundeswehr gave up Mendig airfield in the course of the transformation .
The airfield is now approved as a civil airfield (special landing site).
Culture and sights
In the context of Eifel tourism, in addition to geologically interesting parts of the landscape in the municipality, Mendig's inner city with its typical basalt architecture is also worth seeing. Since 1987 the city has been the seat of the German Volcanological Society .
See also: List of cultural monuments in Mendig
The lava cellars were created through the underground basaltic lava mining and can be visited on guided tours.
The Museumslay is an open-air exhibition on basalt mining and processing.
Catholic parish church St. Cyriakus in Niedermendig
The Catholic parish church of St. Cyriakus in the Niedermendig district forms an ensemble of a small, vaulted, three-aisled pillar basilica from the 12th century and a large neo-Gothic hall church.
The old church is dedicated to Cyriacus of Rome , the new to Cyriacus and Barbara . As one of the 14 helpers in need, Cyriakus is the patron saint against temptation and obsession as well as the saint of hard workers. Barbara is the patroness of the miners. Both were particularly venerated by the stone carvers in Mendig.
The three-aisled Romanesque basilica was built between 1166 (1175) and 1186. The vault and a larger part of the roof structure date from this time. The west tower was still under construction in 1216 and heightened it in 1474. Around 1460 a Gothic chapel was added to the choir.
The old church has wall paintings from the time it was built as well as from the 13th century and the time around 1300, as well as a third of Anna herself from around 1470 on the inside of the left front pillar. They were uncovered at the end of the 19th century and secured and cleaned again in 1950 and 2006. The pictures reflect the beliefs of the people of that time in great variety and they are a rare document of early Gothic painting on the Middle Rhine and in the Eifel, especially since they are located in a former village church.
The 6 m high St. Christophorus on the north wall, carrying the adult Christ. Then the south and north walls were decorated with the twelve apostles, at the same time the impressive Last Judgment was created above the choir arch. Two pictures represent St. James is, even with Jacob pilgrims in Santiago de Compostela, crowned by James, and once with Charlemagne. They should evidently encourage pilgrimages or remind them of pilgrimages.
The neo-Gothic church was built by the Cologne cathedral master craftsman Vincenz Statz in the years 1852–1857. It was consecrated on September 22, 1857. Outside and inside, the Mendig basalt lava dominates, which has brought Mendig economic importance and growth. The design of the large new church is based on the Cologne Minorite Church . Little has been preserved of the neo-Gothic furnishings. Today the room is dominated by the mostly abstract glass windows by the Trier artist Reinhard Heß from 1960 to 1971.
The focal point of the new church is the high altar with an altar triptych from the Lower Rhine from around 1490 and four smaller picture panels as a predella . The triptych shows Christ on the way to the crucifixion, the lamentation of Christ before the cross and the resurrection of Christ. The backs of the outer wings show the Saints Laurentius, Genoveva of Paris, Maria and Sebastian. The small panels from the school of Geertgen tot sint Jans show scenes from the childhood of Jesus.
Catholic parish church St. Genovefa in Obermendig
The Catholic parish church of St. Genovefa in Obermendig has a Romanesque tower from the 12th century, which was joined by an early Gothic hall church around 1350 . In 1879 the church was extended to the east by Friedrich von Schmidt , a transept was added and the choir was rebuilt using the old stone parts. Furthermore, the central nave was raised to a basilica .
The rich use of tuff for pillars and pilaster strips is remarkable . The Mount of Olives Group (16th century) on the north exterior of the church and the reliquary of St. Genoveva in the north aisle .
Evangelical parish church in Niedermendig
The arrival of many Protestant employees of the breweries, v. a. that operation of the Brethren, initiated the establishment of a Protestant chapel in the brewery complex of the Brethren, which was newly built in 1862. In 1892 a Protestant church was built in Heidenstockstrasse by the Niedermendiger master builder Laubenthal. The result was a remarkably beautiful building made of Niedermendiger basalt.
The VC Eintracht Mendig volleyball team played in the 1st Bundesliga . Due to limited financial possibilities, the first division volleyball team no longer entered the 1st Bundesliga for the 2005/2006 season and played with great success in the regional league. The team won the championship in 2006, 2007 and 2008. In 2011 they were promoted to the top of the table in the 2nd Bundesliga South. The association was renamed again in 2006 to "VC Eintracht Mendig 1996 eV" and is supported by the "Vulkanpower Mendig" fan club .
The game community SG Eintracht Mendig, consisting of the football departments of the clubs Eintracht (Nieder-) Mendig, Grün-Weiß (Ober-) Mendig and Bell, is playing for the championship in the Rhineland League after being promoted from the district league.
In the 2012/13 season, the 1st handball team of Grün Weiß Mendig took 4th place in the men's association league.
The Judo and Ju-Jutsu Club 1957 e. V. Mendig is one of the most traditional clubs in the city with its more than 50-year history. After the beginnings in an old workshop in Heidenstockstraße (former Gottschalk estate, today Berresheim), the great age of Mendiger judoka began with fights by Heinz Junglas † and Wolfgang Kasper † against world champions Wim Ruska and Anton Geesink (both NL) and many times over German master Klaus Glahn. The youth department is one of the most successful in the Rhineland Judo Association and has training locations in Mendig, Adenau and Rieden.
The MGV Mendig e. V. is a male choir that emerged from the Amicitia and Eintracht choirs through a merger. The choir performs on secular and religious occasions, offers its own concert events and participates in other concerts.
A Rhenish carnival is celebrated in Obermendig. The Carnival Society Obermendig 1903 e. V. (KGO) organizes 3 meetings and the traditional Möhnen afternoon every year.
The Carnival Society Niedermendig (KGN) from 1877 with Möhnengesellschaft, Stadtsoldaten and Prinzengarde is among other things co-organizer of the Mendiger Gambrinusfest, which has been celebrated again for 4 days since 2011 on the Mendiger market square in the Niedermendig district.
The violet Tuesday procession, which runs through the streets of Mendig every 2 years, is the largest violet Tuesday procession in the region.
The Hussar Corps Jack von der Wasserschöpp is the largest carnival corps in town with its own music corps, dance corps, guard corps and cadet corps. The hussars are not only active at carnival, but also take an active part in the maintenance of customs, environmental protection and landscape maintenance. The Hussar Corps is a division of the Carnival Society Obermendig 1903 e. V.
Kul-Tour Mendig is an association for the promotion of culture. The focus of the work is the implementation of comedy and cabaret events together with the city of Mendig and the Kreissparkasse Mendig.
The Mendiger Gambrinusfest has been held every two years since 1973 by the three supporting associations KG Niedermendig, SG Schlich and MGV Mendig e. V. and is one of the largest beer and folk festivals in the region. The beer brewing tradition is celebrated in Mendig with the king of beer brewers Gambrinus . Traditionally, the festival begins on Ascension Day (Father's Day) and ends on the following Sunday.
Rock am Ring , the internationally known music festival, which took place annually at the Nürburgring until 2014 (since 1985), changed its venue to Mendig, where it took place in 2015 and 2016. The background to this move was the termination of the contract by the operator of the racetrack. After the name dispute was decided in favor of the operator by the Higher Regional Court of Koblenz, this event was held from June 5th to 7th on the former Bundeswehr airfield in Mendig. For the first time, the Mendig region was able to look forward to internationally known musicians such as Marilyn Manson, Papa Roach, Motörhead, Rise Against, Slipknot, The Prodigy or the Foo Fighters. But national musicians such as Die Toten Hosen, Clueso, Kraftklub or Deichkind also performed. However, this move also presented the organizer with new challenges in terms of nature conservation.
- Franz Xaver Michels (1900–1973), geologist, engineer and entrepreneur, residence and company headquarters in Mendig with an attached geological private museum, which still exists today
- Walter Büngeler (1900–1987), pathologist
- Friedel Schuster (1903–1983), film actress and voice actress
- Rosemarie Nitribitt (1933–1957), prostitute, spent her childhood with foster parents in Mendiger Kaplan-Schlicker-Strasse
- Olaf Höhnen (1933–2009), sculptor, graphic artist and painter
- Gernot Mittler (* 1940), politician
- Guido Gerken (* 1952), gastroenterologist and hepatologist
- Andrea Nahles (* 1970), politician (SPD)
- Christoph Marzi (* 1970), writer and teacher, grew up in Obermendig
- Caren Nicole Lay (* 1972), left politician
- Nicole Molzberger (* 1974), politician (Alliance 90 / The Greens)
- Jasna Mittler (* 1975), writer, grew up in Mendig
- Jan Einig (* 1976), politician (CDU), Lord Mayor of Neuwied since 2017
- Marc Ruland (* 1981), politician (SPD), Member of the State Parliament in Rhineland-Palatinate
- Mendig. Published by the city of Mendig on the occasion of the city building in 1969. City of Mendig 1969, .
- Manfred Böckling: St. Cyriakus in Mendig. (= Rheinische Kunststätten. Issue 500). Rhenish Association for Monument Preservation and Landscape Protection , Cologne 2007, ISBN 978-3-86526-017-8 .
- Karl-Heinz Schumacher, Wilhelm Meyer: Geopark Vulkanland Eifel. Lava dome and lava cellar in Mendig. (= Rhenish landscapes. Issue 57). Rhenish Association for Monument Preservation and Landscape Protection , Cologne 2006, ISBN 3-86526-006-3 .
- Klaus Schmidt (arrangement): The millstone quarries between Mayen and the Laacher See. (= Copy from CJB Karsten (Hrsg.): Archives for Mining and Metallurgy. From the Bergmeister Schulze zu Düren. Volume 17, Berlin 1828). Görres-Verlag, Koblenz 2000, ISBN 3-920388-85-2 .
- Ottmar Schneider: Mendig in old views. 4th edition. European Library, 1998, ISBN 90-288-2265-8 .
- Internet presence of the city of Mendig
- City of Mendig on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Mendig
- Literature about Mendig in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- Wilhelm Meyer: Geologie der Eifel, Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart 1986, ISBN 3-510-65127-8 , p. 400.
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 42 (PDF; 3 MB).
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 171 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer for Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Mendig, Verbandsgemeinde, second line of results. Retrieved February 3, 2020 .
- Hilko Röttgers: Runoff election in Mendig: Hans Peter Ammel remains city mayor. June 16, 2020, accessed February 3, 2020 .
- Rhein-Zeitung - Article from December 17, 2014
- SWR1 - article from June 5, 2015