|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Rhine-Moselle|
|Height :||77 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.32 km 2|
|Residents:||2946 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||181 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56321|
|Area code :||02628|
|License plate :||MYK, MY|
|Community key :||07 1 37 221|
|LOCODE :||DE 83D|
|City structure:||3 districts|
|Association administration address:||Bahnhofstrasse 44
|City Mayor :||Raimund Bogler ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Rhens in the Mayen-Koblenz district|
Rhens (/ ˈʁeːns /) is a town in the district of Mayen-Koblenz in Rhineland-Palatinate and the second administrative seat of the Rhein-Mosel community , which was created on July 1, 2014 and to which it also belongs. According to state planning, Rhens is designated as a basic center.
The location of the city on the relatively flat west bank of the Rhine is characterized by the contrast to the steep slopes on the east side, over which - diagonally opposite the city - the Marksburg towers. Rhens has been part of the Upper Middle Rhine Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002 .
The first documentary mention of the place took place on September 29, 874, when the Archbishop of Trier Bertolf confirmed the possession of goods in Boppard , Spay , Oberspay and Rhens to the Kunibertstift in Cologne .
The Bailiwick of Rhens was owned by the Counts of Saffenburg in 1174 , who sold it to the Archbishop of Cologne for 200 marks . Since then Rhens has belonged to the Electorate of Cologne . The most important event in the history of the city was the formation of the Kurvereins zu Rhense in 1338 , in which the seven electors agreed on the future modalities of the election of a German king and the pope denied the right to approve him. The Königsstuhl in Rhens reminds of this event to this day .
On July 11, 1346, Charles IV was elected Roman-German king in Rhens.
Rhens already had city rights around 1370 .
In 1400 Wenceslas , son of Emperor Charles IV. , Was the Roman king of the three spiritual electors and of Ruprecht III. , the Count Palatine near the Rhine, voted out of office at Lahneck Castle in Oberlahnstein . Ruprecht was then elected the new king in Rhens.
It should be noted that the Königsstuhl stood directly on the Rhine before 1929 and is now on a hill in the direction of Waldesch .
From 1575 to 1647 there were witch hunts in Rhens . In the witch trials , 26 people, 23 women and three men, were executed for alleged sorcery. The most prominent and last victim was Margarethe Altenhofen , wife of the mayor Gerhard Altenhofen, who was executed on March 7, 1646. The incarceration and torture took place in the "Scharfen Turm" (part of the city wall, directly on the Rhine). The executions were carried out in at least two different locations.
The Rhenser Mineralbrunnen can look back on a long tradition . Mentioned for the first time in the 16th century, mineral water has been industrially bottled here for over 150 years. The company is one of the most important suppliers of mineral water and sweet drinks in Germany. It offers u. a. the brands "Rhenser", "Perling" and "Silvetta".
On November 7, 1970, the Kripp area with 248 residents was transferred to Koblenz . Since September 6, 1984 Rhens has again the town charter.
The development of the population of Rhens in relation to today's urban area; the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The city council in Rhens consists of 20 council members, who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a personalized proportional representation, and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
Mayor of Rhens is Raimund Bogler (CDU). In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was re-elected with 70.84% of the vote.
coat of arms
Since 1984 the city of Rhens has had a partnership with the city of Bramley in Great Britain.
Culture and sights
Sights in Rhens
- Königsstuhl - "Auf Schawall" in Rhens (from around 1400)
- Sharp Tower - built directly on the Rhine from 1396 as a customs tower, later used as a prison, 1645/46 imprisonment and torture of ten alleged witches and sorcerers, general renovation in the late 1980s, since then used as an event room
- Town hall on the market square: The ground floor dates from around 1500, its upper floor with gable was added around 1600.
- Deutsches Haus - built between 1566 and 1570 directly on the banks of the Rhine, a particularly impressive half-timbered building , directly connected to the Rhine Gate; In the 19th century the seat of the Rhenish relatives of the painter Wilhelm von Kügelgen . - The German House has a large historic vaulted cellar. Legend has it that Napoleon stopped there on his flight from the advancing Allied troops, while Blucher’s troops crossed the Rhine near Kaub on New Year's Eve 1813/14 .
- Historic town center ("Flecke") - redesigned with a market square, "Ochsenbrunnen" and many half-timbered houses
- City wall - around the old town with numerous gates
- Parish church of St. Dionysius - at the cemetery, first mentioned in a document in 873, building structure from the 11th century, with a predominantly baroque interior, newly renovated, with magnificent paintings
- Parish Church of St. Theresia - right by the town center
- Rhine in Flames - large fireworks and ship convoy on the 2nd Saturday in August from Spay to Koblenz
- City festival - in the historic town center on the second weekend in September
- Middle Rhine Marathon - major sporting event from Oberwesel to Koblenz in June (2005 to 2015 for the last time)
- Tal Total - annual major event at which parts of the Middle Rhine Valley are exclusively available to non-motorized traffic
- Rhenser Rhein-Hunsrück MTB Marathon - an annual mountain bike event covering 35, 50 and 80 km with participants from all over Europe
- Bella Musica “Am Teich” - annual choir event by MC Rhens / CG “Around the Königsstuhl” in July
Economy and Infrastructure
Rhens belongs to the "Loreley wine-growing area" in the Middle Rhine region . Two wine-growing businesses are active in the village, the area under vines is 2 hectares. About 90% of the wine grown are white grape varieties (as of 2007). In 1979, twelve farms were still active, the vineyard area was 10 hectares.
Rhens has a train station on the left Rhine route . Regional trains of the Trans regio- operated line RB 26 between Mainz and Cologne stop here every hour . The VRM regional bus line 670 provides a direct connection to Koblenz city center every half hour and to Boppard from Monday to Friday.
- Margarethe Altenhofen (around 1596–1646), wife of the mayor Gerhard Altenhofen, last victim of the witch hunt in Rhens
- Joseph Hoegg (1818–1885), painter of the Düsseldorf School
- Gabriel Hubert Iser (1826–1907), Reich judge
- Bruno Schüller (1925–2007), Jesuit and moral theologian
- Adolf Weiland (* 1953), politician
- Hans Bellinghausen : Rhens on the Rhine and the Königsstuhl. Rhens 1929.
- Alexander Ritter: On the topography of the city of Rhens in the early modern period. In: Yearbook for West German State History 28. 2002, pp. 47–75.
- Alexander Ritter: Denominations and politics on the Hessian Middle Rhine (1527–1685) (= sources and research on Hessian history . Volume 153 ). Darmstadt and Marburg 2007.
- Alexander Thon: The king's chair at Rhens. Schnell and Steiner, Regensburg 2015.
- Stephan Hoppe : Renaissance architecture on the Rhine. In: Renaissance on the Rhine. Catalog for the exhibition in the LVR-Landesmuseum Bonn 2010/2011. Hatje Cantz, ISBN 978-3-7757-2707-5 .
- Official website of the city of Rhens
- Historical information about Rhens at regionalgeschichte.net
- Picture by Rhens from JF Dielmann, A. Fay, J. Becker (draftsman): FC Vogel's Panorama of the Rhine, pictures of the right and left banks of the Rhine, FC Vogel lithographic institution, Frankfurt 1833
- Image 2 from Rhens, ditto
- The crib, ditto
- Literature about Rhens in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2018 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 29 (PDF; 2.2 MB).
- Christian Rutsch: Boppard and the Rheinthal , Coblenz: Denkert & Groos, 1880, p. 123 ff ( online edition at dilibri Rhineland-Palatinate )
- Alexander Ritter, Witches Trials on the Hessian Middle Rhine: previously neglected sources from archives in Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate . In: Yearbook for West German State History. 32 (2006), pp. 197-220.
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 168 (PDF; 2.8 MB; see also footnotes 29 and 60, p. 184).
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 187 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Rhein-Mosel, Verbandsgemeinde, 13th line of results. Retrieved November 10, 2019 .
- Stephan Hoppe: Architecture of the Renaissance on the Rhine , p. 79
- See Art Monuments of the Rhine Province , 1944, page 278
- Timetable of the VRM line 670 (PDF)