|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Maifeld|
|Height :||219 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||28.7 km 2|
|Residents:||6837 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||238 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56751|
|Area code :||02654|
|License plate :||MYK, MY|
|Community key :||07 1 37 089|
|LOCODE :||DE PQL|
|City structure:||3 districts|
|Association administration address:||Marktplatz 4
|City Mayor :||Gerd Klasen ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Polch in the Mayen-Koblenz district|
Polch is a town in the Mayen-Koblenz district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Maifeld community and is its administrative seat. According to state planning, Polch is designated as a basic center.
The city of Polch is located in the northwest of the Maifeld community , south of the federal motorway 48 , which crosses the Maifeld in the upper third. It is located about 5 kilometers southeast of Mayen and about 15 kilometers southwest of Koblenz .
Polch includes the districts of Kaan , Ruitsch and Nettesürsch as well as the residential areas Antoniushof, Döllermühle, Geisheckerhof, Hof Grube Margareta, Hof Einiger Tal, Hof Rotental, Kreutzberghof, Kurbenhof, Lindenhof, Nettemühle, Ruitschermühle and Sonnenhof.
Polch was first mentioned in 1052 in a document from the Archbishop of Trier Eberhard . Archaeological finds show that the fertile area around and in Polch was settled in the earliest times ( Bandkeramische Kultur - settlement find around 1913). During the Merovingian period (around 500 AD) "In den Gaichen" was a small burial ground that was discovered in 1973 while a house was being built. It contains 10 graves from the second half of the 5th century and the beginning of the 6th century. Polch was originally an imperial estate with its own jurisdiction and was administered by the "heirs of Polch". In 1354 Archbishop Balduin von Trier acquired jurisdiction and a bailiff took over the administration. Remnants of the Vogtburg are no longer there. In the Middle Ages, Polch was protected by a defensive wall and moat, the street "Am Wallgraben" still bears witness to this today.
From 1798 to 1814, Polch was the main town ( chef-lieu ) of a canton in the French arrondissement of Koblenz , which was part of the Rhine-Moselle department . Polch has been the seat of the Maifeld municipal administration since 1968. On December 19, 1987, Polch was granted city rights.
- Population development
The development of the population of Polch, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The city council in Polch consists of 22 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the city council:
- FWG = Free Voting Group Polch e. V.
Gerd Klasen (CDU) became mayor of Polch in 2014. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office for another five years with a share of the vote of 53.93%. Klasen is the successor to Günter Schnitzler (SPD, Mayor 2009–2014) and Anton Reiter (CDU, 1993–2009).
coat of arms
Blazon "Divided by silver and red, above a continuous red bar cross, below a golden leaf crown with three blue and two red stones in the coronet."
The coat of arms of the Maifeld community is the same as that of the city of Polch, only with a wide shield border.
Parish Church of St. Stephan
The Catholic parish church of St. Stephan was built between 1849 and 1852 in neo-Romanesque style. The twin towers are over 50 meters high.
The Georgskapelle in the cemetery on the southern outskirts is one of the oldest churches in the Eifel. It is located away from the historical buildings on the walled cemetery of Polch with an ancient chestnut avenue. The first verifiable documentation of a church in Polch comes from a document from the year 1052.
A Roman temple is presumed to be the predecessor of the George Chapel. An indication of this could be the Roman tombstone walled up as a lintel over the door of the southwest aisle. The clearly legible inscription reads: " C. (= Gaio) Attio Caro / et Iul (iae) Suausiae / uxori, At (t) io Paterno / At (t) iae Avianae fili (i) s " (translation: [Gravestone ] for Gaius Attius Carus and his wife Iulia Suausia, [also] for their children Attius Paternus and Attia Aviana.) Some of the letters are written in ligature, which occasionally leads to misinterpretations of the Latin wording.
The former synagogue in Polch was built from 1867 to 1877 according to plans by the Koblenz architect Hermann Nebel . This synagogue was also devastated during the Reichspogromnacht . However, since the fire was quickly put out, it did not burn out. The synagogue was repaired by the community and is now used as a space for cultural events.
Hospital chapel and "Viedeler Kapellche"
In addition to the hospital chapel in the old hospital in Viedel, a simple neo-Gothic chapel, the so-called "Viedeler Kapellche", was built in 1881 by Peter Geisen on the outskirts of the village. A simple neo-Gothic quarry stone building, with two bays with a three-sided end, is structured by double-stepped buttresses, pointed arched windows and three tufa four-pass windows in the apse.
The "Viedeler Bur" = (Born = water source) is a fountain that was fed from a spring. It dates from 1854 and was on loan in Polch's city park. In 2007 the fountain was restored and set up opposite the old location on the corner of Kehrstrasse and Bachstrasse. The bur is supplied with water through a circulation system. The surroundings of the “Viedeler Bur” and the urban green area were redesigned.
Further sights are a baroque courtyard of the St. Matthias Abbey (1748) and the local museum "Christina's Stuben" in the bee garden.
Economy and Infrastructure
Thanks to many new development areas and numerous jobs, Polch owes its population to have grown significantly in recent years.
There is no longer a train connection. On the section from Mayen via Polch to Ochtendung of the Koblenz-Lützel – Mayen Ost railway line (former course book route 603) and the former Polch – Münstermaifeld railway line, there is now the Maifeld cycle path .
The “Kaaner-Hof” in the Kaan district, two kilometers from Polch, offers an extensive program of recreational activities and relaxation. A large number of rare pets are kept on the farm.
sons and daughters of the town
- Wilhelm Friessem (1799–1882), public prosecutor and parliamentarian
- Leopold Schweitzer (1871–1937), architect
- Ruth Liepman (1909–2001), lawyer and literary agent
- Karl Peter Böhr (1925–2017), architect and master builder in Trier
- Leo Schönberg (1928–2015), lawyer and politician
- Max Tidof (born 1960), actor
- Dominique Lars Ziesemer (* 1969), television presenter and freelance writer
- Franz-Josef Heyen (Ed.): Polch in the Maifeld . Verbandsgemeinde Maifeld, Koblenz 1986, DNB 870540459 .
- Official website of Polch
- Annual city run (2005:> 1800 participants)
- Official homepage of the Viedel district - website in dialect (Viedeler Platt) and standard German
- Literature about Polch in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 40 (PDF; 3 MB).
- Frank Siegmund: Alemanni and Franks. (= Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde. Supplementary volumes 23). 2nd Edition. Walter de Gruyter Verlag, Berlin et al. 2000, ISBN 3-11-016788-3 , p. 383. (At the same time: Göttingen, Univ., Habil.-Schr., 1996)
- Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 187 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
- Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Maifeld, Verbandsgemeinde, 13th line of results. Retrieved January 27, 2020 .
- Blick Aktuell: The Maifeld is getting two new city mayors. June 10, 2014, accessed January 27, 2020 .