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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Polch
Map of Germany, position of the city of Polch highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 18 ′  N , 7 ° 19 ′  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Mayen-Koblenz
Association municipality : Maifeld
Height : 219 m above sea level NHN
Area : 28.7 km 2
Residents: 6837 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 238 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 56751
Area code : 02654
License plate : MYK, MY
Community key : 07 1 37 089
City structure: 3 districts
Association administration address: Marktplatz 4
56751 Polch
Website : www.polch.de
City Mayor : Gerd Klasen ( CDU )
Location of the city of Polch in the Mayen-Koblenz district

Polch is a town in the Mayen-Koblenz district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Maifeld community and is its administrative seat. According to state planning, Polch is designated as a basic center.

Polch, aerial photo (2015)


The city of Polch is located in the northwest of the Maifeld community , south of the federal motorway 48 , which crosses the Maifeld in the upper third. It is located about 5 kilometers southeast of Mayen and about 15 kilometers southwest of Koblenz .

Polch includes the districts of Kaan , Ruitsch and Nettesürsch as well as the residential areas Antoniushof, Döllermühle, Geisheckerhof, Hof Grube Margareta, Hof Einiger Tal, Hof Rotental, Kreutzberghof, Kurbenhof, Lindenhof, Nettemühle, Ruitschermühle and Sonnenhof.

Kurbenhof (Polch), aerial photo (2015)


Polch was first mentioned in 1052 in a document from the Archbishop of Trier Eberhard . Archaeological finds show that the fertile area around and in Polch was settled in the earliest times ( Bandkeramische Kultur - settlement find around 1913). During the Merovingian period (around 500 AD) "In den Gaichen" was a small burial ground that was discovered in 1973 while a house was being built. It contains 10 graves from the second half of the 5th century and the beginning of the 6th century. Polch was originally an imperial estate with its own jurisdiction and was administered by the "heirs of Polch". In 1354 Archbishop Balduin von Trier acquired jurisdiction and a bailiff took over the administration. Remnants of the Vogtburg are no longer there. In the Middle Ages, Polch was protected by a defensive wall and moat, the street "Am Wallgraben" still bears witness to this today.

From 1798 to 1814, Polch was the main town ( chef-lieu ) of a canton in the French arrondissement of Koblenz , which was part of the Rhine-Moselle department . Polch has been the seat of the Maifeld municipal administration since 1968. On December 19, 1987, Polch was granted city rights.

Population development

The development of the population of Polch, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 1,341
1835 2,062
1871 2,558
1905 2,972
1939 3,020
1950 3,601
1961 3,502
year Residents
1970 3,745
1987 3,891
1997 5,925
2005 6,616
2011 6,623
2017 6,829
2018 6,821
Population development in Polch from 1815 to 2017 according to the table below


City council

The city ​​council in Polch consists of 22 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary city ​​mayor as chairman.

The distribution of seats in the city council:

choice SPD CDU LEFT FWG total
2019 6th 10 1 5 22 seats
2014 7th 11 1 3 22 seats
2009 9 10 - 3 22 seats
2004 6th 14th - 2 22 seats
  • FWG = Free Voting Group Polch e. V.


Gerd Klasen (CDU) became mayor of Polch in 2014. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office for another five years with a share of the vote of 53.93%. Klasen is the successor to Günter Schnitzler (SPD, Mayor 2009–2014) and Anton Reiter (CDU, 1993–2009).

coat of arms

Blazon "Divided by silver and red, above a continuous red bar cross, below a golden leaf crown with three blue and two red stones in the coronet."

The coat of arms of the Maifeld community is the same as that of the city of Polch, only with a wide shield border.

The red cross in the coat of arms refers to Polch's membership of Kurtrier for 550 years . The golden crown is the coat of arms of the von Polch family.


Parish church
Chapel of St. George in the cemetery

Parish Church of St. Stephan

The Catholic parish church of St. Stephan was built between 1849 and 1852 in neo-Romanesque style. The twin towers are over 50 meters high.

George's Chapel

The Georgskapelle in the cemetery on the southern outskirts is one of the oldest churches in the Eifel. It is located away from the historical buildings on the walled cemetery of Polch with an ancient chestnut avenue. The first verifiable documentation of a church in Polch comes from a document from the year 1052.

A Roman temple is presumed to be the predecessor of the George Chapel. An indication of this could be the Roman tombstone walled up as a lintel over the door of the southwest aisle. The clearly legible inscription reads: " C. (= Gaio) Attio Caro / et Iul (iae) Suausiae / uxori, At (t) io Paterno / At (t) iae Avianae fili (i) s " (translation: [Gravestone ] for Gaius Attius Carus and his wife Iulia Suausia, [also] for their children Attius Paternus and Attia Aviana.) Some of the letters are written in ligature, which occasionally leads to misinterpretations of the Latin wording.

At the top of the north-western gable is another, possibly also Roman, spoil : a female bust, which could be a representation of the goddess Ceres .


The former synagogue in Polch was built from 1867 to 1877 according to plans by the Koblenz architect Hermann Nebel . This synagogue was also devastated during the Reichspogromnacht . However, since the fire was quickly put out, it did not burn out. The synagogue was repaired by the community and is now used as a space for cultural events.

Hospital chapel and "Viedeler Kapellche"

In addition to the hospital chapel in the old hospital in Viedel, a simple neo-Gothic chapel, the so-called "Viedeler Kapellche", was built in 1881 by Peter Geisen on the outskirts of the village. A simple neo-Gothic quarry stone building, with two bays with a three-sided end, is structured by double-stepped buttresses, pointed arched windows and three tufa four-pass windows in the apse.

Viedeler Bur

The "Viedeler Bur" = (Born = water source) is a fountain that was fed from a spring. It dates from 1854 and was on loan in Polch's city park. In 2007 the fountain was restored and set up opposite the old location on the corner of Kehrstrasse and Bachstrasse. The bur is supplied with water through a circulation system. The surroundings of the “Viedeler Bur” and the urban green area were redesigned.

More Attractions

Further sights are a baroque courtyard of the St. Matthias Abbey (1748) and the local museum "Christina's Stuben" in the bee garden.

Many famous castles are on the Maifeld, Burg Eltz , Burg Pyrmont , Bischofstein Castle , Castle Wernerseck .

See also

Economy and Infrastructure

Thanks to many new development areas and numerous jobs, Polch owes its population to have grown significantly in recent years.

There is no longer a train connection. On the section from Mayen via Polch to Ochtendung of the Koblenz-Lützel – Mayen Ost railway line (former course book route 603) and the former Polch – Münstermaifeld railway line, there is now the Maifeld cycle path .


The best-known companies based in Polch are Griesson - de Beukelaer , Niesmann + Bischoff and the large bakery Lohner.


The “Kaaner-Hof” in the Kaan district, two kilometers from Polch, offers an extensive program of recreational activities and relaxation. A large number of rare pets are kept on the farm.

sons and daughters of the town


Web links

Commons : Polch  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. a b State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  3. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 40 (PDF; 3 MB).
  4. ^ Frank Siegmund: Alemanni and Franks. (= Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde. Supplementary volumes 23). 2nd Edition. Walter de Gruyter Verlag, Berlin et al. 2000, ISBN 3-11-016788-3 , p. 383. (At the same time: Göttingen, Univ., Habil.-Schr., 1996)
  5. Official municipality directory (= State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 407 ). Bad Ems February 2016, p. 187 (PDF; 2.8 MB).
  6. ^ Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
  7. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Maifeld, Verbandsgemeinde, 13th line of results. Retrieved January 27, 2020 .
  8. Blick Aktuell: The Maifeld is getting two new city mayors. June 10, 2014, accessed January 27, 2020 .