|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Pellenz|
|Height :||210 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.56 km 2|
|Residents:||3620 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||219 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56645|
|Area code :||02632|
|License plate :||MYK, MY|
|Community key :||07 1 37 081|
|LOCODE :||DE 83C|
|Association administration address:||Rathausstrasse 2-4
|Local Mayor :||Detlev Leersch ( CDU )|
|Location of the local community Nickenich in the Mayen-Koblenz district|
According to archaeological finds, Nickenich was a settlement site of the Celts well over 2000 years ago ( tumulus grave finds, cremation graves and urns in the local area). Traces from the Celtic settlement period were discovered and uncovered in 1993 and 1994 by the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments of Rhineland-Palatinate in Mainz in the Nickenich area "on the Hönsenacker". The Celtic settlement period followed around 50 BC. The Romans. In a document dated May 5, 1069, in which Pope Alexander II confirmed a donation from Bishop Odos of Toul (1052-1069) over a quarter of Nickenich's own church with 400 acres of land to the monastery of St. Salvator in Toul, Nickenich was named Nethenis first mentioned. A derivation from the mainland Celtic is also being considered. At the time of the Celts and Romans, the settlement of villas and courtyards is said to have been called "NIGIDIACUM" (Latin form from Celtic "NIGIDIACOS") and mean something like "Settlement of NIGIDIUS", similar to Andernach from "ANTUNNACUM" (Celtic "ANTUNNACOS "). After the departure of the Romans, the Franks settled in the region.
The existence of Nickenich has been almost completely proven as a place since the 12th century. Large knight families and high-ranking personalities lived here, for example the knights Gramann von Nickenich (1373-1518) and the knights von Nickenich , later knights from the pond in Nickenich after the Weiherhof was enfeoffed.
Around 1332 the Carthusian monastery of St. Alban was founded in Konz . The Electoral Trier fiefdom (former Karthäuserhof ( Zehnthof ) with buildings from 1755) was owned by the knight dynasty of the Winkel von Nickenichs . After the knight dynasty had died out, it was transferred to St. Alban's monastery in 1340 by the Archbishop and Elector of Trier , Baldwin of Luxembourg .
The oldest documented spellings for Nickenich are: Nikedich (1163), Nekedich, Neckendich (15th century).
- Population development
The development of the population of Nickenich, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The municipal council in Nickenich consists of 20 council members, who were elected in a personalized proportional representation in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the municipal council:
Detlev Leersch (CDU) became local mayor of Nickenich in 2018. In the direct election on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in office for five years with 83.00% of the vote. Leersch's predecessor was Gottfried Busch (CDU), who died unexpectedly after 26 years in office on May 17, 2018.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In silver, three red diamonds over a green ring."|
|Justification for the coat of arms: The three diamonds are taken from the coat of arms of the Knights of Nickenich (~ 1160–1616; since ~ 1400 Knights of the pond in Nickenich ), the ring stands for St. Arnulf , Bishop of Metz .|
Culture and sights
Since 1981 the place has had the Pellenz Museum for Archeology , which was initially housed in the rooms of the Nickenich elementary school. Since 2002 it has housed finds from prehistory and early history as well as from Roman times in a part of the former Karthäuserhof ( tenth courtyard of the former Carthusian monastery of St. Alban) .
From the parish church built around 1200 on the remains of a Roman villa (demolished in 1842) the Romanesque tower has been preserved to this day. The current parish church was planned by Johann Claudius von Lassaulx . Completed in 1848 and dedicated to St. Arnulfus von Metz. It is stylistically characterized by features of classicism as well as early neo-Romanesque and is considered one of Lassaulx's main works, not least because of the variously combined regional natural stones on the outside. The renovation of the interior was completed in September 2005, the pillars and ceiling are now decorated with ornaments. Due to its size compared to the other churches in the area, it is also called Pellenz Cathedral .
An old rifle brotherhood is located in Nickenich: The St. Sebastianus Brotherhood and Schützengilde 1742 e. V. Nickenich. On May 25, 1742, the well- respected and respectable citizen Anthon Eltzer, Sendscheffe and administrator of the baronial castle of Bürresheim there in Nickenich, founded the brotherhood with the primary aim of celebrating the feast of the holy martyr Sebastianus in Nickenich, and that at his intercession all epidemics and diseases of the body and soul are kept away from all brothers and sisters who incorporate themselves into the brotherhood . In addition, the place has a lively club life, over 35 clubs are represented in the place.
Personalities of the place
- Heinrich II. Von Laach (1050-1095), Count Palatine near the Rhine , lord of Burg Laach , founder of Laach Abbey
- Richard Gramann von Nickenich (1450–1513), legal scholar, professor and rector at the University of Trier
- Heinrich Ferdinand von der Leyen (1639–1714), provost of the cathedral in Mainz, choir bishop in Trier
- Bertha Gumprich (1832–1901), cook and specialist book author
- Carl Wilkes (1895–1954), regional archivist in Düsseldorf, author of the Heimatbuch Nickenich in der Pellenz (1925)
- Friedrich Breitbach (1897–1991), Lord Mayor of Trier
- Werner Klein (1928–1985), German politician ( SPD )
- Helmut Schwarz (* 1943), chemist
- Rüdiger Klein (* 1958), German neurobiologist
- Stephan Ackermann (* 1963), Bishop of Trier
- Oliver Pagé (* 1971), former professional footballer at Bayer 04 Leverkusen and Dynamo Dresden
- Kai Kramosta (* 1984), German comedian and author
- Festschrift for the big national singers' meeting on June 28, 29 and 30, 1929 / M.-G.-V. "Alpenrose" Nickenich, 1929 digitized
- Official website of Nickenich
- Knight of Nickenich
- Nickenich as part of the general history of the country - The Nickenich settlement during the Celtic, Roman and Franconian times
- Website of the Pellenz Museum
- Literature about Nickenich in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Pellenz, Verbandsgemeinde, fourth row of results. Retrieved January 19, 2020 .
- Martina Koch: Detlev Leersch competes in Nickenich: No election campaign like any other. Rhein-Zeitung, 23 August 2018, accessed on 19 January 2020 .
- Rhein-Zeitung: Companions pay tribute to the deceased Nickenicher local chief: Gottfried Busch was a mayor for everyone. May 23, 2018, accessed January 19, 2020 .
- Georg Germann: Johann Claudius von Lassaulx - early historicism and structural polychromy. In: bauforschungonline.ch. February 8, 2010, accessed May 27, 2019 .
- chronicle St. Sebastianus Brotherhood and Rifle Guild 1742 e. V. Nickenich ( Memento from January 15, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Local community Nickenich am Laacher See - clubs and associations ( Memento from June 30, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
- Heimatbuch Nickenich in der Pellenz