Gambrinus (person)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gambrinus figure on the grounds of the Becker brewery in St. Ingbert
Gambrinus Seal (1828)

Gambrinus is a legendary king who was considered the inventor of beer brewing . However, he is not the patron saint of brewers, these are Florian von Lorch , Arnulf von Metz (St. Arnold) or, alternatively, Arnulf von Soissons . In literature and the fine arts, Gambrinus is also represented as a counterpart to the wine god Bacchus .

Name origin

Johannes Aventinus tells in his Annales Bajorum in 1519 that Gambrivius was the son of a Germanic king Marsus. He married Isis , the ancient Egyptian goddess of motherhood and fertility. From this he learned the craft of brewing and then spread his art. According to another explanation, this claim comes from the German poet Burkard Waldis (1543).

The name Gambrinus - first recorded in Antwerp in the Netherlands at that time - is likely to be based on a misprint (from Gambrivius). This was derived by Annius von Viterbo from the name of the Gambrivii mentioned in Tacitus (Germania, cap. 2) . Tacitus also reported a Germanic tribe of the Marsi .

Because of its importance, many European and North American brewers have adopted the figure or name in their beer brands. At least four major breweries are named after Gambrinus, the Gambrinus Brewery in Pilsen , Czech Republic , the Gambrinus Company in San Antonio , Texas , Gambrinus in Mulhouse , Alsace and the Gambrinus Brewery in Weiden in the Upper Palatinate . The face of Gambrinus also adorns the beers of the Luxembourg type Battin ( Brasserie nationale ), the Dutch brand Hertog Jan ( InBev ) and the Spanish brand " Cruzcampo ".


Web links

Commons : Gambrinus  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Carl Brinitzer: Bacchus, Gambrinus and Co , Ullstein, 1972.