City of Lahnstein
|Coordinates: 50 ° 19 ′ 1 ″ N , 7 ° 35 ′ 59 ″ E|
|Height :||70 m above sea level NHN|
|Incorporation :||7th June 1969|
|Postal code :||56112|
|Area code :||02621|
Location of Niederlahnstein in Rhineland-Palatinate
Niederlahnstein is a district of Lahnstein in the Rhein-Lahn district in Rhineland-Palatinate .
Niederlahnstein lies on the right bank of the Rhine and on the right bank of the Lahn, at the confluence of the Lahn and the Rhine .
The place received city rights in 1322. Niederlahnstein belonged to Engersgau and in the 18th and 19th centuries to the Duchy of Nassau . Due to the Austro-Prussian war , the place became Prussian. Niederlahnstein has been part of the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate since 1946. Until 1969 the place was an independent city belonging to the district. On June 7, 1969 Niederlahnstein was united with the neighboring town of Oberlahnstein to form the large district town of Lahnstein .
badges and flags
|Blazon : “Split of silver (white) and red; in front a continuous faceted red cross, behind a lowered silver (white) anchor; in the upper coat of arms a three-towered silver (white) wall crown. "|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms awarded by the Prussian State Ministry in 1910 reminds with the Trier cross of the earlier membership of Kurtrier , which already existed in the early 11th century. The anchor included in the city seal (and later in the coat of arms) indicates shipping on the Lahn and Rhine . The crown of the wall symbolizes the city charter last granted in 1883 .|
|Hoisted flag: "The flag has red and white stripes with the coat of arms in the middle."|
The Johanniskirche was built between 1130 and 1136 . It was destroyed by French revolutionary troops in 1794 and burned down completely. The church initially remained in ruins, and in 1844 one of the towers collapsed. The reconstruction took place from 1856 to 1866. In 1906 the church became a monastery church .
Education and infrastructure
In Niederlahnstein there is the Schillerschule - a primary school that was also a secondary school until 2007 - the private Johannes-Gymnasium Lahnstein and an indoor swimming pool.
The Niederlahnstein station is on the railway line between Cologne and Wiesbaden ( East Rhine Railway ) and the railway line Wetzlar-Koblenz ( Lahn Valley Railway ).
The federal road 42 runs through the village and the federal road 260 begins as a junction .
A road bridge has been connecting the two districts of Nieder- and Oberlahnstein since 1873, and the bridge, which was renewed in 1997, was named Rudi-Geil-Brücke in 2008 .
See also: List of cultural monuments in Lahnstein
- All Saints Mountain Chapel
- Nassau-Sporkenburger Hof , today Lahnstein Municipal Stage
- Tavern on the Lahn
sons and daughters of the town
- Ernst Biesten (1884–1953), lawyer
- Wilhelm Christian Crecelius (1898–1979), medic
- Anton Dahlem (1859–1935), member of the German Reichstag
- Daniel Douqué (1806-1891), German boatman and politician
- Franz Anton Douqué (1768–1851), German boatman and politician
- Manuela Grochowiak-Schmieding (* 1959), politician (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), member of the state parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia
- Grit Hegesa (1891–1972), dancer and actress
- Willibald Hilf (1931–2004), politician
- Maria Hugonis Schäfer (1930–2014), religious sister and educator
- Dagmar Leupold (* 1955), writer
- Gabriele Leupold (* 1954), translator
- Fritz Michel (1877–1966), doctor, politician, historian and art historian
- Carl Vath (1909–1974), businessman and Roman Catholic prelate as well as President Caritas Internationalis
People associated with the city
- Wilhelm Bruchhäuser (1895–1976), politician, head of the Niederlahnstein employment office, transferred in 1933 because of his political stance
- Richard Ott (1928–2008), religious priest, philologist and teacher at the Johannes-Gymnasium
- Walter Spix (1894–1942), from 1928 superior of the Arnstein Fathers in Johanneskloster, murdered in the Dachau concentration camp
- Martin Weber (1890–1941), architect, builder of the parish church of St. Barbara in Niederlahnstein
- Fritz Michel (1877–1966), doctor and historian, awarded in 1954
- Johannes B. Ludwig: Contributions to the history and description of Niederlahnstein . Oberlahnstein 1901
- Image from Niederlahnstein 1833
- Historical information about Niederlahnstein at regionalgeschichte.net
- ↑ Official municipality directory 2006 ( Memento from December 22, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (= State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate [Hrsg.]: Statistical volumes . Volume 393 ). Bad Ems March 2006, p. 183 (PDF; 2.6 MB). Info: An up-to-date directory ( 2016 ) is available, but in the section "Territorial changes - Territorial administrative reform" it does not give any population figures.
- ^ Meyers Konversations-Lexikon, 1885: Niederlahnstein
- ^ A b c d Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. goarshausen.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- ^ Municipal directory 1900: District Sankt Goarshausen
- ↑ Entry on Wilhelm Bruchhäuser in the Rhineland-Palatinate personal database , accessed on February 7, 2017 .
- ↑ 50 years ago the doctor and scientist Dr. Dr. hc Fritz Michel , accessed on July 10, 2018.