|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Lower Austria|
|Political District :||Korneuburg|
|License plate :||KO|
|Residents :||16,875 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||451 inhabitants per km²|
|Postcodes :||2000, 2003|
|Area code :||0 22 66|
|Community code :||3 12 30|
|UN / LOCODE||AT STC|
|Address of the
|Mayoress :||Andrea Völkl ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2019)
|Location of Stockerau in the Korneuburg district|
Town hall in Stockerau
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
The name Stockerau is said to be derived from the composition Stocker-Au: the Au of the woodcutters. The Stockerau Au - the river forest between the city and the Danube - is still an important recreational area for the Stockerau residents, even if the construction of the Danube power plant in Greifenstein has noticeably affected the landscape and the ecosystem . The area has been under nature protection since 1994.
Stockerau is also called "Lenaustadt" because the poet Nikolaus Lenau often spent time here with his grandparents in his youth.
The municipality includes the following three localities (population as of January 1, 2020):
- Oberzögersdorf (312) including the Zögernsee
- Stockerau (16.187) including In der Au and Leitzersbrunnerfeld
- Unterzögersdorf (376)
The community consists of the cadastral communities Oberzögersdorf, Stockerau and Unterzögersdorf.
Around 791, the woodcutters working in the Au were the first people to settle on the site of today's Stockerau. In 1012 Stockerau was first mentioned in a document as "Stoccaerouwe" in connection with the Holy Koloman . Koloman was an Irish wandering monk who was killed by the stickers because they did not understand his language and thought he was a spy. When the rotten tree on which he was hanged began to sprout again, but at the latest when his grave was miraculously spared in a flood, people were convinced that they were dealing with someone who was apparently in God's grace stood. The elder bush on which Koloman was supposedly hanged still grows today on the back wall of the monastery of the Steyler Missionary Sisters St. Koloman , the so-called "Klösterl".
In 1014 the parish Stockerau was founded . On April 5, 1465, Stockerau received from Emperor Friedrich III. granted the market right. 1514 was the market town of Maximilian I. emblem and seal as a sign of special imperial favor. The coat of arms shows on a red-white-red background a young tree growing out of a rotten tree stump, a reminder of the holy Koloman, but also of the "Stocker" as the founder of Stockerau.
Between 1722 and 1726 the 88 m high church tower was built (the highest church tower in Lower Austria ). The town hall was built between 1738 and 1740. The poet Nikolaus Lenau lived in Stockerau from 1818 to 1822 and began to write here.
In 1841 the third railway line in Austria from Vienna-Jedlesee to Stockerau was opened. The express trains to Vienna run on this line today . With the construction of the railway line, the local industry was able to develop strongly. A number of companies built their factories in the area, among other things for textiles, candles, soaps, perfumes, food, leather, chemicals and machines, etc. Jos. Stefsky , trimmings and lace goods factory and kuk court supplier . On August 29, 1893 Stockerau was raised to the status of town by Emperor Franz Joseph I.
In 1945, a Soviet military cemetery was set up in the Stockerau cemetery, which was reburied in three mass and 28 individual graves with Soviet military personnel until 1957.
1962 saw the opening of the rapid transit connection Vienna - Stockerau. In 1964 the Stockerau Festival began with Jean Anouilh's “Jeanne or the Lark”. 1966 was the opening of the recreation center. On January 1, 1975, Oberzögersdorf was incorporated. The Stockerauer Au was declared a nature reserve in 1994 . In 2006 Stockerau joined the regional development association 10 outside Vienna .
Name of the municipality
- 1012: Stoccaerouwe first mentioned in a document
- 1070: Stockarawe mentioned in the annals of Niederaltaich
- 1122: Stocchaeroaw in the Melker annals
- 1230: Stokkerowe in a Heiligenkreuz document
- 1327: Stockherau in a document from Frederick the Beautiful
- 1465: Stockherau in the market survey document of Emperor Friedrich III.
- 1514: Stockheraw in the coat of arms award certificate of Emperor Maximilian I.
- 1517: Stockerau in the certificate of the Michaelimarkt award
The population of Stockerau has increased almost continuously since the second half of the 19th century. There was only a marked decrease in the population between 1939 and 1951.
Since the penultimate census in 1991, the population has also increased by 6.2 percent, which was due to the positive balance of migration (+ 8.1%), while the birth balance was negative (−1.9%). In the years 2001 to 2011, too, the birth balance was negative at −478. However, the migration balance of +1,650 more than compensated for this. Stockerau is part of the so-called bacon belt in the Vienna area.
- Andernach am Rhein ( Germany ), since 1983
- Baranovichi ( Belarus ), since 1989
- Mosonmagyaróvár ( Hungary ), since 1996
The municipal council has 37 members.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1990, the municipal council had the following distribution: 23 SPÖ, 10 ÖVP, 2 FPÖ, and 2 Greens.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 1995, the municipal council had the following distribution: 22 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP, 4 FPÖ, 1 Greens, and 1 LIF.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2000, the municipal council had the following distribution: 22 SPÖ, 9 ÖVP, 4 FPÖ, and 2 Greens.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2005 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 21 SPÖ, 10 ÖVP, 3 FPÖ, and 3 Greens.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria 2010 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 18 SPÖ, 12 ÖVP, 4 FPÖ, and 3 Greens.
- With the municipal council elections in Lower Austria in 2015 , the municipal council had the following distribution: 17 SPÖ, 12 ÖVP, 4 FPÖ, 3 Greens, and 1 Neos.
- With the municipal council election on March 24, 2019, the municipal council has the following distribution: 18 ÖVP, 11 SPÖ, 5 Greens, and 3 FPÖ.
- 1893–1908 Julius Schaumann
- 1908–1912 Josef Weineck
- 1912–1914 Wenceslas Cross
- 1919–1927 Eduard Rösch (SDAPDÖ)
- 1927–1933 Josef Wolfik
- 1933–1938 Johann Schidla
- 1938–1945 Heinrich Mayrl
- 1945–1970 Josef Wondrak (SPÖ)
- 1970–1979 Franz Blabolil (SPÖ)
- 1979-2006 Leopold Richentzky
- 2006-2018 Helmut Laab (SPÖ)
- since 2019 Andrea Völkl (ÖVP)
In October 2018, Mayor Helmut Laab (SPÖ) announced his resignation on November 30, 2018. Gabriele Frithum (SPÖ) was designated as her successor. After the ÖVP and FPÖ resigned from office, new elections were necessary. After less than two thirds of the municipal council mandates were filled, the Lower Austrian provincial government dissolved the municipal council in December 2018. March 24, 2019 was set as the election date. Until the election, an advisory board was appointed to carry out the business of the community board, consisting of all electoral parties previously represented in the city council. City councilor Othmar Holzer (SPÖ) took over the role of mayor on an interim basis. In the election on March 24, 2019, the ÖVP became the party with the largest number of votes for the first time since 1945. The ÖVP's top candidate was Andrea Völkl, who was elected mayor at the constituent meeting of the municipal council on April 29, 2019.
Culture and sights
- Lenautheater : In Stockerau shows theater, music and cabaret performances all year round. Richard Maynau is the artistic director .
- Festival Stockerau : In the summer months of July and August, the Stockerau Festival takes place on the square in front of the parish church. Zeno Stanek has been the artistic director of the Stockerau Festival since 2013 .
There are two museums in Stockerau:
The following buildings by Stockerau are particularly noteworthy:
- the baroque parish church consecrated to St. Stefan with the highest church tower in Lower Austria at 88 m
- the town hall, which was built between 1738 and 1740
- the Luther Church: formerly a synagogue on which a bell tower was added during the Nazi era
- City park in the center of Stockerau
- Marienhöhe, green area on the northwestern outskirts
- Schaumann Park
- Ernst Koerner Platz
- Natural monuments
The Stockerauer Au has been a nature reserve since 1994 . It is one of the last large contiguous floodplains in Central Europe. The Stockerauer Au is watered by a so-called pouring channel. This pouring channel is an artificially created river, which was completed in connection with the construction of the Danube power plant in Greifenstein in 1984. The irrigation system has created many new aquatic habitats such as wet meadows and ponds.
In Stockerau there is a large recreation center with an outdoor pool, an indoor pool and an artificial ice rink. In addition, the nearby Au offers relaxation as well as other sports and leisure opportunities. There is also the Alte Au sports center in Stockerau, consisting of a football stadium, a sports hall and a multi-purpose hall (Millennium Hall, opened in 1999). The Alte Au stadium is the home of the SV Stockerau football club , which was the second division team in the early 1990s with the ÖFB Cup win against SK Rapid Wien , the participation in the Supercup final against FK Austria Wien and the narrow defeats in the European Cup of the cup winners against Tottenham Hotspur caused a sensation.
Stockerau also has an excellent handball team, the UHC Stockerau .
Particularly noteworthy is the performance center for judo and table tennis. The table tennis center is also the venue for training sessions for the Austrian national team. The Austrian top club UTTC Stockerau also plays here .
There is also a sports airfield about three kilometers north of Stockerau .
Stockerau is located directly on the A22 motorway and the Nordwestbahn and therefore has good transport links. The S-Bahn line S3 connects Stockerau with Vienna , Wiener Neustadt and Hollabrunn ; In addition, regional trains run to Vienna and Retz .
The following international companies come from Stockerau or have their headquarters there:
- J. u. A. Frischis , wholesaler for wood and wood-based materials
- Isover Austria (formerly TEL mineral wool), insulation products
- Xylem Water Solutions Austria GmbH (formerly Vogel Pumpen), manufacturer of pumps
- MUT Maschinen-Umwelttechnik-Transportanlagen GmbH
- Jos. Stefsky - trimmings and laces factory
- Josef-Wondrak Elementary School
- West elementary school
- NNÖ Computer Science Middle School
- New Lower Austria Creative Middle School
- Bundesgymnasium and Bundesrealgymnasium
- Federal commercial school and advanced course HAK
- Polytechnic school
- General special school
- State vocational schools for electrical engineering, car mechanics and car electricians
- Technical school for social professions
- School of General Health and Nursing
- Landesklinikum Weinviertel Stockerau
- Nursing home of the municipality of Stockerau
- Landwehr Barracks I (built in 1886 in Schaumanngasse)
- Prinz-Eugen-Kaserne (built in 1898 by Max Kropf as Landwehr-Kavalleriekaserne II, renamed to Prinz Eugen-Kaserne in 1937; currently used with an AFDRU warehouse and civilian housing units).
- Cavalry barracks (built in 1721, militarily decommissioned 1955; today used as the largest community building in Stockerau and known as the Niembsch-Hof )
- Honorary citizen of the community
- Alfred Ritter von Arneth
- Alois Czedik von Bründelsberg and Eysenberg , member of the Reichsrat
- Josef Ecker
- Johann Fuchs
- Rudolf Furtmüller
- Franz Jonas , Federal President
- Erich Graf Kielmansegg
- Josef Manhart
- Karl Renner , Federal President
- Leopold Richentzky , mayor from 1979 to 2006
- Julius Schaumann
- Anton Ritter von Schmerling , politician and lawyer
- Guido Freiherr von Sommaruga
- Maximilian Stögermeyer
- Ignaz Weineck
- Heinrich Widmann, garrison commander
- Josef Wondrak , Mayor from 1945 to 1970
- Sons and daughters of the church
- Wilhelm Seib (1854–1924), sculptor, painter and architect
- Gottfried Sieben (1856–1918), painter, writer and illustrator
- Jakob Wohlschläger (1869–1934), architect and politician
- Edmund Hainisch (1895–1985), bookseller and politician
- Franz Koci (1899–1966), politician
- Rudolf Hirsch (1903–1984), master shoemaker and politician
- Ernst Jirgal (1905–1956), teacher and writer
- Otto Zeiller (1913–1988), painter and graphic artist
- Franz Blabolil (1920–1992), politician
- Ernst Herbeck (1920–1991), poet
- Emil Breisach (1923–2015), writer and cultural manager
- Adi Holzer (* 1936), painter, glass painter, graphic artist, sculptor
- Manfred Srb (* 1941), politician and social worker
- Ewald Wagner (* 1941), politician (SPÖ)
- Rudolf Maria Brandl (1943–2018), musicologist and composer
- Horst Brinkmeier (* 1943), five-time German champion in boxing (welterweight)
- Johann Culik (* 1946), military commander of Lower Austria
- Martha Griebler (1948–2006), visual artist
- Johann Gutmann (1948–2011), engineer and pilot
- Gerda Winklbauer (* 1955), judoka
- Wolfgang Katzian (* 1956), trade unionist
- Karl Ritter (* 1959), musician and composer
- Martin Genahl (* 1968), writer and composer
- Josef Pröll (* 1968), politician (ÖVP)
- Günter Kraft (* 1972), machine fitter and politician
- Johannes Grenzfurthner (* 1975), pioneer of the digital arts
- Thomas Weinhappel (* 1980), opera singer
- Daniela Kix (* 1984), tennis player
- Manuela Zinsberger (* 1995), soccer goalkeeper
- Jean-Paul Lehners, 1973: The parish Stockerau in the 17th and 18th centuries - first results of a demographic study ; in: H. Helczmanovski (ed.): Contributions to the population and social history of Austria ; Munich & Vienna, Ss. 373-401.
- Jean-Paul Lehners, 1974: House and family in Markt Stockerau at the end of the 17th century ; in: Our home - magazine of the Association for Regional Studies of Lower Austria and Vienna , 45, Ss. 222-235.
- Friedrich Buschmann: Your Stockerau, the chronicle of the city .
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Industrial history of Stockerau. Stadtgemeinde Stockerau, 2011, accessed on September 16, 2011 .
- Changes to the community from 1945 (associations, partitions, name and status changes). Statistics Austria, p. 85 , accessed on February 10, 2019 .
- Statistics Austria, A look at the community Stockerau, population development. Retrieved February 7, 2019 .
- Local council election results of March 24, 2019 according to mandates
- List of Mayors Stockerau on the municipality's website
- Stockerau: City boss Helmut Laab announces his resignation . Article dated October 24, 2018, accessed October 28, 2018.
- Stockerau: Gabriele Frithum to be new mayor . Article dated October 25, 2018, accessed October 28, 2018.
- NÖN: Stockerau: ÖVP and FPÖ force new elections with resignations . Article dated November 27, 2018, accessed November 28, 2018.
- Schnabl: "New election in Stockerau on March 24, 2019": State government dissolves municipal council and starts new elections . OTS notification dated December 11, 2018, accessed December 12, 2018.
- On March 24, 2019 there will be elections in Stockerau . Article dated December 11, 2018, accessed December 12, 2018.
- Kurier: Surprising change at Stockerauer SPÖ . Article from January 14, 2019, accessed on January 14, 2019.
- orf.at: Stockerau: Historical change in the town hall . Article dated March 24, 2019, accessed March 24, 2019.
- New mayors elected in two communities in the Weinviertel . Article dated April 30, 2019, accessed April 30, 2019.
- Homepage of the Siegfried-Marcus-Automobilmuseum Stockerau ( Memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed March 4, 2015.