East mine

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East mine
General information about the mine
Hammerkopfturm colliery robert bergwerkost.jpg

Hammerhead tower of the Heinrich-Robert colliery
Information about the mining company
Operating company Deutsche Steinkohle AG
Employees approx. 5,834 (1955)
Start of operation 1901
End of operation 2010
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Greatest depth 1,565m (Franz shaft)
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 39 '6 "  N , 7 ° 45' 43"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 39 '6 "  N , 7 ° 45' 43"  E
Ost Bergwerk (Ruhr Regional Association)
East mine
Location of the east mine
Location Wiescherhöfen
local community Hamm
Independent city ( NUTS3 ) Hamm
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

The mine east was a coal - mine of the German hard coal AG in Hamm , on the eastern edge of the Ruhr area .


The composite mine was created in 1998 by amalgamating the formerly independent collieries “Haus Aden” in Oberaden , “ Monopol ” in Bergkamen and Heinrich-Robert in Hamm . The shafts Heinrich, Robert, Franz, Humbert, Lerche (formerly Königsborn 7 ), Sandbochum, House Aden 1 and 2, House Aden 6 "Langern", House Aden 7 "Romberg", Victoria 1 and 2 , Kurl 3 , Grimberg 2, Grillo 1, Grillo 4 and Werne 3 . Most of them were abandoned and filled in after just a few years , as the plan provided for only seven of the 17 shafts to be retained. About 2,000 people were most recently employed at the mine (as of the end of 2009). The annual production was around 1.5 million tons . The reduction of coal occurred at a depth of 1200 (the "Heinrich Robert") to 1,500 meters (the "monopoly"). The greatest depth of the mine was 1,470 meters. The length of the route network was 77 kilometers and the mine field extended over an area of ​​285 square kilometers (as of December 31, 2008).

The history of the mine goes back to 1873, when the digging of the Grillo 1 shaft of the “Monopol” colliery in Kamen began. Operation of the "Heinrich-Robert" colliery began in 1901 with the Heinrich and Robert pits, which gave them their name .

The following shafts were recently operated in the east mine:

  • Heinrich shaft ( cable car and material shaft )
  • Robert Shaft (main shaft)
  • Sandbochum shaft (extending weather shaft)
  • Lerche shaft (main material and weather shaft)
  • Grimberg 2 shaft (cable car and weather shaft)
  • Grillo 1 shaft (drainage)
  • House Aden 2 shaft (drainage)

In addition, the composite mine also used shafts 5 and 6 of the Radbod colliery , which was closed in 1990 and which became through 1975 with the Heinrich Robert colliery , for dewatering and ventilation .

Various shaft systems (Heinrich-Robert, Lerche, Haus Aden / Monopol), winding towers and other buildings of the Verbund-Bergwerk Ost are part of the route of industrial culture .

Aerial view of the Ost mine, the main operating site in Hamm


On Monday, June 9th, 2008, the Ruhrkohle Aktiengesellschaft decided to shut down the Ost mine on September 30th, 2010, nine months later than planned. The short-term extension of operations was intended to compensate for the loss of production at the Saar mine , which is due to close two years earlier than planned after the earthquake in February 2008 and has already been partially shut down. The Hammer mine was the only one in Germany that produced the high-priced coking coal. The operation was discontinued for reasons of economy; the deposits are not yet exhausted: coal is still stored at a depth of 1,500 meters, which would have been enough for another 25 years of mining. The closure affects 2,500 miners who (as of 2008) were employed at the mine. According to the works council's calculations, 2,400 of them will be able to go into adjustment as miners and then retire. Only around 100 younger employees have to look for jobs in other industries. On September 30, 2010, the work still had 1622 miners; Of these, around 600 continue to work in other mines in the Ruhr area; Part of the workforce will initially remain in Hamm to carry out the dismantling work by September 2011.

On September 30, 2010, the last shift was run and coal production stopped. This also ended the 109-year history of coal mining in Hamm , which began in 1901 with the opening of the De Wendel mine - later renamed the Heinrich-Robert colliery and then the East Mine. Backfilling of the Grillo 1 shaft began in November 2010, and the Lerche shaft was also backfilled nine months later . After the dismantling of the underground facilities was completed at the end of September 2011, the East mine was handed over to the Central Water Management in the following month . Around 60 employees remain on the mine as they are needed for the drainage and maintenance of the pumps. In the summer of 2013, the Heinrich and Robert shafts in Hamm were backfilled. Sandbochum shaft as well as the Bergkamen shafts Grimberg 2 and Haus Aden 2 are expected to remain open for dewatering until mid-2016 and will then be filled. According to the plans of the RAG, three hollow pipes are to be installed each time Grimberg 2 and Haus Aden 2 are backfilled, in which deep well pumps will ensure water retention in the future. A total of around 13 million m³ of pit water from the former Monopol, Heinrich Robert , Radbod , Victoria, Prussia , Gneisenau , Kurl and Scharnhorst collieries will later be pumped to the surface and discharged into the Lippe. In addition, all mine fields in the north of Dortmund are to be drained, where the Hansa colliery was responsible for water retention until June 2014 .


The East Mine was a venue for the Extra Shift in 2016 and 2017. The dismantling work on the site began in autumn 2017.

In future, the site will be developed under the project name "CreativRevier Heinrich Robert".

See also


  • Hermann, Wilhelm and Gertrude: The old mines on the Ruhr : the past and future of a key technology . With a catalog of the "life stories" of 477 mines. 6th edition, expanded by an excursus according to p. 216 and updated in energy policy parts, the 5th, completely revised and expanded edition 2003, post-processing 2002: Christiane Syré, final editing 2007 Hans-Curt Köster (=  The Blue Books ). Langewiesche publishing house, Königstein i. Ts. 2008, ISBN 978-3-7845-6994-9 .
  • Günter Stahlhut: If a mine could tell…: memories of the eventful history of the Monopol colliery in Kamen and Bergkamen . 1st edition. Regio-Verlag, Werne 1997, ISBN 3-929158-07-8 .
  • Peter Voss: The mines in the district of Unna: Picture History of the mines Freiberg, Caroline, Massener civil engineering, Alter Hellweg, Königsborn, monopoly, Haus Aden, Prussia, Victoria, Minister Achenbach, Hermann, Werne, gallery and small mines . 1st edition. Regio-Verlag, Werne 1995, ISBN 3-929158-05-1 .
  • Peter Voss: The mines in Hamm: pictorial chronicle of the mines Heinrich Robert, Maximilian, Radbod, Saxony, Westphalia . Regio-Verlag, Werne 1994, ISBN 3-929158-03-5 .

Individual evidence

  1. Bergwerk Ost was the station of ExtraSchicht 2016. www.wa.de, June 26, 2016, accessed on July 15, 2018 .

Web links

Commons : Bergwerk Ost  - Collection of images, videos and audio files