Adolf von Hansemann colliery
|Adolf von Hansemann colliery|
|General information about the mine|
|Mining technology||Underground mining|
|Funding / year||Max. 1,359,050 t|
|Information about the mining company|
|Operating company||Hansa colliery|
|Employees||up to 4462|
|Start of operation||1873|
|End of operation||1967|
|Funded raw materials|
|Degradation of||Hard coal|
|Location||Amount of money|
|Independent city ( NUTS3 )||Dortmund|
|country||State of North Rhine-Westphalia|
The Adolf von Hansemann colliery was a hard coal mine in the Mengede district of Dortmund . The mine was run under the name Zeche Adolph von Hansemann until 1876 . The mine was named after the owner of the Berlin Disconto Society, Adolph von Hansemann (1826–1903). The day facilities designed by D. & K. Schulze in the brick Gothic style are among the most architecturally significant colliery buildings in Dortmund.
In 1856, was responsible for the fields Arnoldus Arnoldus I and II presumption inserted. On May 27, 1857, the limited partnership A. Boucard et Compagnie was founded. This was a French company based in Paris. The purpose of this foundation was the construction of the mine. In the same year, the courage was inserted for the fields Blancas Glück, Henri and Edward. In 1858 the courage was placed on the Christian August field. In the same year, the fields Arnoldus I, Arnoldus II and Blancas Glück were awarded . In 1859 the courage was placed on the André field. In the same year the fields Christian August, André, Henri and Edward were awarded. Since the first global economic crisis , which began shortly after the company was founded, was already in place at this point in time , the sinking work for the first shaft could not be started. In 1866 and 1867, all loaned fields were expanded to the legally permitted size. On January 6, 1873, the limited partnership A. Boucard et Compagnie sold its mining property to the Disconto-Gesellschaft from Berlin. The price for this was 810,000 marks. On February 4th of the same year, the German owners founded Mengeder Bergwerks-Aktiengesellschaft. The new stock corporation had its seat in Mengede, the share capital was six million marks.
The construction of the mine
In 1873, the sinking work for the first shaft began. The shaft was at the Barbarastraße set and later named bay. 2 The sinking work turned out to be extremely difficult, as there were unusually strong water flows in the shaft. The strong water influx meant that the work had to be interrupted several times. In the following year, too, the sinking work had to be interrupted due to the strong water flows. On October 20th of the same year the fields were consolidated to Adolph von Hansemann. The entire mine field consisted of seven square fields and covered an area of 15 km 2 . In 1875, the sinking operation was at a depth of 194 meters deferred . In the same year, the daytime facilities were further expanded. In 1876 the shaft was first swamped , then the sinking work was resumed. In the same year the site was connected to a railway. On August 10, the sinking work was postponed again due to heavy water inflows. At 4.6 m 3 per minute, the water inflows were so strong that the shaft sank . As a result of this incident, the entire workforce was laid off. In 1881 work on the shaft was resumed. In the same year a more powerful dewatering machine was put into operation. A 24 meter thick concrete plug was inserted in the shaft's deepest. On March 15 of the following year, the sump began to be sumped, after which the concrete plug was sunk. In 1883 the sinking work was continued. In 1884, at a depth of 228 meters, there were renewed strong water inflows. Up to 14 m 3 penetrated the shaft per minute . On August 5th of the same year the sinking work was stopped again and the shaft sank again. In 1885, more pumps were installed, which together could pump out 21 m 3 of water per minute . The swamp work began at the end of the year. From the year 1886 one started again with the sinking work. At a depth of 230 meters, water inflows of 22 m 3 per minute occurred . On April 20 of the same year, the sinking work was finally stopped and the shaft sank again.
Since the mine owners did not know whether the shaft would ever reach the carbon , they planned to dig a new shaft. In 1888 a second shaft (later shaft 1) was sunk. The shaft was set up 80 meters south of the first shaft. The sinking work for the second shaft started much better than the first one. In 1890 the second shaft reached a depth of 292 meters. At this depth, there was strong water inflow, with four cubic meters of water flowing into the shaft per minute. The following year, the shaft reached the Carboniferous at a depth of 257 meters. In the same year, an underpass section was set at a depth of 270 meters. The purpose of this route was to pass under the first shaft in order to draw off the water there and then drain it off via the second shaft. In 1892, the first shaft began to be sumped over a borehole. Due to a pump damage and the strong water inflow of 25 m 3 per minute, the shaft sank again. That year, two miners died while working. In 1893 the first level was set in the second shaft at a depth of 298 meters (- 234 m above sea level ). In the same year, the midsole was set to the north at a depth of 339 meters (- 274 m NN). In 1894 another attempt was made to sump the first shaft, but the first shaft was abandoned due to the strong water inflow of 42.3 m 3 per minute. In the same year, work began on the third shaft. The shaft was set up 70 meters east of the other two shafts. The shaft had a shaft diameter of 5.05 meters. In the same year, the second level was set in the second shaft at a depth of 438 meters (- 373 m above sea level).
The first years of operation
In 1896 the first coal was extracted from the second shaft. However, coal could only be mined to a small extent. In the same year there were high water inflows in shaft 3 at a depth of 186 meters. For this reason, a borehole was created on the first level from an underpass stretch to the bottom of the shaft. The shaft 3 was then sumped over this borehole. After that, the sinking work was resumed, but at a depth of 195 meters there was renewed water inflow. Because of these water inflows, the shaft sank. In the same year the Mengeder Bergwerks-Aktiengesellschaft was dissolved. On July 24 of the same year the company was transformed into the Mengeder coal mines union. In 1897, the drilling work in shaft 3 was finished, then the installation of the Küvelage and the moss box began in the shaft. On the 440 meter level (2nd level), driving was continued south of the main cross passage . The excavation was carried out here with mechanical drilling, the cross passage was to be excavated to a length of 1226 meters. During the excavation, several seams worth building were cut through. The seams 1, 2, 4 and A were already device works performed. A brick factory with Dorsteiner presses was put into operation above ground. In the Brickyard funded out of the pit shale should Mountains materials are processed into bricks. A new compressor was also installed. In addition, a coke oven system, a new boiler system with twelve boilers and a machine building for shaft 3 were under construction. At that time the mine was part of the West Dortmund mining area . In 1898, shaft 3 was penetrated with the second level .
In 1899 the daytime facilities were completed. On April 1 of the same year a coking plant was put into operation. Regular funding began in June . On September 14th the mine was acquired by the Dortmund Union . The purchase price was nine million marks. On the same day, after all 1,000 Kuxe had been acquired by the Union, the union was dissolved. On January 3, 1901, there was a water ingress, as a result of which the pit sank. Only a few days later, on January 8th, a firedamp explosion occurred in the second shaft . Two miners were killed in this mining accident . The mine workings were swamped by May 5th of the same year . That same year, ten seams in Been Verhieb . The thickness of these seams was between 0.5 and three meters. In 1903 the excavation work on shaft 3 was continued and the shaft was sunk deeper. In the same year, a 0.2 km 2 area of the field was transferred to the United Stein & Hardenberg colliery. In 1904, the third level was set in the second shaft at a depth of 578 meters (- 513 m above sea level). In 1908, an excavation was made up to the 2nd level in shaft 3 and the shaft was sunk deeper. In the same year, a 0.2 km 2 area of the field was exchanged with the Minister Achenbach mine . In 1904, the fourth level was set in shaft 3 at a depth of 737 meters (-670 m above sea level ). On July 1, 1910, the Adolf von Hansemann colliery became the property of the German-Luxemburgish Mining and Huts AG .
In 1911 the first shaft was swamped, then the sinking work was resumed and the shaft was sunk deeper. In 1912, the first shaft was renamed shaft 2 and the second shaft was renamed shaft 1. Shaft 2 had meanwhile been sunk to the third level and was put into operation as a weather shaft. The mine now had three shafts 1, 2 and 3. Shaft 3 was used as a retracting shaft. In 1913 a facility for benzene production and purification was built. On July 27, 1915, a mine fire broke out , killing 13 miners. On August 17, 1916, three miners died in a firedamp explosion. On April 25, 1924, a mining contract was signed with the Graf Schwerin mine . On the basis of this contract, a 0.5 km 2 section of the field was assigned to the Graf Schwerin colliery. In 1926, the Adolf von Hansemann colliery was taken over by Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks-AG.
Expansion of the mine
The sinking work for shaft 4 began in 1930. The shaft was set up in Emsinghoffstrasse in Oestrich. It was thus 1.5 kilometers west of shafts 1–3. The coking plant was shut down on February 11 of the same year. In addition, the sinking work on shaft 4 was postponed at a depth of 15 meters in the same year. The reason for these measures was the global economic crisis . In 1934, the sinking work on shaft 4 was resumed. In addition, the sinking work for shaft Gustav (shaft 5) started on August 1st of the same year. The shaft was named after the then general director of Gelsenkirchener Bergwerke AG, Gustav Knepper. On July 15, 1935, there was a firedamp explosion with a subsequent coal dust explosion . 17 miners were killed in this mining accident. In the same year, shaft 4 reached the Carboniferous at a depth of 270 meters. At a depth of 313 meters (- 238 m above sea level) the breakthrough took place with the first level. That same year, the shaft with the two ascended the operating part was 1-3 soles , the 3rd and 4th floor, durchschlägig. In addition, the weather shaft 5 was penetrated to the 3rd level this year. In the following year, shaft 4 was penetrated by the fourth level. In 1937, production started on part 4/5. In the following year, the facility 4/5 was renamed Gustav 1/2.
At the beginning of 1938, the new mine took over the entire production from the Adolf von Hansemann field. At the same time, the production on the old Adolf von Hansemann 1/2/3 mine was shut down. The coal mined was conveyed underground to Gustav 1/2 and there conveyed to the surface. The old shaft system Adolf von Hansemann 1/2/3 was from now on only an external shaft system. Later, the Adolf von Hansemann 1–3 part of the business was used again for funding. In 1939, the rights covered an area of 15.1 km 2 . In 1942, the sinking work on shaft 2 was resumed and the shaft was sunk deeper. On July 1st of the same year, a locomotive on Gustav 1/2 crashed onto the cage , killing nine miners. In 1943, shaft 2 was penetrated with the third level and in 1944 with the fourth level. In the period from April 4 to May 8, 1945, production was stopped due to the war. In the same year, the 5th level was set in shaft 2 at a depth of 896 meters (-831 m above sea level). In 1949, work began on sinking the Königsmühle weather shaft. The shaft was planned as a joint shaft of the mines Hansa , Hansemann and Fürst Hardenberg . On February 4, 1951, three miners died in an explosion. In 1952, work began on sinking the Königsmühle shaft on the southern marrow of the Hansa colliery. In the same year, five miners were killed in a firedamp explosion. In 1953, the Königsmühle weather shaft with the 2nd level Adolf von Hansemann penetrated. In 1954, shaft 1 was penetrated by the fourth level. In the same year, the promotion was stopped on the Hansemann 1-3 construction site. Which was also coal washing plant on the operating part of Adolf von Hansemann canceled. The coal mined was conveyed underground to Gustav 1/2 and there conveyed to the surface. The coal mined was processed at the Hansa and Fürst Hardenberg mines.
The last few years until the shutdown
In 1955 the Königsmühle shaft was put into operation. In addition, the sinking work on the Gustav 1 shaft was continued this year and the shaft was sunk deeper. Furthermore, work began on digging a new weather shaft in the eastern field. The shaft was set up on Schaarstrasse. In 1956, the east shaft reached the Carboniferous at a depth of 296 meters. In the same year, the 5th level was set in the Gustav 1 shaft at a depth of 900 meters (-825 m above sea level). In the following year, the east shaft was penetrated with the third level at a depth of 575 meters. The shaft reached its final depth at a depth of 607 meters (- 539 m above sea level). In 1958 the east shaft was put into operation. In 1960 work began on digging the Gustav 2 shaft deeper. In 1963 the daytime facilities of Adolf von Hansemann 1–3 were shut down and two years later an association with the Zeche Hansa was established. In 1965 the Adolf von Hansemann colliery was completely taken over by the Hansa colliery.
Promotion and workforce
The first known workforce at the mine dates back to 1876, when 70 miners were employed at the mine. In 1882 the workforce rose to 157 employees, only three years later in 1885 it fell to 58 employees. The first production figures come from the year 1896, in that year 14,262 tons of hard coal were mined, the workforce in this year was 338 employees. In 1900, 1403 employees produced 206,996 tons of hard coal. In 1905 the production was 296,720 tons of hard coal, the workforce was 1865 employees. In 1910, with 2,727 employees, 484,902 tons of hard coal were mined. By 1914, production had increased to 762,000 tons of hard coal. In 1920, 4,243 employees mined a total of 557,433 tons of hard coal. In 1925 the production was 718,000 tons of hard coal, the workforce was 2973 employees. In 1930, 545,780 tons of hard coal were mined with 2070 employees. In 1935 the production sank to 429,690 tons of hard coal, the workforce amounted to 1761 employees.
The maximum production of the mine was achieved in 1939. With 3,109 employees, 1,359,050 tons of hard coal were mined this year. In 1940, 1,270,000 tons of hard coal were extracted. In 1945, the production sank to 402,000 tons of hard coal, the workforce was 2928 employees. In 1950 production rose again to over one million tons. With 4,087 employees, 1,033,880 tons of hard coal were mined. In 1955 1,086,930 tons of hard coal were mined with 4462 employees. In 1960 production sank to less than one million tons. 960,360 tons of hard coal were mined, the workforce this year was 3116 tons of hard coal. In 1964, 1,027,520 tons of hard coal were mined by 2,640 employees. In 1965, 2,471 people were still employed at the mine, and 1,105,300 tons of hard coal were extracted. These are the last known sponsorship and workforce figures.
Today, the administration and mechatronics buildings , which were renovated as part of the Emscher Park International Building Exhibition , are home to an inter-company training center for scaffolding and motorcycle mechatronics as well as a small mining museum. The colliery is registered as a monument in the list of monuments of the city of Dortmund .
- Joachim Huske : The coal mines in the Ruhr area. Data and facts from the beginning to 2005 (= publications from the German Mining Museum Bochum 144) 3rd revised and expanded edition. Self-published by the German Mining Museum, Bochum 2006, ISBN 3-937203-24-9 .
- Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old collieries on the Ruhr. 4th edition. Publishing house Karl Robert Langewiesche, successor Hans Köster, Königstein i. Taunus 1994, ISBN 3-7845-6992-7 .
- Gerhard Gebhardt: Ruhr mining. History, structure and interdependence of its societies and organizations. Verlag Glückauf GmbH, Essen 1957
- Ministry of Commerce and Industry (ed.): Journal for the mountain, huts and saltworks in the Prussian state. Volume forty-sixth, published by Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Berlin 1898
- Association for Mining Interests in the Upper Mining District Dortmund: The development of the Lower Rhine-Westphalian hard coal mining in the second half of the 19th century. Julius Springer's publishing bookstore, Berlin 1902
- Museum NWC small colliery website (last accessed July 3, 2013)
- Monument authority of the city of Dortmund (ed.): List of monuments of the city district Mengede No. A 0142 . The Dortmund city portal, Dortmund-Mengede 2008