List of monuments of the city of Dortmund
The monument list of the city of Dortmund is the list of monuments in which the listed cultural monuments of Dortmund are entered. On April 14, 2014, it comprised a total of 1015 cultural monuments; 987 of these were architectural monuments , 21 ground monuments and six movable monuments . There is also a monument area .
History of Dortmund
Traces of human settlement in Dortmund go back to the Neolithic Age . Documentary mentions begin in 775 with the conquest of Syburg by Charlemagne . Dortmund probably goes back to a Carolingian Reichshof foundation. The first mention of the place name dates to the time between 880 and 884; some of today's districts such as Aplerbeck, Brackel, Huckarde or Oespel are similarly old.
With the change of rule from the Carolingians to the Ottonians , Dortmund developed into the royal palace . With this, craftsmen and traders settled in Dortmund; Coin finds from the period between 983 and 1106 indicate early long-distance trading activities by Dortmund merchants. The Archbishop of Cologne, Friedrich von Schwarzenburg, destroyed the city in 1114; after the reconstruction, the Duke of Saxony Lothar von Supplinburg destroyed it again in 1115. A new Palatinate arose under Friedrich Barbarossa . Dortmund subsequently developed into an imperial city , while the surrounding area increasingly came under the influence of the Marks and, in some cases, Cologne .
The city's merchants joined the Hanseatic League . This developed into an alliance of cities whose Westphalian suburb was Dortmund. In 1232 a fire destroyed large parts of the city. In the following decades Dortmund experienced a first boom. It was not until the “Black Death” reached Dortmund in 1350 that there was a slight slump. The city's wealth continued to arouse the desires of the surrounding territorial rulers. In the Dortmund feud of 1388, the city was able to oppose a conquest by a coalition led by Brandenburg and Cologne, but had to go into debt. The city's prosperity continued, however, and found expression in numerous cultural achievements.
From the beginning to the middle of the 15th century there were repeated outbreaks of epidemics, which greatly decimated the population. In the course of the Soest feud , there was unrest and destruction in the city. With the beginning of overseas trade, a structural change began that led to the decline of the Hanseatic League and Dortmund. Dortmund was able to maintain imperial freedom and even received full control over the county of Dortmund .
In the 16th century there were confessional disputes, at the end of which the Lutheran denomination prevailed in Dortmund. The final decline of Dortmund to an agricultural town began with the Thirty Years' War , the town was conquered in 1632 after several unsuccessful sieges. During the occupation there was frequent looting and the paralysis of economic life, epidemics reduced the population to a third.
It was not until the end of the 18th century that Dortmund's special position as an imperial city in what was now Prussian territory led to a slight rise in Dortmund, but after the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss Dortmund also became Prussian. Coal mining and steel processing initiated industrialization in Dortmund in the middle of the 19th century . The population increased rapidly: converted to today's urban area, the population rose from 31,211 in 1843 to 379,950 in 1905. The industrial age changed the appearance of the cities and communities permanently, between 1905 and 1929 the surrounding towns were incorporated into Dortmund and the city received its current size.
During the Second World War , Dortmund, as an industrial location, was the target of British air raids ; in a total of eight major attacks between 1943 and 1945, around 95% of the building fabric in the city center was destroyed. After the war there were considerations to rebuild the city elsewhere, but the reconstruction took place more quickly. The town planning aimed to create sufficient living space and to promote the reconstruction, later it was based on the ideal of the car-friendly city .
A structural change began in the 1950s and continues to this day. The associated de-industrialization lost around 90,000 jobs; the last mine closed in 1987. During the Emscher Park International Building Exhibition from 1989 to 1999, former industrial facilities were converted into cultural monuments. These industrial monuments are accessible today via the route of industrial culture, in Dortmund for example via the theme route 6 - Dortmund: triad coal, steel and beer . In 2010, Dortmund was part of the RUHR.2010 - European Capital of Culture under the motto "Change through culture - culture through change".
Monuments in Dortmund
In accordance with the law on the protection and maintenance of monuments in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Monument Protection Act North Rhine-Westphalia, DSchG NRW), the city of Dortmund forms the lower monument authority for Dortmund, while the Arnsberg district government acts as the upper monument authority . The city of Dortmund has set up a monument authority at the city planning and building regulations office.
The lower monument authority has to keep a list of monuments. In Dortmund, this is subdivided into the districts of Aplerbeck , Brackel , Eving , Hombruch , Hörde , Huckarde , North , East and West , Lütgendortmund , Mengede and Scharnhorst . The list of monuments is essentially based on the list of the North Rhine-Westphalian Minister of Education and Cultural Affairs from 1979. After the passing of the Monument Protection Act of North Rhine-Westphalia, the City Council of Dortmund drew up a first list of monuments on June 30, 1983, which was supplemented and added several times in the following years was changed.
The entry of cultural monuments in these lists takes place in consultation with the Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe (LWL), which also offers expert advice from the LWL monument preservation, landscape and building culture in Westphalia and the LWL archeology for Westphalia . Since March 29, 1984, the Dortmund City Council has been deciding on changes to the list of monuments. Exceptions to this are monuments owned by the State of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Federal Republic of Germany, the registration of which is decided by the Arnsberg District Government.
List of monuments
The list includes the list number of the monument authority of the city of Dortmund, the name if available, otherwise the type of building in italics, the address if available, the city district in which the monument is located and, if available, a photograph of the monument. The name corresponds to the designation by the monument authority of the city of Dortmund. Abbreviations have been resolved for better understanding, the typography has been adapted to that used in Wikipedia and typos have been corrected. The list given here reflects the list of monuments dated October 27, 2008.
Architectural monuments are "monuments that consist of structures or parts of structures". The city of Dortmund's list of monuments includes 988 monuments, including 479 residential buildings, villas or housing estates, 137 residential and commercial buildings, 130 agricultural buildings, 61 sacred buildings, 52 public buildings, 41 small monuments, 29 industrial plants, 22 cemeteries or parks, 16 commercial buildings, twelve noble residences as well as nine traffic systems. Of the total of 988 monuments, 243 are located in the city center-west , 117 in the city-center-north , 108 in the city-center-east , 103 in Hörde , 79 in Mengede , 63 in Lütgendortmund , 60 each in Aplerbeck and Hombruch , 43 in Eving , 41 in Brackel , 37 in Huckarde and 34 in Scharnhorst .
Ground monuments are "movable or immovable monuments that are or were in the ground". The list of monuments of the city of Dortmund includes 21 archaeological monuments, including ten former fortifications / castles or aristocratic residences, five sites with a history of mining as well as two traces of prehistoric settlement and two former sacred buildings. Of the total of 21 soil monuments, five are in the Hörde district, four in Aplerbeck, three each in Huckarde and three in the west of the city center, two each in Mengede and Scharnhorst and one each in Brackel and Hombruch. In the city districts of Eving>, Innenstadt-Nord, -Ost and Lütgendortmund there are no soil monuments registered.
|List number||Surname||Address (es)||Borough||photo|
|B 0002||medieval city fortifications||Burgwall
|B 0003||Mining historical sites||Hengsteystrasse||Hear|
|B 0004||Burial mounds in the swords forest||Berghofer Strasse||Aplerbeck|
|B 0005||Mengede house||Waltroper Strasse 2-10||Amount of money|
|B 0007||Landwehr and border wall||Berghofer Strasse||Aplerbeck|
|B 0009||Oberhof and Church, Huckarde||Marienstrasse||Huckarde|
|B 0010||Huckarde castle site||Rossbachstrasse||Huckarde|
|B 0011||Old market fountain||old market||Downtown West|
|B 0012||House Rodenberg||Rodenbergstrasse||Aplerbeck|
|B 0013||former quarry Schüren||Gasenbergstrasse||Aplerbeck|
|B 0014||House Kurl||Kurler Strasse 154||Scharnhorst|
|B 0015||Hohensyburg mountain railway||Hohensyburg||Hear|
|B 0016||Conical heaps||Hallerey /Höfkerstraße||Downtown West|
|B 0017||Gut Steinhausen||Steinhauser way||Hear|
|B 0018||House Wischlingen||Wischlinger way||Huckarde|
|B 0019||Neolithic and Metal Age settlement chamber Asseln-West||Asselner Hellweg||Brackel|
|B 0020||Chapel House Westhusen||Schloß-Westhusener-Strasse||Amount of money|
|B 0021||Castle Hörde||Fassstrasse /Hörder Burgstrasse||Hear|
|B 0022||Mining relics in Bittermärker Wald||Hacheneyer Mark
in the corner of
|B 0023||Scharnhorst colliery, Kirchderne||Wambeler Landwehr||Scharnhorst|
Movable monuments are "all non-stationary monuments". The list of monuments of the city of Dortmund includes six movable monuments, three of which are located in the inner city-west district and one each in Aplerbeck, Lütgendortmund and Mengede. There are no movable monuments registered in the other city districts.
|C 0001||Stone cross||Jasminstrasse 38||Aplerbeck|
|C 0002||Ibach organ||Engelbertstrasse 3||Lütgendortmund|
|C 0003||historical furniture of the Victoria pharmacy in Wuppertal||Market 4||Downtown West|
|C 0004||Tram no.290||Mooskamp 23||Amount of money|
|C 0005||Tram No. 292 with sidecar 712||Dorstfelder Hellweg 3||Downtown West|
|C 0006||historical furniture of the Löwen pharmacy in Remscheid||Market 4||Downtown West|
Monument areas are “majorities of structures” that do not have to be individual monuments. In Dortmund, the Oberdorstfeld settlement forms such a monument area. A total of 72 of the 510 buildings within the settlement are again architectural monuments.
|D 0001||Oberdorstfeld||Am Rode 2–20 (even)
Dickebankstrasse 1–19, 21–30, 32–42 (even)
Fritz-Funke-Strasse 1–29, 31–37 (odd), 38–59
Hügelstrasse 2–48 (even)
Karlsglückstrasse 1–46, 48
Knappenstrasse 1–15, 13a, 17–28, 30–44 (even)
Kometenstrasse 1–14, 16–20 (even)
Lange Fuhr 2–58 (even)
Sengsbank 1–43 (odd)
Wittener Strasse 139–143 (odd), 145–154, 156–224, 226–292 (even)
Zechenstrasse 1–92, 94–134 (even), 144–150 (even)
- Hans Magoley, Norbert Wörner: Architecture Guide Dortmund . Ed .: Bund Deutscher Architekten (= architecture in the Ruhr area . Volume 1 ). Ruhfus, Dortmund 1984, ISBN 3-7932-5012-1 .
- Horst Appuhn: Dortmund . Ed .: Hermann Busen (= Westphalian Art ). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1970.
- Ellen-Senta Altenloh: From a Romanesque sacred building to an industrial monument. Sources and documents on the preservation of monuments in Dortmund . Ed .: Monument Authority of the City of Dortmund. Dortmund 1990.
- Dorothea Kluge, Wilfried Hansmann: North Rhine-Westphalia II . Ed .: Dehio Association (= Handbook of German Art Monuments . Westphalia). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1969, ISBN 3-422-00390-8 .
- Albert Ludorff : The architectural and art monuments of the Dortmund city district . Ed .: Provinzial-Verband der Provinz Westfalen (= The architectural and art monuments of Westphalia . Volume 2 ). Schöningh, Münster 1894 ( archive.org ).
- Albert Ludorff: The architectural and art monuments of the Dortmund-Land district . Ed .: Provinzial-Verband der Provinz Westfalen (= The architectural and art monuments of Westphalia . Volume 3 ). Schöningh, Münster 1895 ( archive.org ).
- Albert Ludorff: The architectural and art monuments of the district of Hörde . Ed .: Provinzial-Verband der Provinz Westfalen (= The architectural and art monuments of Westphalia . Volume 4 ). Schöningh, Münster 1895 ( archive.org ).
- Gustav Luntowski, Thomas Schilp, Norbert Reimann, Günther Högl: History of the city of Dortmund . In: Stadtarchiv Dortmund (Hrsg.): Dortmund services . tape 2 . Harenberg, Dortmund 1994, ISBN 3-611-00397-2 .
- City history. (No longer available online.) In: dortmund.de - Das Dortmunder Stadtportal. City archive of the city of Dortmund, archived from the original on March 8, 2015 ; Retrieved September 30, 2011 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- § 20 (1)
- § 3 (2)
- List of monuments. (No longer available online.) In: dortmund.de - Das Dortmunder Stadtportal. Monument authority of the city of Dortmund, archived from the original on July 31, 2007 ; Retrieved September 30, 2011 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- 20 years of monument protection and preservation in Dortmund - past and prospects. (PDF; 7.1 MB) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on December 31, 2015 ; Retrieved September 30, 2011 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- § 2 (2)
- List of monuments of the city of Dortmund. (PDF; 814 kB) (No longer available online.) In: dortmund.de - Das Dortmunder Stadtportal. Monument Authority of the City of Dortmund, April 6, 2018, archived from the original on November 14, 2018 ; accessed on November 14, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- § 2 (5)
- § 2 (4)
- § 2 (3)