Hansa colliery

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Hansa colliery
General information about the mine
Alte Schmiede Zeche Hansa 20080529.jpg

The old forge: Low German brick Gothic by Paul Knobbe
Information about the mining company
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 32 '13 "  N , 7 ° 25' 3"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 32 '13 "  N , 7 ° 25' 3"  E
Zeche Hansa (Regional Association Ruhr)
Hansa colliery
Location of the Hansa colliery
Location Huckarde
local community Dortmund
Independent city ( NUTS3 ) Dortmund
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

The coal mine Hansa was a coal - mine in Dortmund district Huckarde .

Mining history

Share in the Dortmund mining and ironworking company on December 29, 1856

The mine was established on November 17, 1855 by the Dortmund mining and smelting company. After initial prospecting attempts in 1840, the sinking of the Hansa 1 and Hansa 2 shafts began in 1856/1857 . However, the work was stopped because of the bankruptcy of the Dortmund mining and smelting company in 1859.

In 1862, the Hansa colliery with the bankruptcy estate was foreclosed to Gustav Arndt , who sold it in 1866 to the Preussische Bergwerks- und Hütten-AG (not identical to the Preussag founded in 1923 ). Shaft 1 started mining in 1869 under the new owner . After the collapse of the Prussian mining and smelting company, the Westphalian Mine Association took over the Hansa colliery in 1877 and continued to sink the shaft. In 1889 the Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks-AG acquired the field.

In 1926, the Hansa colliery also became the property of Vereinigte Stahlwerke AG and was assigned to the Dortmund group, with which it remained after the mining operations were outsourced from Vereinigte Stahlwerke AG and the Gelsenkirchener Bergwerks-AG reorganized in 1933. Since 1928 it has formed a unit with the neighboring Hansa coking plant .

On July 4, 1940 there was an accident with 52 dead. Another accident occurred on March 16, 1944, with 95 dead and 37 injured from firedamp explosions .

On February 3, 1945, the daytime facilities were almost completely destroyed by bombing and production had to be stopped. As part of the reorganization of the coal and steel industry by the Allies, the Hansa colliery passed into the possession of Hansa Bergbau AG in 1953 , 50% of which was owned by Dortmunder Bergbau AG. On April 1, 1956, Hansa took over the operation of the Westhausen mine . In 1956 a network was established with the Adolf von Hansemann colliery , which remained in place until the Adolf von Hansemann colliery was closed in 1967. During this time the Hansa colliery was called Hansa-Gustav .

Conversion to a hydro pit

After the 1967 planned closure of the Hansa colliery, as well as that of the Pluto colliery in Wanne-Eickel , was postponed by the protests of the workforce, the mine gained symbolic importance among politically left-wing people and among mining traditionalists.

In 1975 Hansa Bergbau AG began converting the Hansa colliery into a hydro mine . Conventional coal production ceased on October 1, 1977. After the research project "Hydromechanical coal production" was completed, the Hansa mine was finally shut down on November 28, 1980. In 1983, shaft 2 was converted into a weather shaft with a service facility for the Minister Stein colliery .

On March 22, 1979, the last mine disaster in Dortmund occurred at the Hansa colliery . Seven miners died in a firedamp explosion .

After the shutdown, almost all daytime facilities were demolished.

The headframe of the Hansa colliery: mine water was pumped out here until 2014

What is left

From Hansa, shafts 2 and 3 were still open until the beginning of 2016. They belonged to the central dewatering of the RAG . Until June 2014, pit water was pumped from disused mines in the north-west of Dortmund at a depth of approx. 800 meters , after which the pumping operation was stopped. Both shafts were filled in early 2016. Above shaft 3 there is a striking headframe built in 1930 and the hoisting machine house, which was rebuilt after the Second World War . Headframe and hoisting machine building are entered in the list of monuments of the city of Dortmund as architectural monuments. In 2015, the headframe was taken over by the Foundation for the Preservation of Industrial Monuments and Historical Culture and is to be upgraded and given new uses.

The “Alte Schmiede” is still preserved as part of an earlier workshop building, which was built in 1905 by the Gelsenkirchen architect Paul Knobbe in the style of the Low German brick Gothic . Today the building is used as a cultural and event location. The building is registered as an architectural monument in the list of monuments of the city of Dortmund.

The former switch house is now the headquarters of BFS health finance GmbH. The Hansa industrial park is on the rest of the site.


  • Gerhard Gebhardt: Ruhr mining. History, structure and interdependence of its societies and organizations, Essen 1957.
  • Tilo Cramm (arrangement): Hansa / Westhausen. Dortmund mines 1854–1980, Essen 1997.
  • Horst Meister: Hansa and Westhausen. Data on the history of hard coal mining in Dortmund-Huckarde and Dortmund-Bodelschwingh, Dortmund-Huckarde 1997.
  • Joachim Huske : The coal mines in the Ruhr area. Data and facts from the beginning to 2005 (= publications from the German Mining Museum Bochum 144). 3rd revised and expanded edition. Self-published by the German Mining Museum, Bochum 2006, ISBN 3-937203-24-9 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ HP magazine for historical securities, February 1981, p. 27
  2. a b List of monuments of the city of Dortmund. (PDF) (No longer available online.) In: dortmund.de - Das Dortmunder Stadtportal. Monument Authority of the City of Dortmund, April 14, 2014, archived from the original on September 15, 2014 ; Retrieved June 18, 2014 (size: 180 KB). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.dortmund.de
  3. ^ Headframes in FAZ of November 21, 2015, page 13