Kurl colliery

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Kurl colliery
General information about the mine
Remaining company building of the Kurl colliery
other names Courl colliery
Funding / year 542,492 t
Information about the mining company
Operating company Harpener Bergbau AG
Employees 1,508
Start of operation 1871
End of operation 1931
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 33 '31 "  N , 7 ° 35' 29"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 33 '31 "  N , 7 ° 35' 29"  E
Zeche Kurl (Regional Association Ruhr)
Kurl colliery
Location Kurl colliery
Location Kurl
local community Dortmund
Independent city ( NUTS3 ) Dortmund
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

The Zeche Kurl (originally Courl , from 1916 then Kurl ) is a former mine in the Kurl district of Dortmund .

Mining history

After successful test bores in 1853/54, the Massener Bergbauverein acquired the necessary land in 1855 directly on the railway line of the Cologne-Mindener Railway Company . The first shaft of the later Courl colliery was sunk from 1856 after the installation of a steam engine under the name "Asseln 1" for the Massener Tiefbau colliery and three years later it reached the carbon dioxide level at a depth of 172 meters . Coal mining began in August 1859. The second shaft, shaft "Asseln 2", was sunk in 1863. As early as 1863 the shafts were renamed “Courl 1/2” and run as an independent mine. Four miners died in a firedamp explosion on September 2, 1865. Another firedamp explosion on August 26, 1872 claimed five lives. The third shaft followed in 1873, but is not mentioned again later. A coking plant was operated from 1873 to 1918 and a briquette factory from 1910 to 1911 . In 1899, Harpener Bergbau AG took over the Courl colliery. As a result, the central surface systems for both shafts were renewed - with two support frames in the Tomson trestle type typical for Harpener Bergbau AG , built by the Dortmund steel construction company Aug. Klönne .

The Kaiserau colliery was built for the incoming miners and their families ; Sections I – IV were established between 1870 and 1883 in the area of ​​the municipality of Methler ; Sections V – VIII were established between 1886 and 1895 in the area of ​​the municipality of Westick . A miner's own kindergarten was also built in the colony.

The mine reached its highest production of 542,492 tons with 1508 employees in 1929. In June 1931 the mine was closed and in 1933 shafts 1 and 2 were filled or covered. Most of the company buildings were demolished. The mining area of coal mine Kurl was the bill Gneisenau assumed that the wells from 1939 aufwältigte and took back into operation. In the 1960s, two new shafts (Kurl 3 in Lünen - Niederaden and Kurl 4 in Dortmund- Lanstrop ) were sunk, which were used for cable travel , material transport and ventilation of the Gneisenau colliery. In 1978 shafts 1 and 2 were closed again and backfilled in 1982. When the Gneisenau colliery stopped mining three years later, shaft 4 was also backfilled.

The Kurl 3 shaft was initially kept open as a shutdown area and was later taken over by the Haus Aden colliery in Bergkamen - Oberaden . In 1993 this mine was merged with the Monopol colliery to form Haus Aden / Monopol , where the Kurl 3 shaft was still in operation as a weather shaft and, in 1998, it merged with the Heinrich Robert colliery to form the Ost mine . In the same year the shaft was finally abandoned and filled.

Current condition

The colliery wall, a hall of the ammonia factory and the garage have been preserved from mine 1/2 in Kurl on Husener Straße . In the car park of the Lidl store, two prototype hoods mark the location of shafts 1 and 2. A mine gas recovery plant is currently in operation on the site of shaft 3 on Dammstrasse in Lünen-Niederaden . There is nothing left of shaft 4 on Lanstroper Strasse apart from the Protego hood over the filled shaft.


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