|General information about the mine|
|other names||Courl colliery|
|Funding / year||542,492 t|
|Information about the mining company|
|Operating company||Harpener Bergbau AG|
|Start of operation||1871|
|End of operation||1931|
|Funded raw materials|
|Degradation of||Hard coal|
|Independent city ( NUTS3 )||Dortmund|
|country||State of North Rhine-Westphalia|
After successful test bores in 1853/54, the Massener Bergbauverein acquired the necessary land in 1855 directly on the railway line of the Cologne-Mindener Railway Company . The first shaft of the later Courl colliery was sunk from 1856 after the installation of a steam engine under the name "Asseln 1" for the Massener Tiefbau colliery and three years later it reached the carbon dioxide level at a depth of 172 meters . Coal mining began in August 1859. The second shaft, shaft "Asseln 2", was sunk in 1863. As early as 1863 the shafts were renamed “Courl 1/2” and run as an independent mine. Four miners died in a firedamp explosion on September 2, 1865. Another firedamp explosion on August 26, 1872 claimed five lives. The third shaft followed in 1873, but is not mentioned again later. A coking plant was operated from 1873 to 1918 and a briquette factory from 1910 to 1911 . In 1899, Harpener Bergbau AG took over the Courl colliery. As a result, the central surface systems for both shafts were renewed - with two support frames in the Tomson trestle type typical for Harpener Bergbau AG , built by the Dortmund steel construction company Aug. Klönne .
The Kaiserau colliery was built for the incoming miners and their families ; Sections I – IV were established between 1870 and 1883 in the area of the municipality of Methler ; Sections V – VIII were established between 1886 and 1895 in the area of the municipality of Westick . A miner's own kindergarten was also built in the colony.
The mine reached its highest production of 542,492 tons with 1508 employees in 1929. In June 1931 the mine was closed and in 1933 shafts 1 and 2 were filled or covered. Most of the company buildings were demolished. The mining area of coal mine Kurl was the bill Gneisenau assumed that the wells from 1939 aufwältigte and took back into operation. In the 1960s, two new shafts (Kurl 3 in Lünen - Niederaden and Kurl 4 in Dortmund- Lanstrop ) were sunk, which were used for cable travel , material transport and ventilation of the Gneisenau colliery. In 1978 shafts 1 and 2 were closed again and backfilled in 1982. When the Gneisenau colliery stopped mining three years later, shaft 4 was also backfilled.
The Kurl 3 shaft was initially kept open as a shutdown area and was later taken over by the Haus Aden colliery in Bergkamen - Oberaden . In 1993 this mine was merged with the Monopol colliery to form Haus Aden / Monopol , where the Kurl 3 shaft was still in operation as a weather shaft and, in 1998, it merged with the Heinrich Robert colliery to form the Ost mine . In the same year the shaft was finally abandoned and filled.
The colliery wall, a hall of the ammonia factory and the garage have been preserved from mine 1/2 in Kurl on Husener Straße . In the car park of the Lidl store, two prototype hoods mark the location of shafts 1 and 2. A mine gas recovery plant is currently in operation on the site of shaft 3 on Dammstrasse in Lünen-Niederaden . There is nothing left of shaft 4 on Lanstroper Strasse apart from the Protego hood over the filled shaft.
- Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old mines on the Ruhr. Past and future of a key technology. With a catalog of the "life stories" of 477 mines. 6th edition expanded and updated by an excursus, by Christiane Syré and Hans-Curt Köster. Langewiesche, Königstein im Taunus 2008, ISBN 978-3-7845-6994-9 (The Blue Books) .
- Joachim Huske : The coal mines in the Ruhr area. Data and facts from the beginnings to 1997. 2nd revised and expanded edition. German Mining Museum, Bochum 1998, ISBN 3-9215-3362-7 ( publications from the German Mining Museum Bochum 74).
- Norbert Reimann : A short history of the Brackel office. Stadtsparkasse, Dortmund 1985.
- Ev.-luth. Parish Methler (Ed.): Pictures from Kamen-Methler - then and now. Arrived in 1990.