Briquette factory

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The former Grube Carl briquette factory
Schematic structure of a briquette press

A briquette factory is a mechanical plant for refining coal .

The production of briquettes can be made sifted lignite - or coal dust carried. Coal briquettes are made by pressing or molding, using coal tar pitch as a binding agent. Lignite briquettes are pressed under high pressure without a binding agent.

While briquette factories were very often built on the premises of mines at the end of the 19th century, today in Germany with the Briquette Factory Black Pump belonging to LEAG and the Briquette Factory Wachtberg belonging to RWE Power ( coal refining company Frechen ), as well as in May 2011, can be found again in Germany operating gone briquette Deuben of MIBRAG , three active briquette.

The following systems have been preserved as museums and industrial and historical monuments:

None of the many briquette factories in the Ruhr area have survived. The briquette factory of the former Sophia-Jacoba colliery , "SJ Brikett- und Extrazitfabriken GmbH", was the last producing hard coal briquette factory in Germany. The facility was demolished in early 2009.


  • Maximilian Claudius Noack: Briquette factories - industrial centers of Lausitz. (P. 12–23) and briquette - the heavy energy package. (Pp. 24-35). In: Sächsisches Industriemuseum - Lausitzer Bergbaumuseum Knappenrode and Vattenfall Europe Mining AG (ed.): Fiery stories - of ovens, fire and briquettes. Grossenhain 2004.
  • Maximilian Claudius Noack: Briquette factories in the Lusatian lignite district. In: Museum der Westlausitz Kamenz (ed.): Between Röder and Kleiner Spree, issue 4, p. 40 51, Kamenz 2007.

Web links

Commons : Briquette factories  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Briquette Factory  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Refined brown coal. In: Retrieved July 11, 2016 .