City of Lünen
|Height :||84 m|
|Area :||11.35 km²|
|Residents :||19,367 (Dec. 31, 2017)|
|Population density :||1,706 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||April 1, 1928|
|Postal code :||44536|
|Area code :||0231|
Brambauer is a district or statistical district of Lünen in North Rhine-Westphalia. It belongs to the district 1273 Brambauer . In addition to downtown Lüner, Lünen-Süd and Nordlünen , Brambauer also functions as a district center.
The place is the largest district of Lünens and had a total of 19,272 inhabitants on December 31, 2016. Due to the increased migration, Brambauer now has a multicultural population.
Brambauer is located on the western outskirts of Lüner. Due to its great distance to the city center of Lüner, its proximity to the border of the city of Dortmund and its telephone code 0231, the district usually gives the impression of an independent city. In the south, Brambauer borders directly on the settlement core of the Dortmund district of Brechte and also extends well beyond the B54 , which runs in this section from Lünen via Brechte to Dortmund. In the northwest, Brambauer borders on Waltrop .
The settlement structure of the place is relatively inconsistent. In many places, colliery houses and smaller apartment buildings dominate the townscape. This particularly applies to the more central and western areas of Brambauer. Most recently, vacant lots have been closed by building double and terraced houses. Settlements with single-family houses also emerged on Brambauer's southern outskirts.
Brambauer was first mentioned in a document in 1545, was still called Braemburschopp at that time and belonged to the Reichshof Elmenhorst . In 1565, the boundaries between the county of Dortmund , to which Brambauer belonged, and the county of Mark , to which Lippholthausen belonged, were established. From 1815 Brambauer was a municipality in the Lünen district . In 1897, Shaft I of the Minister Achenbach colliery was sunk. Shaft II was deepened in 1899 and shaft III in 1909. The two colonies, the old colony and the new colony , were built between 1900 and 1907. From 1905 to 1914 Brambauer, Holthausen , Brechte , Eving , Lindenhorst , Kemminghausen and Lippholthausen belonged to the Eving office . From 1914 to 1928 formed Brambauer together with the places Brechten and Holthausen the Office Brambauer . The former official building is now used as the Klinik am Park Lünen hospital.
In the course of the municipal reform and the associated dissolution of the Dortmund district , Brambauer, which according to the plans of the Prussian government should become a district of Dortmund, was incorporated into Lünen on April 1, 1928 by a resolution of the Prussian Parliament . At that time Brambauer had 13,351 inhabitants.
Parts of Brambauer were given to the city of Dortmund on July 1, 1950 in exchange . Brambauer received the area that originally belonged to Schwieringhausen to the west of Schulenkampstrasse, the sister-Elisabeth-Weg, the Pfarrer-Kock-Weg and the branch of Ferdinandstrasse leading to Waltroper Kanonenstrasse (about 82.28 hectares). The parcels ceded to Dortmund are to the west of Oetringhauser Strasse and also south of the A 2 and now belong to Brechte and Holthausen (together around 73.34 hectares).
After the founding of the collieries, job seekers came to Brambauer from East Germany, Italy , Austria and the Netherlands . Since the 1950s, guest workers from Turkey who found work in the mining professions have also settled. In the 1990s, ethnic repatriates from Eastern Europe were the main additions.
In 1968 Brambauer had approx. 25,600 inhabitants. The number of inhabitants fell significantly by 1976 to 19,294. In 1987 there were 19,403 inhabitants. In 2008 the population was 19,622.
Economy and Infrastructure
Brambauer, initially committed to arable farming as farmers in the gorse landscape ( Bram ), was the location of the coal mining industry since the end of the 19th century . In 1897 the Minister Achenbach mine started operating its production shafts here . Among other things, the photographer and local history researcher Justus Pabst worked as a correspondent at the Zeche Minister Achenbach in Brambauer from 1903 to 1945, where he was primarily responsible for the French correspondence. After the colliery was closed in 1992, the Lünen Technology Center (LÜNTEC) was built on the site of Shaft 4. In 1995 the headframe was rebuilt and the so-called Colani egg designed by the designer Luigi Colani (1928–2019) was placed on it.
Nowadays there are several industrial areas in Brambauer, in the west the area of the former coal mine Minister Achenbach and in the east the areas Im Berge, Im Berge Ost and Wethmarheide (not to be confused with the Wethmarmark, which is located in Wethmar ). The Groppenbruch industrial park to be developed jointly with Dortmund is also in the planning stage. The Stummhafen on the Datteln-Hamm Canal is also located in Brambauer.
Two important state roads run through Brambauer:
- The L 511 begins in the Osterfeld district of Oberhausen . It runs mainly in a west-east direction via Bottrop , Gladbeck , Gelsenkirchen , Recklinghausen , the south of Datteln , Waltrop and Brambauer to the B 54 in the Dortmund district of Brechte . It runs through Brambauer in a north-south direction.
- The L 654 comes from Mengede and crosses Brambauer in a west-east direction. It meets the B 54 south of the Datteln-Hamm Canal . It ends in Pelkum .
The intersection of these two streets is the most important intersection in Brambauer.
Buses of the transport company Kreis Unna go to the central bus station in Lünen (line C 1) and to Wethmar Mark (line C 6), the Dortmunder Stadtwerke DSW21 (traffic) to Mengede (line 474) and the Vestische trams to Waltrop (line 284).
There are the following schools in Brambauer:
- School on the Kelm
- Elisabeth School
- Profilschule Lünen (secondary school)
- Lünen-Brambauer secondary school
Culture, sport and leisure
In the former colliery colony of the Zeche Minister Achenbach is the miners' living museum , which is run by the Friends of the Bergarbeiter-Wohnmuseum eV of the Glückauf housing association. Both the miners' living museum and the Colani egg are part of several themed routes on the Route of Industrial Culture . In addition , the “Brami” family festival initiated by the Brami Gemeinschaft eV takes place twice a year in Brambauer, with Sunday shopping.
Brambauer has several sports clubs, including the BV Brambauer-Lünen football club , which has played in the Westfalenliga Group 2 since the 2008/09 season . The predecessor club BV Brambauer became Vice Westphalian Champion in 1962. There is also the water polo club SV Brambauer 50 eV, which played in the 1st Bundesliga from 2007 to 2009, the handball club VfL Brambauer 1925 eV and the pool club 1. PBC Lünen 78/09 , its predecessor club PBC Brambauer for several years in the 1st Bundesliga played and won the German 8-Ball-Cup in 1999. In addition, the “Lüner Hanselauf” takes place in Brambauer at the end of September each year.
Brambauer also owns two parks, the Volkspark and the Nordpark at the outdoor pool . In addition, the Mühlenbachtal recreation area is located on the south-eastern edge of the district .
One of the streets on the city limits of Waltrop has two names: The northern side of the street is on the Waltrop urban area and is called Grenzstraße, the southern side of the street is on the Lüner urban area and is called Friedhofstraße. The houses belonging to Waltroper Grenzstraße are served by the Lüner garbage disposal. The Waltrop side of the street has the Waltrop telephone code 0 23 09, while the Lüner street side can be reached via the Dortmund telephone code 02 31.
The house Kanonenstrasse 89, which belongs to Waltrop, is not on Kanonenstrasse, but on the extension of Strasse Am Freistuhl, which is in the Lüner area. The house can only be reached with vehicles via the Lüner area. It is served by the Waltrop garbage disposal.
There is a song about Brambauer, also known as Brambauer Rap . It is interpreted by the SL Recordz group .
- Martin Fleischmann (ed.): Brambauer district with heart . Schmidt printer, Lünen 2012.
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 220 and 260 .
- State Office for Data Processing and Statistics (ed.): Population and private households as well as buildings and apartments. Selected results for parts of the community. Arnsberg administrative district . Düsseldorf 1990, p. 282 .
- Collection dates of the Lüner garbage disposal in the Grenzstraße (2017)
- Online directory for Brambauer
- Evangelical parish Brambauer with parish history
- City magazine Lünen: Historisches Brambauer , issue 34, April 2007, p. 7
- City magazine Lünen: ›Bramis‹ active for Brambauer for 30 years , issue 39, February 2008, p. 30
- Lünen and Brambauer 1926 (map)
- Brambauer in the Westphalia Culture Atlas