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Skyline from Hartshead Pike
Skyline from Hartshead Pike
Coordinates 53 ° 29 ′  N , 2 ° 18 ′  W Coordinates: 53 ° 29 ′  N , 2 ° 18 ′  W
OS National Grid SJ805985
Salford (England)
Residents 72,750 (as of 2001)
surface 21 km² (8.11  mi² )
Population density: 3464 inhabitants per km²
Post town SALFORD
ZIP code section M3, M5-M7, M50
prefix 0161
Part of the country England
Shire county Greater Manchester
Ceremonial county Greater Manchester
Metropolitan Borough Salford
The inner cities of Salford (left) and Manchester (right) on the River Irwell
abandoned buildings of a now demolished workers' settlement from the 19th century
Sculpture “Arena” (2002) by Rita McBride

Salford [ ˈsɔːlfəd ] is a city in north-west England and part of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester .

Historically, Salford was part of Lancashire until the Metropolitan County Greater Manchester was founded in 1974 . The city, through which the River Irwell flows, is directly connected to the city of Manchester , has around 73,000 inhabitants and is the largest settlement in the Metropolitan Borough City of Salford with 237,000 inhabitants.


Salford has existed since the Middle Ages and developed as an important trading center even before the industrial revolution. The trade in wool and other textiles was important. With the development of steam-powered looms and the associated advent of cotton , Salford became one of the most important cities at the start of the industrial age. Salford quickly developed into a tightly built working class town in the Manchester industrial area.

Friedrich Engels , who was a partner in the Ermen & Engels cotton mill in the newer western part of Salford near the docks, gave the description of Salford and its living conditions in The Situation of the Working Class in England a lot of space. There he described Salford as even dirtier and poorer than the old town quarters of neighboring Manchester: “All of Salford is built in courtyards or narrow streets so narrow that they reminded me of the narrowest I have seen, namely the narrow alleys from Genoa. In this respect, the average Salford design is significantly worse than that of Manchester, and so is the cleanliness. ”The description of these slums that shaped Salford mainly concerned the north-eastern areas opposite the old town of Manchester. In the course of the 19th century, the south-west was also increasingly built on, although the living conditions in the new settlements were only slightly better.

The deindustrialization of Great Britain, whose industrial center was once in the Greater Manchester area, has also had an impact and led to restructuring in Salford. The closure of the port facilities in 1982 was answered years later with the beginning of one of the first and largest urban restructuring measures that brought about a fundamental change in Salford. In the former docks, today Salford Quays , new modern residential areas and cultural facilities have been created. Key features of Salford Quays include the Lowry Center theater and events complex, as well as MediaCityUK , the BBC's newest location, opened in 2011 . The old housing estates of Salford are still marked by decay in isolated areas, while new housing estates, green areas and shopping and leisure facilities are increasingly modernizing the cityscape. The unemployment rate is slightly above average. Salford was one of the centers of unrest in England in 2011 .

Education and culture

  • The University of Salford with almost 20,000 students emerged in 1967 from the successors of the Salford Working Men's College (founded in 1858) and the Pendleton Mechanics Institute (founded in 1850).
  • In addition, a number of colleges in the city merged to form Salford City College in 2009 .
  • The Salford Lads Club , a leisure club for young people, where bands such as The Hollies and Oasis began, was and is also of great importance for pop culture in North West England .
  • The Working Class Movement Library also houses one of the world's largest collections of printed material on the history of the labor movement in Salford.

The still popular song Dirty Old Town of Ewan MacColl was originally a tribute the lyricist to his hometown of Salford.



Industrialization brought many working - class families of Irish descent to the region. Salford has been the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Salford since 1850 . The neo-Gothic St. John's Cathedral was built in 1844–1848.


Salford is part of the Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive (GMPTE ).

  • In addition to various buses, lines 3 and 7 of the Manchester tram pass through Salford.
  • The city also has two train stations:


Salford served as the model for the fictional industrial town of Weatherfield , which plays the successful British soap opera Coronation Street .

Individual evidence

  1. MEW 2, p. 294
  2. Statistics from 2010 ( Memento of the original from March 30, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /

Web links

Commons : Salford  - collection of images, videos and audio files