District of Düren

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Düren district Map of Germany, position of the Düren district highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 48 '  N , 6 ° 29'  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Cologne
Regional association : Rhineland
Administrative headquarters : Düren
Area : 941.37 km 2
Residents: 264,638 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 281 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : DN, JÜL, MON, SLE
Circle key : 05 3 58
Circle structure: 15 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Bismarckstrasse 16
52348 Düren
Website : www.kreis-dueren.de
District Administrator : Wolfgang Spelthahn ( CDU )
Location of the Düren district in North Rhine-Westphalia
Niederlande Belgien Niedersachsen Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Essen Wuppertal Solingen Remscheid Hagen Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Bochum Dortmund Herne Gelsenkirchen Bottrop Oberhausen Mülheim an der Ruhr Duisburg Kreis Mettmann Düsseldorf Rhein-Kreis Neuss Kreis Heinsberg Mönchengladbach Krefeld Kreis Viersen Kreis Wesel Kreis Kleve Rhein-Erft-Kreis Kreis Düren Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Oberbergischer Kreis Kreis Recklinghausen Kreis Borken Kreis Unna Märkischer Kreis Kreis Olpe Hamm Kreis Soest Kreis Coesfeld Kreis Steinfurt Kreis Warendorf Leverkusen Köln Städteregion Aachen Bonn Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Städteregion Aachen Kreis Euskirchen Münster Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Hochsauerlandkreis Kreis Paderborn Kreis Gütersloh Kreis Höxter Kreis Lippe Kreis Herford Kreis Minden-Lübbecke Bielefeldmap
About this picture

The district of Düren is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia in the administrative district of Cologne .


Spatial location

The district of Düren is located in the Rhineland and extends to parts of the northern Eifel in the south of the district and the Jülich Börde in the north. The Rur flows through the district from south to north . The south-western tip of the district is part of the Eifel National Park .

The lowest point is 58 m above sea ​​level in the Rurn lowlands near Körrenzig , the highest point is 564 m above sea level at the Jägerhaus Vossenack forest house .

Neighboring areas

The district of Düren borders, starting in the northwest in a clockwise direction, on the districts of Heinsberg , Rhein-Kreis Neuss , Rhein-Erft-Kreis , Euskirchen and the urban region of Aachen .


In the spring of 1816 the circles were formed. The former district of Düren emerged from the cantons of Düren and Froitzheim and parts of the cantons of Eschweiler , Kerpen , Linnich and Monschau . In addition to the city of Düren, the municipalities of Langerwehe and Weisweiler as well as the 22 mayorships of Arnoldsweiler , Binsfeld , Birgel , Birkesdorf , Bürvenich , Drove , Echtz , Froitzheim, Füssenich , Kelz , Lamersdorf , Merken , Merzenich , Nideggen , Niederzier , Nörvenich , Nothberg , Pier , Sievernich , Straß - Bergstein , Stockheim and Wollersheim .

In 1932 came from the district of Düren Nothberg together with Bohl , Hastenrath , Scherpenseel and Volkenrath to the city of Eschweiler in what was then the district of Aachen . The " Hastenrather Zipfel " fell to the city of Stolberg .

On January 1, 1972, a major municipal reform in the Aachen area came into force. A part of the previous districts, z. B. the districts Jülich , Monschau and Schleiden , dissolved. Although the district of Düren lost some places as a result of the regional reform, such as Weisweiler, which went to the city of Eschweiler in what was then the district of Aachen, together with Huechel and Wilhelmshöhe , these small losses were offset by large gains. The Jülich district was merged with the old Düren district to form the new Düren district. Also Heimbach from the then district Schleiden was summarized Schmidt Nideggen from Düren to a municipality from the then circle Monschau and and as well as the community Vossenack struck from the then district Monschau to Düren. Vossenack became part of the newly formed municipality of Hürtgenwald .

On August 4, 1972, the Higher Administrative Court decided that Heimbach should become an independent municipality again. Schmidt stayed with Nideggen. The affiliation to the Düren district remained unaffected.

On August 1, 1972, the Aachen administrative district was dissolved and the Düren district became part of the Cologne administrative district .

On January 1, 1975, the municipal regional reform for the Cologne-Bonn area came into force. The districts of Wissersheim , Pingsheim and Dorweiler in the town of Erftstadt , located in the former Erft district, were reclassified to Nörvenich in the Düren district.

On May 25, 2009, the district received the title “ Place of Diversity ” awarded by the Federal Government .

Population development

year Residents
1975 237.226
1980 237.136
1985 236.363
1990 244.297
1995 258,565
2000 268,564
2005 272.478
2010 267.712
2015 262,828


District council

Election of the Düren district council in 2014
Turnout: 51.81%
Gains and losses
compared to 2009
 % p
-2.6  % p
+ 3.4  % p
+ 0.6  % p
+ 0.6  % p
-0.4  % p
-4.3  % p
+ 2.6  % p
+ 2.4  % p
-2.2  % p
Allocation of seats in the
Düren district assembly 2014
A total of 54 seats

54 politicians from seven parties are currently represented in the Düren district assembly. In the district election on May 25, 2014, the CDU became the strongest party with 25 seats. In second place is the SPD with 17 seats. The Greens are represented by six members, while Die Linke and UWG each send two representatives. The pirates and the AfD , which was elected for the first time , each have a seat in the district council.

The district council represents the citizens in the Düren district. The body has representative tasks and is responsible for political administration. The district order for the state of North Rhine-Westphalia forms the legal basis for the work of the district council . The district administrator is also the chairman of the district council and has the same voting rights as any other member.

Since the municipal reorganization as a result of the Aachen Act , there have been nine district council elections. Apart from 1989, the CDU was always the strongest party. The SPD recently lost a good ten percentage points compared to the 1970s and 1980s. The FDP was always represented in the district council from 1975 to 2014. The reason for the move out of the FDP is that the selected reserve list was not submitted to the election officer by Ingola Schmitz, the district executive at the time. Only constituency candidates were eligible, none of which received a majority in their constituency. The Greens joined in 1984, and since 1999 the PDS and DIE LINKE as well.

Results of the county council elections since 1975
year CDU SPD FDP Green left JUL UWG NPD Pirates AfD
1975 55.6 39.4 5.0
1979 53.9 40.7 5.2
1984 48.2 40.3 5.2 6.3
1989 42.9 44.6 6.5 6.0
1994 45.7 42.1 4.0 8.1
1999 52.6 35.9 3.6 5.3 1.4
2004 52.3 28.9 5.5 8.0 2.9 2.3
2009 45.4 26.9 8.2 9.2 3.4 4.2 2.0
2014 42.8 30.4 3.9 9.9 4.0 3.9 2.6 2.4

JÜL = Independent Voting Association Jülich's non-partisan list
In November 2007 a member of the district council of the FDP and one of the PDS left their respective parliamentary groups and formed the “Free List” group. The PDS lost its parliamentary group status.

Currently there is the following distribution of seats according to parliamentary groups in the district council (as of July 2020):

CDU SPD GREEN Future of the Düren district THE LEFT Non-attached total
25th 17th 6th 2 2 2 54
non-party (formerly UWG) 1
Non-party (formerly AfD) 1

After its previous coalition partner, the FDP, is no longer represented in the district council, the CDU has formed a coalition with the Greens for the 2014–2020 election period.

District administrators and senior district directors

District Administrator Wolfgang Spelthahn

The acting district administrator of the Düren district has been CDU politician Wolfgang Spelthahn since 1999 . He was last confirmed in office in the election on September 13, 2015 , which he won with 56.34% of the vote (with around 43% turnout ) against Peter Münstermann ( SPD ). Spelthahn works full-time in this role. In addition to his representative tasks, he heads the district administration and the district police authority. His deputy was elected by the new district council after the local elections on July 3, 2014. The first deputy district administrator is Ms. Astrid Hohn (Greens), Mr. Raoul Pöhler (SPD) the second deputy district administrator and Ms. Helga Conzen (CDU) the third deputy district administrator. However, you do not have the same power as the district administrator. The district director also takes on some tasks on a substitute basis. Georg Beyß currently holds this office.

After 1946, the CDU appointed the Düren district administrator six times in a row. After two incumbents from the SPD, a Christian Democratic representative has held this office again since 1999. Up until 1999 there was a district director in Düren in addition to the honorary district administrator . This dual leadership was abolished in favor of a full-time district administrator.

District administrators in the Düren district
1816-1824 Gerhard von Lommessem
1825-1837 August by Ripperda
1837-1841 Moritz von Egidy
1841-1887 Emmerich Stürtz
1867-1868 Otto Naumann (illness representation)
1887-1909 Maximilian von Breuning
1909-1920 Otto Kesselkaul
1919 Karl Sieger (substitute)
1920-1923 Wilhelm Rombach
1923 Franz von Bourscheidt (by order)
1923-1924 Peter Cremerius (by order)
1924-1933 Paul Schaaff
1933-1944 Theodor Beaucamp
1945-1946 Wilhelm Seeger
1946-1948 Armin Renker , CDU
1948-1954 Josef Hilgers , CDU
1954-1956 Wilhelm Anton Cremer , CDU
1956-1960 Fritz von Ameln , CDU
1960-1964 Anton Germscheid , CDU
1964-1989 Johannes Kaptain , CDU
1989-1994 Adolf Retz , SPD
1994-1999 Manfred Lucas , SPD
since 1999 Wolfgang Spelthahn , CDU (full-time district administrator)
Upper District Directors
1946-1949 Alfred Pit
1949-1952 Fritz Kurth
1952-1965 Eduard Bierhoff
1965-1971 Elmar Dünschede
1972-1981 Gustav Innecken
1981-1997 Josef Huettemann
1997-1999 Annemarie Question-Münch

coat of arms

District map with the coats of arms of the 15 municipalities

The coat of arms of the Düren district shows a growing lion in the upper half, which was taken from the coat of arms of the dukes of Jülich , who used to rule the city of Düren. The lower half of the coat of arms is blue. A white sheet of paper can be seen on it, which suggests the long tradition of paper production in Düren, which has been handed down as early as the 16th century. The letter "D", which stands for Düren, is shown on the white sheet.



In the future atlas 2016 , the district of Düren was ranked 225 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with a “balanced risk-opportunity mix” for the future. The largest company in the Düren district is SIG Combibloc in Linnich .

With its beverage carton production, it is just one example of the paper industry in the district. Classic paper factories and paper processing companies can be found in Düren , as well as corrugated board producers in and around Jülich .

In the district of Düren there are also opencast mines of the company RWE Power (formerly Rheinbraun), in which lignite is extracted, mainly to generate electricity in three of the four nearby coal-fired power plants . The largest open-cast lignite mine in the world is the Hambach open-cast mine, while the Inden open-cast mine is considerably smaller .

There is a lot of tourism to be found in the pre- eifel .

The nuclear research facility was founded in Jülich in 1956. It developed into the largest research institution in Germany. In 1990 it was renamed Forschungszentrum Jülich .

The FH Aachen has a location in Jülich, the Campus Jülich. With the motto "The world needs engineers .......... we train them!", Engineers have been trained here for 40 years.

The Nörvenich Air Base , built by the British in 1956, is the largest military facility in the district.

The district of Düren is an optional municipality and as such operates the job center for basic security for job seekers ( ALGII ) in sole ownership, as the job-com office of the district administration.


Bicycle traffic

The district is integrated into the cycle path network of North Rhine-Westphalia . Cycle tourism experts can orientate themselves on the system of junctions .

Local public transport

Rurtalbus operates a network of bus routes throughout the district and beyond . The district of Düren belongs to the Aachener Verkehrsverbund (AVV). However, the tariff regulations of the adjacent Rhein-Sieg transport association (VRS) also apply on some routes .

In 1993 the DKB took over the Jülich - Düren and Düren - Heimbach railway lines along the so-called Rurschiene from the Federal Railroad . They were among the first lines of the Federal Railroad to be privatized. In 2003 the railway line from Jülich to Linnich was reactivated for passenger traffic. These two lines of the Rurtalbahn meet in the district town of Düren, where there are connections to Cologne and Aachen. At the end of 2009, the Euregiobahn was tied through from Eschweiler -Weisweiler to Düren station . In the medium term, the Bördebahn from Düren via Zülpich to Euskirchen is to be reactivated by the DKB.

Since the beginning of 2010, Düren station has been served by individual long-distance trains again.

From January 1, 2020, the Rurtalbus will take over all of the Dürener Kreisbahn and BVR Busverkehr Rheinland lines in the entire district


The district has direct connections to the major cities of Cologne, Düsseldorf and Aachen as well as connections to Belgium and the Netherlands through both motorways, A 4 and A 44 .

The following federal roads run through the district area:

License Plate

On July 1, 1956, the district of Düren was assigned the distinctive symbol DN when the vehicle registration number that is still valid today was introduced . It is still issued today. Since November 17, 2012, the distinctive signs JÜL (Jülich) and since July 15, 2015 alternatively the distinctive signs SLE (Schleiden) and MON (Monschau) have been available in the Düren district. This happened in connection with the license plate liberalization .


The local newspaper market is served by publications from newspaper publisher Aachen . The local editions continue to divide the district area into its two predecessor districts: while in the southern part, the old district of Düren, the "Dürener Zeitung" (as a local edition of the Aachener Zeitung ) and the "Dürener Nachrichten" (as a local edition of the Aachener News ) reads, the “Jülich newspaper” and the “Jülich news” are more widespread in the northern former Jülich district.

The West German Broadcasting (WDR) reported from the responsible for the region WDR Studio Aachen local both in its "local time" of the WDR television and in the regional part of its second radio program WDR 2 about current events.

Radio Rur is the local, private radio broadcaster for the Düren district.




There were two synagogue districts, namely the synagogue district Düren and the synagogue district Jülich .

Jewish cemeteries

24 Jewish cemeteries are documented for the Düren district : in Aldenhoven (2), in Düren (3), in Hürtgenwald (1), in Inden (2), in Jülich (1), in Kreuzau (2), in Langerwehe (1 ), in Linnich (3), in Merzenich (1), in Nideggen (2), in Titz (2) and in Vettweiß (4). They are cultural monuments that are worth protecting - stone witnesses to formerly existing Jewish communities and a lively Jewish community life up to the 1930s.


In Rödingen there is the only synagogue in the district that has been preserved almost in its original state. The LVR-Kulturhaus Landsyangoge Rödingen shows a permanent exhibition on the subject of Jewish life in the Rhineland and offers numerous events.

→ See also the list of synagogues and prayer houses in the Düren district


Kreis Düren Nordrhein-Westfalen Rhein-Erft-Kreis Kreis Euskirchen Rhein-Kreis Neuss Kreis Heinsberg Stadt Aachen Städteregion Aachen Belgien Heimbach Kreuzau Nideggen Vettweiß Düren Jülich Langerwehe Titz Merzenich Aldenhoven Hürtgenwald Nörvenich Inden Niederzier LinnichMunicipalities in DN.svg
About this picture

The Düren district consists of fifteen municipalities . Five of them have the title “ City ”. Of these five, the city of Jülich is a middle district city , as its population is between 25,000 and 60,000. The city of Düren is a large district city , as its population is over 60,000.

In brackets the population figures as of December 31, 2019


  1. Düren (91,216)
  2. Heimbach (4,328)
  3. Jülich (32,653)
  4. Linnich (12,662)
  5. Nideggen (10,001)

Other communities

  1. Aldenhoven (13,787)
  2. Huertgen Forest (8,700)
  3. Inden (7,397)
  4. Kreuzau (17,444)
  5. Langerwehe (14,028)
  6. Merzenich (9,885)
  7. Niederzier (14,113)
  8. Norvenich (10,572)
  9. Titz (8,455)
  10. Vettweiß (9,397)


See also

Portal: Düren district  - Overview of Wikipedia content on the Düren district


  • Ulrich Coenen: Architectural treasures in the Düren district. 2nd Edition. Aachen 1989, ISBN 3-925714-27-8 .
  • District yearbooks, published continuously by the district administration since 1962
  • Peter Kremer: Where horror lurks. Headless horsemen, revenants and werewolves on Inde, Erft and Rur. Düren 2003, ISBN 3-929928-01-9 (commented collection of sagas ).

Web links

Commons : Kreis Düren  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 306 f., 341 .
  3. ^ State database North Rhine-Westphalia
  4. District election of the Düren district. (No longer available online.) Regio IT, archived from the original on May 29, 2014 ; Retrieved May 28, 2014 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / wahlen.regioit.de
  5. a b c The district council of the Düren district. District of Düren, May 29, 2014, accessed on June 9, 2014 .
  6. Archived copy ( Memento of the original from May 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.aachener-nachrichten.de
  7. http://www.aachener-zeitung.de/lokales/region/grosse-koalition-der-neue-regionale-trend-1.873787
  8. a b c District Administrator Wolfgang Spelthahn. District of Düren, accessed on May 29, 2014 .
  9. District election of the Düren district. Regio IT Elections, September 13, 2015, accessed on September 13, 2015 .
  10. ^ The deputy of the district administrator , Düren district, accessed on July 26, 2014
  11. The district director (general representative of the district administrator). District of Düren, accessed on May 29, 2014 .
  12. ^ The upper district directors and district administrators of the Düren district. District of Düren, May 29, 2014, accessed on June 9, 2014 .
  13. http://kreis-dueren.de/aktuelles/presse/presse_dat.php?pm=/aktuelles/presse/politik/mytischi.php
  14. Future Atlas 2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on October 2, 2017 ; accessed on March 23, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.prognos.com
  15. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )