Dorweiler (Nörvenich)

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Nörvenich municipality
Coordinates: 50 ° 47 ′ 28 "  N , 6 ° 40 ′ 33"  E
Height : 125 m above sea level NHN
Area : 1.92 km²
Residents : 198  (May 31, 2020)
Population density : 103 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st July 1969
Incorporated into: Erftstadt
Postal code : 52388
Area code : 02426
Village map of Dorweiler

Dorweiler is a small town in the municipality of Nörvenich , Düren district in North Rhine-Westphalia .


Dorweiler is embedded in the arable landscape between Erft and Neffelbach , from which the neighboring villages can be seen in all four directions. When the weather is clear, the view extends to the east to the mountain ranges of the Ville and in the opposite direction to the slopes of the northern Eifel . In the north and south it is lost in the vastness of the country or it is partially bordered by the Nörvenich forest.


Etymologically, "the place name could be derived from a Celtic designation ": " DurY and Old High German wolari = single farm , small village."

The place used to be

First mention of Dorweiler in 1104

The country has been populated for millennia. Nomadic and sedentary people of prehistoric times can be traced , as the numerous finds in the area and in the village show. Excavations from Roman times , Franconian graves and weapons, finds from the Middle Ages , the documentary mentions from April 13, 1104 and the chapel , which probably dates from the 11th century, indicate a continuous presence of people for around 5000 years.

Crucifixion group
St. Margaretha Chapel

Like all the villages in the region, Dorweiler was also a place in which agriculture predominated. From ancient times there were small and medium-sized farms from which the land was farmed in the traditional way. That changed fundamentally at the beginning of the 21st century. In 1968 there were 18 full-time and ten part-time businesses, today only four families live from cultivation of the land. Dorweiler can no longer be called a farming village.

The place today

You can see this particularly clearly in the townscape. Almost without exception, all former farms have been structurally changed and adapted to today's living comfort. Numerous houses have been given a new look, the old half-timbered houses can hardly be seen. In the past, every property had stables and barns, today there is usually only the garage. Structural development has not always changed the village to its advantage, even though the individual residents can also enjoy a significant improvement in their quality of living. The townscape is still characterized by the St. Margaretha Chapel , the crucifixion group at the corner of Margarethastraße / Pützstraße and the two holy houses at the end of Margarethastraße, in the direction of Hochkirchen and at the entrance to Pingsheim . These monuments clearly point to the Catholic tradition in which Dorweiler has been involved for centuries.


Until the tremendous upheavals that occurred with the entry of the French revolutionary troops in October 1794, Dorweiler belonged to the office of Nörvenich in the Duchy of Jülich . After this centuries-old administrative unit was dissolved, the village was assigned to the French Mairie and later Prussian mayor of Erp in the canton or district of Lechenich , which was renamed the Euskirchen district in 1827 . Dorweiler was its smallest community, right on the border with the Düren district. Later, after the mayor's office in Erp was dissolved, Dorweiler came to the Lechenich office. On July 1, 1969, a municipal reorganization took place, in which Dorweiler was merged with 17 other villages and towns to form the new municipality of Erftstadt . According to the Cologne Act of November 5, 1974, the village has belonged to the Nörvenich community in the Düren district since January 1, 1975.

In March 1943, while digging a pit to build an air raid shelter in his garden, a farmer came across the lids of two stone coffins. It soon turned out that he had come across two Roman sarcophagi of considerable size.

The site was recorded on March 23, 1943 by the Office for Ground Monument Preservation at the Provincial Museum in Bonn .

Skeletons were found in both stone coffins . A sarcophagus had been forcibly opened and robbed before grave robbers . In the other coffin, valuable grave goods were found that were brought to the museum in Bonn. The heavy coffins (about 70 quintals each) were buried again on the spot. It was not until June 2006 that they reappeared during renewed construction work and were also brought to the museum.

Architectural monuments

Population development of the district

Until the last quarter of the 20th century, the population was around 170 to 190. On December 31, 2000, 240 inhabitants were then counted. In addition to the few farmers in the village, most of the residents now earn their living in the cities in the vicinity, which can be reached via a well-developed road network.

year Residents
1828 219
1900 262
1925 211
1933 206
1946 193
1956 207
1967 169
1975 167
1985 151
1995 220
2005 246
2010 214
2015 207

(The place only came to Nörvenich in 1975)

Mayor 1846 to 1969

  • 1846–1848 tree
  • 1859–1885 Johann Wetsch
  • 1886–1892 Peter Josef Justen
  • 1894–1900 Wilhelm Klug
  • 1901–1919 Heinrich Weber
  • 1919–1933 Jakob Justen
  • 1934–1941 Gottfried Pönsgen
  • 1942–1945 Sebastian Reifferscheidt
  • 1945–1951 Adam Zimmermann
  • 1951–1965 Viktor Strack
  • 1963–1969 Franz-Wilhelm Anton


Until 2004 Michael Schumacher owned a house in the village in which relatives lived, whom he also visited several times.

See also

Individual evidence

  2. ^ On the history of the Dorweiler desert (Steeg) . Website "" of the Institute for Historical Regional Studies at the University of Mainz e. V., accessed on July 31, 2017.
  3. Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970.
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 307 .

Web links

Commons : Dorweiler  - collection of images, videos and audio files