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The Nikolauskapelle
Isweiler bunker entrance

Isweiler is a hamlet that belongs to Frauwüllesheim , a district of the municipality of Nörvenich in the Düren district , North Rhine-Westphalia .

The hamlet is located east of highway 264 between Frauwüllesheim and Kelz in the Zülpicher Börde . The Isweiler field is one of the largest lignite - deposits in the Rhenish mining area. Investigation wells were carried out before 1957. 1.4 billion m³ of lignite are stored here, which is almost as much as the 1.650 billion m³ forecast in the Garzweiler II opencast mine (= Frimmersdorf West-West). A citizens' initiative “Citizens against Isweiler Feld” protested against this opencast mine, which was being discussed as an alternative to Garzweiler.

Isweiler was mentioned as early as the 16th century in connection with the place Kelz . Today the hamlet has seven houses and farmsteads, a chapel and a bunker.

According to the vernacular, the St. Nicholas Chapel is said to have collapsed around 1900. The statue of Nicholas was brought to the church in Kelz. The small church was immediately rebuilt. It is the St. Consecrated to Nicholas .

The only surviving type K bunker is located near Isweiler, about 800 m from Frauwüllesheim. It belonged to the West Air Defense Zone, was built in 1938/39 and was used by the Düren district administration in the early 1970s as an alternative location for disaster control in the event of a defense expanded. At the beginning of the 1990s, the bunker was no longer needed for this purpose and was sold to the Nörvenich community, which used it as a file storage room and ultimately handed it over to the care of the local history association.

Individual evidence

  1. dowsing - and investigation boreholes 1957 - 1958 , finding aid 251.10.01, Bergamt Cologne, NRW State Archive , accessed 9 April 2010
  2. “The future of brown coal in selected areas”, excerpt from a 2008 study by the Environmental Policy Research Center of the Free University of Berlin  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , 147 kB, accessed on April 9, 2010@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  

Coordinates: 50 ° 47 ′ 8.7 ″  N , 6 ° 35 ′ 15 ″  E