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Nörvenich municipality
Former municipal coat of arms of Frauwüllesheim
Coordinates: 50 ° 47 ′ 38 "  N , 6 ° 34 ′ 25"  E
Height : 138 m above sea level NHN
Area : 4.99 km²
Residents : 713  (May 31, 2020)
Population density : 143 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 1969
Postal code : 52388
Area code : 02421
Local map

Frauwüllesheim is a small town in North Rhine-Westphalia , located in the Düren district in the Nörvenich municipality .

Former water tower
Hochkreuz in place
High cross from the 19th century in the churchyard


Foundation of the place

There are only a few scattered written sources for the origins of Frauwüllesheim. There are only guesses about the details of the foundation of the place. There are no archaeological finds from prehistoric times, the stone and metal ages or the Roman era . Only the place name Frauwüllesheim leads a little further.

middle Ages

For settlements that have the "home" extension of its name, it is believed that they by the Franks were founded when she in the fifth century AD, the Romans displaced permanently from the country and settled down here. The place name research traces the word written in documents from the 10th to the 13th century Wulvesheim, Wudesheim, Wolluensheim, Wluensheim back to the Franconian personal name Wulf. In today's Frauwüllesheim, a Franconian gentleman with this name should have settled. When this happened, immediately after the Franconian occupation or decades later, cannot be determined. However, it should be certain that the land around Frauwüllesheim belonged to the Merovingian rulers, i.e. was a royal estate . Plektrudis , the wife of Pippin the Middle , who died in 714, founded a church with a women's convent in Cologne around 690 , later and still called " St. Maria im Kapitol ". This foundation provided the ruler with goods, including donations in Frauwüllesheim, as an inscription on her no longer existing sarcophagus in Maria in the Capitol is said to have shown.

This could be the first documentary mention of Frauwüllesheim in the middle of the 8th century, when the sarcophagus was probably created. Another stone document , carved around four hundred years later and also no longer available, was made as a consecration inscription from 1123 on the main altar of the church in Frauwüllesheim.

Frauwüllesheim and Jakobwüllesheim

Looking back on the place name, it should be noted that the distinctions “Jakob” and “Frau” zu Wüllesheim were derived much later from the patronage of the chapel, with Frauwüllesheim going back to the original name “Unser vrauwen willesheim”, also “Our dear Frauenwüllesheim”. The words "Our Lady" stood for the name of Mary , the mother of Jesus , as is still common today in Dutch with "Onze lieve Vrouw". The choice of patronage, however, is likely to have been influenced, if not determined , by the nuns of Mary in the Capitol.

Second World War

Isweiler bunker entrance

On February 28, 1945, American troops entered the village after crossing the Rur. The war was over for this region.

Near the Isweiler residential area , about 800 m from Frauwüllesheim, is the only surviving Isweiler bunker of type K. It belonged to the West Air Defense Zone , was built in 1938/39 and in the early 1970s by the Düren district administration as an alternative seat for disaster control expanded in case of defense . At the beginning of the 1990s, the bunker was no longer needed for this purpose and was sold to the Nörvenich community, which initially used it as a file storage room and then handed it over to the care of the local history and history association.

School system

On the left the kindergarten, formerly a school

Reiner Krux is mentioned as the first teacher and sexton at the Catholic elementary school in Frauwüllesheim in 1823 . He was succeeded by his nephew , who died in 1868. This was followed by teacher Balg. Richard Mayntz worked in the village until 1872. Before 1881 until his retirement on April 1, 1920, Aloys was a teacher at the elementary school (the school year always started on Easter or April 1). Michael Deutschen taught for 29 years, namely from May 1, 1920 to January 1949. Maria Claßen worked as a teacher from April 1, 1920 to March 31, 1929. Gregor Kuhn came after Michael Deutschen from January 1, 1949 to October 1, 1950. From November 16, 1950 to May 1, 1954, Peter Schlemmer was a teacher in Frauwüllesheim. Irmgard Ganswindt taught from May 11, 1951 to November 1, 1953. Hugo Weßler then came from November 16, 1953 to March 31, 1954. Sophie Fründt was at the school for three years, from September 1, 1954 to September 16, 1954 April 1957. Peter Fischer worked in Frauwüllesheim for only one year, namely from February 1, 1955 to May 1, 1956. Robert Fuhrmann began teaching on January 1, 1956 and stayed until 1957. Josef Claßen followed on April 16, 1957 until 1959. Gretel von Lengerich, who was later called Becker by marriage, taught from May 1, 1957 to summer 1958. Elsa Mönnich came from August 11, 1958 to May 5, 1961. Waldemar Schottmüller worked from April 25, 1961 to March 22, 1968. Erich Fiedler was a teacher in Frauwüllesheim from February 5, 1960 to September 3, 1962. Martha Neffgen came at Easter 1963 and worked until July 8, 1968. Franz Josef Neffgen was the last teacher before the school closed from April 1, 1964 to July 8, 1968. With the school year 1967/1968, the primary school in Frauwüllesheim ended. Today the primary school children have to take the school bus to Eschweiler via Feld to the Albertus Magnus primary school.

Today the parish Nikolaus kindergarten is housed in the new school building.

Modern times

On January 1, 1969, Frauwüllesheim was incorporated into Nörvenich.

Population development

Population development
year population   year population   year population
1885 375   1905 293   1925 381
1945 317   1955 566   1965 530
1975 487   1985 611   1995 713
2005 750   2010 699   2015 718

coat of arms

In blue a silver lily with a golden collar, framed by a golden quatrefoil .

The heraldic lily, attribute of Our Lady , indicates that she is the parish patroness of the parish, the Visitation of Mary . "The little church in Frauwüllesheim counts", say the art monuments of the Rhine province , "to the finest and most carefully executed, early Gothic buildings of the Rhineland , which are under the influence of the Kölner Hütte". The nave shows large, four-part pointed arch windows , in the couronnement circle with quatrefoil. Following a suggestion from the main state archives in Düsseldorf , the silver lily intended for the Frauwüllesheim municipal coat of arms has been surrounded by a golden quatrefoil, which is intended to show the close ties between the population and its artistically high-quality church.

Inauguration of the Frauwüllesheim bypass


A bypass was planned for the site for about 30 years. West of Frauwüllesheim, the L 327 and L 264 as well as the L 271 and L 264 meet. On June 11, 2016, NRW Transport Minister Hendrik Wüst officially inaugurated the first construction phase; the completed bypass was inaugurated on June 11, 2018.

Architectural monuments

Soil monuments



The memorial
  • In Frauwüllesheim it was customary for many people there to bring a bottle or two of wine to the parish church on December 27th and have it blessed. The blessed Johanneswein was taken as medicine for weaknesses and illnesses . The St. John's blessing was a special event for the children. On this day, they were allowed to take a sip of red wine for the only time a year .
  • The memorial at the confluence area Brigidastraße / Mittelstraße was created in 1966 by the artist Ulrich Rückriem . The stele consists of five elements.
  • The Binsfeld office, which was dissolved on December 31, 1939, had its seat in Frauwüllesheim.

Individual evidence

  2. ^ Teacher at the former Catholic elementary schools in the Nörvenich community, Karl Heinz Türk , 1989, Dürener Druckerei and Verlag Carl Hamel
  3. Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 77 .
  4. L264n: Frauwüllesheim bypass released. Straßen.NRW, June 11, 2017, accessed June 15, 2018 .

Web links

Commons : Frauwüllesheim  - collection of images, videos and audio files