The Eichholzfriedhof is a historic cemetery in Arnsberg .
Until 1804 the burial place of the city of Arnsberg was in the immediate vicinity of the Wedinghausen Abbey , which was also the city's parish church. After the Duchy of Westphalia passed from Electoral Cologne to Hesse-Darmstadt ownership, the new authorities ordered the relocation of the cemetery for health reasons against the protest of Pastor Friedrich Adolf Sauers .
The area of the new cemetery was behind the former monastery gardens near the oak wood . The intended original site was about 2400 m² and was owned by the Hessian privy councilor Droege. It was bought in 1807 for 100 thalers and the establishment of the cemetery cost another 90 thalers.
At first the cemetery was not only used for the dead of the city of Arnsberg, but belonged to the entire parish. The catchment area therefore also included the communities of Glösingen, Dinschede (today both parts of Oeventrop ), Uentrop , Breitenbruch , Rumbeck and Wildshausen. The political communities belonging to the Arnsberg parish were responsible for the cemetery. The costs were allocated according to the number of inhabitants. Until 1850, the parish communities were also responsible for the route from the city to the cemetery, before this came under the jurisdiction of the city. After the parish was dissolved in 1859, only the dead from Arnsberg, Breitenbruch and Uentrop were buried there. The city of Arnsberg has been responsible for the administration since then.
The road to the cemetery was straightened in 1822. A first expansion of the cemetery took place in 1823, four years later due to the population growth and again in 1830 a further expansion of the area was necessary. In the 1880s the cemetery was expanded by another 4 acres .
The last expansion took place in 1938/39. During the Second World War , the facility was badly damaged by bombing raids. The war victims from Arnsberg were also buried there.
Since the area had become too small in the meantime, the forest cemetery was laid out in the early 1950s. Former Soviet prisoners of war and forced laborers who died mainly of tuberculosis were buried there in the immediate post-war period . After the commissioning of the new cemetery, the Eichholzfriedhof was closed.
For a few years now, the old memorial for those who fell in the wars from 1864 to 1871, which used to stand on Neumarkt, has been erected at the Eichholzfriedhof. Parts of the memorial for the victims of violence and fallen soldiers of the 20th century, which used to be on the Schloßberg , were also rebuilt here.
A voluntary project has been taking care of the preservation and research of the grave monuments since autumn 2012. There are regular public tours. The procedure for entering the cemetery in the list of monuments of the city of Arnsberg is currently underway .
Art historical development
The tombs of the cemetery reflect the art-historical development during the period of use. The first tombstones were classicistic , later tombstones with more shapes followed and in the second half of the 19th century they often had neo-Gothic influences. The historicist tombs from the turn of the 20th century were particularly large .
Among other things, the tomb of the historian Johann Suibert Seibertz and his relatives is remarkable . In addition to a portrait relief, an owl sits enthroned on the top as an indication of its activity, which in turn sits on a book. An example of the historicizing style at the beginning of the 20th century is the von Schenk family crypt.
|1.||Anton Wilhelm Stephan Arndts , professor of mineral orgy, court chamber councilor, trades (1765-1830)||Classicist pillar with a vase made of sandstone (no longer in the original place)|
|2.||Carl Ludwig Anton Maria Harbert Landpfennigmeister, Mayor, Pomologist (1771–1831)||Heavily weathered sandstone stele with a marble inscription tablet|
|3.||Schlüchter (1824)||Sandstone cone with sash, not in the original location|
|4th||Dr. Wilhelm Koop (1793–1876), Provost||Cast iron cross with body on a sandstone base|
|5.||Dr. Caspar Joseph Maria Grewe (1795–1862), secret counselor||Cast iron cross in neo-Gothic style|
|6th||Grave site of the Seibertz family. Buried, among others, Johann Suibert Seibertz (1788–1871), lawyer and regional historian, Engelbert Seibertz (1813–1905), painter||The grave monument with embedded cast iron panels with the names of the deceased is crowned by an owl sitting on a book as a symbol of wisdom. The monument dates from around 1900|
|7th||Crypt of the von Schenck family. Buried among others Friedrich von Schenck (1851–1912), entrepreneur||Grave monument with crucifixion group and seven pillow stones|
|8th.||Schmidt||Art Nouveau stele with embedded iron plate|
|9.||Brieden family grave from the period after 1915|
|10.||Krell († 1910)||Marble tombstone with an iron grave border in Art Nouveau forms|
|11.||Oswald († 1895) President of the Court||Grave cross with ornamental decoration on the front|
|12.||Leist († 1893)||Marble cross on a sandstone base, embedded in a marble slab|
|13.||Hoevel (post office owner) (around 1910)||Sandstone base with cross in the neo-renaissance style|
|14th||Grave site of the Josef Roeper family (secret medical councilor) (around and after 1900)||Stele with a temple-like top and Christ as a symbol of the resurrection|
|15th||August Friedrich von Schwartzkoppen (1770–1827) Hesse-Darmstadt, then Prussian chief forest master|
|17th||Wrought iron grave border|
|18th||Stündeck family||Cast iron grave cross (1857) and marble cross (1886)|
|19th||Hähling von Lanzenauer († 1893)||Sandstone tomb with cross and grave border|
|20th||Wulf family (from 1867)||two cast iron crosses, one cross on a sandstone base, one cross on a concrete base|
|21st||Renno family (from 1857)||Cast iron cross, four large pillow stones|
|22nd||The Tilmann family includes Gustav Tilmann (1826–1912) builder and honorary citizen||Art Nouveau tomb made of sandstone with Christ blessing and angels made of metal. Older cross from 1843 not worth a monument due to later changes|
|23.||Vieth († 1870), rector||Large sandstone tombstone, designed as a triumphal arch portal with a marble slab in the base|
|24.||Cosack family||Sandstone pillar on a base (1832), the other parts of the family grave are not worthy of a monument|
|25th||Group of five large grave slabs made of sandstone (around 1830) and nine pillow stones (around 1860)|
|26th||Group of three large grave slabs made of sandstone (after 1827) and four pillow stones (after 1836)|
|27.||The Lenze family, including Franz Anton Len (t) ze (1777–1849), early industrial entrepreneur||two cast iron crosses on pedestals from more recent times and copper plate with inscription. The remaining parts of the family burial site are not worth seeing|
|28.||Degener family (from 1887)||Figure of a mourner with a torch of life on a base made of greywacke in front of a stone wall.|
|29||The Dröge family, including Franz Albrecht Dröge (1829–1892), counselor and notary, Franz Dröge (1863–1930) government vice-president and district administrator||Tomb made of different parts made of "Norwegian marble" with a relief plate made of bronze with a woman scattering roses with palm fronds in the other hand|
|30th||Theodor Severin||Large tombstone (3 m high) made of yellow sandstone in neo-Gothic style. An essay has broken off and lies next to the tomb|
|31.||Peter Hake (1827-1894), doctor of theology, (high school) professor||Large grave stone (3 m high) made of sandstone in neo-Gothic style. An attachment in the form of a cross is no longer available.|
|32.||E. Plaßmann family (1866–1935) State forester||Hewn boulder with metal inscriptions|
Other grave monuments remind of:
- Engelbert Arndts 1750-1819
- Wilhelm Bäumer (1783–1848)
- Johanna Baltz (1847-1918)
- Johann Nikolaus Emmerich (1750-1819)
- Bernhard Joseph Féaux (1821–1879)
- Karl Féaux de Lacroix (1860–1927)
- Johann Graf von Flemming (1785–1827)
- Andreas Henze (1833-1925)
- Christian Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein (1742–1819)
- Adolf Kraemer (1887–1940)
- Ferdinand Menne (1872-1958)
- Franz Ignatz Pieler (1797-1883)
- Ludwig von Renvers (1855–1936)
- Friedrich Adolf Sauer (1765–1839)
- Johann Friedrich Joseph Sommer (1793-1856)
- Friedrich Ernst von Spiegel to Dessenberg.
- Heinrich Philipp Osterrath (1805–1880)
- Hermann Herbold: The urban development of Arnsberg from 1800 to 1850. Arnsberg 1967, p. 72f.
- Hermann Herbold: The urban development of Arnsberg from 1850 to 1900. Arnsberg 1968, p. 75f.
- Ferdy Fischer et al .: Arnsberg. Pearl of the Sauerland, city of lights. Genster, Menden around 1990, pp. 74f.
- Drs. 39/2015 Entry in the list of monuments of the city of Arnsberg. here: Eichholzfriedhof
- The grave sites that are currently envisaged as individual objects as part of the Eichholzfriedhof monument were included here. Drs. 39/2015 Entry in the list of monuments of the city of Arnsberg. here: Eichholzfriedhof