Secondary school

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The secondary school is a name for different types of secondary education in different educational systems , as a secondary school after the primary level (basic education). The exact meaning of the term differs from place to place, so it can mean both the school with the higher and the school with the lower requirements. The designation of these schools corresponds to the secondary schools in the Anglo-Saxon region.


Countries with partially integrated comprehensive schools (without a gymnasium branch)

In Saxony-Anhalt (since 1991) and in Bremen (since 2005), the secondary school is a secondary school that an integrated primary and junior high school equivalent. It is then attended to elementary school after the fourth or sixth year of school, provided that the grammar school is not attended. In Lower Saxony it is an expiring school trial at some schools (also integrated secondary and secondary schools). A similar attempt was also made in Saarland , where it was continued under the name of Extended Realschule . The regional school in Rhineland-Palatinate has existed since 1997 as an amalgamation of secondary and secondary schools. From the school year 2009/10 these will be transferred to the new Realschule plus . By the school year 2013/14, all secondary schools should be abolished or merged with the secondary schools.

The integrated secondary school was introduced in Berlin in 2010 with the school structure reform . This merges the secondary , secondary and comprehensive school .

In North Rhine-Westphalia , the state government of the SPD and the Greens agreed with the CDU in July 2011 to introduce a secondary school. There is joint learning in grades five and six; this is structured in a differentiated manner, as no high school level is compulsory for everyone. This type of school does not have an upper level, but guarantees high school standards. The 6th School Law Amendment Act of October 25, 2011 included the secondary school as a further type of school at the lower secondary level in the NRW Schools Act (Section 17a SchulG).


All pupils in Belgium go to primary school for six years and then immediately afterwards to secondary school for another six to seven years, although in the Flemish Community there is compulsory education for ages 6 to 18; Home schooling (huisonderwijs) is also possible. From the third year of secondary education (2nd degree) there is a choice between general, technical, art or vocational instruction. A seventh year of secondary school must be completed in order to obtain higher education entrance qualification in vocational education.


Secondary school ( French école secondaire, Italian scuola di avviamento, Rätorom. Scola reala ) means:

An overview of the designation of the types of schools in lower secondary level in the individual Swiss cantons is provided in the table in the lower secondary level in the article on the education system in Switzerland.


In the education system in Liechtenstein , the term secondary school is used for schools of lower secondary level . It lasts four years and is divided into high school and junior high school . Alternatively, the young people can attend the lower level of the grammar school.


In the state education system in Austria , the school type does not exist and the term is not used, only secondary level I / II (lower / upper level) is spoken of. In Austria there is only one private school, the Vienna Montessori Secondary School , a private school of Montessori pedagogy with public rights. In other alternative schools , the secondary is only found as a school level .

Individual evidence

  1. Politics leaves the school alone until 2023 Der Westen, July 19, 2011
  2. Huisonderwijs (thuisonderwijs): wat en voor wie? - voor ouders. Retrieved November 17, 2018 (Dutch).
  3. Het voltijds gewoon secundair onderwijs. Retrieved November 17, 2018 (Dutch).
  4. a b Cantonal survey for the school year 2017/18. School models (lower secondary level). On the website of the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Directors of Education (EDK) , cantonal survey for the 2017/2018 school year
  5. Secondary level I. On the website of the Canton of Basel-Landschaft, accessed on February 27, 2019
  6. Secondary School. On the website of the Education Department of the Canton of Basel-Stadt, accessed on February 27, 2019
  7. Transfer procedure from primary to secondary school B / E / P. On the website of the Canton of Solothurn, accessed on February 27, 2019
  8. Secondary School. On the website of the primary school authority of the Canton of Zurich, accessed on February 27, 2019
  9. Schools and types of schools, contact schools. On the website of the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden, accessed on February 27, 2019
  10. Secondaire School. On the website of the Canton of Jura, accessed on February 27, 2019 (French)
  11. ^ The secondary schools. In school today. Education Office of the Principality of Liechtenstein, No. 1/2004 (PDF; 2.2 MB)