|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenburger Land|
|Management Community :||Pleißenaue|
|Height :||194 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||20.74 km 2|
|Residents:||1911 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||92 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||04603|
|Area code :||03447|
|License plate :||ABG, SLN|
|Community key :||16 0 77 052|
|LOCODE :||DE WCY|
|Community structure:||8 districts|
|Association administration address:||Erich-Mäder-Str. 13
|Mayor :||Gerd Reinboth ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Windischleuba in the Altenburger Land district|
Windischleuba is located northeast of the city of Altenburg on the federal highway 7 and to the west in the valley of the Pleiße in the Altenburger Loesshügelland , an extension of the Leipzig lowland bay . To the east there is a Pleiße dam for water regulation and irrigation.
Neighboring communities are (clockwise) Fockendorf in Thuringia, the Saxon town of Frohburg in the Leipzig district , Langenleuba-Niederhain , Nobitz , the district town of Altenburg , Gerstenberg and Treben in Thuringia.
Districts with date of incorporation
|Bocka||01/01/1973||Incorporation to Windischleuba|
|Borgishain||07/01/1950||Incorporation to Windischleuba|
|Pähnitz||07/01/1950||Incorporation to Windischleuba|
|Pöppschen||07/01/1950||Incorporation to Bocka|
|Remsa||07/01/1950||Incorporation to Windischleuba|
|Schelchwitz||07/01/1950||Incorporation to Windischleuba|
|Zschaschelwitz||07/01/1950||Incorporation to Windischleuba|
A moated castle was responsible for securing the Pleße crossing for the north-west-south-east connection between central Germany via Chemnitz with the Bohemian basin and Prague. In the 2nd half of the 13th century, a knight Heinrich von Luben was mentioned, who was most likely responsible for this castle and perhaps also named after it. The place name Windischleuba is not derived from the root " Wendish " , contrary to the folk etymological interpretation . In the first documentary mention of 1244, there is talk of a place Luben minor (Kleinleuben) to distinguish it from Luben major (Großleuben, = Langenleuba ). The minor form "Wenigenleube (n)" also existed in later centuries.
The feudal lords were later the bailiffs of Weida and in the 13th century the burgraves of Altenburg . From their possession, Burgrave Heinrich IV. Left the Teutonic Order of Altenburg to use the Seebischholz east of Windischleuba in 1289. After the Altenburg burgraves died out in 1329, Windischleuba was inherited by the Burgraves of Leisnig , before the Ernestine Saxony took over rule after they died out in 1538 . In the 16th century the moated castle was converted into a palace. The castle and its surroundings are still well preserved today.
In the following years , Windischleuba belonged to the Wettin office of Altenburg , which from the 16th century onwards was under the sovereignty of the following Ernestine duchies due to several divisions in the course of its existence : Duchy of Saxony (1554 to 1572), Duchy of Saxony-Weimar (1572 to 1603), Duchy Saxe-Altenburg (1603 to 1672), Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1672 to 1826). When the Ernestine duchies were reorganized in 1826, the place came back to the duchy of Saxony-Altenburg. After the administrative reform in the duchy, Windischleuba belonged to the Eastern District (until 1900) and to the Altenburg District Office (from 1900). From 1918 Windischleuba belonged to the Free State of Saxony-Altenburg , which was added to the State of Thuringia in 1920.
In today's district of Pöppschen, a historic event occurred at the beginning of March 1919 when the first known cases of direct community democracy occurred there and in the communities of Rositz and Gorma . 90 of the 137 eligible voters managed to have the number of municipal council members increased from six to nine for the elections on March 2, 1919.
Between 1922 and 1952 Windischleuba belonged to the Thuringian district of Altenburg , then to the district of Altenburg in the Leipzig district , which came back to Thuringia in 1990 and was added to the Altenburger Land district in 1994. On July 1, 1950, Borgishain, Pähnitz, Remsa, Schelchwitz and Zschaschelwitz were incorporated into Windischleuba. Bocka with Pöppschen followed on January 1, 1973.
Development of the population (as of December 31st) :
- Data source: until 1964 the Altenburger Land (= values of our homeland . Volume 23). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1973.
Since 1994 Thuringian State Office for Statistics
Mayor from 1994 to 2002 was Uwe Duske. From 2002 to 2009 the CDU politician Ulrich Bernhard held this office. The 2009 election was won by Gerd Reinboth (CDU). He was confirmed in office on November 16, 2014 with a majority of 98.7% unopposed and a voter turnout of 37.3% (+ 4.0% p).
- CDU : 8 seats (53.8%)
- Sports club: 2 seats (15.1%)
- Fire Brigade Association: 2 seats (12.9%)
- Free voters: 1 seat (10.7%)
- WV Remsa: 1 seat (4.2%)
The turnout was 52.2% (+5.6%).
Culture and sights
Windischleuba Castle was founded around 925, which served as a border fortress to protect Altenburg . Around 1244 Heinrich von Kohren and Hugo zu Stolberg were the owners of the castle. Later, shortly after 1300, the feudal lordship over Windischleuba passed from the Burgraves of Meißen to the Burgraves of Leisnig . After several owners, Windischleuba remained in the possession of the von der Gabelentz until 1650 . In 1632, Windischleuba Castle burned down during the Thirty Years' War . In 1677 Georg Ernst von Zehmen acquired the Windischleuba manor with his castle from the Princely Pension Chamber. There he married Christiane Sophie von Thumbshirn in 1678, daughter of Wolfgang Conrad von Thumbshirn who was one of the negotiators of the Peace of Westphalia and Chancellor of Saxon-Altenburg. In 1705 Georg Ernst von Zehmen was made chief court marshal of the Principality of Altenburg and in 1716 governor of Wachsenburg and 1719 of Gotha. His daughter Sophie Elisabeth von Zehmen acquired the manor from her brother in 1739. She had been married to Johann Georg von Lindenau , the Princely Saxon head stable master of Altenburg, since 1703 . In 1880 it was bought by Börries Freiherr von Münchhausen (* 1845; † 1931), landowner in Moringen in Lower Saxony , who had married Clementine von der Gabelentz from neighboring Poschwitz Castle in 1873 . The Windischleuba Castle had fallen into disrepair and could hardly be restored. The Münchhausen family rebuilt it entirely by 1886, having the old forms reconstructed. The castle has been preserved in this condition to this day. In 1920 they retired to Apelern and handed the castle over to their son of the same name, the folk ballad poet Börries von Münchhausen (* 1874, † 1945), who lived in it with his family. His only son Börries had a fatal accident in 1934 at the age of 29 and the poet's wife died in January 1945. Börries von Münchhausen, the 36-page " God-Favored List " compiled by the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda , Joseph Goebbels and Adolf Hitler in 1944 was listed as a writer, made a month before the invasion of US troops in March 1945 suicide . In 1945 the family was expropriated and some of the Gothic inventory was moved to Altenburg.
- Windischleuba country school home
In the course of the land reform on October 1, 1945, 250 hectares of "Junkerland" were initially distributed to 20 new farmers, two smallholders and a gardener from Münchhausen , who were then forced to incorporate the land into an LPG. At the instigation of the school council of Altenburg, Erich Knippel ( KPD ), the decision was made to build a twelve-class central school in Windischleuba and to set up the castle as a boarding school. Where until 1945 a noble family of three people and seven employees lived, in the future 120 children were to live and be shaped in the spirit of the GDR regime.
In November 1946 the first 26 boys and girls moved into the castle, and in September 1947 another 32 boys and girls. Free board and lodging were granted to every child whose parental net monthly salary was up to RM 250 . From May 1947, the management of the school and the home was entrusted to Ehrenfried Winkler (later “Honored Teacher of the People of the GDR ”) and the management of the economy to his wife. In March 1948, Brunhilde Weide took over responsibility for business management and home education.
Establishment, development and maintenance of the "country school home", as it was officially called, took place under the difficulties of the shortage economy of the post-war period. B. food, heating, furnishing of bedrooms and work rooms, provision of teaching materials, etc. concerned.
On May 1, 1950, the foundation stone for a new school building was laid. Schoolchildren and teachers worked thousands of more or less voluntary hours of work, and local farmers provided teams for hundreds of hours for transport work. In 1952 the new school was moved into. At that time, 126 schoolchildren were living in the castle as boarding school students, while others came to the secondary school every day as “driving students” by bike from the surrounding towns. In 1951 the first high school graduates passed their school leaving exams. After Ehrenfried Winkler, Hans-Erich Günther became director of the secondary school in 1954, and one of the school's first high school graduates, Manfred Hainich, took over the management of the boarding school.
In parallel to learning and political indoctrination, cultural activities played a major role in boarding school life. There was a school choir, a folk dance group, and a "political-satirical cabaret". The boarding school students had theater rights at the Landestheater Altenburg and took part in activities in the cultural life of the community and the district town. A highlight was the "little peace trip" that was held on "Teacher's Day". The boarding school and extended secondary school ended in 1975, and from this time on, the students attended the extended secondary school "Karl Marx" in Altenburg.
- Revitalization meeting of the German national, social democratic Hofgeismar circle
In 1992, a few dozen young social democrats met at Windischleuba Castle to build on the tradition of the Hofgeismar Circle . Leading the way were the then Leipzig Juso chairman and Junge Freiheit author Sascha Jung , Bernd Rabehl and Tilman Fichter .
- Karl ‐ Heinz Hoffmann, Rittergut Sahlis, Windischleuba and neo-Nazis
In the synopsis of the 2013 published book The Baron, the Jews and the Nazis by the journalist Jutta Ditfurth about her great-great-uncle Börries Freiherr von Münchhausen, it says that " Karl-Heinz Hoffmann , the leader of the now banned military sports group Hoffmann (WSG) and one of the most brutal and most famous German Nazis, the former Sahlis manor " bought. It goes on to say, "In 2004 local politicians welcomed him as the new owner of the Münchhausen manor. The Saxon government granted Hoffmann a grant of 114,942.15 euros for the renovation of the property. Not enough. Windischleuba Castle is now a youth hostel, just a few kilometers from the Sahlis manor away. In 2008 Nazis gathered there. They heard speeches by Hitler and Goebbels, and one of them gave an eulogy for Börries Freiherr von Münchhausen. "
Today the castle serves as a youth hostel. The Alumni Club (CdE) of the German Student Academy held its winter academy there from 2008 to 2018 . The youth hostel was opened in 1977 and was considered one of the most beautiful in the GDR. It was affected by the two floods in 2002 and 2013.
In the castle park bordering on the Pleiße there are dendrological treasures such as the old variegated swamp oak , the silver maple and a rare Süntel beech , a seedling of the famous Tilly beech that Börries von Münchhausen senior planted in 1886 . In 2006, a new Süntelbuche was planted in the immediate vicinity of the old Süntelbuche, which finally died in 2007 due to age and vandalism. The park is described several times in the works of the ballad poet Börries von Münchhausen as "A castle in meadows".
- Johann George von Lindenau (1704–1771), heir, feudal lord and court lord
- Börries von Münchhausen (1874–1945), writer
- Christian Gumprecht (* 1950), District Administrator and Member of Parliament (CDU)
- Fritz Schröter (* 1953), politician and former member of the state parliament (CDU)
- Author collective: A village in a local recreation area. Problems of the development of its structural shape with special consideration of valuable old building substance - illustrated using the example of Windischleuba, Leipzig district . Saxon homeland sheets issue 2/1969.
- Gustav Wolf, Klaus Hofmann: We can still see the old castle today ... From the history of the manors in Altenburger Land - Part II. Catalog for the exhibition Museum Burg Posterstein 2011, Pöge Druck Leipzig, Posterstein 2010; P. 126–127, 174, extensive description of the Windischleuba manor
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- History of the Burgraves of Altenburg, p. 60
- Michael Köhler : Thuringian castles and fortified prehistoric and early historical living spaces. Jenzig-Verlag 2001, ISBN 3-910141-43-9 , p. 277.
- The Altenburg Office in the book "Geography for all Stands", from p. 201
- The locations of the Altenburg district from p.83
- The eastern district of the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg in the municipal directory 1900
- The Altenburg district office in the municipality register 1900
- Christopher Schmidt: Immediate community democracy in central and southern Germany during the Weimar Republic . Baden-Baden 2007, ISBN 978-3-8329-2607-6 , pp. 118 .
- Windischleuba on gov.genealogy.net
- Results of the mayoral elections on the website of the Regional Returning Officer Thuringia , accessed on July 31, 2016
- Hanns-Moritz von Zehmen: Genealogical news about the Meißnian nobility of Zehmen, 1206 to 1906. Wilhelm Baensch, Dresden 1906, p. 64.
- Festschrift 10 years of high school boarding school Windischleuba