|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenburger Land|
|Height :||150 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||12.92 km 2|
|Residents:||3681 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||285 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||04613|
|Area code :||034492|
|License plate :||ABG, SLN|
|Community key :||16 0 77 028|
|LOCODE :||DE LKA|
|City structure:||Core city; 2 districts|
City administration address :
|Pegauer Str. 17
|Mayoress :||Kathrin Backmann-Eichhorn ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Lucka in the Altenburger Land district|
Lucka is located on the southern edge of the Leipzig lowland bay in the midst of a post-mining landscape that has been greatly altered by the lignite opencast mines of the Borna district (reforested dumps in the north, west and east and Lake Haselbach as an open pit ). In the north of the United Schleenhain opencast mine , lignite is still extracted. In the south of the city is the area of the now recultivated Phönix-Ost open-cast mine , which belongs to the Meuselwitz-Altenburg lignite district. The Rainbach and Schnauder , which unite north of the old town, flow through the city . Lucka is the northernmost town in the Altenburger Land, which belongs to Thuringia, in the triangle of Thuringia – Saxony – Saxony-Anhalt.
Adjacent communities are (clockwise) the town of Regis-Breitingen with the district of Ramsdorf in the Saxon district of Leipzig and the town of Meuselwitz in the district of Altenburger Land, Elsteraue in the Saxony-Anhalt Burgenland district and the town of Groitzsch with the districts of Maltitz, Hemmendorf, Berndorf and Nehmitz in District of Leipzig.
12th to 18th centuries
Settlement of the area around Lucka can be traced back to the most recent Stone Age (around 5000 to 2500 BC). In the 12th century, Lucka probably gained importance from the neighboring Breitenhain Castle as a customs post for the rulers of the same name on the road from Merseburg and Pegau to Altenburg. It was probably donated to Grünhain Abbey in 1284 . Lucka is first mentioned in a document in the Naumburg appraisal register in 1320 as oppidum Luckowe .
Lucka must have come into Wettin possession before 1320. City judges and council were named in 1431, they held the lower courts. The city was secured with walls and three gates and from 1396 was under the authority of Altenburg . From the 16th century Lucka with the Altenburg office was under the sovereignty of the following Ernestine duchies due to several divisions in the course of its existence : Duchy of Saxony (1554 to 1572), Duchy of Saxony-Weimar (1572 to 1603), Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg (1603 to 1672), Duchy of Saxony-Gotha-Altenburg (1672 to 1826).
Period between 1800 and 1933
When the Ernestine duchies were reorganized in 1826, Lucka came back to the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg. After the administrative reform in the duchy, the city belonged to the eastern district (until 1900) and to the Altenburg district office (from 1900). Lucka was judicially assigned to the Altenburg District Court since 1879 and to the Meuselwitz District Court since 1906 . From 1918 Lucka belonged to the Free State of Saxony-Altenburg , which was added to the State of Thuringia in 1920. In 1922 she came to the Altenburg district .
Around 1800 the shoemakers dominated the craftsmen. Glove production began in 1847, an iron foundry followed in 1896 and, after 1900, the manufacture of corrugated cardboard, gummed paper and glass finishing. The manufacture of corrugated cardboard and foundry products has been preserved in modernized production facilities up to the present day.
1875–1975 there was a rail link with Meuselwitz and Groitzsch . After the First World War, Lucka was increasingly involved in the Meuselwitz lignite industry.
In 1900 the Leipzig corrugated paper factory Gräßle, Laupitz and Co. was founded, which started producing in Lucka in 1903. After the company was sold by the Treuhand in 1991, new halls were built. The number of employees grew again to 200 employees.
time of the nationalsocialism
The “Deutsches Haus” inn housed 50 forced laborers who were employed by the farmer Jahr, on the Teuritz manor and by the Moll & Sons company. Soviet prisoners of war were committed to forced labor on the Breitenhain domain , two of whom died in 1941.
History from 1945
Lucka was the target of a US bomb attack on January 16, 1945 . There were 12 deaths and building damage. On April 7, 1945, the place was again occupied with high explosive bombs.
During the second district reform in the GDR in 1952, the existing states were dissolved and the districts were redesigned. Thus Lucka came to the district of Leipzig with the Altenburg district . Around the city of Lucka, which lay between the Borna lignite district in the north and the Meuselwitz-Altenburg lignite district in the south, numerous open-cast mines were built after 1945. a. the Schleenhain and Groitzscher Dreieck opencast mines in the north and Phönix-Ost and Falkenhain in the south. As a result, a large part of the Lucka Forest was destroyed. After the recultivation of the remaining holes, numerous lakes are to be created in the vicinity of Lucka, such as the Groitzscher , Prößdorfer and Haselbacher See .
When the Free State of Thuringia was re-established in 1990, Lucka became Thuringian again as part of the Altenburg district and has been part of the Altenburger Land district since 1994.
Development of the population (from 1960: as of December 31) :
- Data source from 1994: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
- Citizens for Lucka: 10 seats (+3)
- CDU : 2 seats (−2)
- Lucka voters' association: 2 seats (± 0)
- SPD : 1 seat (−1)
- The left : 1 seat (± 0)
The turnout was 57.3%.
From 1994 to 2001 the SPD politician Christoph Richter was mayor of the city. From 2001 to 2007 the office was held by Rolan Herrmann. Kathrin Backmann-Eichhorn won the elections in 2007 and 2013 and was re-elected in 2019 with 95.8% (+ 3.3% p) of the valid votes and a voter turnout of 57.0% (+ 16.7% p).
coat of arms
Blazon : “In gold, an armed knight in steel blue armor with an open visor standing on green ground. The knight holds a black cross in his outstretched right hand and a stemmed rose in his left hand; he is accompanied on the right by a heraldic shield, which shows a red rose with a golden stem and green sepals in a silver field. "
The coat of arms appeared for the first time in 1431 as a city seal, in which the knight wore a scourge instead of the rose. Since the 17th century the rose of the Altenburg burgraves was used as the city's coat of arms. The coat of arms was replaced in 1951 by a new coat of arms depicting a worker with a sledgehammer. However, after the political change, it was replaced by the old one.
The flag of the city of Lucka shows the colors blue - gold (yellow).
Between 1874 and 1993 Lucka was connected to the Gaschwitz – Meuselwitz railway . After tourist traffic was stopped on September 27, 1976, freight traffic continued on the Lucka – Meuselwitz section until May 23, 1993.
Culture and sights
Particularly noteworthy is the Luckaer Markt with the town church Sankt Pankratius , which was first mentioned in 1396 and rebuilt in the middle of the 17th century. In 1891 it got a new tower, which today gives it a height of 56 meters. There is also the Wettiner fountain with its lion statue from 1908. In the district of Prößdorf there is a manor with a historic entrance gate, outbuildings and several steles carved in stone. A 7.5 km long circular route connects Lucka with Prößdorf, which is characterized by its low-traffic, scenic route.
In the list of cultural monuments in Lucka , all listed buildings in the city area are listed.
- Laurentius Rinhuber (17th century – after 1685), adventurer
- Winckler, Johann Joseph (1670–1722), spiritual poet
- Friedrich August Belcke (1795–1874), trombone virtuoso and composer
- Hermann Joseph (1811–1869), lawyer and liberal politician
- Reinhold Carl (1864–1929), painter and sculptor, creator of the Wettin Fountain in Lucka
- Otto Engert (1895–1945), communist politician
- Ernst Arthur Voretzsch (1868–1965), diplomat, ambassador to Tokyo
- Erika Zuchold (1947–2015), gymnast
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- The Altenburg office in the book Geography for all estates . from p. 201
- The locations of the Altenburg district from p.83
- The eastern district of the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg in the municipal directory 1900
- The Altenburg district office in the municipality register 1900
- Corrugated cardboard factory Lucka: The company history. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007 ; accessed on August 2, 2017 .
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (ed.): Heimatgeschichtlicher Wegweiser to places of resistance and persecution 1933–1945, series: Heimatgeschichtliche Wegweiser Volume 8 Thüringen, Erfurt 2003, p. 21 , ISBN 3-88864-343-0
- Günter Sagan: East Thuringia in the bombing war 1939-1945 . Michael-Imhof-Verlag, Petersberg 2013. pp. 182-183. ISBN 978-3-86568-636-7
- History of the Haselbach and Schleenhain opencast mines in a document from the LMBV
- History of the Meuselwitz-Altenburger Revier in a document of the LMBV
- City council elections 2019 in Thuringia - final result. Thuringian State Office for Statistics, accessed on June 6, 2019 .
- 2014 municipal council elections in Thuringia - final result. Thuringian State Office for Statistics, accessed on June 6, 2019 .
- elections in Thuringia. Lucka, town. Thuringian State Office for Statistics (TLS), accessed on January 21, 2019 .
- Ludwig Stieda: Rinhuber, Laurentius . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 53, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1907, pp. 399-403.
- Carl Bertheau: Winckler, Johann Joseph . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 43, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1898, pp. 373-375.