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|County :||Altenburger Land|
|Management Community :||Pleißenaue|
|Height :||154 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||10 km 2|
|Residents:||1175 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||118 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||04617|
|Primaries :||034343, 03447 (Lehma and capital of Trebanz)|
|License plate :||ABG, SLN|
|Community key :||16 0 77 048|
|LOCODE :||DE TR2|
|Community structure:||6 districts|
|Address of the
|Breite Strasse 2
|Mayor :||Klaus Hermann ( CDU )|
|Location of the community of Treben in the Altenburger Land district|
Treben is a municipality in the Altenburger Land district in Thuringia . It is the seat of the Pleißenaue administrative community and is located about eight kilometers north of the district town of Altenburg .
The community extends to the right and left of the Pleiße with the Gerstenbach tributary and is located in the flood area, so the consequences of the floods in 2002 were devastating, the main town was almost completely under water. The first flood protection dams were already built in 1839, but they did not bring the necessary success, so that the Windischleuba dam had to be built between 1951 and 1953 . Today it no longer serves to protect against flooding, and it is increasingly silting up. Since the neighboring town of Thräna moved to the Saxon district of Borna in 1952 , the town has bordered on Saxony .
Adjacent communities are (clockwise) the town of Borna with the district Thräna in the Saxon district of Leipzig , Fockendorf , Windischleuba , Gerstenberg , Meuselwitz and Haselbach in the district of Altenburger Land and Regis-Breitingen in the district of Leipzig, separated from Treben by the Regis-Serbitz flood retention basin .
The place is first mentioned in 1181 as a Sorbian place. The manor is first mentioned in 1329, at that time it was most likely a moated castle . The current building was erected in 1543 and today houses both community and association administration. Treben's church in the immediate vicinity of the manor house was built in the second half of the 15th century and contains a Kreutzbach organ from 1862.
Treben belonged to the Wettin office of Altenburg , which from the 16th century was under the sovereignty of the following Ernestine duchies due to several divisions during its existence : Duchy of Saxony (1554 to 1572), Duchy of Saxony-Weimar (1572 to 1603), Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg (1603 to 1672), Duchy of Saxony-Gotha-Altenburg (1672 to 1826). When the Ernestine duchies were reorganized in 1826, the place came back to the duchy of Saxony-Altenburg. After the administrative reform in the duchy, it belonged to the eastern district (until 1900) and to the Altenburg district office (from 1900). From 1918 Treben belonged to the Free State of Saxony-Altenburg , which was incorporated into the State of Thuringia in 1920. In 1922 the place came to the district of Altenburg .
Due to the lignite mining in the south of Leipzig, a pottery factory was built in Plottendorf in 1854, and in 1821 the mining of a 10 meter thick lignite seam began in Serbitz. There are four memorial sites in the community that commemorate those who fell in World War I in Treben, Serbitz, Plottendorf and Lehma.
During the second district reform in the GDR in 1952, the existing states were dissolved and the districts were redesigned. Thus Treben came with the reduced circle Altenburg to the district of Leipzig . The neighboring town of Thräna in Treben was separated from it by the reform and assigned to the Borna district, which ended its historical connection to the Altenburger Land and Thuringia. However, Thräna remained ecclesiastically connected to the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Thuringia and its parish church in Treben. Today Treben is part of the Evangelical Lutheran Parish Altenburg-Rasephas - Altenburg-Zschernitzsch - Treben of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany .
With the re-establishment of the Free State of Thuringia, Treben has belonged to it again since 1990. If the place was in the Altenburg district since 1990, it came to the Altenburger Land district with the district reform in 1994.
Plottendorf and Primmelwitz came to the community on July 1, 1950. Serbitz was incorporated on May 1, 1965. Lehma and Trebanz, which were spun off from the city of Meuselwitz, were added on December 30, 2008.
Development of the population (December 31) :
- Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
1 after incorporation of Lehma and Trebanz
The CDU politician Klaus Hermann has been mayor of the community since 1994. He was last confirmed in office on June 5, 2016 with a majority of 97.3% without opposing candidates and a voter turnout of 37.4% (- 5.1% p).
The turnout was 49.5%.
Culture and sights
- see also: List of cultural monuments in Treben
In the listed ensemble of the former Treben manor , which includes two other buildings in addition to the manor house, cultural events take place regularly, such as B. concerts, cabaret, book readings, lectures and exhibitions. It is also the seat of the Pleißenaue administrative community . The northern part of the manor house was originally a castle complex of the burgraves of Altenburg . For the restoration and use of the manor house, the municipality of Treben received the Thuringian Monument Protection Prize in 2006 in the "Recognition" category. The manor can be visited on event days and on request.
Economy and Infrastructure
Treben is connected to the S-Bahn network of Central Germany via the Treben-Lehma stop on the Leipzig – Hof railway line . The S5 trains run every hour between Zwickau , Altenburg , Leipzig and Halle (Saale) . The federal road 93 leads through Treben and Serbitz .
Treben is the seat of a state regular school (middle school).
- Johann Thüring (before 1617–1637), church composer
- Friedrich Ferdinand Hempel (1778–1836), lawyer and writer
- William Löbe (1815-1891), agricultural writer
- Paul Ranft (1854–1938), architect
- Frank Beyer (1932–2006), film director
- Newspaper article
- Felix Friedrich: From 1860: Borna master builds organ for Treben church - Urban Kreutzbach's instrument can still be heard today . Four-column article in: Leipziger Volkszeitung , Muldental edition, April 18, 2017, page 28 ("Heimatgeschichte")
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- The Altenburg Office in the book "Geography for all Stands", from p. 201
- The locations of the Altenburg district from p.83
- The eastern district of the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg in the municipal directory 1900
- The Altenburg district office in the municipality register 1900
- Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933-1945 (ed.): Heimatgeschichtlicher Wegweiser to places of resistance and persecution 1933-1945, series: Heimatgeschichtliche Wegweiser Volume 8 Thüringen, Erfurt 2003, p. 26 , ISBN 3-88864-343-0
- Website of the Evangelical Lutheran parish to which Trana belongs
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
- StBA Area: changes from 01.01. until December 31, 2008
- Results of the mayoral elections on the website of the Regional Returning Officer Thuringia , accessed on July 31, 2016
- Thuringian State Chancellery: Thuringian Monument Protection Prize 2006. Accessed on August 3, 2017 .
- Robert Eitner: Thuringia, Johann . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 38, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1894, p. 220.