|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenburger Land|
|Fulfilling municipality :||Goessnitz|
|Height :||290 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||3.78 km 2|
|Residents:||120 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||32 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||04626|
|Area code :||03762|
|License plate :||ABG, SLN|
|Community key :||16 0 77 017|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Wilfried Koch|
|Location of the community Heyersdorf in the district of Altenburger Land|
Heyersdorf is a municipality in the Altenburger Land district in Thuringia . In terms of population, it is the smallest municipality in the district. Heyersdorf, together with Ponitz, is the commissioning municipality for Gößnitz , which means that some administrative tasks are carried out in the Gößnitz town hall. Until 1952 the place belonged to Saxony .
Heyersdorf is located north of the federal motorway 4 and northwest of the city of Crimmitschau at the transition from the Zeitzer-Schmöllner-Lösshügelland to the foothills of the Thuringian Slate Mountains and the Ore Mountains . In the southeast is the Thuringian-Saxon state border. The nearest towns are Crimmitschau (3 km southeast), Schmölln (3 km north), Gößnitz (5 km northeast) and Meerane (5 km east).
Heyersdorf is mentioned for the first time in 1296 in the Saxon church gallery. The oldest remaining parts of the church, the foundation walls of the nave, date from the 13th century. The tower is younger. Until 2012 it was assumed that the tower was the oldest part of the church; archaeological excavations refuted this, however. The tower was partially demolished in 1740. In 1805 the church roof and the tower received extensive repairs, the latter being given a gilded top. The nave underwent a further renovation in 1833 when it was extended upwards and received the current west entrance. In 1858, Christoph Opitz installed an organ which is still in its original condition today.
The school building was erected in 1890. Favored by the character of a street village , a passable road was built through the town in 1865. The autobahn was built in 1936 and 1937 ; in return, residents had to give up an area of 10.56 hectares over a length of 1.775 km.
Heyersdorf is one of the few places in today's Altenburger Land district that historically did not belong to Saxony-Altenburg. Together with its neighboring towns of Ober- and Niedergrünberg , Heyersdorf formed the northern tip of the Electoral Saxon or Royal Saxon District of Zwickau , which protruded into the Altenburger Land. The manor over the place was until the 19th century with the manor Frankenhausen . In 1856 Heyersdorf was affiliated to the Crimmitschau court office and in 1875 to the Zwickau administration . In 1928 there was an exchange of territory and a border adjustment between the Free State of Saxony and the State of Thuringia. Parts of the Heyersdorf corridor were given to the State of Thuringia .
With the second district reform in the GDR, the community of Heyersdorf, like the neighboring community of Grünberg, was assigned to the Schmölln district in the Leipzig district in 1952 . With the reintroduction of the states on the territory of the former GDR, Heyersdorf came to Thuringia for the first time in its history with the district of Schmölln. In terms of church, Heyersdorf is still part of the Evangelical Lutheran Regional Church of Saxony . Since 1994 the place has been in the Altenburger Land district. From 1994 to 1995 Heyersdorf was part of the Oberes Pleißental administrative community . With the dissolution of this on April 20, 1995, the town of Gößnitz became a fulfilling municipality for Heyersdorf and the other member municipality Ponitz.
While 323 people lived in Heyersdorf in 1896, the population had fallen to 280 by 1933 and to 251 by 1939.
Development of the population (as of December 31st) :
- Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
The turnout was 72.1%.
Helga Leithold won the mayoral elections in 1994 (94.3%), 1999 (94.5%), 2004 (92.4%) and 2010 (43.1%). For the election on April 19, 2015, she finally stopped standing. Wilfried Koch said in advance that he would accompany the office, but did not officially position himself. Of 77 voters (turnout 68.8%), 61 (81.3%) wrote their names on the blank ballot paper, so that it has been with the office since May 1, 2015.
The official partner community is the Württemberg city of Neuenbürg in the partner district of Altenburger Land, the Enzkreis , due to its joint presence with the city of Gößnitz. Furthermore, there has been a friendly relationship with Kieselbronn since 1993 , also in the Enz district. The same has existed for the French municipality of Bernin since 1995.
Culture and sights
- see also: List of cultural monuments in Heyersdorf
Economy and Infrastructure
Heyersdorf is located directly on the federal motorway 4 (junction 61 Schmölln) and has an industrial area. The community is part of the Central German Transport Association and can be reached via the 354 Thonhausen – Heyersdorf – Crimmitschau / Gößnitz – Schmölln bus, which runs on weekdays except Saturdays. The nearest train stations are in Ponitz and Crimmitschau on the Leipzig – Hof railway line and in Schmölln on the Gößnitz – Gera railway line .
- Richard Steche : Heiersdorf. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 12. Issue: Zwickau Official Authority . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1889, p. 28.
- Heyersdorf in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- Archaeologist corrects the age of the church in Heyersdorf. OTZ, August 9, 2012, accessed October 18, 2012 .
- Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; P. 64 f.
- The Frankenhausen manor at www.sachsens-schlösser.de
- The Zwickau administrative authority in the municipal register 1900
- Map with the exchange areas between Saxony and Thuringia in 1928
- Heyersdorf on the website of the Saxon church district of Zwickau
- Chronicle - interesting facts from the history of Heyersdorf. City of Gößnitz, November 10, 2010, archived from the original on December 24, 2013 ; accessed on July 30, 2017 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. City and district of Zwickau. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).