|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Altenburger Land|
|Management Community :||Rositz|
|Height :||195 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||5.66 km 2|
|Residents:||395 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||70 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||04617|
|Area code :||034498|
|License plate :||ABG, SLN|
|Community key :||16 0 77 034|
|Community structure:||5 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Steffen Jahr ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Monstab in the Altenburger Land district|
Monstab is a municipality in the administrative community of Rositz in the Thuringian district of Altenburger Land . It is located about 6 km west of the district town of Altenburg and on the southern edge of the Meuselwitz-Rositzer lignite district .
Monstab with its hamlets is located west of Altenburg in the Zeitzer-Altenburger-Lösshügelland , a branch of the Leipzig lowland bay with very good soils. The federal highway 180 passes to the east. Neighboring communities are (clockwise) Rositz , Lödla , Göhren , Starkenberg and Kriebitzsch .
Monstab was a Sorbian Rundling , the 976 Masceltorp , 1270 Mazeltoph and 1413 Monstaph was called. The place was first mentioned in a document in 976, when Emperor Otto II transferred the place to the episcopal church in Zeitz . The place later belonged to the Wettin office of Altenburg , which from the 16th century was under the sovereignty of the following Ernestine duchies due to several divisions during its existence : Duchy of Saxony (1554 to 1572), Duchy of Saxony-Weimar (1572 to 1603), Duchy of Saxony -Altenburg (1603 to 1672), Duchy of Saxony-Gotha-Altenburg (1672 to 1826). When the Ernestine Duchies were reorganized in 1826, Monstab again became part of the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg. After the administrative reform in the duchy, the place belonged to the eastern district (until 1900) and to the Altenburg district office (from 1900). From 1918 the village belonged to the Free State of Saxony-Altenburg , which was added to the State of Thuringia in 1920. In 1922 it came to the district of Altenburg .
The lignite mining around the Monstab in the south of the Meuselwitz-Altenburg lignite mining area began around 1900. An underground mine was the "Eugen Pit No. 132" (1900 to 1960) in the west of the village. In the opencast mine , the coal was first extracted in the "Gertrud II opencast mine" (1914 to 1932) to the north. This reached up to the local border of Monstab and destroyed the area between Monstab and Kröbern in the north. The Gertrud III opencast mine (Zechau) north of the Gertrud II opencast mine, opened in 1931, destroyed a large area in the north from Monstab to Zechau by 1959 , to which the neighboring town of Petsa (1943 to 1947) also fell victim.
Today's municipality of Monstab was created on July 1, 1950 through the incorporation of the towns of Kröbern, Schlauditz (with Krebitschen) and Wiesenmühle. During the second district reform in the GDR in 1952, the existing states were dissolved and the districts were redesigned. Thus Monstab came with the district Altenburg to the district of Leipzig . In the 1980s, the resumption of lignite mining was planned, but this was not carried out. The planned “opencast mine Meuselwitz” between Meuselwitz and Rositz would have had to give way to the local area of Kröbern, on the south-eastern edge of which it was located, while Monstab and the other districts would have been spared. Monstab came back to Thuringia with the Altenburg district in 1990 and to the Altenburger Land district in 1994.
Due to the settlement of industrial workers and miners, the population of Monstabs rose sharply until the middle of the 20th century. If you add the districts incorporated in 1950, Monstab had 1,059 inhabitants in 1946. In comparison, all places together had only 400 inhabitants in 1871.
Development of the population (from 1964 December 31st) :
1580 to 1964
1994 to 2002
2003 to 2011
- Data source from 1994: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
Mayor was Hartwig Lorbert from 1994 to 1999. Herbert Prehl held this position from 1999 to 2010. In the election on June 6, 2010, the CDU politician Steffen Jahr prevailed over a competitor. On June 5, 2016, he was confirmed in office as an individual applicant with a majority of 95.5% and a voter turnout of 44.7% (- 27.6% p).
- CDU - 2 seats (31.7%)
- Sports voter community - 4 seats (68.3%)
The turnout was 66.4%.
Economy and Infrastructure
Hops are grown in Monstab .
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- Monstab website
- The Altenburg Office in the book "Geography for all Stands" in the Google book search, from page 201
- The locations of the Altenburg district in the Google book search, from p. 83
- The eastern district of the Duchy of Saxony-Altenburg in the municipal directory 1900
- The Altenburg district office in the municipality register 1900
- Description of the Zechau opencast mine in a PDF document from the LMBV
- Monstab on genealogy.net
- The Altenburg / Meuselwitz lignite district, LMBV publication
- Results of the mayoral elections on the website of the Regional Returning Officer Thuringia , accessed on July 31, 2016