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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Unterschleißheim
Map of Germany, position of the city of Unterschleißheim highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 17 '  N , 11 ° 34'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Upper Bavaria
County : Munich
Height : 473 m above sea level NHN
Area : 14.93 km 2
Residents: 28,950 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1939 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 85716
Area code : 089
License plate : M , AIB , WOR
Community key : 09 1 84 149
City structure: 3 parts of the community

City administration address :
Rathausplatz 1
85716 Unterschleißheim
Website : unterleissheim.de
Mayor : Christoph Böck ( SPD )
Location of the city of Unterschleißheim in the Munich district
Starnberger See Landkreis Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Landkreis Ebersberg Landkreis Erding Landkreis Freising Landkreis Fürstenfeldbruck Landkreis Miesbach Landkreis Rosenheim Landkreis Starnberg Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Dachau München Forstenrieder Park Grünwalder Forst Brunnthal Höhenkirchen-Siegertsbrunn Perlacher Forst Aschheim Aying Baierbrunn Brunnthal Feldkirchen (Landkreis München) Garching bei München Gräfelfing Grasbrunn Grünwald Haar (bei München) Höhenkirchen-Siegertsbrunn Hohenbrunn Ismaning Kirchheim bei München Neubiberg Neuried (bei München) Oberschleißheim Ottobrunn Planegg Pullach im Isartal Putzbrunn Sauerlach Schäftlarn Straßlach-Dingharting Taufkirchen (bei München) Unterföhring Unterhaching Unterschleißheim Oberhachingmap
About this picture

Unterschleißheim is a city and the most populous municipality in the Upper Bavarian district of Munich .



It is located around 17 km north of Munich , 2 km north of Oberschleißheim and around 23 km south of Freising between the Isar and Amper rivers .

City structure

The municipality has three officially named municipal parts (the type of settlement is indicated in brackets ):

  • Lohhof (founded in 1929 as a subsidiary settlement)
  • Riedmoos ( village )
  • Unterschleißheim (settlement)

Lohhof-Süd, the Inhauser Moos and Hollern west of the B 13 are not officially designated parts of the municipality. (Gut Hollern 1, 2 and Gut Hollern Neuhof still belong to the municipality of Eching ).


Unterschleißheim, Old Church of St. Ulrich

Until the 18th century

The first finds that indicate permanent settlement date from the period 1400–1250 BC. As part of the first expansion stage of Roman settlements in the provinces, in the 1st century AD, an agricultural estate, a so-called villa rustica , is planned to be built in what is now the Hollern district of Unterschleißheim . The formwork for the fountain is made of trees, felled in 63 AD.

Today's Unterschleißheim - as well as Oberschleißheim - developed around today's Mittenheim, which lies in between. The first documentary mention took place around 785 AD in the " Traditio Rihpaldi " (deed of gift of the Rihpald), the donation of Sliuuesheim and Teitinhusir (Deutenhausen b. Eching ) by Rihpald. In the area of ​​today's Unterschleißheim-Mittenheim-Oberschleißheim, in the foreland of the Dachauer Moos , there were probably several individual farms at that time, including, according to the common assumption of local research, the court of the Germanic Sliu, after whom the scattered settlement could be named.

The hamlet of " Schleyßaim " developed into a village as early as the 12th century . The Mallertshofener church was first mentioned in 1165. In the same century, the later district of Lohhof was first mentioned as " Lochoven " - Hof im Lohwald: Count Ekkard von Scheyern donated the Slivesheim farm to the Scheyern monastery in 1183 under the testimony of Otto I, Duke of Bavaria .

In 1260 the Weihenstephan Monastery was confirmed by a bull from Pope Alexander IV to have a parish, to which the Mallertshofen and Unterschleißheim churches also belonged.

In 1485 Nydernsleisheim became the headquarters of a main team and shortly afterwards it was renamed in the administrative files from “ Nydernsleisheim ” to “ Grossenschleißheim ”. Already in 1510 the right to tap was confirmed to the old landlord from Unterschleißheim for the first time and in 1518 the Weihenstephan monastery together with the bailiff Krautwadl from Feldmoching founded the facility for a pastoral care town at the church of St. Ulrich.

Major interventions in the local ecosystem and the lives of the residents began when the sovereigns acquired a Schwaige with Duke Wilhelm V (the Pious) in the area of ​​today's Oberschleißheim and expanded it into a secondary or hunting seat. From 1616 to 1623 Wilhelm's son, Duke Maximilian I , had the old castle built. From 1701 to 1726 the New Palace was built on behalf of Elector Max Emanuel , as was the Lustheim Palace. Around 1750, 394 people lived on 25 farms in the Unterschleißheim area, then called " Großenschleißheim ".

19th and 20th centuries

The two-storey reception building at Lohhof train station, built in 1858, with a small house on the left and a goods shed in the southern part.

In the course of the administrative reforms in Bavaria in 1818, Unterschleißheim became an independent political municipality, which was initially led by a municipality leader and from 1869 by a mayor. In 1831 the place was described as a "parish village with 34 houses and 200 inhabitants plus the hamlet of Lohhof". The Bavarian Eastern Railways built a single-track railway line from Munich to Landshut in the years 1856–1858 . The station built in Lohhof was given a "two-story reception building made of solid stone, on a surface area of ​​960 feet". "In addition, a goods shed also solidly built in stone and a small building made of wood." On June 28, 1858, members of the board of directors of the Eastern Railways drove through Lohhof for the first time on the first completed route from Munich to Freising on a test drive. Only after completion of the section from Freising to Landshut could the newly built track be officially opened for "passenger and luggage traffic" on November 3, 1858 at seven o'clock in the morning and also for freight traffic on November 15, 1858. The line from Feldmoching to Lohhof was later expanded to two lanes and opened on November 3, 1891. The electrification of the line from Munich via Lohhof to Freising began on September 28, 1925. Lohhof thus became a third-class train station with unrestricted freight traffic. At the beginning of the 20th century, the village was still rural and rural. In 1929 the Lohhof settlement area officially emerged as a new district on the "Lochmannhof" land.

National Socialism

From 1933 to 1939 the population increased by leaps and bounds from 753 to 1737 inhabitants, mainly due to the move to Lohhof, due to the promotion of home construction during the Nazi era . In 1937 a forced labor camp was set up in Lohhof near the train station to extract flax for the textile industry, called " flax roasting ", in which hundreds of French and Polish women were used for forced labor. From 1941, Jewish women were also deployed, while at the same time deportations began from the Lohhof flax roastery until the camp was closed in 1942.

post war period

Another strong settlement activity after the Second World War, especially in the district of Lohhof, made a larger church necessary, which was built on Bezirksstrasse and received the patronage of the diocese St. Korbinian. It was consecrated on October 28, 1951 by Auxiliary Bishop Johannes Neuhäusler . With the construction of the rectory next to the church, Unterschleißheim-Lohhof was raised to a parish in 1958; first pastor was Hochw. H. Josef Sauer. Due to the ongoing construction activity, part of the parish area was separated as a curate in 1975 and has formed the new parish of Ortisei since 1986 with the consecration of the newly built Ulrichskirche. Since the number of Protestant Christians also increased rapidly, including many Transylvanian Saxons , the construction of the Galilee Church began. It was inaugurated on December 3, 1962.

In the course of the rise of the greater Munich area to a top economic region at the beginning of the second half of the 20th century, the original village of Unterschleißheim experienced a rapid increase in population. As a result, the land prices rose extremely during this time, which some local farmers and field owners brought in some considerable wealth through property sales. With the approval of the Bavarian State Ministry of the Interior , Unterschleißheim received today's coat of arms on August 10, 1965.

From 1969, at the instigation of the then mayor Hans Bayer (SPD), among other things, the construction of another 14-class elementary school, the expansion of the streets and street lighting, but above all the construction of the sports and recreation park with stadium and indoor swimming pool with one Investment volume of 26.9 million DM started. In the stadium, which today bears the name of this mayor, the regional football club SV Lohhof plays its home games.

In 1973 Le Crès ( Département Hérault ) became the first partner municipality. In the previous year, due to the anticipated strong increase in train and S-Bahn traffic, a bridge was completed and opened to traffic on May 25, 1972. Since then, it has linked the districts of Lohhof and Unterschleißheim with each other in the south and was named after the French twin town. The construction of the waterworks started in 1974. Because of these projects, the community was in debt with 13.2 million DM. However, this sum could be rapidly reduced due to the sharp rise in tax revenues, partly due to the rapid population growth, partly due to the increased settlement of companies. With the opening of the Unterschleißheim S-Bahn station on December 17, 1977, the municipality received a second train station.

Between 1979 and 1983 the now heavily frequented “ Unterschleißheimer See ” was built in the Riedmoos district as a quarry pond in the course of gravel mining for the construction of the motorway from Munich to Deggendorf . In 1990 Hollern was incorporated, which until then belonged to the neighboring municipality of Eching ; in the same year the partnership relationship with the Thuringian city of Lucka was established. The city census took place on December 16, 2000. Today, Unterschleißheim is the largest town in the Munich district and one of two towns in the district.

On July 22, 1999, the then municipal council, chaired by Mayor Rolf Zeitler , decided to implement a geothermal project for the town based on the results of a feasibility study . It was the first of its kind in the district and therefore a pioneering project.

21st century

On July 28, 2003, the first object, the “Aquariush” indoor swimming pool, was supplied with geothermal energy. All public institutions as well as numerous private houses and apartments are already benefiting from this environmentally friendly technology.

On September 16, 2014, with the symbolic handover of the key by District Administrator Christoph Göbel to the headmaster Ulrich Troll, the vocational high school (Staatliche BOS and FOS) was officially opened on site.

After the plan to tunnel under the Munich – Regensburg (Berlin, Prague) railway line failed for financial reasons, a railway underpass for cars, cyclists and pedestrians has been built since February 2014 to better connect Lohhof with Altunterschleißheim and the industrial park. The project, which cost 11.6 million euros, was officially opened on June 13, 2015. Earlier, on May 1st, 2015, the newly designed Town Hall Square for 1.1 million euros was handed over to the citizens on the occasion of May Day celebrations.

Population statistics

Between 1988 and 2018 the city grew from 22,487 to 30,184 by 6,432 inhabitants or by over 30%.

As a rule, the number of inhabitants in Unterschleißheim rose continuously. The 25,000-inhabitant mark was exceeded for the first time in 1996. The following table shows all population figures ( main residence in Unterschleißheim) since 1995 (on December 31st). The development of the population of the community up to 1983 is taken from the Unterschleißheim Chronicle.

Population development of Unterschleißheim from 1957 to 2016
year Residents
1957 4,633
1960 5,346
1965 6,017
1970 7,553
1973 11,518
1978 14,871
1983 17,869
1991 24,816
1995 24,894
1996 25,265
1997 25,299
1998 25,278
1999 25,354
2000 25,633
2001 25,672
2002 25,915
year Residents
2003 25,725
2004 25,777
2005 26,798
2006 26,046
2007 26,366
2008 26,453
2009 26,542
2010 26,477
2011 25,937
2012 26,155
2013 26,363
2014 26,744
2015 28.051
2016 29,406
2017 30.113
2018 30.184

Denomination statistics

As of December 31, 2010, 4,204 (15.4%) were Protestant, 11,724 (43.0%) Roman Catholic and 11,332 (41.6%) were non-denominational or belong to another religious community. As of December 31, 2011, 4,135 (15.2%) were Protestant, 11,560 (42.4%) Roman Catholic and 11,570 (42.5%) were non-denominational or belong to another religious community.


Unterschleißheim Town Hall 2015

City council

According to the official final result, after the local elections on March 15, 2020 , the city ​​council will consist of 30 honorary members plus the First Mayor, who will chair. The election resulted in the following distribution of seats:

Party / list CSU SPD Green Free citizenship AfD ödp FDP total
Seats 10 9 5 2 2 1 1 30th


Rolf Zeitler (CSU) was mayor of Unterschleißheim for 24 years. In March 2013, the Third Mayor Christoph Böck (SPD) was elected as the new First Mayor of the city, on March 29, 2020 in the runoff election against Stefan Krimmer (CSU) for a further 6 years. Tino Schlagintweit (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen) has been the second mayor since May 7, 2020, and Annegret Harms (SPD) is the third mayor.

City and business partnerships

Twin town Country since
Le Crès FranceFrance France 1973
Lucka GermanyGermany Germany 1990
Zengőalja Kistérség HungaryHungary Hungary 2004
Zelenograd RussiaRussia Russia 2004
Hangzhou China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China 2006
Long Island / NY United StatesUnited States United States

Relations with Zelenograd, Hangzhou and Long Island are economic partnerships.

North Alliance

Unterschleißheim is a member of the Northern Alliance - Munich North Metropolitan Region .



  • The old church of St. Ulrich was built in 1518 and is a listed building with the surrounding cemetery wall.
  • The Alter Wirt inn to the north of the church is also a listed building.
  • The carillon on the town hall tower was made at the turn of the millennium.
  • The Hans Bayer Stadium is located in the sports and recreation park.


  • City library with approx. 44,000 book copies and over 9,000 audiovisual media as well as numerous magazines and newspapers
  • Adult Education Center in the north of the Munich district


Unterschleißheim, middle school


  • Unterschleißheim Local History Museum - on Rathausplatz
  • Organ Museum - on Bezirksstrasse

movie theater

  • Movie theater Capitol


Economy and Infrastructure

Unterschleißheim, view to the west


The Innovative Community Unterschleissheim (ICU) is a network of innovative, locally based companies with global aspirations, which was founded on May 11, 2000 by the then Mayor Rolf Zeitler and well-known companies from Unterschleissheim and the surrounding area. The association offers a network of the future for the entrepreneurs of tomorrow. The aim is to promote the high-tech location of Unterschleißheim and the exchange of information between companies. The ICU e. V. is an active platform for the promotion of business activities through cooperation at the location as well as nationally and internationally. The leitmotifs of the ICU are innovation, cooperation, added value.

Business promotion

From the point of view of the city of Unterschleißheim, promoting the local economy is one of the most important tasks of the town hall. With a wide range of activities, including the provision of commercial space, advice to local companies or companies looking for a location, the public presentation of commercial site conditions and advertising for the location (citizen information, commercial brochure), cooperation with the Chamber of Commerce and Industry for Munich and Upper Bavaria and business associations, organization of business forums, trade shows etc., participation in the area of ​​the ICU e. V. as well as implementation of the resolutions passed there, the administration tries to respond to the interests of the companies within the scope of its possibilities.

The focus of this urban economic development is on the creation and safeguarding of jobs, expansion and relocation of companies, intensification of intra-urban interdependencies, promotion of the existing high-quality location conditions and maintenance of a diverse industry and company size structure with a trade tax rate of 350%

Major resident companies (selection)

USH Nord - Baader Bank AG

Hotels and pensions

There are five hotels and two guest houses in various price categories on site.

Transport links

freetime and sports

Unterschleißheimer See
  • BallhausForum, conference center with hall for large events / trade fairs, carnival balls, sports around
  • Oberschleißheimer Berglwald with fitness trail, mushroom abundance and refreshment stops
  • Gyms
  • Leisure pool with aquariush sauna area
  • Hans Bayer Stadium (outdoor facilities), in the sports and recreation park, for u. a. Summer / winter ice stock sport
  • Youth leisure center Gleis1 , meeting point for the youth of Unterschleißheim, musical and cabaret evenings
  • Multipurpose hall in Birkenstrasse for mass sports, chess, theater performances
  • Sports and recreation park
  • Sports halls and gyms in schools, also accessible for recreational sports
  • Tennis facilities in the sports and recreation park
  • Unterschleißheimer See

Parks and green spaces

Valentine's Park
  • Green corridor in the industrial area - an approx. 1.7 km long park in the industrial area
  • Landscape and nature reserve
  • Lohwald - the oldest park in the city
  • Sports and recreation park
  • Valentine's Park


  • Wolfgang Christoph and Manfred Fischer: The Unterschleißheimer, Chronicle of a Citizenship , Unterschleißheim, 1984
  • 1200 years of Unterschleißheim - 785–1985. A local history . Edited by the community of Unterschleißheim. F. Bruckmann KG, Munich 1985
  • Manfred Fischer: Unterschleißheim. The development of a political community. Edited by the city of Unterschleißheim (Unterschleißheimer row 4). Unterschleißheim 2001
  • Manfred Fischer: The old Unterschleißheim farms . Edited by the city of Unterschleißheim, forum, local history museum. Overall responsibility: Wolfgang Christoph (Unterschleißheimer row 7). Unterschleißheim 2010
  • City book of Unterschleißheim . Edited by Forum Unterschleißheim. Editorial management Wolfgang Christoph and Carl Hans Engleitner, authors Josef Diehl, Manfred Fischer et al. Unterschleißheim, Verlag Zimmermann, 2012
  • Maximilian Strnad: Flax for the Empire. The Jewish forced labor camp "Flachsröste Lohof" near Munich . Volk Verlag, Munich 2013, ISBN 978-3-86222-116-5 .

Web links

Commons : Unterschleißheim  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Community of Unterschleißheim in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 9, 2019.
  3. ^ Theodor Bitterauf: The traditions of the Hochstift Freising. Munich: Beck 1905, p. 94f. No. 69.
  4. Business report of the management of the Bayerische Ostbahnen from the beginning of the company up to the end of the budget year 1859/60; Page 63-64; Section "Lohhof"
  5. Augsburger Tageblatt, July 2, 1858; P. 2357 - Article Vermischte Nachrichten "Munich, June 30, 1858" Online edition of the original newspaper from 1858
  6. Augsburger Tageblatt, November 5, 1858; Article mixed news "Munich, November 3rd"
  7. ^ Augsburger Tageblatt, October 19, 1858; Article mixed news "Munich, October 17th"
  8. https://www.br.de/nachrichten/oberbayern/ns-zwangsarbeiter-flachsroeste-lohhof-100.html
  9. http://www.korbinian.de/psk/pfarrei/geschichte/geschichte.htm
  10. ^ Community of Unterschleißheim (ed.): “1200 years of Unterschleißheim 785-1985. Eine Ortschronik “, Verlag F. Bruckmann KG, Munich 1985, p. 19ff
  11. http://www.unterschleissheim.de/index.html?xml=/kultur/ortschronik.xml
  12. ^ Community of Unterschleißheim: "1200 Years of Unterschleißheim - Eine Ortschronik", Verlag F. Bruckmann KG, Munich 1985, pp. 82–83
  13. ^ Community of Unterschleißheim: "1200 Years of Unterschleißheim - Eine Ortschronik", Verlag F. Bruckmann KG, Munich 1985, pp. 84–85 and 150
  14. ^ Forum Unterschleißheim (ed.), Authors Wolfgang Christoph et al.: "Stadtbuch Unterschleißheim", 2012, p. 589ff.
  15. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2000
  16. ^ Geothermal energy in Unterschleißheim
  17. Lohhofer Anzeiger No. 38, from Saturday, September 20, 2014, p. 1
  18. Lohhofer & Landkreisanzeiger from Saturday, June 20, 2015, p. 1
  19. Münchner Merkur No. 100, from the weekend, 2./3. May 2015, p. 36
  20. ^ Community of Unterschleißheim (ed.): “1200 years of Unterschleißheim 785-1985. Eine Ortschronik “, Verlag F. Bruckmann KG, Munich 1985, p. 142
  21. ^ City of Unterschleißheim Annual Report 2010 page 125 Population
  22. ^ City of Unterschleißheim Annual Report 2011 , accessed on June 24, 2020
  23. ^ Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing
  24. http://www.unterschleissheim-zelenograd.de/_de/wirtschaftartikel/
  25. http://www.fosbos-ush.de/
  26. http://www.icu-net.de/index.php?option=com_member&mode=search&task=directory&Itemid=117
  27. http://www.unterschleissheim.de/wirtschaft-verkehr-internationales/icu-ev.html
  28. http://www.unterschleissheim.de/wirtschaft-verkehr-internationales/wirtschaftsstandort.html
  29. http://www.fpmi.de/de/teilnehmer/banken/baader-bank.html
  30. BMW press release: new development center for autonomous driving at press.bmwgroup.com
  31. BMW Research Center comes to Unterschleißheim on merkur.de
  32. BMW opens campus for autonomous driving. In: Handelsblatt . April 11, 2018, accessed April 14, 2018 .
  33. Pia Ratzesberger: BMW opens research center for autonomous driving. In: Süddeutsche.de . April 12, 2018. Retrieved April 14, 2018 .
  34. https://www.sueddeutsche.de/muenchen/landkreismuenchen/bmw-selbstfahrende-fahrzeuge-unterschleissheim-1.4386104
  35. NOKIA
  36. http://www.unterschleissheim.de/kultur-freizeit-sport/gruenanlagen-und-parks.html