Weimarer Land district

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Weimarer Land district Map of Germany, position of the Weimarer Land district highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 0 '  N , 11 ° 25'  E

Basic data
State : Thuringia
Administrative headquarters : Apolda
Area : 804.48 km 2
Residents: 82,156 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 102 inhabitants per km 2
License plate : AP, APD
Circle key : 16 0 71
Circle structure: 39 municipalities
Address of the
district administration:
Bahnhofstrasse 28
99510 Apolda
Website : www.weimarerland.de
District Administrator : Christiane Schmidt-Rose ( CDU )
Location of the Weimarer Land district in Thuringia
Weimar Eisenach Suhl Gera Jena Landkreis Altenburger Land Landkreis Greiz Tschechien Saale-Holzland-Kreis Freistaat Sachsen Freistaat Bayern Saale-Orla-Kreis Landkreis Sonneberg Niedersachsen Hessen Sachsen-Anhalt Landkreis Eichsfeld Landkreis Saalfeld-Rudolstadt Landkreis Hildburghausen Landkreis Schmalkalden-Meiningen Ilm-Kreis Landkreis Weimarer Land Erfurt Landkreis Gotha Wartburgkreis Landkreis Sömmerda Kyffhäuserkreis Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis Landkreis Nordhausenmap
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The district of Weimarer Land (according to the statutes Kreis Weimarer Land ) is a district in Thuringia , which extends from the state capital Erfurt east to the state border with Saxony-Anhalt . The county seat is Apolda .


Location in Thuringia

The district of Weimarer Land is located in the eastern center of Thuringia and is part of the Central Thuringia planning region . Neighboring districts in the north are the district of Sömmerda and the Saxony-Anhalt Burgenland district , in the east the Saale-Holzland district and the independent city of Jena , in the south the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt , in the southwest the Ilm district and in the west the independent city of Erfurt . The independent city of Weimar is completely surrounded by the Weimarer Land district.

Landscape, natural spaces and mountains

The Weimarer Land district can be divided into two natural areas , both of which are heavily used by agriculture.

Its southern part consists mainly of the Ilm-Saale-Platte , which shows a frequent change in soil and area use and represents a shell limestone mountainous region and the beech is the most common tree on sand-lime stone, while in the Tannroda, Blankenhain, Bad Berka area on red sandstone spruce and pine can be found almost exclusively.

The northern area is mainly part of the Thuringian Basin or the Central Thuringian Ackerhügelland. Like the southern part, it is heavily influenced by agriculture, which results mainly from the widespread loess soil, and has only slight differences in altitude of up to 100 meters at an altitude of 200 to 300  m above sea level. NN on. In geological terms, the northern part belongs to the Thuringian Keuperbecken. It has almost no forest areas. The largest north-south expansion of the district is approx. 33 km, the largest east-west expansion approx. 36 km.

The highest elevation in the district is at 513  m above sea level. NN the Riechheimer Berg in the municipality of Hohenfelden. Its deepest point is at the confluence of the Ilm and Saale rivers near Großheringen at 118  m above sea level. NN . In the north of the district are the ridges of the Finns and in the south the Tannrodaer Waldland and foothills of the Thuringian Forest .

Mountains in the Weimarer Land district:

see also paragraph Ilm-Saale-Platte of the article List of Mountains in Thuringia

Surname Height
(m above sea level )
local community
Riechheimer Berg 513 Hohenfelden
Kaitsch ( Kötsch ) 497 Kiliansroda
Windberg 484 Crane field
Kesselberg 463 Keßlar

Land use

Großbrembach dam

The use of the district area differs in numerous municipalities. In the northern district almost always over 80 percent of the community area is used for agriculture, which is also the case in some southern communities, such as Lehnstedt, Kleinschwabhausen and Magdala. The largest proportion of forest area is often found in the south, at over 25 percent. In the rest of the district, this value is usually 2 to 10 percent. The proportion of settlement and traffic area depends on the size of the municipality and is therefore highest in Apolda with 20.9 percent and lowest in Buchfart, Döbritschen, Gebstedt, Hammerstedt and Rittersdorf with less than 5 percent. Since there are no large, natural bodies of water, the water area is concentrated on the Hohenfelden reservoir , the Großbrembach dam and the agricultural water reservoirs at Vippachedelhausen and Schwerstedt. The remaining area is mostly used for mining.

Type of use Weimar Country Thuringia
Settlement and traffic areas 72.21 km²
1,477.91 km²
Forest 129.29 km²
5,156.75 km²
Farmland 582.20 km²
8,736.29 km²
Bodies of water 8.03 km²
193.97 km²
total 803.03 km² 16,171.96 km²

Landscape and nature reserves

The Ilm valley near Bad Berka

There are three protected landscape areas in Weimarer Land . The largest is the "Ilm Valley" with an area of ​​approximately 19,850 hectares. It stretches from Oettern to Kranichfeld and partly extends into the Ilm district, the city of Weimar and the city of Erfurt . The " Middle Saale Valley " is almost 19,150 hectares in size and only touches the district on the northern and eastern border with the Saale-Holzland district . The smallest landscape protection area is the "Schötener Grund". It stretches from the center of Apolda to the village of Schöten and is about 50 hectares in size.

In addition to the three landscape protection areas, the district also has a share in eight nature protection areas , four of which belong exclusively to the Weimarer Land. The area "Seeteich Blankenhain" has a size of 15.4 hectares and is located in the Tannrodaer Waldland . It is a wetland with a pond, reed beds, a stream with accompanying trees, smaller wet meadows and other biotopes. The " Lohholz " area lies between the communities of Eckolstädt in the Weimarer Land and Hirschroda in the Saale-Holzland district and is 30.4 hectares in size. It consists largely of a forest area as well as a meadow orchard in the north and an oat and wet meadow in the east. The "Großschwabhäuser Grove", almost 54 hectares in size, is also a forest area, which is mainly characterized by mixed deciduous forests and is of regional importance as a habitat for rare, endangered and endangered species. Other landscape protection areas in the Weimarer Land are the "Prinzenschneise" (101 hectares) and the "Südhang Ettersberg" (408.3 hectares), some of which are in Weimar, as well as the "Diebskammer" (73 hectares), the "Maientännig" (80.5 hectares) Hectares) and the "Weißenberg" (34.8 hectares), which are only in the area of ​​the Weimarer Land.


History of the administrative unit

The district of Weimarer Land was created in 1994 as part of the district and community reform of Thuringia by amalgamating the old districts of Apolda and Weimar-Land , whereby communities of the old district of Erfurt-Land and the municipality of Drößnitz of the district of Jena-Land were incorporated at the same time . The administrative seat is the city of Apolda. The Apolda district office has a branch in Weimar.

In 1994 the municipalities of Gaberndorf, Gelmeroda, Legefeld, Niedergrunstedt, Possendorf, Süßenborn, Taubach and Tröbsdorf were joined to the independent city of Weimar from the former Weimar district. On January 1, 1997, the Neckeroda community moved from the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt district to the Weimarer Land district.

Population development

Development of the population:

  • 1994: 88,350
  • 1995: 89 261
  • 1996: 90 414
  • 1997: 91 566
  • 1998: 91 790
  • 1999: 91 937
  • 2000: 91 443
  • 2001: 90 905
  • 2002: 90 262
  • 2003: 89 480
  • 2004: 88 862
  • 2005: 88 292
  • 2006: 87 399
  • 2007: 86 568
  • 2008: 85 509
  • 2009: 84 935
  • 2010: 84 693
  • 2011: 84 279
  • 2012: 82 016
  • 2013: 81 704
  • 2014: 81 641
  • 2015: 82 127
  • 2016: 82 316
  • 2017: 82 131
  • 2018: 81 947
  • 2019: 82 156
Data source: from 1994 Thuringian State Office for Statistics - values ​​from December 31st


Election of the Weimarer Land district council in 2019
Turnout: 64.7% (2014: 56.2%)
n. k.
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-2.3  % p
+ 13.0  % p
-2.1  % p
-5.3  % p
+ 4.5  % p
+ 2.2  % p
-7.3  % p
+ 0.6  % p
-1.8  % p
-1.3  % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
c Free Voters Weimarer Land eV
e District Association of Citizens' Initiatives Weimarer Land

District council

The local elections on May 26, 2019 in the Weimarer Land district led to the result shown in the diagram opposite. This resulted in the following distribution of seats in the district council:

Distribution of seats in the
Weimarer Land district council in 2019
A total of 46 seats
District office on Bahnhofstrasse in Apolda

The local elections from 1990 to 2019 had the following results (the results of the 2019 election are shown in bold):

Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 35.4 19th 38.6 21st 41.8 20th 34.2 16 35.8 17th 33.5 15th
AfD Alternative for Germany - - - - - - - - 4.6 2 17.6 8th
FWW 1 Free voters Weimarer Land 3.4 - 4.1 - 11.1 5 18.2 8th 14.7 7th 12.6 6th
LEFT 2 THE LEFT 13.0 7th 13.2 7th 19.7 9 16.4 8th 16.0 7th 10.7 5
KVBIWL 3 District Association of Citizens' Initiatives Weimarer Land - - - - - - - - 2.6 1 7.1 3
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 5.4 3 2.0 - 3.1 - 4.7 2 4.5 2 6.7 3
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 21.8 12 26.9 15th 13.1 6th 18.1 8th 13.9 6th 6.6 3
FDP 4 Free Democratic Party 9.4 5 5.0 - 5.9 3 8.4 4th 3.5 2 4.1 2
NPD National Democratic Party of Germany - - - - - - - - 3.0 1 1.2 1
PIRATES Pirate Party Germany - - - - - - - - 1.3 1 - -
CitizenA 5 Citizens' Alliance of Thuringia - - 5.5 3 5.2 3 - - - - - -
total 100 46 100 46 100 46 100 46 100 46 100 46
Voter turnout in% 74.1% 62.8% 56.2% 56.4% 56.2% 64.7%
1 Free Voters Weimarer Land eV ; 1999 still FWA (Free Voters Apolda / Weimarer Land)
2up to and including 2004 PDS
3 District Association of Citizens' Initiatives Weimarer Land
4thIn the 1990 election still as BFD - Die Liberalen ; 2004 as FDP - Free Citizens
5 Citizens' Alliance of Thuringia against excessive local taxes eV

District Administrator

Christiane Schmidt-Rose (CDU) has been the district administrator of the Weimarer Land district since 2018 . It replaced the non-party Hans-Helmut Münchberg , who had been in office since the district was founded in 1994 and had previously been district administrator of the previous district of Apolda from 1990 to 1994.

badges and flags

Flag of the Weimarer Land district

The coat of arms was approved on November 24, 1994 by the Thuringian State Administration Office. In the coat of arms of the district, the coats of arms of different rulers are brought together, which were of importance in the area of ​​the district.

Blazon : “Half-divided and split; above in front a silver six-spoke wheel in red, below in front in silver three red apples (2: 1) and behind in gold a black lion with a red tongue and armor. "

The six-spoke silver wheel on the red background stands for the Mainz wheel from the Erfurt city arms. The communities of Kapellendorf, Tonndorf and Blankenhain were owned by Erfurt for a long time. The three red apples on a silver background refer to the Lords of Apolda . The black lion with a red tongue on a golden background stands for the Meissen lion and symbolizes the areas of the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach .

The flag of the district, approved on November 24, 1994, has white and red stripes lengthways and bears the district's coat of arms.

District partnerships

The Weimarer Land district maintains a partnership with the following districts:


In the 2016 Future Atlas, the Weimarer Land district was ranked 303 out of 402 districts and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the districts with “future risks”.

Medium-sized companies and tradespeople form the focus of the economy in this district. Another not inconsiderable source of income is the “culture and tourism industry”.

Health economy

Robert Koch Hospital Apolda

The Robert Koch Hospital Apolda is a hospital with the district as sponsor, the Central Clinic Bad Berka belongs to the Rhön Clinic AG , while the Blankenhainer Clinic has been part of the Helios Clinics since 1997 .

There are three rehabilitation clinics in Bad Berka, all of which belong to the median group . Bad Sulza has two rehabilitation clinics, the Sophienklinik with a wide range of indications is a subsidiary of the Sophien- und Hufeland-Klinikum Weimar . There is also the Bad Sulza Clinic Center as a rehabilitation clinic for dermatology, pneumology and orthopedics with psychological service.


Road traffic

The district is crossed by a motorway and three federal highways . The federal highway 4 runs through the district from Magdala in the east to Klettbach in the west and has the junctions Magdala, Apolda, Nohra and Erfurt-Ost in the district area, the latter being on the border with Erfurt. The motorway is four lanes up to Magdala and six lanes between Apolda and Erfurt-Ost.

The most important federal road is the B 87 from Ilmenau to Frankfurt (Oder) , which runs through the district of Rannstedt in the northeast to Kranichfeld in the southwest and on which the cities of Apolda and Bad Berka are located. Between the AS Apolda in Mellingen and Bad Berka , it was downgraded to the K511 district road. The B 87 is crossed by the B 7 in Umpferstedt , which runs almost parallel to the A 4. It connects the cities of Erfurt and Jena and thus the western and eastern southern parts of the Weimar region. The B 85 , like the B 87, runs from north to south and connects the towns of Buttelstedt, Bad Berka and Blankenhain in the district. It crosses the B 87 in the city center of Bad Berka. The B 7 and B 85 also run through the urban area of ​​Weimar.

This road network is complemented by the state road 1053 from the AS Nohra to Bad Berka, the L 1057 from Buttstädt to Apolda, the L 1052 from the AS Erfurt-Ost via Klettbach to Kranichfeld, the L 1054 from Weimar via Berlstedt to the AS Sömmerda-Süd the A 71 , the L 1055 from Berlstedt to Erfurt-Kerspleben, the L 1059 from Apolda to Camburg, the L 1060 from Großheringen via Bad Sulza, Apolda, Jena-Isserstedt, Magdala to Blankenhain, the L 1061 from Großheringen to Camburg and the L 2158 from Reisdorf to Bad Sulza.

The regular bus service, which serves every place in the district, forms the main carrier of local public transport in Weimarer Land alongside rail traffic. Based on the historical district boundaries, this is carried out by two companies, the Apolda mbH and Stadtwirtschaft Weimar .

Rail transport

The new Erfurt – Leipzig / Halle line , which was completed in 2015 and touches the north-western part of the district, runs in the district. Two other main routes are the Thuringian Railway , which runs from Halle (Saale) via Erfurt to Eisenach and has six stations in the district with the stations Großheringen , Bad Sulza , Niedertrebra , Apolda , Oßmannstedt and Hopfgarten , as well as the " Central Germany Connection " from Aachen via Cologne, Kassel and Erfurt to Chemnitz, which has two stops in the district with the train stations Mellingen and Großschwabhausen . The Weimar – Jena section located within the district has two tracks, but has not yet been electrified.

Großheringen station

There are also two branch lines that are of regional importance. The “ Ilm Valley Railway ” runs from Weimar via Bad Berka to Kranichfeld and is around 25 kilometers long. Trains run on it every hour, which considerably improves the development of the southern district. The " Pfefferminzbahn " is only used for freight traffic between Eckartsberga and Großheringen . Großheringen train station also has a connection to the “ Saalbahn ” in the direction of Jena and Saalfeld / Saale .

Air traffic

The district does not have its own international airport . The next airport of this type is in Erfurt. The municipalities of Bad Berka and Umpferstedt each have a special landing site . Near the county border also contains the airfields Jena Schöngleina in Saale-Holzland-Kreis, Rudolstadt-Groschwitz in Saalfeld-Rudolstadt and Alkersleben in Ilm-Kreis.


Apolda is designated as a middle center according to the regional plan.

The basic centers are Bad Berka , Bad Sulza and Blankenhain .

(Residents on December 31, 2019)

community-free municipalities

  1. Apolda , Town (22,184)
  2. Bad Berka , City (7500)
  3. Blankenhain , City (6440)
  4. Grammetal , rural community (6519)
  5. Ilmtal-Weinstrasse , rural community (6348)

fulfilling communities

  1. Am Ettersberg , Landgemeinde (7098), fulfilling community also for
    1. Ballstedt (279)
    2. Ettersburg (682)
    3. Neumark , town (478)
  2. Bad Sulza , city, rural community (7688), fulfilling community also for
    1. Eberstedt (214)
    2. Big Herring (656)
    3. Niedertrebra (751)
    4. Obertrebra (258)
    5. Rannstedt (178)
    6. Blacksmiths (364)
Am Ettersberg Nauendorf Vollersroda Hetschburg Frankendorf Ilmtal-Weinstraße Ilmtal-Weinstraße Ettersburg Rannstedt Obertrebra Ballstedt Hammerstedt Oettern Eberstedt Kleinschwabhausen Wiegendorf Kiliansroda Bad Sulza Mechelroda Kapellendorf Grammetal Großheringen Lehnstedt Umpferstedt Buchfart Döbritschen Rittersdorf Hohenfelden Neumark Niedertrebra Tonndorf Schmiedehausen Großschwabhausen Mellingen Klettbach Magdala Kranichfeld Apolda Bad Berka BlankenhainMunicipalities in AP.png
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Administrative communities
* Administrative headquarters

  1. Hohenfelden (389)
  2. Klettbach (1295)
  3. Kranichfeld , City * (3363)
  4. Nauendorf (300)
  5. Rittersdorf (273)
  6. Tonndorf (638)
  1. Buchfart (195)
  2. Dobrich (233)
  3. Frankendorf (167)
  4. Grossschwabhausen (1056)
  5. Hammerstedt (179)
  6. Hetschburg (243)
  7. Kapellendorf (414)
  8. Kiliansroda (174)
  9. Kleinschwabhausen (223)
  10. Lehnstedt (341)
  11. Magdala , City (2029)
  12. Mechelroda (282)
  13. Mellingen * (1425)
  14. Oetter (119)
  15. Umpferstedt (631)
  16. Vollersroda (210)
  17. Wiegendorf (340)

For the terms "administrative community" and "fulfilling community" see administrative community and fulfilling community (Thuringia) .

Territorial changes


Administrative communities and fulfilling communities

License Plate

On July 1, 1994, the district was assigned the vehicle distinguishing sign APD (Apolda). This was replaced on February 1, 1995 by the new distinctive sign AP .

Until about the year 2000, vehicles from the sub-circles were given special identification numbers:

area Letters numbers
Part circle Apolda A to N 1 to 999
AA to NZ 1 to 99
Weimar district P to Z 1 to 999
PA to ZZ 1 to 99

The abbreviation APD has been available again since November 24, 2012 .


The Weimarer Land is characterized by its natural beauty ("Tuscany of the East").

Particularly noteworthy are:

See also

Web links

Commons : Landkreis Weimarer Land  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files


  • Karl Moszner, Eberhard Neumeyer, Alexandra Gentsch: The district of Weimar 1990-1994. A look back. Publisher: Landrat des Landkreis Weimar, 54 pages, size 22 cm × 21 cm, Hahndruck, Kranichfeld 1994, without ISBN

Individual evidence

  1. a b Population of the communities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics  ( help on this ).
  2. § 1 Name and Seat . In: Main statutes of the Weimarer Land district . As of February 19, 2015, accessed on September 15, 2016 (PDF; 48 kB): "The district bears the name 'Weimarer Land'."
  3. Nature reserves in the Weimarer Land district. Thuringian State Institute for Environment and Geology (TLUG), 2011, accessed on April 13, 2011 .
  4. District election in Weimarer Land 2019 In: wahlen.thueringen.de .
  5. Erfurt-Weimar-Jena - The ImPuls Region (pdf), on impulsregion.de
  6. Zukunftsatlas 2016. Archived from the original ; accessed on March 23, 2018 .
  7. ^ Regional plan Central Thuringia of April 12, 2011 , accessed on October 16, 2016