Chapel village

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coat of arms Germany map
The Kapellendorf community does not have a coat of arms
Chapel village
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Kapellendorf highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 59 '  N , 11 ° 28'  E

Basic data
State : Thuringia
County : Weimar Country
Management Community : Mellingen
Height : 245 m above sea level NHN
Area : 5.39 km 2
Residents: 414 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 77 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 99510
Area code : 036425
License plate : AP, APD
Community key : 16 0 71 037
Association administration address: Karl-Alexander-Str. 134a
99441 Mellingen
Website :
Mayor : Jürgen Elstermann
Location of the community Kapellendorf in the Weimarer Land district
Am Ettersberg Nauendorf Vollersroda Hetschburg Frankendorf Ilmtal-Weinstraße Ilmtal-Weinstraße Ettersburg Rannstedt Obertrebra Ballstedt Hammerstedt Oettern Eberstedt Kleinschwabhausen Wiegendorf Kiliansroda Bad Sulza Mechelroda Kapellendorf Grammetal Großheringen Lehnstedt Umpferstedt Buchfart Döbritschen Rittersdorf Hohenfelden Neumark Niedertrebra Tonndorf Schmiedehausen Großschwabhausen Mellingen Klettbach Magdala Kranichfeld Apolda Bad Berka Blankenhainmap
About this picture
Kapellendorf from the west
Village church of St. Mary and Bartholomew

Kapellendorf is a municipality in the Weimarer Land district and part of the Mellingen administrative community . It is located about twelve kilometers east of Weimar .


Kapellendorf is located east of Weimar and bordering the district town of Apolda to the south on the southeast edge of the Thuringian basin in the arable farming area around Mellingen and Apolda. Both the federal road 7 and the B 87 are easily accessible via the district road 101.


The place Capelladorf is mentioned as early as 833 in the deeds of donation of the Fulda monastery . The donor was a Count Asis - not a Count Hessi in 875, as is often incorrectly claimed - an extraordinarily powerful man in Thuringia, who held a county granted by the king as well as freely disposing of extensive property such as Kapellendorf. According to the Fulda death annals, in which his name is prominently entered, Asis died in 837. From historical tradition it can be concluded that there was a church in Kapellendorf, which may have already been founded by the ancestors of Count Asis and his brothers. but not that this family was also based in the village - as older research always assumed. In addition to extensive property in the Weimar and Erfurt area, the family also had goods in southern Thuringia and Franconia , in the area around Hildburghausen and Gotha .

During the Franco-Prussian War of 1806/1807, the area east of Kapellendorf became the scene of the last partial battle of the Battle of Jena and Auerstedt on October 14, 1806 , in which Emperor Napoléon I took over the Prussian forces of King Friedrich Wilhelm III. devastatingly struck.

In 1923 Karl Graischen was tenant of the domain with 109 hectares of farmland.


Moated castle

The most important and nationally known sight of Kapellendorf is the moated castle , which in 1806 was the seat of part of the Prussian headquarters before and during the battle of Jena and Auerstedt .

Church and monastery

Kapellendorf has one of the oldest known churches in Thuringia. A first church - possibly built by Fulda monks - already existed here in the period around 800, after which the place was named. The church was donated to the imperial monastery of Fulda in the past. In the 12th century, the parish church was fiefdom owned by the burgraves of Kirchberg , who founded a Cistercian monastery here in 1235 with the permission of the Fulda abbot Konrad von Malkes (1221-1246) . Since 1527, after the abolition of the monastery in the course of the Reformation and destruction during the Peasants' War , the Kapellendorfer church has once again served as a parish church. Numerous preserved grave monuments in the interior testify to their great importance as burial and memorial place in the late Middle Ages and early modern times. Between 1977 and 1988 the entire interior of the church was extensively reconstructed and redesigned. Additions and walls from the 16th century on the south side were removed and the arcades to a previously existing aisle were opened and glazed through windows. All galleries except for the organ gallery have been removed, as has a pulpit altar from the 18th century. The well-preserved pulpit from the 16th century is now used as a lectern. In the choir room, wall niches were uncovered, which were painted by the artist Eberhard Heiland : with a baptismal image ( Philip baptizes the chamberlain ), an image of the Lord's Supper ( dinner in Emmaus ) and a memorial of the dead ( Christ the World Judge ). The entire painting and design was under the direction of the Weimar painter Horst Jahresling . Today the church belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran Parish Kapellendorf with its eight parishes and eight churches.

War memorial

On October 13, 1907 12 m high tower was used as a war memorial for the in 1806 at the command post at Sperlingsberg on the Sperlingsberg fallen inaugurated. The tower was created according to a design by the architect Max Ehrhardt (Apolda), who probably took the award-winning Bismarck tower type design "Götterdämmerung" by Wilhelm Kreis as a model. The tower has a height of 12 m and a floor plan of 5.5 m × 5.5 m. The last renovation of the tower was carried out in 1986. A memorial plaque on the tower commemorates the failed attack by the Prussian general Ernst von Rüchel in the battle of Jena on October 14, 1806.

Thomas Müntzer statue

On June 24, 1989, the statue of the theologian and leader in the German Peasant War, Thomas Müntzer, was unveiled on the square in front of the church and the Evangelical Community Center, which was named Thomas Müntzer from 1975 to 1997. It is a commissioned work by the Weimar ceramist and painter Eberhard Heiland , who also painted the wall niches in the Bartholomäus Church. The words with which Müntzer signed some of his letters stand on the base of the idea sculpture made from fired clay: “Thomas Müntzer - a willing messenger of God”. The inauguration address was given by the local pastor Peter Franz, who was suspended after his removal from office by an EKD disciplinary court in 1997 . After 1997 the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Thuringia closed the community center.


Sons and daughters of the church

People related to the place

  • Apel Vitzthum the Younger (1425–1474), territorial lord, who fought against Duke Wilhelm III. von Weimar, the possession of the Wasserburg and lost office.
  • Heinrich Maius (Heinrich Maier) (1545–1607), Protestant pastor in Kapellendorf (1573–1577)
  • Peter Franz (* 1941), author and Protestant pastor in Kapellendorf (1969–1997)


  • Peter Franz: Our little town got a new inhabitant: The transfer of the Müntzer statue in Kapellendorf in 1989. In: Günter Vogler (ed.): Thomas Müntzer in the culture of remembrance. The example of fine arts (= Thomas-Müntzer-Gesellschaft eV publications. 10). Thomas-Müntzer-Society, Mühlhausen 2008, ISBN 3-935547-24-2 .
  • Hermann Wäscher : The building history of the water castle Kapellendorf . Publication series of the Staatl. Moritzburg Gallery in Halle, issue 18 from 1961
  • Peter Franz: The red pastor of Kapellendorf. As a Christian and a socialist in this world. A book of memory and the diary of interference , GNN-Verlag Schkeuditz 2017, ISBN 978-3-89819-425-9

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics  ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Jürgen Gruhle: Black Book of Land Reform / Thuringia. Retrieved June 25, 2011 ( Memento of July 7, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  3. cf. the last mention in: Thüringer Pfarrer-Taschenbuch. 1997, ZDB -ID 22749-3 , p. 145. With the next edition in 2000, the entry in the directory will be deleted.
  4. Kapellendorf municipality. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on January 20, 2017 ; accessed on January 20, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /

Web links

Commons : Kapellendorf  - collection of images, videos and audio files