Mellingen (Thuringia)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Mellingen
Mellingen (Thuringia)
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Mellingen highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 57 '  N , 11 ° 24'  E

Basic data
State : Thuringia
County : Weimar Country
Management Community : Mellingen
Height : 230 m above sea level NHN
Area : 14.42 km 2
Residents: 1425 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 99 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 99441
Area code : 036453
License plate : AP, APD
Community key : 16 0 71 056
Association administration address: At the
Malzdarre 1 99441 Mellingen
Website :
Mayor : Eberhard Hildebrandt ( CDU )
Location of the community of Mellingen in the Weimarer Land district
Am Ettersberg Nauendorf Vollersroda Hetschburg Frankendorf Ilmtal-Weinstraße Ilmtal-Weinstraße Ettersburg Rannstedt Obertrebra Ballstedt Hammerstedt Oettern Eberstedt Kleinschwabhausen Wiegendorf Kiliansroda Bad Sulza Mechelroda Kapellendorf Grammetal Großheringen Lehnstedt Umpferstedt Buchfart Döbritschen Rittersdorf Hohenfelden Neumark Niedertrebra Tonndorf Schmiedehausen Großschwabhausen Mellingen Klettbach Magdala Kranichfeld Apolda Bad Berka Blankenhainmap
About this picture

Mellingen is a municipality in the south of the Weimarer Land district and part of the Mellingen administrative community . Districts are Mellingen and Köttendorf .


Mellingen is divided into a district on the right of the Ilm with the parish church and one on the left of the Ilm, an extension from the High Middle Ages. In Mellingen the Magdel flows into the Ilm.

Mellingen borders the municipalities (clockwise from the north) Umpferstedt , Lehnstedt , Magdala , Mechelroda , OETT , Vollersroda and the city of Weimar .


The place was first mentioned in 1137 as Meldingen and was once the seat of a castle. There were two castles in Mellingen. The first castle on Kapellenberg was destroyed in 1175. The location of the second castle (Heinrichsburg) is north of the Ilm and east of the village center close to the main road. It probably served to secure the Ilm crossing. The fortress belonged to the influential Lords of Mellingen from the family of Schenken and Vitzthume von Apolda , who named themselves in 1137, 1149 and 1193 after the town of Mellingen. You were in the service of the Archbishops of Mainz . Beringer von Meldingen was one of the many nobles who perished in the fall of the Erfurt latrine in July 1184. In 1250 the family split into the Blankenhain line , which also acquired the county of Berka in 1272. The other branches passed into the lower nobility. Heinrichsburg was given up in 1451 after it was destroyed in the Saxon Brotherly War . The location of the castle is hardly recognizable today.

Mellingen received market rights as early as 1609. Today's parish church was built in 1669 from a medieval choir tower church. From the beginning of the 19th century, the place was part of the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach and after 1945 with the state of Thuringia became part of the Soviet occupation zone and the GDR . Since 1990 the place belongs to the newly founded state of Thuringia.

coat of arms

Today the coat of arms shows a green signal bush on gold. It should represent that of the “von Mellingen” family. Historically, the coat of arms has been misinterpreted. A stylized apple tree can be seen on old family seals. It can be explained if one takes into account that the Lords of Mellingen were a branch of the family of the Lords of Apolda, who first had an apple tree, then a branch with apples or only three apples in the coat of arms.


Public meeting of the municipal council on June 12, 2017

The municipal council has 12 members. The local elections since 2009 had the following results:

Parties and constituencies %
CDU 56.5 7th 56.3 7th
SPD-WG Mellingen 43.5 5 43.7 5
CDU-SPD-WG Mellingen 91.2 12
total 100 12 100 12
voter turnout 59.5% 61.6% 71.6%


Feininger tower

On the south-eastern edge of the village, the Feininger Tower was built in 1999 by the Swiss artist and architect Marcel Kalberer as part of a project during Weimar's time as European Capital of Culture . This is also called the double motif and is based on the painting Die Kirche von Mellingen by Lyonel Feininger, painted in 1920 . The original of the picture hangs in the Von der Heydt Museum in Wuppertal . The Feininger cycle path leads past the Feininger tower. The medieval castle Mellingen of the Lords of Mellingen mentioned in 1137 - a protected ground monument - is located on the B87.


  • Malzdarre: Mayor's office and home parlor
  • Old school: current village community center
  • Old Villa: seat of the administrative association
  • Old town center on the Kirchberg with St. Georg church and churchyard
  • Building complex of the Untermühle
  • Railway bridge over the B 87
  • Motorway bridge over the Ilmtal (A-BW 215)


  • Cemetery with a memorial for the perished soldiers of the First World War in the cemetery and gravesite for six unknown concentration camp prisoners
  • Ernst-Thälmann memorial stone between Ernst-Thälmann-Strasse, a newly built area in the GDR, and Bahnhofstrasse
  • Memorial for the fallen of 1870/71 below the Kirchberg

Infrastructure and economy



The kindergarten on Blankenhainer Straße was reconstructed in 2009. The Erfurt graphic artist Dieter Henning has attached a mural to his gable wall, which reminds of the revival of the Feininger tradition in the village through the annual Feininger Plein air, where hundreds of children are active in painting under the guidance of art teachers.


There is a primary school in the village as well as the neighboring Lyonel-Feininger-Gymnasium . The primary school was built in 1968 and expanded in 1984. Originally it was to be named after the first female cosmonaut, Valentina Tereschkowa . Since the school had very good relationships with the Buchenwald National Memorial, it was given the name POS "Albert Kuntz" Mellingen in 1974 , named after Albert Kuntz , a communist from Wurzen who was in the Lichtenburg , Buchenwald and Mittelbau Dora concentration camps was imprisoned and killed in the Dora concentration camp. A wall mosaic at the primary school still reminds of the originally planned name.


The municipality of Mellingen is located in the middle of the Ilm Valley, directly at the motorway exit 50 Apolda of the federal motorway 4 . The adjacent federal road 87 leads directly to the district town of Apolda , which is about 15 km away. In the opposite direction it leads to Bad Berka and Blankenhain . Landstrasse 2161 connects the Weimarer Land with the independent city of Weimar, which is very easy to reach from Mellingen.

Mellingen (Thür) stop , 2017

The community has its own stop on the Weimar – Gera railway line , which connects Mellingen with Weimar (5 minutes), Jena (12 minutes), Erfurt (29 minutes) and Gera (54 minutes). Mellingen can be reached every hour during the week by regional train from Weimar or from Jena West / Gera. Regional trains coming from both directions meet here every hour. The stop is located on the northern outskirts of the village, it is about a 10-minute walk to the center. Mellingen can also be reached by bus lines 229, 253 and 255. There are four stops: Weimarstrasse, Burgkeller, elementary school / grammar school and the district of Köttendorf.

The Ilmtal cycle path also leads directly through Mellingen.


LAYERTEC GmbH premises

Around 100 companies with more than 400 jobs are currently based in Mellingen. Almost a third of this comes from LAYERTEC GmbH, which operates worldwide in the field of optical coatings. On the outskirts, with a direct connection to the autobahn, is the south industrial area with a truck stop and other businesses. In addition, Mellingen owns another industrial area "Am Hammerstedter Weg" on federal road 87.

Along the road 2161 in the direction of Taubach , the community of Mellingen has the residential building area “Between the Villages”, which is to be expanded.

In addition, the place has two doctor's offices, a bakery, a hairdresser and a larger food retailer.


In Mellingen, the SSV Blau-Gelb Mellingen-Taubach 1872 e. V. resident, which has six departments ( soccer , bowling , volleyball , riding , gymnastics , minstrels ).


Sons and daughters of the place

People connected to the place

  • Ahasverus Fritsch (1629–1701), composer and lawyer, active in Rudolstadt from 1657, manor owner in Mellingen
  • Lyonel Feininger (1871–1956), German-American painter, graphic artist and caricaturist who repeatedly drew Mellingen between 1906 and 1937


  • Axel Marx: Family book Mellingen with Köttendorf (district Weimarer Land), Thuringia 1651 to 1819. Leipzig: AMF 2012 (= Central German local family books of the AMF 66)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics  ( help on this ).
  2. Michael Köhler: Thuringian castles and fortified prehistoric and early historical living spaces. Jenzig-Verlag Köhler, Jena 2001, ISBN 3-910141-43-9 , p. 181.
  3. Thomas Bienert: Medieval castles in Thuringia. 430 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. Wartberg Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-631-1 , p. 358.
  4. ^ Feininger's time in Mellingen and the surrounding area, page on the website of the Lyonel-Feiniger-Grundschule Mellingen, accessed on August 21, 2013

Web links

Commons : Mellingen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files