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City of Sontra
Coordinates: 51 ° 6 ′ 29 ″  N , 9 ° 58 ′ 12 ″  E
Height : 207  (199-227)  m above sea level NHN
Area : 13.21 km²
Residents : 858  (Feb 3, 2020)
Population density : 65 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : August 1, 1972
Postal code : 36205
Area code : 05658

Wichmannshausen is the largest district of Sontra in the north Hessian Werra-Meißner district after the core town .

Geographical location

St. Martin in Wichmannshausen
View of the NSG and FFH area Boyneburg and Schickeberg near Breitau

Wichmannshausen lies between the Ringgau in the east-southeast, the Richelsdorf mountains in the south and the Stölzinger mountains in the west, around 5 km (as the crow flies ) north-northeast of Sontra. The Sontra flows through it , into which the Ulfe flows here. The federal road 27 runs through the village , on which the B 400 to the south and the B 7 to the north meet - outside of the locality .

The village also includes Gut Boyneburgk , located in the southeast , a former manor with a small manor house , called Boyneburgk Castle, about 150 m south of the estate .


The village was first mentioned in 1272. The spelling of the place name changed from the former Wichmanneshusen to Wychman (s) husen (1335), Wichmershusen (1440) and Weichmanshusen (1527), before today's spelling prevailed. The village was owned by the Lords of Boyneburg and belonged to the partially autonomous Boyneburg court . As such, it stood next to the neighboring landgrave offices of Sontra and Eschwege , without being integrated into or subject to them. At the end of the 18th century, part of the village belonged to the office of Bischhausen (near Waldkappel), since Hesse had bought 1/4 of that from Boyneburg since 1650.

The previously independent municipality became a district of Sontra in the course of the regional reform in Hesse on August 1, 1972.


In 1272 a rector ecclesia , i.e. a pastor , is mentioned for the first time . The Martinskirche was under the patronage of the Cyriakus monastery in Eschwege . It has a choir tower from the 13th century. Today the place forms a parish with Mitterode and Hoheneiche .



In Wichmannshausen there is a village community center with a room for the youth.


Web links

Commons : Wichmannshausen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Wichmannshausen In: Website of the city of Sontra. Accessed July 2020.
  2. Thomas Diehl: Aristocratic rule in the Werra area. The Boyneburg court in the process of laying the foundations for early modern statehood (late 16th to early 18th century), Hessian Historical Commission Darmstadt and Historical Commission for Hesse, Darmstadt and Marburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-88443-314-0 (sources and Research on Hessian History 159).
  3. Wichmannshausen, Werra-Meißner district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of January 22, 2016). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  4. Law on the reorganization of the districts of Hersfeld and Rotenburg (GVBl. II 330-13) of July 11, 1972 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1972 No. 17 , p. 217 , § 3 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1,2 MB ]).