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City of Sontra
Coordinates: 51 ° 3 ′ 34 ″  N , 9 ° 53 ′ 7 ″  E
Height : 248  (239-253)  m above sea level NHN
Area : 6.5 km²
Residents : 251  (Jun 3, 2020)
Population density : 39 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : July 1, 1971
Postal code : 36205
Area code : 05653

Berneburg is a district of Sontra in the Werra-Meißner district in North Hesse .

Geographical location

The village is traversed by the Cornberger Wasser brook, which flows into the Sontra River near the village . The Kirchberg borders the village. Berneburg lies west of the core town of Sontra. On the southern outskirts of the village, federal road 27 and state road 3249 meet .


Berneburg is also known for the archaeologically significant finds of bones and teeth of cave bears ( Ursus spelaeus ) and cave lions ( Panthera spelaea ). The finds in the gypsum quarry proved that these animals were not yet extinct in the early Ice Age fauna in north-east Hesse.


Berneburg, which previously included an upper mill and a lower mill, was first mentioned in 1254 as "Berndeburg". A pastor is mentioned for the first time in 1271. In 1309 the village belonged to the Cyriakus monastery in Eschwege . In 1478 there was already a chapel on the Kirchberg. Around 1620 the villages of Heyerode , Hornel , Mönchhosbach and Cornberg belonged to the Protestant parish as branches ; In 1872, Berneburg was a Protestant parish of the Sontra class with the courts of Hübenthal and Metzlar, and the Heyerode branch. In 1864, a flood of water killed seven people and 1,000 head of cattle.

The previously independent community Berneburg was 1 July 1971 at the course of municipal reform in Hesse on a voluntary basis as a district by Sontra incorporated .


The Protestant church was built in 1743–47 by the Italian master builder Giovanni Ghezzy (1677–1746), who planned and implemented numerous buildings and furnishings in northern Hesse, including a. the Protestant churches in Altenstädt , Bründersen , Friedwald , Ellingerode , Harmuthsachsen , Roßbach , Wendershausen , Nieder Grenzebach and Wolfsanger . Parts of an older church were built into the new church. Double galleries running around three sides characterize the room, as do the choir stalls with the pulpit placed centrally behind the altar. The organ was built in 1794 by Johann Wilhelm Schmerbach the Middle (1765–1831), who came from a family of organ builders who worked in Frieda for five generations . He was the grandson of the first organ builder in his family, Conrad Schmerbach, and also built the organs in the Protestant churches in Konnefeld , Niederdünzebach , Orferode and Untergeis . In the floor of the choir there are several gravestones from the 18th and 19th centuries. A bell of the former chapel on the Kirchberg rings today in the steeple of this church. The new - and first - baptismal font of the church, designed by Michael Possinger, was presented to the congregation in a church service on March 12, 2011.

Culture and sights


The village green with the linden tree and the castle seats.

The Anger, laid out around 1750, is located at the foot of the Kirchberg, at the intersection of several streets. On the circular walled square there is a 100-year-old linden tree with a round bench around its trunk. There are several listed buildings in the immediate vicinity of the village green:

  • The group of buildings of the " Kemenate " with the five-storey residential tower built shortly after 1385, the residential house dating from 1656 and the barn built around 1880. Today's landmark of the place was the former noble court of the Lords of Berneburg and the Lords of Biedenfeld .
  • House Biehlweg 4 with a massive basement from the end of the 16th century and a half-timbered structure from the middle of the 17th century. The former castle seat of the Lords of Hundelshausen is used as a village community center.
  • The two-storey half - timbered house in a courtyard in Unterdorf 2 from the second half of the 18th century and
  • the Protestant parish church , when it was built between 1743 and 1747, had to be moved to the Anger.

As a former court and meeting place, the Anger is a cultural monument that is worth preserving for local and socio-historical reasons .



  • The men's choir was founded in 1884 and the names of the teachers Rüppel and Knierim are closely connected to it.
  • The Schützenverein Berneburg was founded in 1970 and has its own air rifle shooting range in the club's premises
  • In 1992 the FC Kalkofen Berneburg was founded, with the sports football and mountain biking.



  • Alfred Ackermann: History about the village church in Berneburg, Sontra: Ev. Parish of Berneburg, undated [1996]
  • Alfred Ackermann: Chronicle of the village of Berneburg, Gudensberg-Gleichen: Wartberg-Verl., 1991.
  • Heinrich Credé: The Johanniskirche of Berneburg near Sontra, in: The Protestant Sunday Messenger for the parishes of the Protestant Church of Kurhessen-Waldeck, Vol. 32 (1978), H. 18 of April 30, 1978, p. 13.
  • Dehio Association (ed.): Handbook of German Art Monuments. Hessen I, Munich / Berlin 2008.
  • Anette Weber: Giovanni Ghezzy's baroque village churches in the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel, Marburg, Univ., FB Modern German Literature a. Art studies, Mag.-Arb., 1992.
  • Werner Wölbing (ed.): Handbook of the Evangelical Church of Kurhessen-Waldeck, Kassel 1994.
  • Heinrich Reimer: Historical local lexicon for Kurhessen, Marburg 1926.
  • Literature about Berneburg in the Hessian Bibliography

Web links

Commons : Berneburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Berneburg In: Website of the city of Sontra. Accessed July 2020.
  2. Thomas Keller, Anne Sander: Fossil-bearing sediments and sinter of a bear cave in the area of ​​the ice age karst of northern Hesse. Retrieved January 1, 2014 .
  3. New finds. In: Hessen Archeology. Retrieved January 1, 2014 .
  4. ^ Municipal reform in Hesse: mergers and integrations of municipalities from June 21, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 28 , p. 1117 , item 988; Para. 28. ( Online at the information system of the Hessian State Parliament [PDF; 5.0 MB ]).
  5. Quoted from: Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany. - Cultural monuments in Hessen. Werra-Meißner district I, old district Eschwege. Peer Zietz in collaboration with Thomas Wiegand. Braunschweig, Wiesbaden: Vieweg. 1991. ISBN 3-528-06240-1 . P. 379 f.
  6. ^ Berneburg, Werra-Meißner district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of May 24, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).