Office Bischhausen

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The office of Bischhausen , founded in 1654, was a territorial administrative unit of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel and, from 1803, of the Electorate of Hesse .

Until the administrative and territorial reform of the Electorate of Hesse in 1821 and the related resolution made it as official spatial reference point for claiming nationalistic taxes and labor services , for police , judiciary and military service .

Geographical location

The area of ​​the Bischhausen district lay between Eschwege in the north, Sontra in the south, Waldkappel in the west and the Ringgau in the east. The river Wehre and the tributaries Hosbach , Datterpfeife , Netra and a small part of the Sontra ran through the district . The former "Jestädt Court" with Jestädt, Neuerode and Motzenrode was separated from the official area north of Eschwege. This was located between the Werra in the south and the Eichsfeld in the north.

The official area is now in the northeast of the state of Hesse and belongs to the Werra-Meißner district .

Adjacent administrative units

The territory of the office bordered:


The landgrave's office in Bischhausen was established in 1654 from shares in the villages of the Lords of Boyneburg , who with the Boyneburg court, consisting of 19 villages, had a largely self-contained, semi-autonomous rule. The descendants, however, of Konrad von Boyneburg (* 1494; † 1567), who belonged to the Bishopric Laudenbach tribe, lived in Swabia under the name of "von Bemmelberg" since the 16th century. In view of increasing alienation from the rest of Boyneburg and financial temptations, in 1650 they transferred their shares in and in the Boyneburg court to the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel in 1650 . The initially limited lease with the right of repurchase was - under the strictest secrecy, apparently to prevent resistance from the rest of Boyneburg - then in 1690 to a final sale (only now the former aristocratic court in Bischhausen was converted into a representative official building). In 1654, the office of Bischhausen was created to manage and safeguard its own claims, which comprised the following shares of power: 2/3 of Bischhausen, 1/2 of Kirchhosbach, 1/6 of Reichensachsen, 1/4 of Wichmannshausen, 1/2 of Grandenborn, 1 / 12 from Röhrda, 1/2 from Rechtebach and 1/4 from Rittmanshausen. The landgrave had thus become the sole landlord of 128 subjects in the Boyneburg court. The Bischhausen office was not responsible for other villages.

During the French occupation, the area belonged to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813 and was assigned to the cantons of Bischhausen , Reichensachsen , Netra and Aue in the Eschwege district of the Werra department.

After the dissolution of the Kingdom of Westphalia in 1813, the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel, now known as the Electorate of Hesse , was re-established with its previous administrative structure. The Hessian Office in Bischhausen existed until 1821 and was then assigned to the Eschwege district in the course of the Hessian administrative reform .

Associated places

"Mengedörfer", in which Hesse and the Lords of Boyneburg had possessions
Villages owned by the Lords of Boyneburg
Places of the Sontra office, which were incorporated into the Bischhausen office in 1818
  • near Bischhausen: Wehre, Lerchenhosbach, Grubenhosbach
  • near Jestädt: Bettelsdorf, Dörrenhain and Dudenhusen

Individual evidence

  1. Thomas Diehl: Aristocratic rule in the Werra area. The Boyneburg court in the process of laying the foundations for early modern statehood (late 16th to early 18th century). Hessian Historical Commission Darmstadt and Historical Commission for Hesse, Darmstadt and Marburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-88443-314-0 (sources and research on Hessian history 159).
  2. ^ Lautenbach, Werra-Meißner district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  3. ^ Vogelsburg, Werra-Meißner district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  4. ^ History and Chronicle. Community Bishops' Associations, accessed on July 5, 2017 .

Web links