Stölzinger Mountains

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Stölzinger Mountains
Highest peak Iceberg ( 583  m above sea  level )
location Werra-Meißner district , Hersfeld-Rotenburg district , Schwalm-Eder district , Northern Hesse ( Germany )
Part of Fulda-Werra-Bergland in the
East Hessian highlands
Classification according to Federal Agency for Nature Conservation
Stölzinger Mountains (Germany)
Stölzinger Mountains
Coordinates 51 ° 5 '  N , 9 ° 47'  E Coordinates: 51 ° 5 '  N , 9 ° 47'  E
Type Low mountain range
rock Buntsandstein , Zechstein
surface 196.15 km²

The Stölzinger Mountains are up to 583  m above sea level. NHN high low mountain range and a natural subunit of the Fulda-Werra mountainous region in Northern Hesse , Germany . It is divided into the central Stolzhäuser ridge , the Vockeroder Bergland (with a cat's forehead) in the north-west and the Haselbach-Bebra-Bergland in the south-east.



About 20 to 40 km (as the crow flies ) southeast of Kassel is the Stölzinger Mountains at the interface of the districts Schwalm-Eder , Werra-Meißner and Hersfeld-Rotenburg on the Fulda - Werra -Wasserscheide.

The mountain range, which is densely forested in the higher elevations, is - viewed clockwise - roughly through the places Hessisch Lichtenau (north), Waldkappel (extreme northeast), Waldkappel- Stolzhausen (central east), Cornberg (extreme southern east), Bebra (extreme eastern south) ), Rotenburg (south), Morschen (west) and Spangenberg (north west).

Natural structure

Valley view of the villages Erdpenhausen (bottom left) and Niedergude (middle right).

The Stölzinger Mountains are structured as follows:

  • 357.4 Stölzinger Bergland (Stölzinger Mountains)
    • 357.40 Haselbach-Bebra-Bergland (61.78 km²)
    • 357.41 Stolzhäuser Ridge (90.25 km²)
    • 357.42 Vockeroder Bergland (with a cat's forehead) (44.15 km²)


The southeastern part of the Stölzinger Mountains , known as Haselbach-Bebra-Bergland , in the north of the district of Hersfeld-Rotenburg , drains mainly to the right-hand Fulda tributaries, Haselbach and Bebra , in the north-east, but also includes a watershed on both sides of the Fulda-Werra watershed , from the Mosenberg east of the Stölzhäuser Ridge, initially branching off to the south along the south of the Franzosenstraße , which is why the flowing waters from the north-east drain over the Sontra and its target river weirs to the Werra .

Proud houses back

The Stolzhäuser Ridge , whose ridge is also called the Stölzinger Höhe , is the central ridge of the Stölzinger Mountains. It stretches, mainly in south-south-westerly directions, with a few branches to the east, from the Großer Rohrberg ( 496.2  m ) north of Reichenbach , a south-eastern district of Hessisch Lichtenau , over the Kindelberg ( 524.4  m ) initially to the highest elevation at 583  m of the Stölzinger Mountains, the iceberg . From there the ridge runs over the Petershöhe ( 440.6  m ), the Rammelsberg ( 467  m ) east of Stolzhausen , the Zwickel ( 465.7  m ) and the Alheimer ( 548.7  m ) to the Old Tower ( 418.1  m ) m ) near Rotenburg . To the southeast of the central and eponymous Stolzhausen, a southern district of Waldkappel , the eastern foothills of the Stölzinger Kuppe and Mosenberg reach heights of 473.9  m and 485.8  m respectively .

The Franzosenstrasse, named after the local military supply route of the Napoleonic troops in the Russian campaign of 1812 , runs over the elongated Stölzinger Höhe, directly on the Fulda - Werra water divide, which also forms the eastern border of the Schwalm-Eder district to the Werra-Meißner district . A 12 km long section of the “F 08” hiking trail runs along it , which leaves the Stolzhäuser ridge on the Mosenberg mentioned above and continues on the watershed, heading south into the Haselbach-Bebra-Bergland . Exactly below the point where it crosses state road 3227, the Bischofferoder Tunnel , a disused railway tunnel , runs through the ridge . The natural monument Große Steine is located northeast of the iceberg near the northern start of this mountain ridge .

The south of the ridge around the Alheimer lies on the west side of the Stölzinger Mountains in the district of Hersfeld-Rotenburg that drains to the Fulda .

Panoramic view from the pioneer tower on the
Mäuseberg near Waldkappel in the Schemmerngrund in the Stölzinger Mountains.
The highest mountain in the range, the 583  m high iceberg , can be seen in the middle.

Vockeroder Bergland (with a cat's forehead)

With Vocke Rodersberg country is the most Castle Hill the Burg Reichenbach 522.3  m high, narrow in west-east direction (North) western part of Stölzinger mountains just east of the forge stream to the mouth in the Pfieffe following North portion of the Spangenberg sink designated. To the south of the Pfieffe crossing from the east, this narrow ridge is continued by the 500.7  m high cat forehead.

The north of the Vockeroder Bergland lies in the Werra-Meißner district , the south - like the Katzenstirn - in the Schwalm-Eder district . Only smaller parts of the cat's forehead in the extreme southeast are at the interface with the district of Hersfeld-Rotenburg .

Adjacent natural areas

In the north-west, the Stölzingen Mountains border on the Spangenberger Senke at the valley of the Pfieffe tributary Essebach , which is a clear demarcation from the up to 564  m high Melsunger Bergland with the Günsteröder Höhe . To the north it borders on the Hessisch-Lichtenau Basin and to the northeast on the Waldkappeler Wehretal along the weirs that separate the mountains from the Söhre, up to 643.4  m high, and the 753.6  m high Meißner . To the east, the individual parts of the Sontraer Hügelland adjoin , to the southwest, the Bebra-Melsunger Fulda valley of the Fulda forms a natural boundary to the Neuenstein-Ludwigsecker ridge , which initiates the ascent to the Knüll .


The Stölzinger Mountains are mainly located on red sandstone , which is interrupted by Zechstein in the southern center . Most of the eastern foothills of the Haselbach-Bebra mountain range are located on Zechstein.


The following mountains characterize, among others, the Stölzingen Mountains - sorted by height in meters (m) above sea ​​level (NHN):
(District, natural spatial location; watershed ("WS") is always that between Fulda and Werra )

  • Iceberg (583.0 m), Werra-Meißner district , northern Stolzhäuser ridge , "WS"
  • Alheimer (548.7 m), Hersfeld-Rotenburg district , southern Stolzhäuser ridge
  • Kindelberg (524.4 m), Werra-Meißner district, extreme north of the Stolzhäuser Ridge, "WS"
  • Schlossberg (522.3 m), Werra-Meißner district, northern Vockeroder Bergland ; with Reichenbach Castle
  • Glasebach (505.8 m), Schwalm-Eder district, southern Vockeroder Bergland
  • Katzenstirn (500.7 m; summit south of the Steinkopf ), Schwalm-Eder-Kreis , southern continuation of the Vockeroder Bergland
  • Großer Rohrberg (496.2 m), Werra-Meißner-Kreis, extreme north of the Stolzhäuser Ridge, "WS"
  • Mosenberg (485.8 m), Hersfeld-Rotenburg district, eastern foothills of the Stolzhäuser Ridge, "WS"
  • Stölzinger Kuppe (473.9 m), Werra-Meißner district and Hersfeld-Rotenburg district
  • Rammelsberg (467 m), Schwalm-Eder district, eastern foothills of the Stolzhäuser ridge
  • Zwickel (" Struth" , 465.7 m), district of Hersfeld-Rotenburg and Schwalm-Eder district
  • Ziegenküppel (Stölzinger Mountains) (445.4 m), Werra-Meißner district, east of the Stölzinger Mountains
  • Callandkopf (443.1 m), Hersfeld-Rotenburg district, northern Haselbach-Bebra-Bergland , "WS"
  • Petershöhe (440.6 m), Schwalm-Eder-Kreis and Werra-Meißner-Kreis, northern center of the Stolzhäuser Ridge, "WS"
  • Hoher Buhlkopf (423.4 m), Schwalm-Eder-Kreis, connecting hill between the centers of Vocker or Bergland and Stolzhäuser Back
  • Old tower (418.1 m), district of Hersfeld-Rotenburg, extreme south of the Stolzhäuser ridge
  • Mäusberg (415.4 m), Werra-Meißner-Kreis, extreme northeast of the mountains; with observation tower pioneer tower
  • Ziegenküppel (Stolzhäuser ridge) (405.8 m), Werra-Meißner district, extreme northeast of the Stolzhäuser ridge

Flowing waters

The following are the most important rivers of the Stölzinger Mountains:
(in brackets the inflow side, length, catchment area and drainage)

  • (in the Fulda catchment area - all right tributaries)
    • Losse (28.9 km, 120.6 km², 1418 l / s) - rises on the northern roof of the Vockeroder Bergland in the Hessisch-Lichtenau basin and flows off to the northwest
    • Pfieffe (21.4 km, 117.1 km², 1235 l / s) - rises on the south-western slope of the iceberg (northern Stolzhäuser ridge ), leaves the mountains after an upper course in a south-westerly direction towards the west into the Spangenberg depression
      • Essebach (right, 11.6 km, 28.6 km², 343 l / s) - northern western border, Spangenberger Senke
      • Vockebach (right, 11.8 km, 19.8 km², 241 l / s) - rises on the eastern slope of the iceberg (north of the Stolzhäuser Ridge), which it initially circled halfway counterclockwise; in the further course the eastern border of the Vockeroder Bergland
      • Landebach (left, 7.3 km, 18.3 km², 185 l / s) - rises on the western flank of the central Stolzhäuser ridge and flows towards the Pfieffe in a north-west direction
    • Eubach (4.2 km, 11.0 km², 89 l / s) - forms the south of the Spangenberg depression and thus the southern western border of the Katzenstirn
    • Gude (9.4 km, 19.1 km², 140 l / s) - Eastern border of the southern Stolzhäuser ridge to the Katzenstirn
    • Haselbach (11.9 km, 31.5 km², 221 l / s) - western Haselbach-Bebra-Bergland
    • Bebra (10.0 km, 18.2 km², 113 l / s) - eastern Haselbach-Bebra-Bergland
  • (in the Werra catchment area - left tributary)


Locations on the Stölzinger Mountains are

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
  2. ^ Map and description in the Environmental Atlas of Hesse
  3. ^ Geological overview map of Hesse. Historical atlas of Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  4. Water map service of the Hessian Ministry for the Environment, Climate Protection, Agriculture and Consumer Protection ( information )

General sources