|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Dusseldorf|
|Height :||50 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||25.95 km 2|
|Residents:||55,625 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||2144 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||40721, 40723, 40724|
|Area code :||02103|
|License plate :||ME|
|Community key :||05 1 58 016|
|LOCODE :||DE HID|
City administration address :
|Am Rathaus 1,
|Mayoress :||Birgit Alkenings ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Hilden in the Mettmann district|
The city of Hilden is located in the land of North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany , and is a medium-sized district town of the district of Mettmann in the administrative district of Dusseldorf . Hilden is located between the cities of Düsseldorf , Wuppertal and Solingen in North Rhine-Westphalia .
|Düsseldorf - Unterbach||Erkrath-Hochdahl||Haan|
|Düsseldorf- Hassels||Solingen - forest|
|Düsseldorf- Benrath||Langenfeld - Richrath||Solingen- Ohligs|
Hilden is located west of the city of Solingen and southeast of the state capital Düsseldorf and with around 58,000 inhabitants is the fourth largest city in the Mettmann district . The urban area borders on Erkrath in the north, Haan in the northeast , Solingen in the east and southeast, Langenfeld in the south and Düsseldorf in the west. Most of the city lies on a low terrace that marks the transition from the Lower Rhine to the Bergisches Land . While the train station in the west is 48 meters above sea level, the highest points in the city, Jaberg and Sandberg, rise to 107 and 106 meters respectively. Both are in the Hildener Heide , on the border with Haan. The rising relief to the east results in amounts of precipitation that are already relatively high at over 800 mm per year.
Hilden has a self-contained urban area that is surrounded by highways. Open or green areas are extremely scarce, there are hardly any suburbs or incorporated areas. Hilden is therefore one of the most densely populated municipalities in Germany. The largest undeveloped area is the Hilden city forest in the north-east, after the Giesenheide, one of the last large areas in the north of Hilden, was opened for development. Since the city has expanded in the shape of a star in the main directions, the people of Hilden commonly speak of center, north, south, east and west when they want to name their residential areas. The landscape names, some of which were kept in registers (Meide, Kleef, Karnap, Lehmkuhl, Kalstert, Trotshilden, etc.) were never more than field names or individual farms of the former honors: Sandhonschaft , Lehmhonschaft and Haanhonschaft . They are therefore usually not used to mean districts.
Prehistory and Antiquity
In the late Mesolithic (3000 BC) people first lived in what is now the city of Hilden. With the beginning of the Neolithic Age , hiking farmers settled in the Hilden city area for the first time. After the traveling farmers left, shepherds and archers came to Hilden with their flocks. At the end of the Neolithic Age, pasture farmers joined the shepherds and archers. Farmers settled in what is now Hilden's urban area. They developed a burial mound culture with the local population . The bearers of the burial mound culture were Celts . From Bolthaus to Schalbruch they created a large field of burial mounds.
The Romans reached the Rhine around 58 BC. Today's urban area of Hilden lies in the area of the Germanic Sugambrers at that time . The Romans regarded the right bank of the Rhine as no man's land; nobody was allowed to live here. There are therefore no finds from this period.
Later Hattuarier settled in what is now Hilden's urban area. The Hattuarians joined the Franks with their Germanic neighbors and attacked the Romans in Neuss. As a precaution, they evacuated the local population. In 388 there was a Roman advance from Neuss (via Hilden and Vohwinkel) into the Hattingen area . The Romans had to turn back and were defeated in the Rhine plain. The Romans withdrew their army on the Rhine; the Hattuarians advanced to the left bank of the Rhine. The Hilden area initially remained uninhabited since 388.
The current urban area of Hilden, located in Hattuarien, was deserted and forested. As an abandoned forest area, it was subject to the Frankish king. The Saxons attacked Hattuaries but were repulsed. The Franks set up a county belonging to Ripuarien between the Rhine, Ruhr and Wupper , called "Duisburg-Kaiserswerther Grafschaft" in recent research. Three old streets led through today's Hilden : the Mauspfad (from S to N), the Strata Coloniensis (from W to N) and the Kölnische Straße Trasse 5 (from W to NE). The hamlet of "Pungshaus" was located on her . In the Pungshaus , wood that was transported from the Urdenbacher Holzhafen to the Bergisches Land was re-marked with hallmarks .
Charlemagne waged wars against the Saxons . In 804 a Frankish army was placed across the Rhine near Neuss . It took the same route that the Romans had taken in 388. Two Franconian monasteries, Kaiserswerth and Werden , secured the local area.
A trace of settlement from the 10th century is still present today in the form of the Holterhöfchen ring wall on Gartenstrasse. After an early courtyard complex was destroyed by fire at the end of the 9th century, the courtyard complex, which is still partially visible today and secured by a double wall and trench, was built around which the Mühlenbach, a former branch of the Itter, flowed until 1819.
Well before 1000, the Archbishops of Cologne owned land in the Hilden area. One of the archdiocese's twelve table yards - original imperial or fron yards - in the pre-documentary period was the initial property . In addition to the Tafelhof, this included large areas in the Hilden and Haan area, which at that time were still predominantly forested.
In the 9th century, the construction of the first church began at the manor. The first known documentary mention of Hilden was in a document dated October 3, 1074 by the Archbishop of Cologne, Anno II. The document, the original of which is in the historical archive of the city of Cologne , states that Archbishop Everger of Cologne had the Cologne man during his tenure St. Kunibert-Stift withdrew a tithe from the Hilden forest.
Everger officiated from 985 to 999. Under Everger's successors Heribert , Pilgrim and Hermann II , the archbishopric Hilden was administered from 999 to 1056 by a " Meier ". Because the corridor had already been expanded by the installation of feudal estates, new estates were created at the manor. This is how the village "Hilden" came into being. In 1176 Archbishop Philipp mortgaged both Hilden and Elverfeld with the associated areas temporarily for 400 marks to Count Engelbert I von Berg
Hilden is called in early documents 1074 "Heldein", 1176 "Helethen" and 1179 "Helede". It is believed that the name is based on the Middle Low German word "helde". After that, Hilden would be called "an der Halde", "am Abhang", "a clearing in the clearing on the forest".
The first mention of a district dates back to 1336 as the former district of Richrath "Udinghusen" - today Örkhaus in Hilden.
In the first half of the 13th century, the first church from the early Middle Ages was replaced by a new late Romanesque gallery church, called Jacobikirche , on the site of today's Reformation Church . In 1536 this church received a sacristy as an extension. In addition, the “Konradsgut” belonging to the “Hohen Hof” was built in 1530 on the corner of Mittelstrasse / Schulstrasse. The “ Hackenhof ” ensemble is still standing today. Fruit and vegetables are sold in it during the day, along with clothes, and there is a wine bar in the backyard.
The aristocratic seat Haus Horst in Hilden, originally a moated castle and manor , was built towards the end of the 11th century and, like the village of Hilden, together with Haan , belonged to the sphere of influence of the Cologne ore monastery for centuries .
In addition to the Archbishopric of Cologne, the Bergisch counts and dukes also had some protective bailiffs' rights and land holdings in this area from around 1257. The main sovereign was the Archbishop of Cologne . In a document dated May 15, 1265, for example, the " Countess Margaretha von Berg and her son Adolf " awarded three marks from the Herbstbede in Schöller to a "Wilhelmen von Hilden" fief.
The protective bailiffs' rights of the mountain people in the area between Schöller and Hilden have repeatedly led to legal disputes over the centuries. For example, there was a complaint from Archbishop Friedrich III in 1386. of Cologne against Wilhelm I, Duke of Berg . The complaint concerned “estimates raised” by the salvor for the residents of Hilden and Haan. The Duke and the Archbishop agreed in writing to reimburse these estimates. In this context, the lay judges of Hilden and Haan pointed out in writing that the archbishop was responsible for "manorial lordship and usable property" and that the salvor had the "bailiff". This assignment to the Cologne Archbishopric did not end until 1802 . In 1803 Hilden became a municipality in the Duchy of Berg .
During the Middle Ages, apart from the disputes between the Archbishops and the Counts of Berg , the spot remained insignificant for centuries. In the 13th century the Romanesque church (today: Reformation Church ) was built, which, measured against the population of a few hundred at the time, reached a considerable size. The area around the church, including the market, represents the oldest settlement core.
Hilden and Haan were the only communities that, in contrast to all the surrounding communities, were not subordinate to the Monheim office and the Kreuzberg main court (near Kaiserswerth ) with regard to their competent regional courts from 1360 onwards.
The Reformation in Hilden began in 1558 with the first Evangelical Lutheran pastor Johannes Osterpfort from Wülfrath . His successors also committed to Martin Luther . The Schwanenstrasse and the "House with the Swan" still remember the followers of Martin Luther . Lutheranism first spread through the Bergisch region through the preacher Adolf Clarenbach . During the Counter Reformation, the evangelicals who were under pressure were assigned Reformed (Calvinist) preachers by the Bergische Synod . In 1592 the transition to Reformed teaching began. The sovereign at that time became a Catholic in 1613 and appointed Catholic clergymen who were not accepted, the church remained closed to the Reformed. The Thirty Years War brought the turning point. From 1650 the Protestants came back into possession of their church and houses.
Today Protestants and Catholics are almost equal in number, which is a relatively unusual case for the Rhineland. Here, clear influences from the predominantly Protestant-oriented Bergisches Land, to which Hilden belonged for a short time, were evident. This is noticeable, for example, in the complete absence of typical Catholic objects such as picture sticks, wayside crosses or the like in the urban area. Only the street name Hagelkreuz road has the previously existing there Hagelkreuz out. On St. James' Day the congregation moved through Heiligenstrasse to the Hagelkreuz to pray that the fields would be spared from hailstorms.
The Grand Duchy of Berg was under French rule from 1806 to 1813 . Grand Duke Joachim Murat reorganized the communal responsibilities in his Grand Duchy in a decree of October 13, 1807. The previous office of Monheim was replaced by the canton of Richrath . 1808 belonged to this canton as one of the four municipalities also Hilden along with Eller on. Since Haan was assigned to a different municipality, the centuries-old community of Haan and Hilden also ended at this point.
Under the Prussians
After the end of French rule, the Berg Generalgouvernement was formed under Prussian administration . The French administrative structure was retained. On April 15, 1814, the Prussian Governor General ordered the formation of the Hilden mayor , which consisted of the Hilden and Eller parishes at that time . When the Prussian province of Jülich-Kleve-Berg was formed on April 30, 1815 , these communal conditions did not change. Until 1842, with separate administrations, the mayors of the mayor of Benrath were also the mayors of the mayor of Hilden. After the personal union of the mayors of Benrath and Hilden, Eduard Freiherr von Wittenhorst-Sonsfeld, previously mayor of Burg an der Wupper , was appointed mayor of Hilden by the Düsseldorf district government in 1843 . In autumn 1845 he left office at his own request. In October 1846, the district government appointed the then 27-year-old Hermann Clemens mayor of Hilden. During his tenure the formation of a vigilante group fell (1848). The first public meeting of the municipal council took place in 1849. Hilden had 3,600 inhabitants in 1850. When later a new municipal code for the first time prescribed the election of the mayor by the municipal council, Clemens no longer received the majority of the votes. He left the place and then became mayor in Grimlinghausen (Neuss) , then in Issum . In 1861 Hilden and Eller became independent individual communities.
Hilden becomes a city
Hilden received a huge boost in population and economic importance with industrialization . Textile industry establishments were established early on along the Itter , which runs through Hilden . Hildens' hand weavers either emigrated or began working in the Society for Cotton Industry on Hochdahler Straße / Hummelster, at the Gressard and Companie silk goods factory on Fritz-Gressard-Platz with its outsourced Schlieper & Laag dye works or at the Kampf & silk weaving mill. Spindler in Hilden on Klotzstrasse. Later tanneries and leather industry and metal processing companies followed: W. Bauermann & Sons ; Heimendahl & Keller ; Maschinenfabrik Hilden ; Coppel - Kronprinz - Mannesmann (Hilden) and Kirberg & Hüls pipe works . Finally came the chemical industry with Hermann Wiederhold Lackfabriken , the heavy industry with the radiators - foundries and pipe works with the companies: Hildener union - Balcke, Tellering & Co. AG - Rheinische Stahlwerke, Dept. Rohrwerk, Hilden - Deutsche Eisenwerke AG - Rheinstahl- Eisenwerk Hilden AG - Rheinische-Westfälische Eisen- und Stahlwerke AG Mülheim (Ruhr) - Rheinische Stahlwerke AG, Essen - Rheinstahl Eco GmbH - Rheinstahl-Bau- und Wärmetechnik, Wärmetechnik Hilden - Thyssen Schalker Verein GmbH, Werk Wärmetechnik - Vaillant and the steel pipe production with the companies: Phoenix-Rheinrohr AG - Stahl- und Röhrenwerk Reisholz GmbH - Mannesmannröhren-Werke AG. The boom led to King William the town Hilden of Prussia to the November 18, 1861 city rose. The community of Eller was separated from Hilden at the same time.
Theodor Fliedner's daughter , Wilhelmine Fliedner , founded a boarding school for girls in Mittelstrasse in 1861. The Wilhelmine Fliedner Realschule and the Evangelical School Center Hilden on Gerresheimer Strasse later emerged from it.
In October 1865, the city council elected Joseph Johann Pabst, previously district secretary in Simmern , as mayor. After his 12-year term in office, the majority of the city council rejected his re-election. Pabst left Hilden and became mayor of Wankum in 1878 . During his tenure, the school system was expanded: in 1870 a higher boys' school, the so-called Rector's School Hilden , was founded, and in 1872/73 a Protestant and a Catholic school were built on Richrather Strasse.
In the empire
In 1874 the city bought a building on Mittelstrasse to be used as a town hall. In the same year Hilden received a railway connection (Opladen – Düsseldorf route). In 1875 Hilden had 6,800 inhabitants.
In October 1877, Major a. D. Gustav Wachtel, previously mayor of Dormagen , elected mayor of Hilden by the city council with 11 out of 18 votes. He was re-elected in 1889, this time unanimously. He died on December 3, 1894 at the age of 64. Wachtel is the only mayor of Hilden who died on duty.
In 1879 Hilden was given a branch of the Gerresheim district court.
In 1882 the new construction of the St. Jacobus Church was inaugurated, which had started in 1872. The new building replaced the Catholic Church built in 1745. On March 19, 1890, St. Joseph's Day , the first Hilden hospital, St. Joseph's Hospital , was opened on the Hagelkreuz under Catholic sponsorship . In 1891 the construction of a Catholic school on Düsseldorfer Strasse and a Protestant one on Walder Strasse were also completed.
In 1884 the city of Hilden bought the gas works on Kirchhofstrasse. The paving of Mittelstrasse in 1888 was also important for the infrastructure. In 1894, the Düsseldorf – Hilden – Solingen railway was put into operation.
Karl Wilhelm Heitland, previously Mayor of Bergneustadt , took up his post in Hilden on January 28, 1896 after a unanimous vote. In 1907 he was unanimously re-elected. In February 1920, after a 24-year term in office, the longest of all full-time Hilden mayors (apart from Mayor Ellen Wiederhold, see below), he resigned from his office.
In 1898/1899 the tram lines to Benrath, Ohligs and Vohwinkel went into operation. In 1900 the city administration moved to a spacious town hall , and Hilden received its city coat of arms , which has remained unchanged to this day. At the inauguration ceremony of the town hall, the “Lied auf Hildens Industrie” was sung about the economic power of the industry and trade that were relevant at the time.
In 1902 the city of Hilden acquired the city forest on the basis of a testamentary donation from alderman Lieven . In 1910 a secondary school was founded in Hilden, which later became the Helmholtz grammar school.
Hilden under Allied occupation
At the end of the First World War, Hilden was occupied by Allied troops. In 1918 a workers 'and soldiers' council was formed. In 1920 Hilden had 19,700 inhabitants.
The rapid industrialization led to increased immigration, so that a broad industrial proletariat developed alongside the long-established bourgeoisie . In the twenties, when Hilden had grown to over 20,000 inhabitants, there was a tripartite division into completely different and irreconcilably opposing political camps: The working class was communist and regularly gave the KPD election results of over 30 percent. Another third chose center , while the remaining third was split into many different currents. The SPD was after the removal of the USPD considered in World War I at the first parliamentary elections with a wide-reaching negative record and degraded to a one-percent party. Later it leveled off between eight and ten percent. Right-wing liberal splinter groupings such as the Economic Party achieved astonishingly high results .
In May 1920, Erich Lerch, who was elected by the city council and previously an alderman in Oberhausen , took office as Hilden Mayor. At the end of 1931 he was re-elected for a further twelve years. During his tenure in 1923, the Helmholtz Realschule was converted into an Oberrealschule, which later became the Helmholtz Gymnasium Hilden . In 1926 the Allied occupation also came to an end in Hilden. In 1927 a local museum was set up.
time of the nationalsocialism
The labor movement in Hilden was relatively strong because of Hilden's industrial structure. The political climate worsened during the Great Depression. Social Democrats and Communists were brutally fought by the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) and their thug gangs SA and SS . The NSDAP received significantly lower shares of the vote than the Reich average, but increasingly gained strength in Hilden. The SA regularly fought street and hall battles with the communist groups. The Social Democrats also founded a fighting organization, the Reichsbanner Schwarz-Rot-Gold , to defend themselves against the Nazi thug gangs. There were "blood Sundays" with regular injuries and even deaths on all sides and also among the police forces. After the National Socialist seizure of power , Mayor Erich Lerch, who had been re-elected for 12 years only two years earlier, retired on November 1, 1933 at his own request. The National Socialist Walter Schomburg - previously mayor of Radevormwald and since April 1933 in temporary retirement - was then appointed provisionally by the district government and finally appointed mayor of Hilden in February 1934.
After the seizure of power, the actions of the SA troops in Hilden escalated . The SA and SS were appointed auxiliary police. The Nazis abolished all democratic institutions. Council members were disempowered, officials dismissed and all parties were banned. At the same time as the seizure of power, people of the Jewish faith began to be persecuted in Hilden. All Jewish employees in the city, all Jewish officials and employees were fired. Jewish businesses were boycotted. Jewish doctors were no longer allowed to practice. The economic livelihood of the whole group of Jews should be eliminated. These anti-Jewish measures reached their first climax in the Reichspogromnacht of November 9, 1938, when the SA pursued a targeted hunt for Jewish citizens. While the number of those murdered in the entire Reich was around 400, seven people died in Hilden alone - at that time a population of 21,658 - as a result of the pogrom night. All Jewish men were taken to Sachsenhausen concentration camp for a while . They were generally released if they had emigration papers. The Jews were forced to emigrate or, from 1942, were deported to the extermination camps in the east and murdered there. It was not until the late 1970s that local historians began to deal with the events of the persecution of the Jews. The writer Manfred Franke , who grew up in Hilden, processed the events of November 9, 1938 in his novel “Murder courses”. It was not until the 1980s that the city council had a memorial stone erected in the city park for the victims of November 9th. In 2004, the artist Gunter Demnig began laying stumbling blocks in Hilden to commemorate the Hilden victims of the Nazi dictatorship. By 2018, 48 stumbling blocks had been laid in Hilden. They tell of people from Hilden who were abducted to Koburg in neighboring Mettmann , where they were tortured and murdered by the National Socialists.
During the Second World War, around 3700 forced laborers lived in the city of Hilden. On December 13, 2000, the city council decided, in addition to the legal regulation for the compensation of forced laborers, to provide 100,000 DM as humanitarian aid for former forced laborers as well as 10,000 DM for scientific research on the subject of "Forced Labor in Hilden".
In Hilden, too, the church struggle broke out , which in 1934 led to the division of the Protestant community into German Christians and the Confessing Church . The new congregation of the Confessing Church rented a former carpenter's workshop in the extension of the house at Ellerstrasse 8 and created an emergency church there with 250 seats. The later President of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland, Joachim Beckmann , inaugurated this “modest little church” on January 17, 1937. This state of separation lasted until the introduction of new pastors on August 25, 1947.
From 1940 onwards, Hilden saw bombs thrown over the city, killing 42 civilians. Otherwise, Hilden was largely spared from bombing raids during World War II.
Towards the end of the Second World War, remnants of the General Staff of Army Group B under General Field Marshal Walter Model and his Chief of Staff Major General Carl Wagener had withdrawn to the forest area opposite the Waldkaserne. As the Ruhr basin continued to close, Model ordered the army group to be disbanded. With the fall of Hilden, the Ruhr basin was closed. When the Ruhr basin closed in May 1945, the industrialist and councilor Walter Wiederhold , the local group leader of the NSDAP Heinrich Thiele and mayor Walter Schomburg, tried to surrender the city without a fight. On April 16, 1945, Hilden was occupied by American troops of the 13th Armored Division ( Black Cat Division ), who then advanced towards Düsseldorf with the Waldkaserne as their base. The capture of Hildens did not go without a fight: At the Hilden main cemetery there are still 28 graves of young people who offered senseless resistance on April 16, 1945 in the south on Richrather Straße / Salzmannweg and in the north in the Meide.
Victims of National Socialism and the Second World War: 921 Hilden war dead; 11 through abuse on the night of the pogrom; 67 to 1991 missing people from Hilden and 7 missing foreigners; 51 deceased foreign workers and 18 deceased prisoners of war; 26 foreign soldiers killed in Hilden.
On April 23, 1945, the American occupation authorities removed Mayor Schomburg and on April 27, 1945 appointed the public accountant Hermann Sayn to be mayor. On May 22, 1945, the Nazi street signs on the Hagelkreuz were reversed.
In the period from 1933 to 1945 construction projects were carried out: The first independent savings bank building was built in 1935 on Mittelstrasse and the corner of Bismarckstrasse. On May 21, 1936, the 25-kilometer section of the motorway between Cologne-Mülheim and Hilden was opened. The municipal homeless shelter Gesolei Richrather Straße 255-257, (corner of Lehmkuhler Weg) was inaugurated in 1936. In 1937 the Hildener Waldkaserne was opened as an anti-aircraft barracks. After laying the foundation stone on November 22, 1936, the Catholic parish church of St. Konrad in the south of Hilden was consecrated on September 7, 1937. In 1938, the new construction of the St. Josefs Hospital was completed on Walder Strasse, which today belongs to the Kplus Group . On April 19, 1938, the youth center built by Helmut Hentrich on Schulstrasse was opened as the Hitler Youth home. After the war it was a youth center and a meeting place for the boy scouts . Today the children of the municipal day-care center play "Mäusenest" in it. In 1938 the fire brigade got a new practice area on Schützenstrasse, where a new riser tower was also built. On the occasion of his 50th anniversary in employment, textile entrepreneur Paul Spindler (1872–1949) had the bronze statue “Loyalty to the company” of Berta Bruchhausen created by Emil Jungblut in May 1939 . Today it is in the street "Am Rathaus".
Post-war period 1945–1959
Following the division of Germany into four Allied occupation zones , Hilden became part of the British zone . On June 15, 1945 the Americans withdrew and handed the city over to the units of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR). The British garrison was also housed in the forest barracks. In addition, several settlements were built especially for the British units and their families.
The relationship between the people of Hilden and the British occupying power was by and large good, especially since the initial occupiers became allies with the admission of the FRG to NATO, with whom friendly relations then developed. In 1951 the forest swimming pool was released by the occupying forces. The people of Hilden particularly valued the participation of an English music corps in the carnival parades in the 1960s. In March 1968, the last British unit left the Hilden barracks, which was then taken over by the Bundeswehr.
Just a few months after the end of the war - in September / October 1945 - political parties were founded or re-established. In February 1946 the British military government set up a city council. On February 15, 1946, the businessman Otto Goldhorn (CDU) was elected the first honorary mayor by the city council appointed by the military government, Hermann Sayn moved from the mayor's office to the newly created office of city director. On September 15, 1946, the first free local election after the war took place, in which Otto Goldhorn was confirmed in his office. On December 6, 1946, a new municipal constitution came into force, which also became determinative for Hilden.
In August 1948 Goldhorn resigned from office for professional reasons. After his predecessor resigned from office, the commercial representative Franz Klems (CDU) was elected mayor by the city council on August 14, 1948, but he only held this position for just under two months until the local elections in October 1948.
In the hungry winter of 1946/47 , a protest rally against the poor supply situation took place on April 1, 1947. In October 1947, six Hilden companies were named for the dismantling list.
After the local election in October 1948, the second after the war, the Sparkasse director i. R. Otto Köster (CDU) elected mayor by the city council. He was re-elected in December 1950 and November 1951.
The first cinema , the later Gloria at Mittelstrasse 37, opened in 1910, in 1919 the later Alhambra followed at the fork and finally in 1951 the Corso , today Lux-Lichtspiele , at Benrather Strasse 20. Alhambra and Gloria became one after the other in the 1970s closed. Only the Lux light plays still exist.
After the difficult times, people wanted to laugh and be happy again and, above all, to celebrate Carnival again. In 1951 the "Bacillus Carnevalitis" also hit Hilden. In order to bring all carnival clubs under "one hat", a provisional working committee was formed, chaired by Fritz Grimm. This resulted in the Carnevals Comitee Hilden e. V. (CCH).
In October 1952 the first television reception was made possible in Hilden and made the cinema increasingly competitive.
On November 21, 1952, Robert Gies (SPD) was elected mayor by the city council. Gies was a member of the city council as early as 1933 and was badly mistreated by the National Socialists at the time. Gies was re-elected several times as mayor. In the November 1969 election, however, he was narrowly defeated by Ellen Wiederhold (CDU).
The political weight of the refugees and resettlers from Silesia in the Rhenish town of Hilden was reflected in the adoption of a sponsorship through the Wohlau district in 1957. The residents of Hilden met in the "Wohlauer Stuben" in the house on the Bech , where it is today Youth Welfare Office of the City of Hilden is located.
In 1961/62, the historic tram (see below) was stopped and, initially on the same routes, continued as a bus service.
In 1966 and 1968, new cemeteries were created in the south and north of the city as the population grew.
Hilden gained local importance through the opening of the "Institute for Public Administration" at the Kolksbruch in 1968.
After the withdrawal of the British armed forces from Hilden, the partnership with the English city of Warrington, agreed in 1968, was intended to promote friendly relations with Great Britain . The British unit keeps the memories of their time in Hilden alive on the website of the British Rhine Army with photos and a lot of information (see also the wiki article Waldkaserne ).
On November 29, 1969, the city council elected the manufacturer Ellen Wiederhold (CDU) as mayor. In the following period she was re-elected four times for a further term. After her resignation from the office, which she had provided for 25 years and thus longer than all previous full-time and honorary mayors of Hilden, she was given honorary citizenship in November 1994 because of her great services to the city. She died on September 4, 1995. During her tenure, Hilden experienced a significant boost in development: important restructuring and support measures for economy and culture were carried out.
In 1970 the Itter regulation was brought to a conclusion in the Hilden area.
On February 10, 1971, the council approved the establishment of the Hilden Music School
In 1971 the social educational institution “Mühle” was founded, which mainly looks after children.
In 1973 the Stadt-Sparkasse received a new building on Mittelstrasse.
Also in 1973 the Helmholtz-Gymnasium Hilden moved to the school center Holterhöfchen, where there was already a secondary, secondary and vocational school. In 1976 the towns of Hilden and Haan formed the Hilden-Haan adult education center .
On September 16, 1978, the town hall built by Hilden architect Hans Strizewski (Strzyzewski) opened in the town park. (20 million DM). With its 1500 m² hall and its partition that can be lowered into the floor to separate a 1000 m² foyer, it is a multifunctional hall. Today there are theater performances, trade fairs and toy markets, cabaret, music, dance and carnival events , and since 1981 the UNICEF gala takes place there.
In 1986 the inauguration of the district sports facility on Bandsbusch took place.
On September 17, 1989, the Wilhelm Fabry Museum and the Museum of the “Historic Grain Distillery” opened.
In 1990, during the political change in Eastern Europe, a partnership agreement was signed with the Czech city of Nové Město . Three years later, in 1993, the inauguration of the Nové Město Square, which has since served as a marketplace, and the opening of the sports and leisure pool "Hildorado".
In November 1994 Günter Scheib was elected to succeed Ellen Wiederhold. He was the last honorary mayor of Hilde. He resigned his office as SPD local association chairman in order to be a “trustworthy contact person for all citizens,” he said at the time. On September 26, 1999, he was re-elected - this time as the first full-time mayor of Hilde. On September 26, 2004 he was re-elected.
Recent past from 2000 to the present
On April 29, 2001, the Emir-Sultan Mosque on Otto-Hahn-Strasse was inaugurated.
On March 27, 2002, the new Deutsche Post service center was opened on Robert-Gies-Strasse. On April 9, 2002, the “Sport and Culture Foundation of the City of Hilden” was founded. On September 4th of that year, the City Council of Hilden unanimously decided to merge Stadt-Sparkasse Hilden with the savings banks in Ratingen and Velbert to form a special-purpose association under the name Sparkasse Hilden-Ratingen-Velbert ( Sparkasse HRV for short ). The merged institute started operations on January 1, 2003.
In August 2003, the eight-part tapestry "1000 Years Hilden - Paths through Time" by Katharina Gun Oehlert was presented in the new council chamber of the community center.
On November 8, 2003 the youth center "Area 51" was inaugurated. On January 22nd, 2005 an opening party for the youth culture year 2005 took place in "Area 51".
On November 6, 2004 the inauguration of the culture and further education center " Altes Helmholtz " took place, which includes the music school, the VHS Hilden-Haan, the city archive, the city association of musicians and singers, the leisure community for the disabled and non-disabled as well as the youth art school KuKuK.
This was followed by the opening of the sports and club center “HAT Fit” on January 15, 2005 and the following year on May 29, 2006 the inauguration of the new grandstand on the district sports facility.
On November 11, 2006, the new care center (Hummelsterstrasse) of the Hilden senior center was presented.
After 14 years, the “Christmas House” shone for the last time at Christmas time with 160,000 light bulbs and two mulled wine stands. In the end, it attracted more than 200,000 visitors a year.
Since 2006, German and international jazz soloists have been playing improvised jazz on Monday evenings at Blue Monday in the club basement of the Hotel am Stadtpark.
On September 24, 2008, Mayor Scheib and the CEO of Düsseldorfer Stadtwerke Markus F. Schmidt signed the purchase agreement for 49.9% of Stadtwerke Hilden GmbH to Stadtwerke Düsseldorf.
During the term of office of Mayor Scheib, the integration policy of the city of Hilden received new impulses. The Office for Social Affairs and Integration of the City of Hilden carried out a study entitled “Integration is feasible! Strategy concept ".
On November 21, 2008, the storm "Irmela" caused damage in Hilden. Among other things, a gust of wind tore off a complete roof and threw it 50 m onto the roof of a supermarket on Beethovenstrasse. The supermarket and the two primary schools opposite (Adolf Reichwein School and Adolf Kolping School) had to be evacuated.
After two and a half years of renovation, the old station building on Bahnhofsallee was reopened on June 25, 2009.
With the groundbreaking ceremony on August 7, 2009, construction work began on the second specialist center, which is called "Mediplus", on Walder Strasse. The Hertie department store on Mittelstrasse closed its doors on August 8, 2009. Under the names Central and Karstadt, it was the most important department store in the city center for a long time.
After the steel construction of the Sparkasse from 1973 was torn down, the foundation stone for the new Sparkasse building of today's Sparkasse “Hilden-Ratingen-Velbert” (HRV) was laid on September 18, 2009 at Mittelstrasse 44.
In the constituent council meeting on October 28, 2009, the new mayor Horst Thiele (SPD) took the oath of office. This also ended the term of office of the previous mayor Günter Scheib. Rudolf Joseph (FDP) became 1st Deputy Mayor, Norbert Schreier (CDU) 2nd Deputy Mayor.
The "city marketing Hilden Prize" for companies, associations, organizations or individuals who have made especially to Itter city deserves, went on 6 November 2009 to the bakery Peter Fanning and the Symphonic Wind Orchestra (SBH) of the music school Hilden under Headed by Thomas Volkenstein. Helmut Stein (QQTec) as well as Peter Baumgärtner (musician) and Uwe Muth ( Hildener Jazztage ) were honored with a special jazz prize.
The Albert Schweitzer secondary school in the south of Hilden closed in 2009. A new settlement of terraced and multi-family houses is being built on the property. In the future, families, couples and singles, young and old will live here together in a multi-generation housing estate in a prime location. Because the buildings of the former Albert Schweitzer School were used between August 2015 and 2016 under the direction of Johanniter and the Evangelical Church as emergency accommodation for refugees and asylum seekers in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia , the construction project was delayed.
On the occasion of Wilhelm Fabry's 450th birthday on June 25, 2010 (* 1560), the city of Hilden celebrated a “Fabry Year”: throughout the year, around 140 events were held about Fabry, his time, medical history and health. The high point was a large parade.
The main branch of the Sparkasse “Hilden-Ratingen-Velbert” (HRV) opened on January 31, 2011 in its new building at Mittelstrasse 44, at the corner of Bismarckstrasse. The sculptures “Silhoutte” and “Grundstein” made of steel / Warthauer sandstone by Christoph Mancke were set up in the Sparkasse. In the same building, the P&C Hilden branch opened on March 10, 2011, and was previously located on Warringtonplatz.
The family and education office "Stellwerk" was opened on May 30, 2011 in the community center.
Hilden celebrated the award of city rights 150 years ago on November 18, 1861 with a big children's and family festival on June 25, 2011.
The expanded and converted fire station was officially inaugurated on October 14, 2011.
In the WDR campaign “WDR 2 For a City”, the longest alcohol-free bar in the world was to be built in 2012 when the city was abandoned.
The nine-storey new building of the medical center "Meditower" at Bahnhofsallee 20 has housed practices for radiology, physiotherapy, urology, pulmonology, cardiology, dentistry, alternative medicine and the joint practice of all Hilden orthopedists as well as a medical supply store since 2012.
The “Itter-Karree” shopping center on Warringtonplatz opened on March 21, 2013. It houses the Saturn (electronics), Edeka (groceries), Adler (textiles), Kamps (bakery) markets and a kiosk. There is a direct passage to the multi-storey car park with 320 parking spaces.
On the corner of “Am Kronengarten / Heiligenstrasse”, the youth club “Jueck” was closed in 2013. The new “Kastanienhof” building with 16 condominiums, 21 underground parking spaces and the Volksbank on the ground floor was built on the property. The construction company Tecklenburg had used so-called swarm financing for the first time for the 7 million euro project . The crowdinvesting platform "Zinsland" collected 657,800 euros from investors. Capital partners made 92,200 euros available. They ensure that every project funding comes about and invest on the same terms as the crowd.
On November 23, 2013 the regional synod of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland met in Hilden . The special synod dealt with structural changes at the regional church level up to 2018.
In the major fire in Herderstrasse on September 14, 2014, the attempt to extinguish the fire resulted in a flashover with several detonations . Four firefighters were injured, some seriously. The fire of approx. 12.5 tons of lithium-ion batteries on the premises rented by a forwarding company had kept the fire brigade in suspense for 16 hours .
The Catholic parish hall "Reichshof" at Mittelstrasse 8, built in 1911, was ailing; it was demolished in 2015. In May 2016 the new Catholic community center “Atrium” and the residential development “Jacobushof” on Hochdahler and Mühlenstraße were inaugurated.
On September 12, 2015, the Hilden-Haan Adult Education Center and the Music School (MSH) celebrated the 100th anniversary of the former “ Altes Helmholtz ” school building in the continuing education center .
Since March 24, 2016, the previously independent association “Dementia Info Center Hilden” has been part of the “Freizeitgemeinschaft Behinderte und non-handicapped” e. V. “, Gerresheimer Straße 20 b.
In the city center on Schwanenstraße, 16 condominiums were completed in 2016 in Schwanenhof directly behind the house on the Bech , spread over five houses. The remains of the old barley peeling and oil mill have been preserved.
In 2016, the Langenfelder Rotterdam Group built 58 publicly funded apartments, including an underground car park, directly at the Süd S-Bahn station , on the site of the former Eschenbach furniture store at Richrather Strasse 15 .
The Spielmobil has been going on tour for 20 years. The play mobile comes twice a week to urban play areas, schools, daycare centers and other places where children up to the age of 14 like to be and often. In the 2015 season, 5,254 people attended his actions.
“City cycling” is a campaign by the Climate Alliance, the largest network of cities and municipalities to protect the global climate, which has over 1700 members in 26 European countries. In 2019, 39 teams and 450 active cyclists competed in Hilden, covering a total of 93,111 kilometers. You could avoid 13 tons of CO 2 .
In 1928/29 Hilden was able to ward off the wishes of the cities of Düsseldorf and Solingen to be incorporated and assert its independence.
On January 1, 1975, Hilden lost the Elbsee , Menzelsee and Dreiecksweiher to the Düsseldorf suburb of Unterbach as part of the municipal reorganization through the Düsseldorf Act . The subsequent urban area of Hildens north of the A46 fell to the city of Erkrath . The "Schönholz" area of the city of Haan came to Hilden. Most of these areas were unpopulated.
At the end of 2010, 56,368 citizens lived in the city, in mid-2017 there were 57,095 with first residence. The increase does not result from a surplus of births (in 2013 there were 435 births compared to 714 deaths), but results solely from the influx of mostly foreign citizens. The proportion of German residents fell from 46,871 in 2010 to 44,595 in 2017. The number of residents with dual nationality was 4,003 in 2010 and 5,676 in 2017. The number of residents without a German passport rose from 5,510 to 6,824 in the same period.
For the distribution of foreigners by nationality: s. Chapter Migration and Integration
As of December 31, 2018, 23,600 employees were subject to social security contributions
Full-time mayor of Hilden from 1808 to 1945
- 1808–1809 Georg Eberhard Clamor Friedrich von dem Bussche-Ippenburg called Kessel, Herr zu Hackhausen
- 1809–1814 Albert Asbeck
- 1814–1818 Nicolas von Pigage, Benrath
- 1819–1822 Hermann Leven, Benrath
- 1822–1842 Franz Albert Schieß, Benrath
- 1842–1843 Interregnum: Alderman August Reyscher, Hilden
- 1843–1845 Eduard Freiherr von Wittenhorst-Sonsfeld
- 1846–1851 Hermann Clemens
- 1851–1865 Albert Koennecke
- 1865–1877 Joseph Johann Pabst
- 1877–1894 Karl Julius Gustav Wachtel
- 1896–1920 Karl Wilhelm Heitland
- 1920–1933 Erich Lerch
- 1933–1945 Walter Schomburg
Honorary Mayor of Hilden from 1945 to 1999
- 1945–1946 Hermann Sayn
- 1946–1948 Otto Goldhorn (CDU)
- 1948 Franz Klems (CDU)
- 1948–1952 Otto Köster (CDU)
- 1952–1969 Robert Gies (SPD)
- 1969–1994 Ellen Wiederhold (CDU), owner of the then Hermann Wiederhold Lackfabriken
- 1994–1999 Günter Scheib (SPD)
Full-time mayor of Hilden since 1999
In the local elections on May 15, 2014, no candidate for the office of mayor was able to prevail in the main election. Birgit Alkenings (SPD) received the most votes with 40%. They were followed by Marion Buschmann (CDU, 28%), Ralf Bommermann (Alliance for Hilden, 9.9%), Rudolf Joseph (FDP, 7.8%), Gerd Hegmann (independent, 5.8%), Klaus-Dieter Bartel (Greens, 5%) and Ludger Reffgen (Citizens' Action, 3.3%).
Birgit Alkenings won the runoff election on June 15, 2014 with 62.7% of the vote. She succeeded Mayor Horst Thiele (SPD), who has been in office since 2009.
The honorary deputies of the mayor were newly elected at the constituent meeting of the city council in June 2014; 1st deputy mayor is Norbert Schreier, 2nd deputy mayor is Marianne Münnich.
Hilden, like other cities in North Rhine-Westphalia, only had city directors for a limited time, namely 53 years. The dual leadership in the administration of the cities was introduced by the British occupying forces in 1946 and abolished again in 1999 through a local reform.
Hilden city directors 1946 to 1999:
- 1946-1958 Hans Beaujean
- 1958–1965 Hans Knop
- 1965–1974 Heinz Brieden
- 1974–1999 Karl-Detlev Göbel
The city council is composed as follows:
|Political party||1999||Seats (52)||2004||Seats (46)||2009||Seats (44)||2014||Seats (44)|
|Christian Democratic Union ( CDU )||44.7%||23||40.2%||18th||30.2%||13||33.3%||14th|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany ( SPD )||34.2%||18th||34.5%||16||29.5%||13||36.1%||16|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens ( Greens )||4.3%||2||6.9%||3||9.0%||4th||9.4%||4th|
|Citizens' Action Hilden (BA)||4.9%||3||8.1%||4th||10.1%||4th||6.1%||3|
|Free Democratic Party ( FDP )||5.8%||3||6.4%||3||13.1%||6th||6.4%||3|
|The Independent Hilden (dUH)||6.2%||3||3.9%||2||8.0%||4th||-||-|
|Alliance for Hilden (Alliance)||-||-||-||-||-||-||7.6%||2|
|Alternative for Germany ( AfD )||-||-||-||-||-||-||1.2%||2|
In the summer of 2010, the newly founded faction of the “Free Liberals” split off from the FDP. In the summer of 2013 these joined forces with the independents and parts of the citizens' campaign in the “Alliance for Hilden”. When a council member changed from Allianz to AfD, the latter was given parliamentary group status in the Hilden city council in autumn 2014, despite its low election results.
Youth and Children's Parliament
In addition, the so-called youth parliament , which is made up of elected representatives of young people aged between 14 and 21 living in Hilden, has been in place since summer 2000 . They represent the interests, needs and concerns of the youth in Hilden. The youth parliament is non-partisan, non-denominational and open to young people of all nationalities. An important part of the work is advising politicians and administrators on how to design a youth-friendly city.
In addition, there is the children's parliament, which was founded in 1997 on the initiative (by citizen application) of a single Hildener who was ten years old at the time and has since received professional support from the educational staff of the municipal youth welfare office. It is made up of representatives from third to sixth graders from all Hilden schools, who are newly elected every year. The chairman of the children's parliament is the incumbent mayor.
Since June 23, 2014, the full-time administrative top has been: Mayor Birgit Alkenings (SPD), 1st alderman Norbert Danscheidt (CDU), alderman Sönke Eichner (since September 21, 2016) as successor to Reinhard Gatzke (independent, until July 2016) and Alderman Rita Hoff (independent).
Other administrative bodies
In addition to the city administration with its offices and institutions, Hilden also houses a tax office and the state examination office for administrative careers.
Hilden is the site of a barracks of the army , because of its location and forest barracks called. 750 soldiers are stationed in it and 70 civilians work there. The Feldjägerdienstkommando of Feldjägerregiment 2 and MAD -stelle 3 are located in Hilden . After the completion of the new music academy, the only training music corps of the Bundeswehr (AMK) returned to the Waldkaserne on April 23, 2018 from the Bergische Kaserne in Düsseldorf-Hubbelrath.
Coat of arms, flag and logo
coat of arms
Blazon : “Under a silver (white) shield head, inside a red alternating crenellated bar, in green a silver diagonal wave bar, accompanied above by a silver (white) comb wheel below by a silver (white) sickle. In the upper coat of arms a three-towered silver (white) wall crown with a closed black gate. "
The first coat of arms of Hildens comes from a design by Peter Wymar (1846–1912) (draftsman for the Society for Cotton Industry ) and Woldemar Harleß , which was provided with changes to the royal heraldry in Berlin. The heraldist Wolfgang Pagenstecher changed this design to the current form in 1950.
The fortified towers on the crown of the coat of arms symbolize the rule of Cologne's archbishops (according to other sources, they indicate city rights). The red battlements are reminiscent of the Counts of the Duchy of Berg , while in the lower segment a silver band represents the Itter . At the time when Hilden received the coat of arms, the economy was roughly equally characterized by agriculture and industry, which should be illustrated by a sickle and the comb wheel on both sides of the river.
The city flag shows the colors green, white and red with the city coat of arms in the middle, divided across and at the same width.
The city's new logo, designed by a Duisburg agency in 2012, is divided into three parts and is based on the historic coat of arms. The castle battlements logo in the pale colors red, white and green with the accompanying lettering “Hilden” symbolizes a city in the countryside on the river Itter and the motorway with a reference to its history.
- Wohlau district ( Wołów ), Silesia ( Poland ), sponsorship since 1961
- Warrington , England , twinning since 1968
- Nové Město nad Metují , Czech Republic , town twinning since 1989
- Guizhou Province , People's Republic of China, exchange of personnel with the city administration since 2003
According to the 2011 census , in 2011 29.4% of the population were Protestant , 33.5% Roman Catholic and 37.1% were non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. As of December 2018, of the 58,013 inhabitants, 17,745 (30.6%) were Catholic, 14,130 (24.4%) Protestant and 26,138 (45.1%) were other or non-denominational. A year earlier (2017), 31.3% of the residents were Catholic, 25.0% Protestant and 43.7% other or non-denominational.
Hilden religious communities
The following religious communities exist in Hilden:
- Evangelical parish
- Catholic parish
- Evangelical Free Church Congregation
- Apostolic Community e. V.
- New Apostolic Church Hilden
- Jehovah's Witness
- Catholic Portuguese Community
- Turkish-Islamic Mosque Community
- Islamic Moroccan Cultural Center
The Reformation Church from the 13th century is located on the market square . The Evangelical Church Community consists of the community centers Reformation Church, Church of the Redeemer and Church of Peace and seven parishes. Evangelical Adult Education runs several social projects, including the Christian-Muslim dialogue with the Turkish-Islamic community and a youth exchange with the city of Saratov on the Volga in Russia.
The three Catholic parishes in Hilden ( St. Jacobus , St. Konrad and St. Marien) were dissolved by the Archbishop of Cologne on December 31, 2009 and merged into one parish on January 1, 2010, the Catholic parish of St. Jacobus Hilden, making it the largest Catholic parish in the Archdiocese of Cologne at the moment. The parish of St. John Evangelist had already dissolved in 2007 and joined St. Jacobus. The Hilden Catholic parish has its center in the center of St. Jacobus.
Hilden has two mosques: The Emir Sultan Mosque , which was inaugurated on April 29, 2001, is the center of the Turkish-Islamic community. The mosque, which is located in the industrial area near the S-Bahn station in Otto-Hahn-Straße, has a minaret . Around 200 believers come to Friday prayers. The Hilden Mosque is one of a group of other mosques in Germany named after Emir Sultan . The mosque is operated by the Turkish Workers' Association.
The Arrahman Mosque , which opened on May 26, 2013 in Telleringstrasse, is a religious and cultural center for around 1,000 people from Hilden with Moroccan roots. It has an area of more than 2,200 m². Its construction was carried out by the Moroccan Friends of Hilden e. V. initiated and financed from donations from the association members together with financial support from the Moroccan Kingdom . The two prayer rooms of the mosque offer space for 500 men as well as 250 women and small children.
The citizens of Hilden of Jewish faith are looked after by the Düsseldorf Jewish Community.
Migration and integration
New strategies gave the integration policy in Hilden an important impetus. The concept was published in a study carried out by the Office for Social Affairs and Integration.
Citizens from more than 110 nations live in Hilden.
The following table from the statistical yearbooks shows the number of foreign citizens residing in Hilden in 2006, 2013 and 2017:
|Serbs / Montenegrins||405||190||228|
Associations and agencies
Migrants take an active part in the city's social life, are members of political parties, trade unions, and cultural and sports associations. They are also represented in the Council of the City of Hilden.
The integration council was set up to represent the interests of repatriates and migrant groups . In the elections for the Integration Council on May 25, 2014, 8,235 migrants aged 16 and over were eligible to vote. Several lists stood for election - an international list of the SPD, a list of the CDU Hilden, and a list of the Turkish-Islamic community Hilden as well as numerous individual candidates. The integration council is a member of the state working group of municipal migrant representatives in North Rhine-Westphalia .
The following associations of foreign migrants exist in Hilden:
- Circolo Italo-Tedesco Hilden e. V.
- DITIB Turkish-Islamic Association in Hilden
- Greek Club e. V. Hilden
- Yugoslavian-German Cultural Association Hilden e. V.
- Moroccan Circle of Friends Hilden e. V.
- Macedonian-German cultural association “Toše Proeski”, Hilden e. V.
- Philia - Greek-German Circle of Friends V.
- Romarias do Minho e. V.
- Slovenian Culture and Sports Association Maribor e. V.
- Spanish family association in the city of Hilden e. V.
- União Portuguesa de Hilden e. V.
- WiD - We in Germany e. V.
Hilden offers a wide range of leisure activities. In addition to the city park and a few smaller parks and playgrounds, Hilden has two large swimming pools: the Hildorado, a well-known indoor swimming pool, and the forest swimming pool in a natural location on the edge of the forest. There is also a small cinema with three halls, since May 2020 a drive-in cinema in Giesenheide, a miniature golf course as well as several youth clubs and bowling alleys.
Sights and culture
Hilden has only a few outstanding architectural monuments. This includes the Reformation Church on the market from the 13th century . In Schwanenstrasse, the “ Haus auf der Bech ”, “Haus zum Schwan” and “ Kückeshaus ” are listed half-timbered houses from the 16th to 18th centuries. Further architectural monuments are listed in the Wikipedia main article " List of architectural monuments in Hilden ".
In the past, Mittelstrasse served as the main thoroughfare for traffic. A meter- gauge tram ran in it until 1962 . After the traffic has been removed, its pedestrian zone is an important shopping area in the region. In addition to the from the Hilden architect Walter Furthmann (after the new administration building built in 1990 for the old town hall town house converted) and the Catholic Church of St. Jacobus is there still a considerable number of middle-class houses that had been built about 1900. Other historical buildings such as the Gasthaus zur Krone or the Hagdorn House were replaced by new buildings after the Second World War.
The Wilhelm Fabry Museum , which was set up right next to a historic grain distillery, is dedicated to the life and work of Hilden's most famous citizen - Wilhelm Fabry - as well as to medical-historical topics in temporary exhibitions. There are also regular artistic themed exhibitions that attract national attention. The Wilhelm Fabry Museum, which opened on September 17, 1989, celebrated its 25th anniversary on September 18, 2014.
The Catholic St. Konrad Church in the south of Hilden, which was designed by Hermann Gottfried in the 1990s with a monumental altarpiece and a seven-part frieze, gives an insight into contemporary sacred art .
Person and event monuments
Art school "Baukreis Hilden"
The Baukreis Hilden was a private art school. From 1947 to 1953 it was located in the previously unused skylight hall of the textile company Kampf & Spindler , on the corner of Klotzstrasse and Hofstrasse. It was set up there on the initiative of the manufacturer Gert P. Spindler . The building no longer exists today. Gert P. Spindler had already supported the headquarters of the Baukreis in Hamburg.
Works of art and exhibitions
Art lovers will find a variety of changing exhibitions in the galleries.
- Wilhelm Fabry Museum .
- Art space in the South Business Park.
- Städtische Galerie im Bürgerhaus .
- Registry office.
- Culture hall in the old Helmholtz .
- Institute for Public Administration; Kolksbruch House.
- Haus Hildener Künstler, H6 with gallery and sculpture garden.
- Gallery QQArt.
The citizens of Hilden can get involved in more than 177 clubs and associations in their free time.
Recreation and sport
Hildens local recreation areas are the Hildener Heide with the city forest in the northeast and the heath area Karnap-West in the southwest, as well as the Ohligser Heide belonging to Solingen in the southeast. Here you have the opportunity to take long walks. The Elbsee , located in the north-west of the Düsseldorf city area, is also often visited for recreation due to its close proximity to Hildenern. However, for nature conservation reasons, it is not approved for swimming.
There are also a number of other, mostly artificially created lakes, most of which are leased to fishing clubs. For swimming, Hilden has the forest swimming pool in the city forest as well as the multifunctional pool "Hildorado" with wellness and sauna area on Grünstraße. The “Sportmühle-Wellness” and “Vabali Spa” on the Elbsee offer additional spacious wellness and sauna areas.
A total of 53 sports clubs, the tennis center of ex-professional Wilhelm Bungert , the district sports facility and some privately operated sports and fitness centers offer opportunities for sporting activities .
Hilden offers recreational opportunities for teenagers and young adults with the youth culture center "Area 51" in the north and the youth club on Weidenweg ("JaW") in the south of the city. Children and younger teenagers can find contact points in the “Evangelical Youth” (town center in Eisengasse), in the “Youth Club Mühle” (Hilden Ost) and at the “Adventure Playground”, which is run by the “Freizeitgemeinschaft Behinderte und non-handicapped” e. V. "is.
The TUS 96, which is otherwise predominantly sports-oriented, also operates a large basketball department for competitive sports, in which six adult and eight youth teams are currently participating in the league. The first men's team played in the second regional league, the fourth highest division of German basketball, until the summer of 2010, but recently had to relegate to the next lower league due to lack of sporting success.
Base and softball
Baseball and softball is operated by the Hilden Wains under the umbrella of the Hildener Allgemeine Turnerschaft.
For a long time the top soccer team in its class was SV Hilden-Nord , which only plays in the regional league, but can look back on successful appearances in the DFB-Pokal in 1990/91 (2-1 against SC Freiburg) and the production of a national player like Michael Tarnat . Since the rise in 2013 to the fifth rate Oberliga Niederrhein is VfB 03 Hilden class-highest club. There is also a football club with the game association Hilden 05/06 . On March 8, 2013 (World Women's Day), the FSV Mädchenpower Hilden 2013 was founded, a purely women's and girls' sports club. The first team initially played in the Düsseldorf women's district league, and in 2020 they were promoted to the district league. The national soccer player Alexandra Popp was won as the club's ambassador .
In the hall of the Hildenring on Hans-Sachs-Straße in the West industrial area, motorsport enthusiasts can do their laps in a kart.
Inline skater hockey
The Hilden Flames play inline skater hockey under the umbrella of the Hildener Allgemeine Turnerschaft and within three years made it to the 2nd Bundesliga. In addition, successes could be celebrated in the youth sector. The Flames play first class in two other age ranges (as of 2007).
The first flight attempts were made on the Sandberg as early as 1926. Hilden is thus the cradle of gliding in the Rhineland and can look back on a long tradition. Gliding was operated on the Sandberg and later on the glider flying site in the hamlet of Kesselsweier until 2008. After the operating license for the Hilden airfield had expired, LSG Kesselsweier merged with LSG Erbslöh in Langenfeld in 2013 . Glider operations now take place on the airfield in Langenfeld-Wiescheid, only a few hundred meters from the city limits.
In the shooting sports center of the St. Sebastianus Schützenbruderschaft on Oststrasse, sport shooters have the opportunity to pursue all disciplines of shooting sports on a modern facility, from air pressure to large caliber.
Water sports At the Elbsee there are four Hilden water sports clubs, the Hilden sailing club, the Hilden windsurfing club, the Hilden local group of the DLRG and the Hilden canoe club in the "Elbsee water sports center" .
- Existence start-up day of the IHK and economic development (in January)
- Wedding fair (in January)
- Vocaljazz Workshop (in January, from 2016 in summer)
- Rose Monday procession
- Dirty Away Day (in February)
- Benefit concert of the Bundeswehr Training Music Corps (AMK), organizer Lions Club (in spring)
- Book market (in March, August and November)
- Antique market (in April)
- Training exchange (in April / May)
- Used car fair (in April)
- Household information bus tours (in April)
- May 1st: rally
- Sea of flowers during the Hilden Spring (in May)
- Sunday shopping (in May, September, November, December)
- Wine village (in May)
- Fashion show (in May)
- Jazz days since 1996 (in May / June)
- International children's festival of the music school with play mobile (in June)
- Artist market (in June)
- Shooting Festival of the St. Sebastianus Shooting Brotherhood (in June)
- Architecture Day (in June)
- Trainee speed dating (in June)
- Fabry antique and flea market (in July)
- Rock am Protestant Children's Home (in July, Lievenstrasse 26)
- Student street musician (in July)
- Drawing courses at the Summer Academy (in May, June and July)
- Oldie-Night Open Air (every two years in August on the Nordmarkt)
- Schwatter Jazz (in August)
- Summerjazz Hilden workshop with lecturers, participants and big band concerts (in August)
- Open day of the Hilden Volunteer Fire Brigade (between August and September)
- Entrepreneur Day (in August)
- Street Food Festival (in August)
- Antique market (in September)
- Flea market on the SELGROS site (in September)
- Car show (in September)
- Hildanus Run (in September)
- Fair "Getting older in Hilden" (in September)
- School triathlon at the Waldbad (in September)
- Open Monument Day (in September / October)
- Flowers and plants on autumn day (in October)
- Ceremony for the Day of German Unity (in October)
- Autumn fair "Itterfest" (in October)
- Inclusion run as part of the Herzlauf (in October)
- Strong times youth protection week (in October)
- Star march in memory of the victims of the pogrom night on November 9th with the laying of a wreath
- Band Contest (in November in the "Area 51" - and in the KjG St. Konrad)
- Jazz workshop: Crossover band meeting (in November)
- Book and antique market (in November)
- Enjoyment days (in November)
- Pub crawl (in November)
- Real Estate Day (in November)
- Oldie Night (every year on the last Saturday in November)
- UNICEF Gala (in December)
- Winter village and Christmas market (in December)
- Chamber concerts of the training music corps of the Bundeswehr
Experience for initiatives (EFI)
The “Experience for Initiatives” (EFI) training is a training program sponsored by the city of Hilden for citizens who want to get involved in projects, social, cultural and public institutions and / or initiate projects in their city. In the meantime, 55 people from Hilden have been trained to become senior trainers. B. Neighborhood centers, kindergartens, retirement homes, schools have launched projects and initiatives.
In more than 130 hours a week, 53 volunteer learning mentors personally look after 85 children who need help.
A network of “Hilden50plus” groups has formed in the districts, with people in their third phase of life who do something together. The 11 base groups meet regularly in the neighborhood centers: North in St. Marien of the Catholic parish, Meide 2; East in the Robert-Gies-Haus der AWO, Clarenbachweg 7–9; Center in the atrium of the Catholic parish of St. Jacobus, Mittelstrasse 8; Center in the Josef Kremer House of the AWO, Schulstrasse 35; South in the Diakonie-Haus, Sankt-Konrad-Allee 76A
Infrastructure and economy
Urban planning and the environment
Until the 1960s, the city's surroundings were dominated by agriculture. Even today, the names of the quarters are reminiscent of the various smallest village settlements of the former honors Sand , Hahn and Lehn . Immediately after the end of the war, more expellees , especially from Silesia , streamed into the city. After the Second World War, the population doubled from 25,000 to 50,000 between 1945 and 1970. The housing shortage caused by immigration was remedied through brisk construction activity. For displaced persons and resettlers, new settlements were built, especially in the south of the city, followed by further new buildings in the north and east in the 1970s.
In order to master the structural change and to actively plan for a secure future, the city administration has developed the integrated action plan “Zwischenstadt Hilden” for the inner city.
In 2020, the average rent in Hilden was € 9.31 / m². In 2020 the average land price was 400 € / m².
With the increasing volume of car traffic, the traffic situation in the central Mittelstrasse became too tight. In 1979, the four-lane Berliner Straße was opened as an inner-city relief road to relieve the inner city. Today, Berliner Straße is the most heavily used street in the city as Bundesstraße 228 with 26,000 vehicles per day. This made it possible to remove the traffic from Mittelstrasse and completely transform it into a pedestrian zone as the most important shopping mile. The Westring connects Ellerstraße via Schalbruch and Meide with the Erkrath motorway junction on the A 46 . It goes over the Nordring L 282 into the Osttangente.
In 1987 the east bypass was released. It runs from the cross Hildener parallel to A 3 and relieves the A3 and the inner city traffic.
The city of Hilden can be reached nationally and regionally via the classified road network by motorized individual transport:
Hilden, together with the neighboring town of Langenfeld , is enclosed by a square formed from the A 46 , A 3 , A 542 and A 59 federal motorways . Hilden can be reached by car via the following connection points on the motorways mentioned:
- Hilden via Hildener Kreuz (A 46) (19)
- Junction Erkrath (27), Hilden (28)
- Junction Düsseldorf-Benrath (22)
The Hilden motorway junction was rebuilt in 2010 to better cope with more traffic. Among other things, the line between Haan-Ost and Düsseldorf was expanded to three lanes. The traffic census in September 2015 showed that around 230,000 vehicles use the Hildener Kreuz every day.
The roads out of town connect Hilden with the neighboring towns:
- B 228 (Düsseldorf-Benrath and Wuppertal via Haan)
- L 85 (Düsseldorf-Hassels and Solingen-Ohligs)
- L 282 Westring - Nordring
- L 288 Haan and Solingen (defiant)
- L 403 (Mettmann and Langenfeld)
- L 404 (Düsseldorf-Gerresheim and Erkrath)
Hilden is in the area of the VRR and can be reached with the S1 line of the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn and several bus lines (741, 781, 782, 783, 784, 785, DL 4, DL 5, O 3) of the Rheinbahn . The local bus line O 3, which was set up in 1999 and runs north-south across the city, is of particular importance for inner-city passenger traffic.
There are two S-Bahn stations in Hilden: Hilden railway station (opened in 1874) and Hilden Süd stop (since 1979). S-Bahn traffic between Düsseldorf, Hilden and Solingen started in 1980. Today's S-Bahn S1 is 97 km long and runs from Dortmund - Bochum - Essen - Mülheim (Ruhr) - Duisburg - Düsseldorf Airport - Düsseldorf - Hilden - to Solingen .
Hilden also has an extensive network of cycle paths. There is also a bicycle road in the city . Hilden has a large number of bicycle racks with solid anchoring as well as closed bicycle boxes that can be rented by the city at public transport stops, for example at the S-Bahn stations. The manufacturer sells stands and boxes across Germany under the model name "Hilden".
Hilden used to be connected to the regular network of the Deutsche Bundesbahn , which connected Hilden directly to Düsseldorf Hbf , Solingen-Ohligs and Köln Hbf . Today there is no direct train connection between Hilden and Cologne, not even with the S-Bahn. You first have to travel from Hilden to Düsseldorf-Benrath , Solingen-Ohligs or Langenfeld and change there to the train to Cologne.
A meter-gauge tram operated by the Düsseldorf Rheinische Bahngesellschaft operated in Hilden until 1962 . At that time there were two lines from Düsseldorf-Benrath via Hilden to Wuppertal - Vohwinkel and to Solingen -Ohligs, which were named after the destinations, ie line "V" and line "O". Their depot was located in Düsseldorf-Benrath, where the Düsseldorf tram lines also ended. Curiously, when entering the depot, the Hilden meter gauge merged with the Düsseldorf standard gauge, so that it looked as if the train was still on a third central track. The Hilden tram service was stopped in 1962. According to press reports, the trams were sold to Innsbruck . The tram service was replaced by regular buses and later also by the S-Bahn.
On February 15, 2020, Roland Schüren, together with Tesla, Inc. and Fastned, opened the future largest charging park for electric cars in Europe in the business park, directly at the Hilden motorway junction . As much electricity as possible should be generated from solar energy via the photovoltaic roofs and two small wind turbines. A five-story building with a café-bistro-bakery, offices and a “vertical farm” over four floors will be built next to it. In “Seed & Greet”, salads and berries are to grow, which are then processed into small dishes and cakes.
The one-sided industrial structure that Hilden exhibited during the 20th century is now a thing of the past. The Spindler textile works , which had three factories in Hilden, had to close in 1970. The Thyssen AG and Mannesmannröhren-Werke AG Hilden left due to the severe economic crisis of 1980. A few large companies are still preserved, including AkzoNobel (formerly ICI Paints or before Hermann Wiederhold paint factories ), and since 29 March 1958 3M . The latter operate their largest plant in Europe in Hilden.
In particular, the decline of the steel and metal industry forced the city to undergo industrial structural change, which was extremely successful. The focus of business development is on small and medium-sized companies that are located on the outskirts or in the city center, depending on their operational orientation. Care was taken to ensure that the demand for small commercial units was taken into account by parcelling the commercial space accordingly . In view of the extreme shortage of space in one of the most densely populated cities in Germany, job intensity is also a criterion for establishing new companies. In the course of the eighties and nineties, Hilden was able to establish itself as a service and technology focus.
The unemployment rate in Hilden was 5.3% at the end of 2019 and was slightly below that of the Mettmann district (5.5%).
Hilden city marketing intensively promotes Hilden as a trading location. The retail sector in particular has received intensive support, so that purchasing power flows from the surrounding area. Hilden had a purchasing index of 122 in 2012; In 2013 it rose to 127.8 and in 2017 to 130.
The sales ratio (total annual retail sales on site divided by the average per capita consumption expenditure at the federal level) is 140.0.
The 340 Hilden retailers make almost 60 percent (around 273 million euros) of their sales with local customers and around 40 percent (182 million euros) with customers from abroad on a sales area of 133,765 square meters. The people of Hilden buy 70 percent of all ranges in their hometown.
Even the wholesale has in Hilden a long tradition site. Due to the convenient location, a large number of forwarding and transport companies have settled.
Companies based in Hilden include 3M , AkzoNobel , ASK Chemicals , Crouzet , Diebold Nixdorf AG , JMT, PPG Industries , Qiagen , Lindopharm GmbH, Talanx Deutschland Bancassurance , Vion Hilden , Ökoworld AG formerly Versiko AG, Wenko-Wenselaar , Wielpütz Automotive, Zweihorn and many companies from the technology and logistics sectors as well as the organic baker Roland Schüren with his e-car charging parks on Mühlenbachweg and in Giesenheide.
The trade tax rate has been 400% since 2012.
The Hildener Industrieverein e. V. was founded on March 9, 1955. The founding members were: Gert P. Spindler (Paul-Spindler-Werke KG), Paul Schiegries (Eisenwerk Hilden AG), Hugo Glasmacher (Blechwarenfabrik Gruß & Co.), August Vollmer ( Phoenix-Rheinrohr AG ) and Walter Wiederhold (Hermann Wiederhold Lackfabriken ). The number of members from around 30 companies has now risen to around 100 with around 8500 employees. The local, now largely medium-sized, industry cultivates common ground among business colleagues, takes a stand and is involved in issues relating to the labor market, vocational training and environmental protection. The industrial association is involved in political and social life in Hilden. He acts as a sponsor for municipal associations, events and projects. The industrial association celebrated its 60th anniversary in September 2015.
The Mittelstands- und Wirtschaftsvereinigung Hilden (MIT) campaigns for the interests of medium-sized companies both entrepreneurially and socially.
247 craftsmen are registered in Hilden.
- Rheinische Post , local editorial office Hilden - regional daily newspaper, Rheinische Post Verlagsgesellschaft mbH
- Westdeutsche Zeitung , local edition of the Mettmann district - regional daily newspaper with texts taken from the Rheinische Post, publisher: Westdeutsche Zeitung GmbH & Co. KG
- Hildener Wochenanzeiger - local advertising paper (Wednesday and Saturday), publisher: WVW Westdeutsche Verlags- u. Werbegesellschaft mbH
- Radio Neandertal - local radio station for the Mettmann district
In addition, the publisher Deutsche Polizeiliteratur , Becker Joest Volk Verlag (garden literature) and the B&L Mediengesellschaft (customer and specialist magazines) have their headquarters in Hilden .
school and education
Since 2009 Hilden has been the "Education City Hilden". Under the direction of the Office for “Youth, School and Sport”, a local education network works in the “Stellwerk”. The aim is to bring together all educational institutions, people and processes in joint action. Hilden has a well-developed school system. Most of the schools are run by the city, but there are still several church schools, Protestant and Catholic as well as a Christian-free church. With the exception of the Catholic girls' secondary school, co-education has prevailed at all schools. Information about the secondary schools can be found on the respective websites. Details on the primary schools can be found in the Hilden school portal.
The Marie Colinet - Middle School has continuously since its establishment in 2013, the previous building of the Wilhelm-Fabry-secondary school, which started no new students more and it has ceased operations on 29 June 2018 adopted. The Wilhelm-Fabry-Realschule was built in 1955 as a municipal junior high school.
The Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Gymnasium and the Wilhelmine-Fliedner-Comprehensive School form the Evangelical School Center Hilden . The boarding school that had also been there for many years was closed in 2015.
- Theresienschule (free, catholic secondary school for girls)
- Marie Colinet Secondary School Hilden
- Wilhelmine Fliedner Comprehensive School (possibly private school)
- Bettine-von-Arnim Comprehensive School (Hilden-Langenfeld Association)
- Vocational college Hilden of the Mettmann district
Anna-Maria Kähl, apprentice biological-technical assistant (BTA) in the biosciences department of the Hilden vocational college received first place in the Miltenyi Biotec-Stifter Prize in 2014. The Miltenyi Biotec Prize, the founder prize of Miltenyi Biotec GmbH from Bergisch Gladbach, honors internship work by BTA trainees for special achievements in the field of life sciences and biotechnologies.
- Wilhelm-Hüls-Schule, Augustastraße (urban)
- Primary School Association Beethovenstrasse (urban)
- Walter-Wiederhold-Schule, Düsseldorfer Straße (urban, network with Schulstraße school)
- Primary school network in Kalstert (urban, network with school Walder Straße)
- Free Christian School, Kölner Straße (private, Protestant)
- Astrid Lindgren School, Richrather Straße and Zur Verlach (urban, Catholic)
- Open all-day school on Lake Elbsee, Schalbruch (urban)
- Primary school association Schulstraße (urban, association with Walter-Wiederhold-Schule)
- School Walder Straße (urban, network with school in Kalstert)
- Wilhelm Busch School, Zur Verlach (urban)
Other educational institutions:
- Hilden Music School (urban)
- Volkshochschule Hilden-Haan
- Institute for Public Administration NRW (IöV) with State Examination Office for Administrative Careers (LPA)
- School for circus children in NRW primary level and lower secondary level (mobile, provider: Evangelical Church in the Rhineland)
- Hilden City Library. In 2015, the library was the only NRW library of this size to receive four stars in the library index for offers, use, efficiency and development. The team (15 employees) led by Claudia Büchel received the “ Library of the Year ” award on October 24, 2016 . With the award, the jury honors “exemplary and exemplary library work” and expresses its “appreciation for innovative ideas and activities”.
- Four public bookcases : on Ellen-Wiederhold-Platz, on Walder Strasse, on Zelterstrasse and as a youth bookcase on Warringtonplatz.
German Student Academy
As part of the gifted promotion programs to promote particularly gifted and motivated high school students, Hilden was one of the locations of the German Student Academy from 2003 to 2014 . During the academies, the young people work together in courses on various academic topics at university level. At the end of the 16-day academy, the participants gave a concert in the Reformation Church .
The senior citizen reports 2013 and 2015 of the city administration, "Facts and figures on senior citizen work", show the diversity of senior citizen work with the aim of maintaining livable and lovable conditions in Hildens quarters for senior citizens.
- Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898), Reich Chancellor, since March 11, 1895
- Wilhelm Ferdinand Lieven (1839–1902), landowner and 1st alderman, since September 17, 1900
- Fritz Gressard (1839–1923), manufacturer and 1st alderman, since May 26, 1914
- Walter Wiederhold (1885–1959), manufacturer, since May 9, 1952
- Ellen Wiederhold (1921–1995), manufacturer and mayor, since November 4, 1994
Source: Hilden city address book 2000/2001
Famous sons and daughters of the city
- Wilhelm Fabry (1560-1634), doctor
- Wilhelm Hüls (1598–1659), Reformed theologian
- Antonius Hulsius (1615–1685), philologist and Reformed theologian
- Richard Kampf (1859–1919), architect of historicism, government builder in Ratibor / Silesia, city builder in Lüneburg
- Karl Spiegel (1868–1932), trade unionist, politician (SPD), member of the Reichstag
- Walter Furthmann (1873–1945), architect a. a. of the old Hilden town hall
- Walter Wiederhold (1885–1959), manufacturer and honorary citizen
- Max Volmer (1885–1965), chemist, employee on the Soviet atomic bomb project , President of the Academy of Sciences of the GDR
- Robert Gies (1904–1980), mayor and member of the state parliament
- Rudolf Stuckert (1912–2002), painter and gallery owner
- Hans-Peter Weissfeld (* 1917), writer
- Alfred Spieß (1919–2001), senior public prosecutor, head of the central office in North Rhine-Westphalia for the prosecution of Nazi crimes and prosecutor in the Treblinka trials .
- Ellen Wiederhold (1921–1995), factory owner, mayor and honorary citizen
- Leonhard Günther Hoppe (1923–1986), trade unionist and labor law expert
- Wilhelm Korff (1926–2019), Roman Catholic theologian
- Heinz Breloh (1940–2001), sculptor
- Oswald Schwemmer (* 1941), university professor for philosophical anthropology and cultural philosophy
- Völker Krämer (1943–1999), Stern photographer, shot together with Gabriel Grüner in Kosovo
- Hans Wilhelm Alt (* 1945), university professor for applied mathematics
- Wolfgang Fuß (* 1945), politician, member of the Schleswig-Holstein state parliament
- Hans-Joachim Hoppe (* 1945), Eastern Europe expert
- Albert Statz (* 1946), political scientist, member of the Berlin House of Representatives (1989–1990)
- Wolfgang Alt (* 1947), university professor for mathematics and theoretical biology
- Hannes Böhringer (* 1948), philosopher and university professor
- Rudolf Hartung (* 1948), politician, Federal Juso Chairman (1982–1984)
- Dick Städtler (* 1948), musician, member of Floh de Cologne
- Ernst Hesse (* 1949), sculptor
- Ulrike Kuhlo (* 1949), politician, member of the Lower Saxony State Parliament (2003-2008)
- Wolfgang Meckelburg (* 1949), member of the German Bundestag since 1990
- Thomas Luczak (* 1952), architect and urban planner
- Manfred "Mani" Neumann (* 1958), musician, "Teufelsgeiger" of the band Farfarello
- Alex Majewski (* 1959), photo and video artist
- Holger Schaeben (* 1958), author
- Dal Martino (* 1959), musician
- Bernd Tischler (* 1959), Lord Mayor of the City of Bottrop
- Anne Bohnenkamp-Renken (* 1960), literary scholar and university professor
- Christian Petzold (* 1960), director
- Ingo Saenger (* 1961), lawyer and university professor
- Claudia Schlottmann (* 1962), member of the state parliament
- Jörg Albracht (* 1963), football goalkeeper from Schalke 04 1995/96
- Torsten Heim (* 1963), policeman, known from Toto & Harry
- Gudrun Marci-Boehncke (* 1963), literary scholar, media researcher and university professor
- Christoph Hillmann (* 1964), jazz drummer and percussionist
- Jens Kleinert (* 1964), university professor for sport and health psychology
- Christopher Schmidt (1964–2017), journalist, theater and literary critic
- Apostolos Tsalastras (* 1964), first alderman and treasurer of the city of Oberhausen
- Marcus Kretzer (* 1965), pianist
- Ansgar Ohly (* 1965), Professor of Civil Law, Intellectual Property Law and Competition Law
- Oliver Pautsch (* 1965), writer
- Dierk Raabe (* 1965), Professor of Materials Science
- Daniel J. Schreiber (* 1965), art historian, director of the Museum of Fantasy in Bernried am Starnberger See
- Akdemir Udenta (* 1965), writer and journalist
- Silke Wülfing (* 1965), actress and carpenter
- Evelin Degen (* 1966), flautist
- Thorsten Uthmeier (* 1966), prehistorian and university professor
- Dirk van den Berg (* 1966), film director, screenwriter and film producer
- Thomas Becker (* 1967), canoeist
- Helge Kautz (* 1967), writer
- Astrid Mannes (* 1967), historian, author and politician (CDU)
- Miriam Meckel (* 1967), communication scientist
- Johannes Schnocks (* 1967), Catholic theologian
- Thomas Wilhelmi (* 1967), sports teacher and trainer
- Stephan Bieker (* 1968), theater and television actor
- Kora Kimpel (* 1968), design researcher and university professor
- Knut Reinhardt (* 1968), former soccer player
- Lars Mathias Blank (* 1969), engineer, biologist and university professor
- Philipp Meuser (* 1969), architect, publisher and university professor
- Michael Tarnat (* 1969), former footballer from Hannover 96 , formerly FC Bayern Munich
- Andreas Beikirch (* 1970), track and road cyclist
- Thomas Imdahl (* 1970), ice hockey player
- Jürgen Mittag (* 1970), political scientist and historian, professor of sports policy
- Claudia Urbschat-Mingues (* 1970), actress
- Sven Lorig (* 1971), television presenter
- Michael Terhaag (* 1971), lawyer, lecturer in IT law
- Miriam Vlaming (* 1971), painter
- Anabel Balkenhol (* 1972), dressage rider
- Aleksandra Bechtel (* 1972), TV presenter
- Kerstin Jäckel-Engstfeld (* 1973), journalist, press spokeswoman for the city of Düsseldorf
- Andreas Rüsing (* 1973), pianist, composer and conductor
- Philipp Wagner (* 1973), biologist and herpetologist, curator for research and species protection at the Allwetterzoo Münster
- Manuela Klein (* 1974), TV presenter and journalist
- LAHS (Lars Murach), (* 1974) cartoonist and caricaturist, awarded the "Winged Pencil" at the German Caricature Prize 2019
- Sebastian Selke (* 1974), soccer player and goalkeeping coach
- Alexander Frisch (* 1975), TV presenter and former Bundesliga basketball player
- Aline Hochscheid (* 1976), actress
- Andreas Jancke (* 1978), actor
- Fabian Tobias (* 1978), television producer
- Dominik Hebestreit (* 1979), graduate communication designer , graffiti artist
- Stefan Tillmann (* 1979), journalist and author
- Birke J. Bertelsmeier (* 1981), composer and university professor
- Laura Weider (* 1981), musician
- Cornel Schäfer (* 1982), film producer
- Blumio (* 1985), musician
- Amelie Klever (* 1994), model
- Simon Rhein (* 1998), soccer player
Personalities who have worked on site
- Wilhelm Kampf (1799–1875), industrialist and local politician
- Wilhelmine Fliedner (1835–1904), deaconess and school founder
- Wilhelm Ferdinand Lieven (1839–1902), landowner, local politician and honorary citizen of the city
- Albert Engstfeld (1876–1956), painter
- Heinrich Strangmeier (1899–1986), librarian, municipal clerk and historian
- Mathias Ludwig Schroeder (1904–1950), writer
- Hans Peter Feddersen (1905–1998), sculptor
- Erich Warsitz (1906–1983), test pilot and entrepreneur
- Hans Martin Freyer (1909–1975), commercial artist and porcelain designer, lecturer at the Hilden building district
- Walther Bergmann (1914–1979), commercial artist and heraldist, lecturer at the Hilden district
- Hans-Günter Eckerth (1925–2004), educator and local politician
- Manfred Franke (1930–2020), writer
- Hubertus Franzen (* 1934), cultural manager, head of the cultural office and adult education center (1972–1981)
- Willy L. Bitter (* 1936), sculptor
- Hans-Joachim Uthke (* 1941), graphic artist
- Barbara Kisseler (1949–2016), cultural manager, head of the cultural office (1982–1986)
- Franziska Scheffler (* 1989) duathlete, triathlete
Awards and gifts of honor
The city council of Hilden awards awards and honorary gifts: The highest honor that Hilden bestows is the honorary award of the city of Hilden . It is reserved for council members who have volunteered in the city council for 40 years. The municipality rewards outstanding services to the city with the city's coat of arms with the Fabricius medal in gold, silver and bronze. The Fabriciusteller is awarded to personalities who have made a special contribution to the well-being and reputation of the city. The Integration Prize honors people who have made a particular contribution to ensuring that the people who seek protection and security in Hilden experience openness and compassion. The volunteer pass is awarded to particularly committed volunteers for their work for others. The Wilhelm-Fabry-Förderpreis , named after the surgeon Wilhelm Fabry , who was born in Hilden, promotes artistic talents in various fields. The youth art award promotes young artists.
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- Detlev Göbel: The history of the textile industry in Hilden , Hildener Museumhefte Volume 2, 1990.
- Hubertus Franzen: Hilden as it was , Droste, Düsseldorf 1977
- Karl-Martin Obermeier: 125 years of the city of Hilden, 1000 years old , Hertwig + Kirchner, Hilden 1986.
- Wolfgang Ruland: Hilden , Wolfland, Hilden 2006, ISBN 978-3-936414-15-8 .
- Ulrike Unger, Michael Ebert: Dönekes and local history, history and stories from Hilden , Rheinische Post, Museums- & Heimatverein Hilden e. V., Düsseldorf 1998, ISBN 3-9804615-2-1 .
- Works of art in public space in Hilden
- List of architectural monuments in Hilden
- List of ground monuments in Hilden
- List of monuments in Hilden
- List of stumbling blocks in Hilden
- Website of the city of Hilden
- Link catalog on Hilden at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Family report City of Hilden 2010
- Holdings of the Hilden City Archives in the Archivportal-D
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Statistical Yearbook 2017
- Hilden, Our City, Figures + Facts
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- Stolpersteine working group in Hilden (ed.): Stones against forgetting - Stolpersteine in Hilden , brochure, 2nd edition on the 75th anniversary of the Pogrom Night, Hilden 2013 PDF file in the Hilden geoportal
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- Ernst Huckenbeck: The history of the evangelical community Hilden (1827-1947). Verlag Evangelische Kirchengemeinde Hilden, 1999
- Simone Raute: Nazi era; A book tells of "sharp opponents" Verlag Dr. Rudolf Habelt, August 19, 2016
- Hilden Statistical Yearbook 2012
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- St David's Barracks History of the Waldkaserne with photos on the website of the British Army of the Rhine
- Hilden town history: pictures flicker in the horse stable
- CCH, Chronicle of the Hilden Carnival Associations ( Memento of the original from March 16, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Haus Kolksbruch, education, art, culture
- Chronicle of the Hilden Music School ( Memento from May 15, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Tapestry "1000 Years Hilden - Paths Through Time" by Katharina Gun Oehlert
- Katharina Gun Oehlert, 1000 Years of Hilden, Paths through Time , Collection of Sources, City of Hilden 2003
- Youth and cultural center "Area 51"
- Website of the Hilden City Music School
- Website of the Hilden-Haan Adult Education Center
- City Archives
- City archive has new director , Nina Mendrychowski, Rheinische Post May 15, 2020
- Michael Kremer: Christmas house remains dark. Westdeutsche Zeitung, November 5, 2007, accessed on July 5, 2016 .
- Hildener Christmas House, U. Bajorat ( Memento from August 13, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Blue Monday improvised jazz
- Integration is feasible, strategy concept
- low "Irmela"
- City Marketing Prize 2009
- Successor use of the former Albert Schweitzer School
- Multi-generation settlement for Hilden
- Michael Kremer: Annual Review 2011. Westdeutsche Zeitung , December 28, 2011, accessed on July 6, 2016 .
- Large sculptures by Christoph Mancke
- City Marketing Events
- Medical Center Meditower Bahnhofsallee 20
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- Haufe Group: Hahn Group sells Itter-Karree in Hilden. Haufe., July 25, 2013, accessed August 22, 2016 .
- Out for the youth club "Jueck"
- financing of the Kastanienhof
- Evangelical Church in the Rhineland: Extraordinary Synod advises today on the financial situation of the church. EKir Press Office No. 159/2013, November 20, 2013, accessed on August 22, 2016 .
- 18th Munich Fire Brigade Symposium, incident report on the major fire in Hilden on September 14, 2014
- Reichshof 1911 to 2014
- Catholic community center and residential development Jacobushof
- St. Jacobus inaugurates the new atrium and presents it, Rheinische Post August 19, 2016
- Dementia Info Center
- Five new houses directly on the Itter
- 58 socially subsidized apartments at the Süd S-Bahn station
- Playmobile from the Office for Youth, School and Sport
- Mayor honors the most active city cyclists, Rheinische Post June 30, 2019
- Applicable laws and ordinances (SGV. NRW.) For the reorganization of municipalities and districts as of May 14, 2016
- Falk map of Düsseldorf, Neuss, Meerbusch, Ratingen, Erkrath, Hilden ; Scale 1: 18500; 29th edition, Falk Verlag, Hamburg 1973
- Hilden is growing and becoming more international
- Regio Guide, Numbers - Data - Facts
- AFD receives parliamentary group status
- Hilden Youth Parliament
- Mayor Birgit Alkenings
- First Deputy Norbert Danscheidt
- Alderman for School, Youth, Sport, Social Affairs and Integration Sönke Eichner
- Retired alderman for schools, youth, sport, social affairs and integration Reinhard Gatzke
- Technical Assistant Rita Hoff
- Waldkaserne receives music campus for training music corps of the Bundeswehr
- command at Feldjäger in Hilden
- Return of the training to Hilden
- Wolfgang Pagenstecher: "The history of the origins of the Hilden city arms" Hilden Yearbook 1945 - 1946 p. 5 ff
- City flag defined in the main statute of the city of Hilden of February 8, 2008
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- City of Hilden Religion , 2011 census
- City of Hilden - Statistical Yearbook 2018 Inhabitants by religion, page 60 , accessed on June 2, 2020
- Churches and religious communities
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- Christoph Schmidt: Mosque finished at the end of 2011. Rheinische Post , May 4, 2011, accessed on October 3, 2013 .
- Ilka Platzek: A look into the Moroccan mosque. Rheinische Post , October 3, 2013, accessed on October 3, 2013 .
- Website of the Jewish community in Düsseldorf
- Hilden Statistical Yearbook 2013
- Statistical Yearbook 2015
- City of Hilden Integration Council, accessed on July 6, 2014
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- Current exhibitions in galleries
- Exhibitions in the Wilhelm Fabry Museum
- Art space in the South Business Park
- House of Hilden artists
- QQArt Art Culture Technology
- List of the 177 clubs and associations in Hilden
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- Sports mill, wellness world and sauna (accessed May 17, 2020)
- Valbali, Wellness Oasis (accessed May 17, 2020)
- Bungert Tennis Ranch remains until April 2021, Rheinische Post, January 20, 2020
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- experience for initiatives (EFI)
- learning sponsors
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- "Zwischenstadt Hilden" integrated action plan for the inner city
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- Berliner Strasse
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- A3 / A46 traffic census at the Hilden motorway junction
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- 50 years of Hildener Industrie-Verein e. V. 50 years of economic history , jubilee booklet for the 50th anniversary of the Hilden industrial association
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- Trade tax rate
- Data and facts on the Hilden location
- Hilden Industrial Association
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- medium- businesses and businesses
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- primary school portal of the city of Hilden
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- Evangelical school center in Hilden, Dietrich Bonnhöfer grammar school; Wilhelmine Fliedner School; Circus school
- Helmholtz Gymnasium, Learning & Living, Research & Support, Design & Movement
- 100th birthday of the Theresienschule
- Bettine-von-Arnim Comprehensive School (Hilden-Langenfeld Association)
- Miltenyi Biotec Donor Prize
- Vocational college Hilden, European school
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- Graffiti in Hilden by Dominik Hebestreit
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