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The right is an outdated term for an authorization, a right of use , privilege or privilege to something. This or the word justice was used in that sense until the 19th century. Accordingly, the 1811 edition of the Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect said: "The rightful ... [is] the authority based on a right or law".

Kinds of the righteous

The word usually appeared in word additions: a city could set up a certain legal entity - for example, a bookshop legal entity, which allows the owner of the legal entity to operate a printing press and sell books.

Examples are:

  • Postal fair
  • Salt-friendly
  • Blacksmith justice
  • Horizontal justice

"On this mill lay the fair people of the beer and brandy, the dancing, as well as the black and white baking", so the typical formulations, which are usually translated with permission, concession or license . The right could also refer to the right to use a property .

Full inn justice consisted of the rights to serving, slaughter, food, relaxation and accommodation; it could be supplemented by brewing justice.

Just like real estate, property and other rights of use were inheritable. Many of the righteous were related to the regalia , the royal rights, and were bestowed by the rulers or their feudal men or the bishops, for which they then collected the tithe or a lease . The righteous could also be loaned out for interest.

"Justice of paternal violence" was the German term for the ius patriae potestatis .

The operation of a mine required a relevant mining license, it included the rights of use to a mine field belonging to a mine . The term used in Germany today is mine ownership , see Federal Mining Act .


  • Your Kaiserl. Royal Apostolic Majesty presented justice and measures with the intention of the Bavarian succession in the true form, and defended against the contradictions of the Berlin court . Johann Thomas Edlen von Trattnern, Vienna 1778.
  • just. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 5 : Gefoppe – Drifts - (IV, 1st section, part 2). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1897 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
  • Fair . In: German Academy of Sciences in Berlin (Ed.): German legal dictionary . tape 4 , issue 2 (edited by Hans Blesken and others). Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar ( adw.uni-heidelberg.de - publication date between 1939 and 1941).

Individual evidence

  1. Renate Wahrig-Burfeind (Ed.): Wahrig German Dictionary. With a lexicon of language teaching . 8th, completely revised and updated edition, Wissenmedia Verlag, Gütersloh / Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-577-10241-4 , Gerechtsame, p. 602, column 3.
  2. Johann Christoph Adelung : Grammatical-critical dictionary of the high German dialect. 2. part, F-L . B. Ph. Bauer, Vienna 1811, Gerechtsame, pp. 581-582 ( full text in Munich Digitization Center ; accessed on March 4, 2019).