List of Germanic tribes

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The list of Germanic tribes is a listing of the tribes, tribal groups and other associations and alliances of ethnicities and other groups known in ancient times as Germanic tribes known by name from ancient sources . These accounts begin in the 2nd century BC. BC and go back to late antiquity . Beginning with the formation of states in the early Middle Ages , the time ends when tribes or tribal kingship shaped history, with the exception of Northern Europe, where the Vendel Period 550–800 AD and the subsequent Viking Age until 1050 AD are still seen in a Germanic context.

The assignments and localizations of the numerous peoples and groups named in ancient sources to archaeological find contexts and cultures, their classification in terms of whether it is an ethnic group with a common culture or a temporary alliance of quite heterogeneous groups, are fraught with very considerable uncertainties. Sometimes it is not even certain whether these groups are Germans in the broader, linguistic sense, i.e. speakers of a Germanic language .

In this respect, the names listed here are not designations for ethnic groups in any modern sense, but names of groups that were perceived as Germanic peoples in antiquity and late antiquity, i.e. as peoples, groups, associations and associations of the right of the Rhine and Barbaricums north of the Danube , also known as Germania magna , or those peoples ( gentes ) who came from there and who settled permanently in the course of history, especially during the so-called migration period , especially in the western Roman Empire .

Tribal list

The present list is largely based on the list of Germanic tribal names and spelling variants contained in the 1st register volume of the Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde .

The first column contains the German name and its variants, if one is common, otherwise the traditional ancient name. The second column contains ancient names by Latin and Greek authors, the latter both in romanization and in Greek. In the third column there is a short description, followed by a localization.

The fifth column lists important sources of tradition for the group in question. The few ancient main sources for names and localization of Germanic tribes are not linked. These are:

Surname ancient name description Settlement area (s) source
Adrabäcampen Adrabaikampoi ( ´Αδραβαικαμποι ) see Kampen north of the Danube, south of Bohemia Ptolemy
Aduatuker Aduatici, Atouatikoi ( Ἀτουατικοί ) Tribe on the left bank of the Rhine in the line-up of Belgian tribes against Caesar in the 1st century BC In the area of ​​today's Tongeren (Belgium), between the Scheldt and Meuse Caesar
Aelvaeonen , Elvaionen Alouiones (Αλουίωνες), Helouaiones ('Ελουαίωνες) see Helvekonen presumably on the central Oder , today's Silesia Tacitus Ptolemy
Agradingun Saxon tribe Middle reaches of the Weser
Ahelmil Scandza Jordanes
Alemanni , Alemanni Alamanni A population group formed on provincial Roman soil ( Agri decumates ) from various Elbe-Germanic , including probably Suebian tribes, armies and followers from the 3rd century onwards Core areas in Baden-Württemberg and Alsace , in Bavarian Swabia , German-speaking Switzerland , Liechtenstein and Vorarlberg
Ambivaretes Ambivareti / Ambibaretos Gallic tribe, clients of the Haedu , are also counted among the Celts Caesar
Ambrones , Obronen, Ymbre Ambrones Participation of tribal parts in the procession of the Cimbri and Teutons at the end of the 2nd century. v. Chr. North Sea coast
Ampsivarians , amsivarians Ansibarii, Ansivaroi ( Ἀνσιβαριοί ) southern neighbors of the Frisians 1st century in the lower Emsland Tacitus
Anartier , Anarten Anarti possibly Germanic tribe in the border area of ​​Germanic and Dacern Hungary or Romania Caesar
fishing Anglii, Angeiloi ( Άγγειλοι ), Angiloi ( Άγγιλοι ) North Germanic people counted among the Ingaevones at Tacitus originally on the Cimbrian Peninsula (northern Schleswig-Holstein ), later the Middle Elbe-Saale region, from 200 emigrated to Britain Tacitus
Anglo-Saxons from Saxony and Angling , as well as from Jutes , Friesians and Lower Franconia on British soil south east England
Angisciri Tribe in the suite of Dengizich Jordanes
Anglevarii , Angleverier, Anglevarier
Angrivarians , Angrevarier, Angarier, Engern Angrivarii, Angriouarioi ( Αγγριουάριοι ) in the 1st century south of the Chauken , north of the Cherusci , northwest of the Dulgubnians and east of the Ampsivarians on the Weser , mainly on the right bank, from the tributary of the Aller to the Steinhuder Meer
Armalausi , Armilausi probably a part of the Hermunduren tribe , in the 3rd and 4th centuries between Alemanni and Marcomanni possibly in the Upper Palatinate Tabula Peutingeriana
Ascomanni Name of the Vikings in Adam of Bremen
Asdingen , Hasdingen Part of the tribe of the Vandals in the 2nd century in Romania and Hungary
Auarinoi , Auarpoi
Avionen , Chaibonen Aviones
Baetasier Baetasii
Bajuwaren , Baiwaren, Baioaren, Baiovaren, Baiern Bavarii Originated towards the end of the migration in the 5th century with core area in Raetia and Noricum Old Bavaria , Austria and South Tyrol
Bards possibly a group of Lombards that did not migrate south south of the Elbe, in the area of Bardowick and Lüneburg
Bastarnen , Bastarner Bastarnae Fights with the Romans in the 3rd century BC BC, probably predominate Germanic tribes East side of the Carpathian Mountains to the mouth of the Danube Polybios
Bataver , Batavier Batavi originally allies of the Romans in the province of Gallia Belgica , 69 Batavian revolt under Iulius Civilis in the 1st century at the mouth of the Rhine
Bateinoi Batini
Belger Belgae partly Celtic, partly Germanic tribes between the Seine and the Rhine , later also the coast of Britain
Breisgauer Brisgavi, Brisigavi Alemannic tribe in the 5th century Breisgau
Brukterer , Bruktuarier , Boruktuarier, Boruakter, Borchter Bructeri, Boructuarii, Broukteroi ( Βρούκτεροι ) 1st century opponent of the Romans in the Varus Battle between the middle Ems and the upper lip
Bucinobanten Bucinobantes Alemannic tribe in the 4th century Main estuary area in Mainz Ammianus Marcellinus
Boers , Boers Buri
Burgundy Burgundiones East Germanic people with late ancient empires founded on the Rhine and later the Rhone
Caeroser , Caserosen Caerosi, Caeroesi, Ceroesi, Cerosi Celto-Germanic tribe on the left bank of the Rhine in the 1st century BC In the Eifel - Ardennes area Caesar
Cananefaten , Kannanefaten, Kananefaten Cannenefates, Canninefates, Cannenafates, Cannefates in the 1st century western neighbors of the Batavians around Voorburg in South Holland
Caritner near Ludwigshafen am Rhein Ptolemy
Chaediner Chaideinoi
Chaibones , Chaibones, Avions
Chaituori Chaituoroi ( Χαιτούωροι )
Chaler Chali
Chamaven , chamaver Chamavi, Chamauoi ( Χαμαυοί ) Neighbors of Angrivarii and dulgubnii , finally went to the Franks on in the 1st century on the Lower Rhine Tacitus
Chariner , Charinner, Harier Charini, Harii
Charuder see Haruder
Khazuars see Chattuarier
Chat , chat Chatti, Catti, Cathi, Chattai ( Χάτται ), Chattoi ( Χάττοι ) in the 1st century. Neighbors of the Suebi , forerunners of the Hessians Valleys of Eder , Fulda and the upper reaches of the Lahn
Chattuarier , Chattwarier, Chasuars, Hasuarier, Chasuarier, Cassuarier, Attuarier Atthuarii, Attuarii, Chattouarioi ( Χαττουάριοι )
Chatvoren Name is of Greek or Latin origin and means "bristle eater" Upper Palatinate Ptolemy
Chaubi Chauboi ( Χαῦβοι )
Chauken Chauki, Chauchi, Cauci, Kauchoi ( Καῦχοι ), Kaukoi ( Καῦκοι ) Tribe counted by Tacitus to the Ingaevones on both sides of the lower Weser
Cherusci Cherusci, Cherouskoi ( Χεροῦσκοι ), Chairouskoi ( Χαιρουσκοί ) Tribe of Arminius , opponent of the Romans in the 1st century on both sides of the upper course of the Weser in East Westphalia and Lower Saxony to the Elbe
Clondikus Kloilios ( Κλοίλιος ), Claodikus
Cobander Cimbrian Peninsula
Condruser , Condrusen Condrusi Celtic-Germanic mixed culture in the 1st century BC In the Middle Rhine area on the left bank of the Rhine Caesar
Cugerner , Kuberner, Kugerner Cugerni, Cuberni Tribe of the Rhine-Weser Germanic tribes in the 1st century in the Lower Rhine area on the left bank of the Rhine (Kleve district)
Danduts Dandutoi ( Δανδοῦτοι )
Danes Dani, Danoi ( Δανοι ) from the 6th century in Scania and Chersonesus Cimbrica Skåne and Cimbrian Peninsula Prokopios of Caesarea , Jordanes
Daucions Daukiones ( Δαυκίωνες )
Diduner Diduni
Danube weaving
Dorsaetan Thorn goods
Dounoi Δοῦνοι
Dulgubnier , Dulgubiner Dulgubnii, Dulgitubini, Dulcubuni in the 1st century south-east of the Angrivarians and Chamaven south of Hamburg about in the area of ​​the Lüneburg Heath and the Aller around Celle Tacitus
East Sea Ax
Eburones Eburones Probably Celtic tribe, counted among the Germans by Caesar between the Rhine , Maas , Rhineland , Northern Ardennes and Eifel
Elbe Germans archaeologically defined group of Germanic tribes (including Semnones , Hermundurs , Quaden , Marcomanni and Longobards ) from the mouth of the Elbe on both sides of the river to Bohemia and Moravia
Elouaiones Ailouaiones ( Αἰλουαίωνες ), Alouiones ( Αλουίωνες ), Helouaiones ( 'Ελουαίωνες ),
Ailouones ( Αἰλούονες ), Helouones ( ' Ελουωνες )
Narrower see Angrivarians
Eudoses Eudusii, Eudoses, Eduses, Edures, Eudures
Udders see Jutes
Færpingas Feppingas
Falen Tribe constructed as Germanic "natives" of Westphalia and Eastern Falzes
Favons Favonae, Phauonai ( Φαυόναι )
Finnaith Finnaithae
Firaesen Phrisioi ( Φρίσιοι ), Phiraisoi ( Φιραῖσοι )
Firihsetan Virsedi
Fosen , Foser Fosi small neighboring tribe of the Cherusci who perished with them in the 1st century in the headwaters of the Aller
Francs large tribal association that integrated numerous Germanic tribes in late antiquity on the right of the Rhine to the mouth of the Rhine, from the 4th century advances into Roman territory on the left of the Rhine
Friezes Frisii North Sea Germanic tribe, counted by Tacitus to the Ingaevones in the 1st century from the mouth of the Rhine to around the Ems Tacitus
Frisiavonen Frisiavones, Frisaebones Rhine delta Pliny, nat. hist. 4,101; CIL 6, 3260 and a.
Frugundions east of the Oder Ptolemy
Fundusier Cimbrian Peninsula
Gambrivier Gambrivi probably near the Weser Strabon , Tacitus
Gauts Goutai ( Γου̑ται ), Geatas North Germanic people, often identified with the Goths Southern sweden Ptolemy
Gautigoten Gautigoth probably in Västergötland Jordanes
Gepid Gepidi, Gebidi, Gipedae from the middle of the 5th century. Empire formation on the middle Danube, possibly related to the Goths Romania Jordanes, Prokopios of Caesarea
Certainly , certain Saxon ethnic group in Britain End of the 5th century. on the Upper Thames in England
Goths , Gotons, Gutons Gutones split into Visigoths and Ostrogoths during the Migration Period , each with their own empire formations on Roman soil at the turn of the century north of the Vistula knee Jordanes
Gotlander , Gutar, good guy Gotland
Granier Granii
Greutungen Greothingi, Grutungi, Grauthungi, Greutungi Another name for the Ostrogoths Ammianus Marcellinus , Jordanes
Rubber gas
Hadubards , Heaðobeardan
Halliner Hallin
Harier Harii Tribe of the Lugians between the Vistula and the Oder Tacitus
Haruder , Haruden, Charuder, Charuden, Harother Harudes, Charudes ( Χαροῦδες ), Arudes, in the 1st century BC Allies of Ariovistus against Caesar after Ptolemy in the middle of the 2nd century. on the Jutian peninsula Caesar, Ptolemy
Heinir , Heiðnir
Helisier , Helisii
Helusii Hellusii
Helvekonen Helvecones Tribe of the Lugians between the Vistula and the Oder Tacitus
Herminones , Erminones, Hermions, Irminones Herminones Large group of Germanic tribes, occupying the middle between the Ingaevonen and Istaevonen Tacitus, Pliny the Elder , Pomponius Mela
Hermunduren , Ermunduren Ermunduri, Hermunduri Elbe Germanic tribe Upper course of the Elbe
Heruler , Eruler Eruli, Erouloi ( Ερουλοι ) Participants in the sea expeditions of the Goths from the middle of the 3rd century. on the north coast of the Black Sea
Hesse populus hessiorum lower Fulda
Hillevions Hilleviones
Holsten Today's Holstein , in the area between Rendsburg , Kiel , Bad Bramstedt and Wilster
Holtsaeten Holtsati
Dog gas see Hundinge Widsith
Ingaevonen , Ingwäonen, Ingväonen, Ingvaeonen, Ingwaier Ingvaeones, Ingaevones, Ingvaenoes, Inguaeones Large group of Germanic tribes located on the North Sea coast by Tacitus Tacitus, Pliny the Elder
Increments Inkriones ( ιγκριονες ) Tribe of the Rhine-Weser Germanic tribes , middle of the 2nd century. Neighbors of the Tenkerer between the Rhine and Taunus Ptolemy
Intuerger Intouergoi, Intouergoi ( Ιντουεργοι ) between the Rhine and Taunus Ptolemy
Istvaeonen , Istväonen, Istwäonen, Istwaier, Istrionen, Istaevonen Istvaenoes, Istaevones Large group of Germanic tribes localized by Tacitus on the Rhine Tacitus
Jutes , eudoses, udders Eurii, Eutii, Eucii, Euthiones originally on the Cimbrian Peninsula , later in southern Britain until the 5th century on Jutland
Juthungen Iouthungi, Iuthungi presumably an Alemannic tribe from 3rd to 5th century north of the Danube and Altmühl
Kampen Kampoi ( Κάμποι ) Group of unclear destination north of the Danube and south of Bohemia in the 2nd century. Ptolemy
Kannanefaten see Cananefaten
Kantwarier , Cantware
Karpen , Carpen Carpi, Carpiani Southeast European people, classification as Teutons is disputed End of the 3rd century. in Moesia and Dacia
Cimbri , Cimber, Cimber Combri, Cymbri, Cimbri, Kimbroi ( Κίμβροι ) together with the Teutons and Ambrones from 120 BC BC invasion of Gaul and Italy originally presumably northern Jutland
Small goths Gothi minores Group of Goths , tribe of Wulfilas , at the time of the Jordanes in the area of ​​Nicopolis in Moesia South bank of the lower Danube Jordanes
Cork counter Korkontoi
Crimean Goths Descendants of the Ostrogoths from the middle of the 3rd century. on the Crimean peninsula
Kvenir , Kvänen
Landoudioer Landi, Landoudioi from the 1st century on the Lahn in Central Hesse Strabo , Ptolemy
Lombards , Winilers, Winnilers Langobardi, Langobardoi ( Λαγγοβάρδοι ) Sub-tribe of the Suebi , from the middle of the 6th century. Forging an Empire in Italy ( Longobard Empire ) in the 1st century BC On the lower Elbe
Lemovier , lemonier Lemovii with Tacitus neighbors of the Rugians and Goths from the 1st century onwards, the southern Baltic coast between the Oder and the Vistula
Lentienser , Linzgauer Lentienses Alemannic tribe Middle of the 3rd century. between the Danube in the north, Iller in the east and Lake Constance in the south Ammianus Marcellinus
Lognai Sub-trunk of chatting middle and upper Lahn valley
Lugier , Lygian Lugii, Lúgioi
Manimer Manimi Tribe of the Lugians between the Vistula and the Oder Tacitus
Marcomanni Marcomanni possibly a tribe of the Suebi , from the middle of the 2nd century. Opponent of the Romans in the Marcomannic Wars in the 1st century in Bohemia
Marser , Marsen, Marsigner Marsi, Marsoí ( Μαρσοί ), Marsigni destroyed by Germanicus after participating in the Varus Battle in 14 between the Rhine, Ruhr and Lippe
Marvingen Marouingoi Lower Saxony / North Rhine-Westphalia Ptolemy
Mattiaker Mattiaci, Mattiakoi ( Ματτιακοί ) presumably a part of the Chatten tribe , Romanized from the 1st century onwards Surroundings of Wiesbaden , Taunus and Wetterau
Menapier Menapii Celtic-Germanic mixed people, in the 1st century BC In Gallia Belgica , subjugated by Caesar Lower Rhine , Flanders Caesar
Mixi by Jordanes as residents of Scandza called Scandinavia Jordanes
Moselle Franconia Subgroup of the Franks , separated from the Rhine Franks in the 5th century Upper Rhine and Moselle
Mugilones Mougilones
Myrgingas East Frisian part of the Frisians who settled in North Frisia around 700 North Friesland, Tönnern, Rungholdt Widsith
Nahanarvaler , Naharnavaler Nahanarvali, Naharvali Tribe of the Lugians between the Vistula and the Oder Tacitus
Narisker , Naristen, Narister, Narisken, Varisten, Varasker, Varisker Naristi, Varisti, Varistae Neighbors of the Marcomanni , Quadi and Armalausi Upper Palatinate , Upper Franconia and Northern Bohemia Tacitus
Neckarsueben Suebi Nicrenses romanized sub-tribe of the Suebi in the 1st and 2nd centuries in the vicinity of Ladenburg
Nemeter Nemetai ( Νεμῆται ) (presumably Germanic) allies of Ariovistus in the 1st century BC BC on the Rhine between Lake Constance and the Palatinate Caesar
Nervous Nervii strongly Celtic Germanic tribe in the Gallia Belgica between Meuse and Scheldt in the north and west of today's Belgium Caesar, Tacitus
Nistresi Sub-trunk of chatting Korbach plateau
North Liudi
Northern Suavi
Normans , Nordmani Collective term for northern European Germanic tribes who undertook raids towards the south (England, Ireland, Franconia, the Mediterranean region and today's Russia), also synonymous with Vikings
Ostrogoths , Ostrogoths Ostrogothi, Ostrogoti, Ostrogotae, Ostrogothae, Austrogothi Part of the Goths , first in Pannonia , then forming an empire in Italy Jordanes
Eastern Herul
Paemanen , Paemaner, Permanen, Caemanen Paemani, Caemani Celto-Germanic people on the left bank of the Rhine Eifel , Ardennes Caesar
Parmäkampen Parmaikampoi ( Παρμαικαμπο ) see Kampen north of the Danube in Bavaria Claudius Ptolemy
Peukins Part of the Bastarnen tribe Tacitus
Pharodiner Pharadinoi Mecklenburg
Quads Quadi Tribe of the Suebi , participants in the Marcomannic Wars Tacitus
Ragnarikier , Ranier
Ratovarians , Raetovarians Raetobarii Alemannic tribe probably in the Nördlinger Ries
Reudigner , Reudinger, Reudingen, Holsten
Rhine Franks , Ripuarians, Ripuars, Ribuarians, Ribuars Subgroup of the Franks on the Middle Rhine
Rosomones Rosomoni
Rugier , Rygir Rugii moved south with the Goths during the Great Migration originally between the Vistula and the Oder , later the formation of an empire in Lower Austria
Rus see Varangians
Rygir Rogaland
Sabalingians Sabalingioi Cimbrian Peninsula
Saxony Saxones West Germanic international association of the Chauken , Angrivarians and Cheruscans from 1st century in north-west Germany and east of the Netherlands
Salfranken , Salier Salii Part of the Franks originally from the Lower Rhine to Salland on the IJssel , then in Noord-Brabant and later in the Tournai area
Sedusier Sedusii Allies of Ariovistus , classified as Germanic by Caesar Caesar
Blessing Segni
Semnones Semnones ( Σεμνόνες ) Partial tribe of the Suebi , their tribal people in Tacitus around 100 between the Elbe and the Oder from the Bohemian border to the Havel Tacitus
Sibiner Sibino
Sidiner Western Pomerania
Sigambrer see Sugambrer
Silingen , Silinger, Sillingen Silingae Part of the tribe of the Vandals Silesia , later Andalusia
Singulons Sigulones Cimbrian Peninsula
Sithons , sitons Neighbors of the suions presumably Scandinavia Tacitus
Skiing moved south with the Bastarnen , in the 5th century brief empire formation in Pannonia
Bull Sturii
Sturmarii Sturmera
Suardones Suarines, Suarmes, Smarines Tribe of the Suebi around the Schweriner See in Mecklenburg
Sueben , Sweben, Sueven, Suawen Suebi, Suewi, Sueboi ( Σύηβοι ) important Germanic tribal group, to which, according to Tacitus, the Semnones , Marcomanni , Hermundurs , Quads and Longobards belonged in the northeast of Germania magna on the Baltic Sea to the German low mountain ranges Tacitus
Sugambrer , Sigambrer, Sugamber, Sigambrer Sugambri, Sygambri, Sugambroi ( Σύγαμβροι ), Sugumbri,
Sucambri, Sycambres, Sugameri
7 v. Defeated by Tiberius and settled to the left of the Rhine in the 1st century areas on the left bank of the Rhine on the Maas
Suionen , Suonen, Sueonen, Sweonen, Swionen, Svionen Suiones Northern European sea people described by Tacitus possibly Scandinavia
Sunuker Sunuci possibly forerunners of the Ubier in the 1st and 2nd century in the Rhineland between Aachen and Jülich
Svear Svea North Germanic tribe Central Sweden in the region of the Mälar river valley as well as Uppland , Gästrikland , Västmanland and Södermanland
Typhoons Taifali, Taifalae, Theifali Probably a Germanic tribe in the association of the Visigoths from the 3rd century in Dacia and Moesia
Tencteri , Tencteri Tencteri, Toncteri, Tenkeneroi ( Τέγκτηροι ) northern neighbors of the Usipeters , opponents of Caesar in the 1st century BC Chr. On the Lower Rhine
Terwingen Tervingi see Visigoths
Teutons Teutoni, Teutones together with the Cimbri and Ambrones from 120 BC BC invasion of Gaul and Italy originally Jutland south of the Cimbri
Teutonoars Lower Elbe
Thiadmariska Thiadmariski
Thuringian , Thuringe Thueringi, Tueringi, Thuringin, Turingi in the 3rd or 4th century from fishing , warning and other tribal associations between the Thuringian Forest , Werra , Harz and Elbe
Toxandrer between the Maas and Scheldt rivers in the Belgian-Dutch border region
Treverer Treverii, Treviri, Treveri strongly Celtic Germanic tribe from the Rhine to the land of the Remer Caesar, Tacitus
Triboker Triboces, Triboci, Tribocci, Tribochi, Tribocchoi ( Τριβόκχοι ) in the 1st century BC Allies of Ariovistus on the Rhine around Strasbourg and Haguenau Caesar, Ptolemy
Trønder Trøndelag
Tubants Tubanti, Tubantes, Toubantoi ( Τούβαντοι ) 1st century opponent of Germanicus End of the migration period in the eastern Netherlands in the Twente region Tacitus
Tungrer , Tungern, Tungerer Tungri, Tongri Opponent of Caesar in the 1st century BC Chr. left bank of the Rhine around Tongeren Caesar, Tacitus
Turkilinger Turcilingae
Turons Turoni possibly Celto-European tribe south and later southeast of the Chatten
Twihanti Tuihanti
Ubier Ubii originally Germanic tribes on the right bank of the Rhine, subjugated by Caesar and from the early imperial period on the left bank of the Rhine and romanised originally from the victory over the Lahn to the lower Main , later in the area of Bonn and Cologne
Urugunds Incursions around 256 into the Roman Empire lower Danube Zosimos
Usipeters , Usipetes, Usipians Usipetes, Usipii, Ousipetai ( Ουσιπέται ), Ousipioi ( Ουσίπιοι ) in the 1st century BC BC opponent of Caesar on the right bank of the Lower Rhine
Vagotes probably on Gotland
Vandals see vandals
Vangionen , Wangionen Vangiones Belonging to Celts or Teutons not guaranteed Area around Worms ( Civitas Vangionum )
Variner see warning
Veneter , Venether Venedi, Venetae, Venedae possibly Germanic people in east Germania
Vidivarians Vidivarii according to Jordanes a mixed people at the mouth of the Vistula Jordanes
Viruner Mecklenburg
Visburgier Wisburgi between the Upper Oder and the Vistula
Visper south of the Caritner
Vandals , Vandals, Wandilier, Vandilier Vandali, Vanduli, Vandaloi ( Οὐανδαλοί ),
Wandeloi ( Βανδῆλοι ), Wandiloi ( Βανδίλοι )
originally in northeastern Germania magna , during the Migration Period in Spain and North Africa, sack of Rome in 455
Wangions see Vangionen
Varangians Similar to Vikings and Normans, the term for northern European Germans who came into contact with Slavic peoples (there also as Rus ) and via the Volga and Black Sea to Byzantium
Warn , Wariner, Varinner, Variner Varini, Varinae, Ouarinoi ( Ουαρίνοι ) smaller, non-warlike tribe according to Tacitus Northern Germany Tacitus
Wedrecii Sub-trunk of chatting Wetschafttal
Visigoths , Terwingen Visigothi, Wisigothae, Tervingi Partial tribe of the Goths , sack of Rome 410, Visigothic empire in southwestern Gaul and in Spain Jordanes
Western Herul Group independent of the Herulers on the Black Sea, which appeared as Roman auxiliary troops and in the 5th century as pirates
Winiler see Lombards


Individual evidence

  1. Heinrich Beck u. a. (Ed.): Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde . Volume 36/37 (register volume 1 and 2): authors, keywords, subject index, list of abbreviations, 2nd edition. de Gruyter, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-11-019146-2 , p. 20 ff .; PDF; 499 kB ( memento from September 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive ). In:, accessed December 5, 2017.
  2. Tacitus , Germania 28; Strabon 4,3,4.
  3. a b Cornelius Tacitus: Germania. Transferred and explained by Arno Mauersberger . VMA-Verlag, Wiesbaden [1981?], P. 142, DNB 810365324 (Latin, German; licensed edition of Dieterich'schen Verl.-Buchh., Leipzig).
  4. Maurits Gysseling: Toponymisch Woordenboek van Nederland, Nederland, Luxembourg, Noord-Frankrijk en West-Duitsland. Gent 1960, DNB 560536216 , p. 956 (, accessed on December 5, 2017; Dutch).
  5. ^ Tacitus , Germania 28.
  6. Caesar , De bello Gallico Book III, 11: […] Treveros, qui proximi flumini Rheno sunt. ("The Treverians who live on the nearby Rhine.")
  7. LS: Visbu'rgii. In: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. 2 volumes. Edited by William Smith. Walton and Maberly, John Murray, London 1854, OCLC 1000689106 (, accessed December 5, 2017).